Alaska's Physical Features

Alaska, located in the northwest corner of North America, shares a border with Canada to the east and is one of only two U.S. states that does not touch any other states (the other being Hawaii).

The state of Alaska is located in the northwest corner of North America, with its only land border being the Canadian province of British Columbia to the east. Alaska is one of only two states in the United States that does not share a border with any other state; the other is Hawaii. The state of Alaska boasts more oceanfront than any other of the other 49 states in the Union. S the aggregate of state governments [1] The state of Alaska is separated from the state of Washington by roughly 500 miles (800 km) of Canadian territory. Since it is not part of the 48 contiguous states, Alaska is considered an exclave of the United States. S Juneau, Alaska's capital, is cut off from the rest of the country by a lack of roads, making it the only state capital in the United States (outside of Hawaii) that cannot be reached by land.

A Satellite Image of Alaska

The state is bounded on the east by Yukon and British Columbia, Canada; on the south by the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean; on the west by Russia's Chukotka Autonomous Okrug; on the northwest by the Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean; and on the northeast by the Bering Sea, the Bering Strait, and the Chukchi Sea.

Dimensions of Alaska in relation to the lower 48

Since it reaches into the Eastern Hemisphere, Alaska has the distinction of being the northernmost, westernmost, and easternmost state in the United States.

At 570,380 square miles (1,477,300 km2), Alaska has more land area than any other state in the United States. It is roughly 20 times (or 47 times) as large as Texas, the next largest state, and the seventh largest country subdivision in the world. only 4% smaller than the autonomous Danish territory of Greenland, and 17% smaller than 6% less extensive than Nunavut, Canada's largest territory The easternmost point of the state is in Jacksonville, Florida, while its westernmost point would be superimposed on San Francisco, California. Alaska is slightly larger than Iran and slightly smaller than Libya, but smaller than all but 18 independent nations. Three of the world's 5,000,000 20-acre lakes (8 1 hectare (or more) The total area of marshland and wetland permafrost is 188,320 square miles (487,700 square kilometers), mostly in the northern, western, and southwestern flatlands (see [3]). About 16,000 square miles (41,000 square kilometers) of land and 1,200 square miles (3,100 square kilometers) of tidal zone are covered in glacier ice. Alone, the Bering Glacier complex covers 2,250 square miles (5,800 km2), located on the southeast Yukon border.

Regions [ edit ]

  • The majority of Alaskans live along the southern coast, in south central Alaska. Several thriving communities, including Anchorage and Palmer and Wasilla, are located here. The economy is based on two military bases, transportation, tourism, and petroleum processing plants.
  • Many of Alaska's larger cities, including Juneau, the state capital, as well as tidewater glaciers and extensive forests can be found in the Alaska Panhandle, also known as Southeast Alaska. The economy relies heavily on tourism, fishing, tree farming, and the state government.
  • A large portion of southwest Alaska is on the coast, with water on two sides. It has a small population and is cut off from the rest of the world by roads, but plays a crucial role in the global fishing industry. Approximately 50% of the western United States' total annual catch of fish S spawn in the Bering Sea and the largest run of sockeye salmon in the world is found in Bristol Bay. Katmai and Lake Clark national parks and a number of wildlife refuges can be found in southwest Alaska. Western Cook Inlet, Bristol Bay, and the watersheds surrounding it; the Alaska Peninsula; the Aleutian Islands; and the rest of the state. Rain and storms are common, and the region is home to a variety of unique wildlife including salmon, brown bears, caribou, birds, and marine mammals.
  • Fairbanks is located in the interior of Alaska. Large braided rivers, like the Yukon and the Kuskokwim, and Arctic tundra landscapes and coastlines characterize the region's geography.
  • The Alaskan Bush is a rural, sparsely populated region of the state that is home to 380 communities, including Nome, Bethel, Kotzebue, and the United States' northernmost settlement, Utqiavik.

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is located in extreme northeastern Alaska. The larger National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska encompasses approximately 23 million acres (9,307,770 ha) and covers a significant portion of the Pacific Northwest. It's safe to say that the Arctic is the most inaccessible part of Alaska's wilderness. As the farthest point from permanent human habitation in the United States, a location in the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska is located 120 miles (190 km) from the nearest town or village.

