Date of admission to the Union is listed for each state in the United States.

Identifying names and state lines on a United States map.
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

A state is one of the fifty individual entities that together make up the United States of America and share sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. Four U.S. states—Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia—have commonwealth in their official names instead of state.

The 50 individual states make up the basic organizational unit of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives, and it includes representatives from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. There are two senators for every state and at least one representative, with the size of a state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by that state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. In addition, the number of electors a state can choose to represent it in the Electoral College, the body responsible for choosing the President and Vice President of the United States, is equal to the sum of its congressional deputies. [4]

The Constitution specifies in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 that Congress has the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union. There are now fifty states, up from the original thirteen that existed when the United States was founded in 1776. All new states have been granted full membership with no special treatment. [5]

Here's a handy table with all 50 states and the days they became independent. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the fledgling (and now established) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(approved or allowed) Originating from 1   Delaware When: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) The State of Delaware as a Colony[b] 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a colonial possession 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony that became a state in the United States 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) State of Connecticut, Royal Colony 6   Massachusetts Adopted: 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a royal possession. 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial-era colony 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colonial South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   For the state of New Hampshire1, see: June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony Under British Rule 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony Under the Crown 12   Carolina del Norte Wednesday, November 21st, 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina was a colony established by the British Crown. 13   In the state of Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Territories to the Southwest 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Northwest Territories (portion of) 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana Tuesday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) Hoosier State 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Mississippi Country 21   Illinois Sunday, December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Yesterday, on the 14th of December, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Lands in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri The Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) In the Arkansas Territory1 26   Michigan The 26th of January, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Formerly Known as: Michigan Territory1 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas Today in 1845 (December 29) [29]
(admitted) Democratic Socialists of America 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) Piece of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Portion of Wisconsin 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) The Mexican Cession (Part): An Unorganized Region 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Part of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861: [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   Appalachia's West Virginia1 June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada As of today, October 31, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado It all started on August 1st, 1876. [37]
(admitted) Colorado, the Territory 39   In the state of North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Part of the Dakota Territory 40   Dakota (State) When: Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington Dated: November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Idaho is a territory in the United States. 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: January 4 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Territories of Oklahoma and Indians in Oklahoma 47   New Mexico January 6th, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this day in 1959, the calendar turned to:
(admitted) State or province of Alaska 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Location: Hawaii

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. On March 1, 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation officially took effect. The Articles of Confederation were formally abolished on March 4, 1789, and the present federal government under the Constitution took their place. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia It was on December 16th, 1777, that 2 Columbia, Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina The date of February 5, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 In the state of Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 It's in the Granite State, Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 It's in the Tar Heel State, or North April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Friday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Initial usage: 2/1/1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota Territory, the Montana Territory, and the Washington Territory the legal right to organize their own state governments (with the Dakota Territory being split into two separate states) and apply for admission to the United States as new states.
  • It was the Oklahoma Enabling Act that gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the legal right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as a single state. It was the New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act that gave the people of those territories the legal right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as separate states. calling for a vote to decide whether or not the two areas should be united as one state.
  • As of January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a member of the United States as a result of the passage of the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War, but they were later readmitted to the Union. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state after the war, as the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union. Not only is the Constitution silent on the subject of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state cannot secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ A different name for the three counties below Delaware's state capital. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle and Kent" as the state's governing body. The Counties of Kent and Sussex, Upon Delaware [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. In 1764, King George III issued an edict that ended New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute establishes a specific date for statehood. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407), officially making Ohio a state. A.U.G.7, 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On July 19, 1819, Mainers voted 17,001 to 7,132 in favor of leaving the rest of Massachusetts to form the "District of Maine," which was established by enabling legislation passed by the Massachusetts General Court on June 19, 1819. adopted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the vast majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. Included in the Compromise of 1850 was the Act of Congress that admitted California as the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court impliedly confirmed that the seceding Virginia counties had the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b The states of North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. For convenience, since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state and South Dakota as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Author: Erler, Edward Writings on "Amendment XIV: Citizenship" To wit: The Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" The State Legislature of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Briefs from the 2010 Census on the Reapportionment of Representatives (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration of the Department of Commerce
  4. ^ The Works of Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Heritage, Inc.
  5. ^ The "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ M. Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ White v. Texas, 74 U.S. 700 (1868) Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">dia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f g h John R. Vile (2005) To learn more about the history of the United States' founding, check out The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia (Part 1: A-M). ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ Governing Bodies of Delaware Delaware gov Government Resource Library, State of Delaware
  10. ^ A Brief History of Pennsylvania, Vol. 1: From Independence to the Civil War, 1776-1861 PA gov Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of History and Museums
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ The ninth of January; an Historical Perspective loc gov Federal Research Library
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Congress' Library
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen Exploring Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History In the original form on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ Constitution Square is a state historic site. americanheritage com Publishers of the American Heritage Series Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "State's Historical Chronology" TN gov Department of State of Tennessee The original version was published on April 10th, 2016.
  19. ^ Name: Blue, Frederick J. (Fall 2002) Date Ohio Became a State Monthly Newsletter of the Ohio Academy of History Republished from the September 11, 2010 archive
  20. ^ A Resolution to the Confusion Over Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov This version was archived from the original on March 24, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Official Organization for Mississippi's Bicentennial Events Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov The Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ "March 15th - A Day in History" loc gov Archives of the Congress
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June: An Historical Moment loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: January 26 loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ The phrase "Texas Joins the Union" On This Day In... Networks, A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  31. ^ On September 9, 1850, California officially became a state. CA gov Recreation and Parks Agency of the State of California
  32. ^ A Historical Perspective for May 11 loc gov Archives of the Congress
  33. ^ Timeline of January 29th historical events. loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ As seen on "Today in History, June 20." loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ Newly formed Virginia government gives its blessing to West Virginia's secession in Chapter 12 of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia." Wvculture org Department of Culture and History, West Virginia
  36. ^ To cite this case: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ History on this day: August 1 loc gov Federal Research Library
  38. ^ a b The second of November; an Historical Perspective loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. "At 125 years of statehood, rivalry still exists in the Dakotas." Newspaper published in Bismarck AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) This excerpt is from Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins's "How the States Got Their Shapes," which describes the historical processes that 256
  41. ^ - Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln: Nebraska State University Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November Recalled as a Historic Date loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ Author: Thatcher, Linda - 2016 Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Territory of Utah
  44. ^ A Historical Perspective for November 16 loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  45. ^ - Paul Rodgers, 2011 A Primer on U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • Watch videos from each state in the United States. History com
  • When a country or territory was established as a nation. 50states com
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