Date of admission to the Union is listed for each state in the United States.

Identifying names and state lines on a United States map
What order the remaining states were admitted to the Union follows the order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787.

Each of the fifty United States' constituent entities, known collectively as "states," shares sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the individual states, all U.S. citizens are considered citizens of both the federal republic and the state in which they currently reside. Unlike other states, [1]Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all have "commonwealth" in their official state names.

The 50 states make up the main divisions of the USA. They have complete authority over all matters not specifically delegated to the federal government or expressly prohibited by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Constitutions based on republican ideals and governing bodies that include separate branches of government for executive, legislative, and judicial functions are found in each of the fifty states. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Each state has the right to send a number of electors to the Electoral College, the body that votes for President and Vice President, equal to the sum of its congressional deputies. [4]

The Constitution clearly gives Congress the power to decide whether or not to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. Since its founding in 1776, the United States has grown from its original 13 to its current 50 states. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

Below is a table with information about when each of the 50 states became independent. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) Each state is listed in the order in which it ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became a part of the newly formed (and still existing) federal government. The dates of admission for subsequent states are those officially recognized by law. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted; approved) Created by 1   Delaware On this day in 1787: [8]
(ratified) Province of Delaware[b] 2   Pennsylvania On this day in 1787, December 12 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Proprietary Province 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, the former Crown Colony 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a Crown Colony 5   Connecticut January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Colony of Connecticut Under the Crown 6   Massachusetts Thursday, February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Province of Maryland as a Private State 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) King George III's Original Colony 9   Specifically, the State of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Royal Colony and Dominated State 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   Carolina del Norte On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) Originally, North Carolina was a British colony. 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Providence Plantations and the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) People's Republic of Vermont[c] 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Lands to the West of the Mississippi 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana This day in 1816, on December 11
(admitted) Its Location: The Indiana Territory1 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Where the Mississippi River Meets the Gulf of Mexico 21   Illinois On this day in 1818, December 3: [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Tuesday, December 14, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Alabam's Home State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) Province of New Hampshire 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) State of Arkansas 26   Michigan Tuesday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas Thursday, December 29, 1845 [29]
(admitted) The State of Texas as a Separate Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California The Nineteen Fifteenth of September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Partial Minnesota Territory 33   Oregon Earlier today, on February 14th, 1859
(admitted) Specifically, the Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Dated: January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) Part of Kansas Territory 35   Specifically, the state of West Virginia1. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Virginia (all fifty counties in the Trans-Allegheny area[h]). 36   Nevada Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Area encompassing present-day Nebraska 38   Colorado Initially, on August 1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) This is Colorado Country. 39   It's in North Dakota1. On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Section of Dakota Territory 40   "South Dakota1" The date of November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Friday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Territory of Montana 42   Washington On this date in 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho, or the 'Idah 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah A Date: January 4, 1896 [43]
(admitted) Land of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Both Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory 47   New Mexico Sixteen hundred and twelve: January 6th, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Date: February 14th, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii On this day in 1959, August 21st,
(admitted) Hawai'ian Acquired Territory

Timeline of the Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were formally approved for ratification by the individual states by the Second Continental Congress. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the current federal government under the Constitution was established. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 Carolina del Sur Sunday, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Thursday, February 6th, 1778 4 In the state of Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Nineteen Seventy-Eighth Day, February 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Thursday, February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia On this day in 1778, February 26 7 Granite State, Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 A Place Called Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey When: Tuesday, November 19, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779, February 1: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland As of today, February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • To admit California to the Union, Congress passed the Compromise of 1850.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and to apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. It also granted the people of New Mexico and Arizona the right to do the same. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a state thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas seceded and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War, but they are not included on this list because they were later readmitted to the Union. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Sussex and Kent Upon the Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ Between 1749 and 1764, New Hampshire's provincial governor Benning Wentworth issued roughly 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. Due to the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and making way for the formation of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. The 7th Congress approved an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" on April 30, 1802 (Sess. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither law established an official date of statehood. It wasn't until 1953 that the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). 7 August 1953 ) that fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts Legislature formally recognized the "District of Maine" as an independent state. passage of a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. In 1850, as part of the Compromise, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Eventually, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. Benjamin Harrison, before signing the statehood documents, shuffled them so that no one would know in advance which territory was about to become a state. Given that "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. For the Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ Concerning the Minnesota State Legislature, Frequently Asked Questions Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Districts and Representation in Congress (Census 2010: Briefs) (PDF) U S Office of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Institution for Research on Women and Families at the Heritage
  5. ^ "Principle of State Equalization" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Publishing House of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-1" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">blank">ang/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d h John R. Vile (2005) Complete Reference to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book One, Letters A through M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ The "Delaware State Government" Delaware gov Center for Governmental Research and Statistics, State of Delaware
  10. ^ An Outline of Pennsylvania's Past, from the War for Independence to the Civil War, 1776-1861 PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Secretary of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ The ninth of January was marked as "Today in History" loc gov The United States Congress Library
  13. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: July 26 loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  15. ^ A New State, Number Fourteen Explore Vermont's Past Organization dedicated to preserving Vermont's past This version was archived from the original on May 30th, 2013.
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com Publishers of the American Heritage Series Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b U.S. territory and state naming conventions and precedents TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "State's Historical Chronology" TN gov Tennesee's Ministry of State Saved as the original on April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue In the fall of 2002 (Season of) Date Ohio Became a State A Publication of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original publication: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Archive.org date=March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ Here's some warm greetings from the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board. Bicentennial Commission of Mississippi Retrieved On the 16th of February 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov The Congress Library
  24. ^ Dates Significant to Alabama's Past, 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  26. ^ "On This Date in History: August 10" loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! On This Day In... Networks, A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ "On This Day in History...May 29" loc gov National Library of Congress
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov The State of California, Parks and Recreation
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  33. ^ Today in Historical Perspective January 29 loc gov Federal Research Library
  34. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: June 20 loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  35. ^ Title: "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia, Chapter Twelve, Reorganized Government of Virginia Approves Separation"1 Wvculture org The Cultural Resources Section of the West Virginia Department of Administration
  36. ^ Virginia v. West Virginia 78 U.S. 39 (1870) Justia com
  37. ^ For the first of August, we have the phrase "Today in History." loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach,. Even after 125 years, rivalry between the Dakotas persists. An Article From The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ To Whom It May Concern: Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln: Nebraska State University Retrieved As of the 15th of February, 2017
  42. ^ In a historical context, today is 11 November. loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ There is a new book out by Linda Thatcher in 2016 "The Path to Statehood: A Chronology of Events" historytogo utah gov Utah, United States of America
  44. ^ For the 16th of November, see "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Author: Rodgers, Paul (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • Indicators of Statehood Dates 50states com
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