Alaska's many islands stretch its tidal shoreline to nearly 34,000 miles (55,000 km). The Aleutian Islands are a chain of islands located off the western coast of the Alaska Peninsula. The Aleutians are home to a number of currently active volcanoes. Mount Shishaldin, a moderately active volcano that towers 9,980 feet (3,042 m) above sea level, can be found on Unimak Island. Mount Spurr, located west of Anchorage on the mainland, is another part of the volcanic chain.

To the south of Anchorage, in Turnagain Arm, is home to one of the highest tides in all of North America. The range of normal tidal heights is 5 to 20 feet (1 to 6 7 m) (Many sources claim that Turnagain has the second-greatest tides in North America, but a 6/23/03 article in the Anchorage Daily News reports that several areas in Canada have greater tides. [4])

Since the Aleutian Islands are located at 180 degrees of longitude, Alaska can be both the westernmost and easternmost state. As one of the United States' most northernmost territories, Alaska and, in particular, the Aleutians are also one of its most westerly. To ensure that the entire state, and by extension the entire continental United States, is on the same legal day, the International Date Line makes a jog west of 180 degrees.

Climate [ edit ]

More federally owned land is located in Alaska than in any other state. [5]

Southeast and southern Alaska have a climate typical of the mid-latitude oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) while northern Alaska has a climate typical of the subarctic oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc). The yearly average temperature in the southeast is higher than the rest of the state, and the region also receives more precipitation than any other region of Alaska. The annual precipitation totals in Juneau are over 50 inches (130 cm), while those in Ketchikan are over 150 inches (380 cm). And this is the only part of Alaska where daytime highs typically rise above freezing even in the dead of winter (see also: [6]).

Alaska's Köppen climate classifications

Anchorage and south central Alaska enjoy a relatively temperate climate compared to the rest of the state because of their proximity to the ocean. Greater snowfall and clearer skies are compensated for by lower rainfall compared to southeast Alaska. Anchorage has an annual rainfall of 16 inches (41 cm) and an annual snowfall of about 75 inches (190 cm), though there are locations in the south central region that receive significantly more snow. Because summers are short and mild, Köppen classifies it as a subarctic climate (Dfc).

The Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska play a significant role in shaping the weather pattern in western Alaska. The southwest has an oceanic subarctic climate, while the north has a continental subarctic climate. Considering how far north we are, the weather is surprisingly mild. The precipitation patterns in this area are extremely variable. The region between the northern tip of the Seward Peninsula and the valley of the Kobuk River (i e , the area surrounding Kotzebue Sound) is classified as a desert because it receives less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) of precipitation on average per year. Between Dillingham and Bethel, some areas receive an average of 100 inches (250 centimeters) of precipitation. [7]

Interior Alaska has a subarctic climate. Areas close to Fairbanks experience some of Alaska's highest and lowest temperatures. Temperatures in the summer can reach the 90s (low to mid 30s C), while they can drop to below 60 (51 C) in the winter. Rainfall in the Interior is typically less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) annually, but what little does fall in the winter tends to stick around for the duration of the season.

Interior Alaska is where the state's highest and lowest temperatures have been measured. The state of Alaska is tied with Hawaii for the lowest high temperature in the United States, with the highest being 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius) in Fort Yukon on June 27, 1915 (just 8 miles or 13 km inside the arctic circle). In Prospect Creek on January 23, 1971,[8][9] the official low temperature in Alaska was 80 °F (62 °C), which is one degree warmer than the coldest temperature ever recorded in continental North America (in Snag, Yukon, Canada). [12]

Arctic (Köppen: ET) climate is characterized by extremely long, extremely cold winters and relatively brief, cool summers in the far northern region of Alaska. Lows in Utqiavik average just 34 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degree Celsius) even in the middle of summer. Many locations in this region of Alaska receive less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) of precipitation annually, and this is almost entirely in the form of snow that remains on the ground throughout the winter.

