A chronological listing of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

Any one of the 50 individual states that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the states, all U.S. citizens have dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The fifty states constitute the most basic administrative divisions of the USA. In other words, they have all the authority that isn't specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government in the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. Each state has a government that includes an executive, legislative, and judicial branch, and a constitution based on republican principles. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the last decennial census required by the Constitution. There's also the Electoral College, which votes for the President and Vice President of the United States, of which each state gets a certain number of representatives and senators to represent it. [4]

The Constitution specifies that Congress has the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. The original 13 states of the United States have since grown to 50. The new states have been accepted without discrimination. [5]

The table below details the official statehood dates for each of the 50 US states. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the original 13 states entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 and ratified the Articles of Confederation, the country's first constitution. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
formally recognized or approved Constituted of 1   Delaware Tuesday, December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania It was on December 12th, 1787, that the Declaration of Independence was signed [10]
(ratified) State of Pennsylvania as a Private Colony 3   New Jersey Thursday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia On this day in 1788, January 2 [8]
(ratified) Imperial Crown Colony of Georgia 5   Connecticut It all started on January 9th, 1788. [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts Sunday, February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay, a Royal Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   The State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   Specifically, the State of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Royal Colony and Independent State 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Crown Colony 12   In the state of North Carolina1 On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   A Place Called Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) State of Virginia (which includes nine counties in its District of Kentucky[d]). 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Southwest Area 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Province of Orleans 19   Indiana On this date in 1816:
(admitted) Hoosier State 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Delta Area 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Section of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) Places in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Section of Missouri 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Location: Arkansas, USA 26   Michigan Friday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Its Name Means "Territory of Michigan" 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) State of Texas as a Separate Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846, December
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Partial Wisconsin Territory 31   California The 9th of September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) The Mexican Cession (Part): An Unorganized Region 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Region of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861: [33]
(admitted) Part of Kansas Territory 35   A state located in western Virginia. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada Observed on October 31st, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   That Place Called North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   A State in the Midwestern U.S. Sunday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) The State of Dakota, etc. 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) State of Montana 42   Washington When: November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Idaho is a territory in the United States. 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) UT - Utah Valley 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Day of the Moon (February 14), 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska The date was January 3, 1959.
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii As of the 21st of August, 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On this day in 1777, the Second Continental Congress voted to send the Articles of Confederation to the individual states for ratification. On March 1, 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation entered into force. The current federal government under the Constitution took office on March 4, 1789, replacing the previous general government under the Articles. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777, December 16 2 To the South Dated: February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Saturday, February 6th, 1778 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island On this day in 1778, February 9: 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut As of this date in 1778: February 12 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia As of today (26 February) in 1778 7 Specifically, the state of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire. March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland It all started on February 2nd, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • One of the acts included in the "Compromise of 1850" legislation package guaranteed that California would be admitted to the Union.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory of Kansas, a series of violent conflicts broke out between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups, earning the region the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and to apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. It also granted the people of New Mexico and Arizona the right to do the same. calling for a vote to decide whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state.
  • Legislation that officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, but they were later readmitted to the Union. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state following the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states' formal withdrawal from the Union. The Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state does not have the authority to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ Sometimes called "The Three Lower Counties of Delaware" On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly voted to end the colony's relationship with Great Britain and instead establish the three counties as "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" within a new state. State of Delaware, Kent, and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Benning Wentworth, the provincial governor of New Hampshire, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. The 7th Congress passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" on April 30, 1802 (Sess.). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) A law "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither law established an official date of statehood. Ohio did not become a state until 1953, when a Joint resolution (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407) was passed by the 83rd Congress "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union." Wednesday, August 7th, 1953 , which fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. introduced a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties in Virginia did have the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North Dakota and South Dakota are the only states to have been born on the same day, and within minutes of each other. President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood papers so that no one would know which state became the first until after he signed them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally considered the 39th state, while South Dakota is the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Mr. Edward Erler The Fourteenth Amendment and Citizenship: Essays Heritage, Inc., The
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions State Legislature of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Bureau of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Professor Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and the Presidency: Essays This organization is called the Heritage Foundation.
  5. ^ the "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-1" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">blank">ang/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d h According to the research of John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ Title: "State of Delaware" Delaware gov State of Delaware, Department of Governmental Affairs
  10. ^ Timeline of Pennsylvania's History, from the War for Independence to Reconstruction, 1776-1861 PA gov Agency for Historic Preservation in Pennsylvania
  11. ^ The Official Records of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov Bureau of State Administration of the State of New Jersey
  12. ^ The 9th of January in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  13. ^ This day in history is July 26. loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ For the 21st of November, see "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ Known as "The 14th State," Exploring Vermont's Past The Vermont Historical Society In the original form on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ State Historical Park Named "Constitution Square" americanheritage com U.S.A.: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Called variously, "State History Chronology" TN gov The State of Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security Date of original publication: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Name: Blue, Frederick J. (Fall of 2002) Time of Ohio's Admission to the Union as a State The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original publication: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ An Explanation of Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Archive.org date=March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission would like to extend a hearty "Welcome!" The Bicentennial Commission of Mississippi Retrieved Tuesday, February 16th, 2019 2017
  23. ^ For the 3rd of December, today in history loc gov Archives of the Congress
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ Timeline of Historical Events for March 15 loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ For example: "Today in History, June 15." loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  29. ^ The phrase, "Texas Joins the Union," is commonly used. On This Date in History Syndicated Television Networks, Inc., Including A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May is commemorated on this "Today in History" page. loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  31. ^ "The Day California Became a State," September 9, 1850 CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the California State Government
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov Congressional Library
  33. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: January 29." loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov Congress Library
  35. ^ West Virginia was created as a "State of Convenience" in Chapter 12 of the book "A History of the State of Virginia." Wvculture org Culture and History Section of West Virginia
  36. ^ Cite this case as: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ August 1st is "Today in History" loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ The authors of the study are James MacPherson and Kevin Burbach, and their paper was published on November 2nd, 2014. At 125 years old, the rivalry between the Dakotas hasn't faded. Publication of the Bismarck Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ According to Stein, Mark in 2008. Smithsonian Institution Press/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ Dr. David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln: University of Nebraska Retrieved Thursday, February 15 2017
  42. ^ In a historical context, today is 11 November. loc gov United States Congress Library
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) History of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, United States of America
  44. ^ "On This Day in History... November 16" loc gov Congressional Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • Videos Relating to Individual U.S. States History com
  • Terms for the Establishment of States 50states com
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