Date of admission to the Union is listed for each of the 50 states in the United States.

State names and borders on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

The 50 individual states that make up the United States are co-sovereign entities with the central government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. There are four states (Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia) whose official names do not include the word "state," but rather "commonwealth."

The United States can be broken down into its constituent parts, which are called "states." They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. The government of each state is divided into an executive, legislative, and judicial branch, and it is based on a constitution written in accordance with republican principles. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, both of which are elected by the citizens of their respective states. There are two senators for every state and at least one representative, with the size of a state's delegation to the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. There's also the Electoral College, which votes for the President and Vice President of the United States, of which each state gets a certain number of representatives and senators to represent it. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. The original 13 states that made up the United States in 1776 have since been joined by another 39. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

All 50 states and their respective dates of statehood are listed below. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the original 13 states entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 and ratified the Articles of Confederation. Dates of AoC ratification are listed in a separate table below.) [6] The states are listed in the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) federal government. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(acknowledged or confirmed) Consisting of 1   Delaware On this day in 1787, December 7: [8]
(ratified) The State of Delaware as a Colony[b] 2   Pennsylvania Sunday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Colonial Colony 3   New Jersey Today in 1787, on December 18th, [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, the Formerly-Imperial Crown Colony 4   Georgia Dated: January 2nd, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut It all started on January 9th, 1788. [12]
(ratified) Royal Connecticut Colony 6   Massachusetts Earlier this year, on February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The New Hampshire Colony was a Crown Colony. 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominant Colony of the British Empire 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) "New York, the Crown Colony" 12   The State of North Carolina1 On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) There is a republic in Vermont. 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Territory to the Southwest 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) District of Orleans 19   Indiana This day in 1816, on December 11
(admitted) Hoosier State 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Specifically, the Mississippi Delta region 21   Illinois Sunday, December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Sunday, December 14th, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Alabama State 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) (Maine F District) Massachusetts 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) Part of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) To the East of the Mississippi River, Arkansas 26   Michigan Monday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Region of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) Florida Territory 28   Texas Tuesday, December 29th, 1845 [29]
(admitted) The State of Texas as a Separate Republic 29   Iowa Yesterday, on the 28th of December, 1846
(admitted) A Section of Iowa 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California Dated: September 9th, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disorganized land / the Mexican Cession, part [g] 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Separate Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon Tuesday, February 14, 1859
(admitted) Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861: January 29 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   The Mountain State, or West Virginia1 June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) Region of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) In the State of Nebraska 38   Colorado Starting on August 1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) Colorado, the Territory 39   The Great Land of North Dakota1 Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   A State in the Midwestern U.S. Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Partial Dakota Territory 41   Montana Sunday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Western United States region encompassing Montana. 42   Washington 11 November 1889 [42]
(admitted) Territorial Government of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah Sunday, January 4th, 1896 [43]
(admitted) Land of Utah 46   Oklahoma When: Tuesday, November 16, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Territories of Oklahoma and Indians in Oklahoma 47   New Mexico Dated: January 6th, 1912
(admitted) It's the State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Monday, February 14, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this day in 1959, January 3
(admitted) Province of Alaska 50   Hawaii Thursday, August 21, 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Ratification dates for the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Second Continental Congress passed the Articles of Confederation to the individual states for ratification. All 13 states had to ratify the Articles of Confederation for them to become effective, and that didn't happen until March 1. The Articles of Confederation were abolished and replaced by the present Constitutional government on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia The 16th of December, 1777 2 Carolina del Sur It was on this day in 1778, February 5th, that the Declaration 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Sixteen years ago today, on February 6th, 1778 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Wednesday, February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Monday, February 26th, 1778 7 It's in the Granite State, Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey When: Tuesday, November 19, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Initial usage: 2/1/1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Wednesday, February 2nd, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • A set of laws passed by Congress in 1850 known as the "Compromise of 1850" included a clause guaranteeing California's entry into the Union.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • Federal legislation passed in 1889 that made it possible for citizens of the Dakota (later split into two states), Montana, and Washington territories to organize state governments and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. It also granted the people of New Mexico and Arizona the right to do the same. asking for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state.