Information about the weather and climate [ edit ]

Typical high and low temperatures in a few Alaskan cities [14] Location July (°F) July (°C) Monthly Averages for the Month of January (in Degrees Fahrenheit) Conditions in January (in degrees Celsius) Anchorage 65/51 18/10 22/11 −5/−11 Juneau 64/50 17/11 32/23 0/−4 Ketchikan 64/51 17/11 38/28 3/−1 Unalaska 57/46 14/8 36/28 2/−2 Fairbanks 72/53 22/11 1/−17 −17/−27 Fort Yukon 73/51 23/10 −11/−27 −23/−33 Nome 58/46 14/8 13/−2 −10/−19 Utqiaġvik 47/34 08/1 −7/−19 −21/−28

Take Control of Your Land! [ edit ]

About 65 percent of Alaska is owned and managed by the United States federal government as national forests, national parks, and national wildlife refuges, as stated in a report published by the United States Bureau of Land Management in October 1998. Bureau of Land Management oversees 87 million acres (35 million hectares), or 23 Eight percent of the state The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for overseeing the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

PDF Alaska Physical Features Map

Approximately 24 percent of the remaining landmass is owned by the State of Alaska. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act established thirteen regional and dozens of local Native corporations, which together manage the remaining 10%. The remaining less than one percent of land is owned by a number of different private interests.

Instead of "counties," Alaska is divided into "boroughs." While other states have a three-tiered decentralization system (state, county, and township), most of Alaska only has two (state and borough). Most of the state is located in the Unorganized Borough, which, as the name suggests, has no intermediate borough government of its own and is administered directly by the state government due to the low population density of the state. There are 57 Though covering 71% of the state, only 13% of Alaskans live in these areas. less than 1% of the entire population The United States Census Bureau creates these divisions for data collection purposes. City of Anchorage and Greater Anchorage Area Borough merged in 1971 to form the Municipality of Anchorage, which includes the city proper as well as the suburbs of Eagle River, Chugiak, Peters Creek, Girdwood, Bird Creek, and Indian. In contrast, Fairbanks is divided into a borough (the Fairbanks North Star Borough) and a city (also called Fairbanks). citation needed[quote missing]

See also [ edit ]

  1. ^ To read the CRS Report for Congress on International Borders, please visit: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21729.pdf.
  2. ^ The other three U.S. exclaves are in Alburgh, Vermont; Point Roberts, Washington; and the Northwest Angle of Minnesota.
  3. ^ State of Alaska Information, Alaska Children's Area alaska gov Retrieved 13 April 2018
  4. ^ According to Porco, Peter (2003-06-23) Once considered second only to Fundy, city tides now appear to be far inferior. Page A1 | The Anchorage Daily News
  5. ^ Acreage of Publicly Owned Land in the Western U.S. Wildlandfire com Today is Tuesday, November 13, 2007 Date of original upload: July 27, 2011 Retrieved June 2, 2010
  6. ^ Monthly Climate Summary for Ketchikan, Alaska Climate Prediction Center for the West May 16, 2013 archived version Retrieved On the seventh of February, 2013
  7. ^ Average Annual Precipitation in Alaska and Yukon Service for Geographical Analysis of Climate Portland, Oregon: Oregon State Month of February 2000 Original version posted on October 25, 2012 Retrieved June 5, 2012
  8. ^ a b Alaska Weather: NOAA Weather Radio's Interesting Facts and Records (PDF) NOAA: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration1 Retrieved from the archive (PDF) the 29th of September, 2006 Retrieved January 3, 2007
  9. ^ a b "Extreme States" The Desert Research Institute's Western Regional Climate Center To be found at the original archived copy from January 5, 2007 Retrieved January 3, 2007
  10. ^ "May 1st San Diego Weather: A Look Back in Time" NOAA is the U.S. government agency in charge of weather forecasting. Retrieved February 8, 2007, from the original Retrieved January 3, 2007
  11. ^ Commonly Asked Questions About Alaska's Climate (FAQ ALASKA) Link to the State of Alaska's Electronic Library System, University of Alaska Fairbanks 17 January 2005 Date of original upload: January 2, 2007 Retrieved January 3, 2007
  12. ^ For example: Ned Rozell (January 23, 2003) The North American location with the lowest average temperature. College of Science and Engineering at the University of Alaska Fairbanks This version was archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved January 3, 2007
  13. ^ History of Barrow, Alaska, from the Monthly Summary in July 2006 Archived July 3, 2017, in the Wayback Machine Internet Climatology Accessed on October 23, 2006
  14. ^ "Normal Alaska weather" Weatherbase Originally posted on November 1, 2015 Retrieved The 1st of November. 2015
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