Date of admission to the Union is listed for each state in the United States.

State names and borders on a United States map
This is the order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, followed by the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

A state is one of the 50 individual entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. Four U.S. states—Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia—have commonwealth in their official names instead of state.

The 50 states make up the main divisions of the USA. They have all authority not specifically granted to or prohibited by the federal government in the United States Constitution. Generally speaking, matters of local concern are under the purview of state governments, including but not limited to: intrastate commerce regulation, election administration, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and the construction and maintenance of roads that are not funded by the federal government. Constitutions based on republican ideals are the basis for each state's government, which consists of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. There are two senators and at least one representative from each state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. The Electoral College is the body that votes for President and Vice President of the United States. [3] Each state has the right to send a number of electors to the Electoral College equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

The Constitution specifically gives Congress the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. A total of 50 states now make up the United States, up from the original 13. All newly admitted states are treated on par with the others. [5]

All 50 states and their respective dates of statehood are listed below. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Dates of admission for subsequent states are those officially recognized by law. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
admitted; approved Developed from 1   Delaware On this day in 1787, December 7 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Colonial Pennsylvania 3   New Jersey Monday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) Royal New Jersey Colony 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Former British Crown Colony in the South 5   Connecticut 9 January 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a Colony under the Crown 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   In the state of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Province of South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Virginia Colony and Dominion 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   Carolina del Norte On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   Location: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Providence Plantations and the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a British Crown Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) [c]Republic of Vermont; 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky[d] is included in Virginia's District, which includes nine counties.) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Western Hemisphere's Southwest Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) A section of the Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana Wednesday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi The date was December 10, 1817. [22]
(admitted) Land Located in the State of Mississippi 21   Illinois On this day in 1818, December 3: [23]
(admitted) Territory in Illinois, Part 22   Alabama Thursday, December 14th, 1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Monday, August 10, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) An Area Including Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) The Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846, December
(admitted) An Area of Iowa 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Part of Wisconsin was once known as the 31   California Monday, September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico[g] 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Segment of Minnesota 33   Oregon Today in History (February 14th, 1859)
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Thursday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) Separate Section of Kansas Territory 35   "West Virginia1" June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada It is now October 31, 1864
(admitted) Located in the state of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) A Land Named Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) Aspects of the Colorado Territory1 39   Location: North Dakota1 As of today's date, November 2nd, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) It's a piece of Dakota Territory. 40   Geographical Indicator: South Dakota1 The date of November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Part of the Dakota Territory 41   Montana Monday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Location: Montana, USA 42   Washington On this date in 1889 [42]
(admitted) Washington State 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Idaho, the Territorial State 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah The date of January 4, 1896 [43]
(admitted) Locale of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Territory of Oklahoma and Indian Territory 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Earlier today, on February 14th, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Historical context of the ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. On March 1, 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation officially took effect. The Articles of Confederation, the predecessor to the present Constitution, were abolished on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 Colony State of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina On this day in history, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island It was February 9th, 1778. 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Tuesday, February 12, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Saturday, February 26th, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey It's the 19th of November in the year 1778. 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The Date Is February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • A set of laws passed by Congress in 1850 known as the "Compromise of 1850" included a clause guaranteeing California's entry into the Union.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory of Kansas, a series of violent conflicts broke out between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups, earning the region the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."
  • A law passed in 1889 called the Enabling Act gave citizens of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize state governments (with Dakota being split into two states) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska was officially admitted to the Union as a result of the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Although the Constitution itself is silent on the subject of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the power to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ A different name for the three counties below Delaware's state capital. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution declaring an end to Delaware's status as a colony of Great Britain and establishing the three counties as an independent state under "the Government of the Counties of New Castle and Kent." Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Benning Wentworth, New Hampshire's provincial governor from 1749 to 1764, issued roughly 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. The Green Mountain Boys emerged from the resulting "New Hampshire Grants" dispute, and Vermont became its own independent nation. By royal order of George III in 1764, New Hampshire's claim was terminated, and for $30,000, the state of New York ceded its claim to the territory of Vermont in 1790.
  4. ^ Virginia's "District of Kentucky" was officially recognized as a separate state by the Virginia General Assembly on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess.) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802 (O.H.R. 1). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) For example, on February 19, 1803, the same Congress passed an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established a specific date for the beginning of statehood ceremonies. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. Dated: August 7th, 1953 (The Act Fixing March 1, 1803, Which Act) [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts Legislature officially recognized the "District of Maine." an additional measure was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ Most of the territory that Mexico gave up to the United States in 1848 was formerly part of the Mexican Department of Alta California, which had been created after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. A component of the Compromise of 1850 was the passage of the Act of Congress that admitted California as the 31st state.
  8. ^ An act authorizing the formation of West Virginia was passed by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. The Supreme Court's decision in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871) later implied that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been formed simultaneously on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Customarily, North Dakota is counted as the 39th state and South Dakota as the 40th, with "n" coming before "s" in the alphabet. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Research Papers on "The Fourteenth Amendment and Citizenship" This organization is called the Heritage Foundation.
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Summary of Congressional Districts by Gender and Race (Census 2010 Briefs C2010BR-08) (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ A. R. Elhauge; Einer Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ It's called the "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. John R. Vile (2005) Complete Reference to the Constitutional Convention of 1787: An A-to-M Dictionary of the American Founding ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov Delaware's Official Government Resource Center, State of Delaware
  10. ^ Summary of Pennsylvania's Past, 1776–1861, From Independence to the Civil War PA gov Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of History and Museums
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov The State Department of New Jersey
  12. ^ History for January 9th loc gov United States Congress Library
  13. ^ For the 26th of July, a Brief History loc gov Library of Congress
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ Labeled as "The 14th State"1 Analyzing Vermont's Past Institution of Vermont History Retrieved May 30, 2013, from the original
  16. ^ We're talking about the "Constitution Square State Historic Site"1 here! americanheritage com A. H. Collier & Sons, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "State's Historical Chronology" TN gov The State of Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security Originally posted on April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue The (Autumn of 2002) Ohio's statehood was officially declared on "The Date" The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original publication: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ An Explanation of Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ Short, easy-to-digest information about the state of Louisiana. louisiana gov You can read the original version from March 24, 2013 by clicking here. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. The Bicentennial Commission of Mississippi Retrieved As of the 16th of February, 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov Federal Research Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: March 15 loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov Archives of the Congress
  27. ^ This day in history is June 15th. loc gov Congress Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  29. ^ A new state joins the Union: Texas! On This Day In... Broadcasting stations owned by A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ The date September 9, 1850, is commemorated as "Admission Day in California." CA gov California State Parks and Recreation Commission
  32. ^ The 11th of May Became a Part of History loc gov The Congress Library
  33. ^ Timeline of January 29th historical events. loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  34. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: June 20 loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ "A Convenient State: Virginia's Reorganization and West Virginia's Creation" Wvculture org Division of Culture and History, West Virginia
  36. ^ State of Virginia v. State of West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870) Justia com
  37. ^ "On This Day in History... August 1" loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b "On This Day in History: November 2" loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. (2014, November 2). Even after 125 years, rivalry between the Dakotas persists. Bismarck Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ As stated by Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" Information on the Great Plains: an encyclopedia College of Law, Lincoln, Nebraska Retrieved Monday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November Recalled as a Historic Date loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  43. ^ In her 2016 book, Thatcher, Linda History of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ It's November 16th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers. 2011. A Primer on the Laws of the United States Constitution McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5
  • Watch videos from each state in the United States. History com
  • Terms for the Establishment of States 50states com
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