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a state thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War, but they were later readmitted to the Union. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Not only is the Constitution silent on the subject of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state cannot secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending Delaware's status as a British colony and establishing the three counties as an independent state under "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. Green Mountain Boys emerged as a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" dispute, and the Vermont Republic was subsequently founded. By royal order of George III in 1764, New Hampshire's claim to the land was terminated, and in 1790, the State of New York sold Vermont its land claim for $30,000.
  4. ^ Virginia's "District of Kentucky" became an independent state thanks to legislation passed by the Virginia General Assembly on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ The precise date that Ohio was admitted to the Union as a state is unknown. The 7th Congress passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" on April 30, 1802 (Sess). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official date of statehood. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union," (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). This marked the official date that Ohio became a state. The 7th of August, 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On July 19, 1819, Mainers voted 17,001 to 7,132 in favor of leaving the rest of Massachusetts to form the "District of Maine," which was established by enabling legislation passed by the Massachusetts General Court on June 19, 1819. another bill was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. It was as part of the Compromise of 1850 that Congress passed the Act that made California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. The Supreme Court's decision in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871) later implied that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only states to have been born on the same day, within minutes of each other. When President Benjamin Harrison was ready to sign the statehood documents, he shuffled them so that no one would know in advance which territory was about to become a state. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ E. Erler Discussions of the Fourteenth Amendment's Citizenship Clause. We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" The State Legislature of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Office of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Title: "Article II Electors: A Constitutional Analysis" We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ Doctrine of the Equal Status of States. Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) Constitutional and Social History of the American Revolution as Defined by the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Published by the University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-1" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">blank">ang/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d h John R. Vile (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov Delaware State Government Information Portal
  10. ^ Brief History of Pennsylvania from 1776 to 1861 (From Independence to the Civil War) PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ "On This Day in History: January 9" loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  13. ^ July 26: "Today in History" loc gov Congress Library
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  15. ^ Title: "The Fourteenth State" Explore Vermont's Past The Vermont Historical Society Date of original publication: May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com Publishers of the American Heritage Series Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b U.S. territory and state naming conventions and precedents TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ State's Past in Chronological Order TN gov Official Website of the State Government of Tennessee Archive.org date: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue To be precise, it was in the fall of 2002. Date of Ohio's Admission to the Union as a State Published by the Ohio Academy of History It was originally posted on September 11, 2010, but has since been archived.
  20. ^ Addressing Some Myths About Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ Summary of Louisiana's Characteristics louisiana gov On March 24, 2013, we archived the original version of this article. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ Welcome from the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The United States Congress Library
  27. ^ As seen on "Today in History, June 15." loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ The addition of Texas to the Union is announced. Yesterday in the Past Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  31. ^ California's "Admission Day" is September 9, 1850. CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ A Historical Perspective for May 11 loc gov United States Congress Library
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ As seen on "Today in History, June 20." loc gov Congress Library
  35. ^ "A Convenient State: Virginia's Reorganization and West Virginia's Creation" Wvculture org Culture and History Department of West Virginia
  36. ^ Reference: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ Article entitled "Today in History: August 1"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b Dated "Today in History: November 2"1 loc gov US Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach,. In spite of the passage of 125 years since the Dakotas became independent, rivalry continues to this day. Weekly Newspaper Published In Bismarck AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ As stated by Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ Professor Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia College of Law, Lincoln, Nebraska Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov Archives of the Congress
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Geographical Location: Utah, United States of America
  44. ^ For the 16th of November, see "Today in History." loc gov Archives of the Congress
  45. ^ The work of Paul Rodgers in 2011. A Primer on U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connecting to the Outside World: Some Useful Resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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