Here is a timeline of the states' official admission to the United States.

United States map labeled with state names and borders
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

Each of the 50 individual states in the United States has some degree of autonomy, but ultimately shares power with the federal government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. Unlike other states, [1]Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all have "commonwealth" in their official state names.

Throughout the United States, the states serve as the most fundamental political divisions. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. The Electoral College is the body that votes for President and Vice President of the United States. [3] Each state has the right to send a number of electors to the Electoral College equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

The Constitution clearly gives Congress the power to decide whether or not to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. The United States' total number of states has grown from the original 13 in 1776 to the current 50. There has been no discrimination against any of the new states in their admission. [5]

The following table is a list of all 50 states and their respective dates of statehood After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (A separate table with dates of AoC ratification is provided below.) The order in which these states are listed indicates the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) United States of America. Each subsequent admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted or confirmed) Developed from 1   Delaware When: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Proprietary Province 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, the Former Crown Colony 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Royal Georgian Colony 5   Connecticut 9 January 1788 [12]
(ratified) The Province of Connecticut as a Royal Colony 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a Crown Colony 8   To the South May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   The State of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Commonwealth of Virginia, Dominion of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   Geographical Indication: North Carolina1 The date of November 21, 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) People's Republic of Vermont[c] 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) To be exact, Virginia has nine counties in its District of Kentucky(d). 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Territories in the Northwest 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Located in the Orleans Territory 19   Indiana On this date in 1816:
(admitted) Hoosier State 20   Mississippi The 10th of December, 1817 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Valley 21   Illinois Wednesday, December 3, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Area of Illinois 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Thursday, August 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Location: Arkansas, USA 26   Michigan Initially published: January 26, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) State of Florida 28   Texas Saturday, December 29th, 1845 [29]
(admitted) Independence, Texas 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) (Of) The Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California Date: September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) A portion of Mexico's Cession to the United States that is still disorganized. 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) The State of Minnesota and Adjacent Lands 33   Oregon A Date: 14 FEBRUARY 1859
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Dated: January29, 1861 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   "West Virginia1" June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) Geographical Location: Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Geographical Region Known As Nebraska 38   Colorado Time Period: 1876-08-01 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   Dakota Dunes State On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Section of Dakota Territory 40   State of South Dakota1 This day in 1889, November [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Saturday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Located in the state of Montana. 42   Washington Day that marks the 11th of November, 1889 [42]
(admitted) Locale of Washington State 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Where Wyoming Is Located 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) Land of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Native American Lands in Oklahoma 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona A Date: February 14, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959, January 3
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii When: 21 August 1959
(admitted) Aloha! Hawaii!

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by the required number of states (13 in this case), the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the present federal government under the Constitution was established. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia It was on December 16th, 1777, that 2 Carolina del Sur The date was February 5th, 1778. 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 Providence, Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Sunday, February 9th, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Dated: February 26th, 1778 7 The state of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 The state of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: February 1 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Dated: February 2nd, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • A series of bloody conflicts between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups occurred in Kansas Territory between 1854 and 1861, a period known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 granted the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize themselves into new states and join the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state is needed.
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for these areas. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution declaring an end to Delaware's status as a colony of Great Britain and establishing the three counties as an independent state under the authority of "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ New Hampshire's provincial governor, Benning Wentworth, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. This occurred between 1749 and 1764. The "New Hampshire Grants" conflict that erupted as a result inspired the founding of the Vermont Republic and gave rise to the infamous Green Mountain Boys. In 1764, by royal order of George III, New Hampshire's claim upon the land was extinguished, and in 1790, the State of New York ceded its land claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill separating the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and approving Kentucky's statehood. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803 (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) The official date of statehood was not established by either statute. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union," (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). This marked the official date that Ohio became a state. 7 August 1953 which fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts Legislature formally recognized the "District of Maine" as a separate entity. adopted a measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood as a formality [17]
  7. ^ The majority of the territory that Mexico gave to the United States after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War in 1848 had previously been part of the Mexican Department of Alta California. California's admission as the 31st state was legislated as part of the Compromise of 1850.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties in Virginia did have the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood papers so that no one would know which state became the first until after he signed them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ E. Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. To wit: The Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Legislature of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S The Bureau of Economic Analysis and Statistics
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Organization Name: Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ "The Doctrine of State Equality" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published his seminal paper in 1959. Constitutional and Social History of the American Revolution as Defined by the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ Referring to the case "Texas v. White," 74 U.S. 700 (1868) Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, Volume 1: A-M (A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov Delaware State Government's Official Information Resource Center
  10. ^ From the Declaration of Independence to the Civil War, this is a summary of Pennsylvania's history from 1776 to 1861. PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ Those Minutes of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ "On This Day in History: January 9" loc gov National Library of Congress
  13. ^ It's July 26th, and here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Congressional Library
  15. ^ Labeled as "The 14th State"1 Discovery of Vermont's Past Vt. Hist. Soc. Date of original publication: May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com The American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of the Various State and Territory Names in the United States" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Timeline of State History TN gov Administration of State of Tennessee This version was archived from the original on April 10, 2016.
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue The (Autumn of 2002) The Official Birth of Ohio as a State The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original publication: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ Fast information about the state of Louisiana. louisiana gov On March 24, 2013, we archived the original version of this article. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Commission for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ Timeline of events for December 3rd. loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  24. ^ An Overview of Alabama's Past, 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ "On this day in history...March 15" loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The fifteenth of June is "Today in History." loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  28. ^ It's January 26th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov Congressional Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! On This Day In... As seen on A&E Networks March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: May 29 loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov The California State Parks and Recreation Agency
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  33. ^ This Day in History...January 29 loc gov National Library of Congress
  34. ^ The twentieth of June: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ According to Chapter Twelve of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia," the newly formed Virginia government officially sanctioned the state's separation from Virginia. Wvculture org Office of West Virginia Culture and History
  36. ^ State of Virginia v. State of West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870) Justia com
  37. ^ Dated "Today in History: August 1"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ It was written by James MacPherson and Kevin Burbach on November 2, 2014. "Sibling rivalry persists at 125 years of Dakota statehood" The Bismarck Tribune1. AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ As stated by Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ The Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" An Annotated Reference to the Great Plains Lincoln: Nebraska's Land Grant University Retrieved Wednesday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ A Historical Perspective for November 16 loc gov United States Congress Library
  45. ^ Author: Rodgers, Paul. (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • U.S. State Video Collection History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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