Here is a timeline of the states' official admission to the United States.

A United States map labeled with state names and borders
First, the order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, and then the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

Each of the 50 individual states in the United States has some degree of autonomy, but ultimately shares power with the federal government. Because of the separation of powers that exists in the United States, citizens of the federal republic are also citizens of the state in which they currently reside. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

In the United States, the individual states are the most basic political entities. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Independent governments, based on republican principles, each with their own constitutions and separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches can be found in all 50 states. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. There's also the Electoral College, which votes for the President and Vice President of the United States, of which each state gets a certain number of representatives and senators to represent it. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. Originally consisting of 13 states, the United States now includes 50. Upon admission, each new state joins the union on an equal footing with the others. [5]

All 50 states and their respective dates of statehood are listed below. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (An AoC ratification timeline is provided in a separate table below.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. In the following sections, each state's admission date is the statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
acceptance or approval Prompted by 1   Delaware On this day in 1787: [8]
(ratified) Colonial Delaware[b]. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania is a private province. 3   New Jersey Dated: December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) Kingdom of New Jersey 4   Georgia Starting on January 2nd, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut Saturday, January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) State of Connecticut, Royal Colony 6   Massachusetts Monday, February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Maryland Colony as a Colonial Possession 8   Southeastern United States, Specifically, the State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the British Empire 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony Under British Rule 12   This is the state of North Carolina1. On this day in 1789, November 21st, [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Provost State of Providence Plantations and the State of Rhode Island 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) Republic of Vermont (Vermont) 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) Including the nine counties that make up its District in Kentucky(d), Virginia. 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Lands to the West of the Mississippi 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) French for "Orange Land"; the Orleans Region 19   Indiana The 11th of December, 1816
(admitted) State of Indiana 20   Mississippi On this day in 1817, December 10 [22]
(admitted) Region of Mississippi 21   Illinois On this day in 1818, December 3: [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Thursday, December 14th, 1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Wednesday, August 10, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Monday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Formerly Known as: Michigan Territory1 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) Texan Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) An Area of Iowa 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Separate Section of Wisconsin 31   California Saturday, September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Ungoverned regions / Mexican Cession (part)[g]. 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Thursday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) Regional Kansas 35   "West Virginia1" June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) States of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Area encompassing present-day Nebraska 38   Colorado On this day in 1876, August 1. [37]
(admitted) Region of Colorado 39   The State of North Dakota1 As of today's date, November 2nd, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Pieces of Dakota Territory 40   Dakota (State) On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) State of Dakota (in part) 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Western United States region encompassing Montana. 42   Washington 11 November 1889 [42]
(admitted) The State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Locales in Wyoming 45   Utah As of today's date, January 4th, 1896 [43]
(admitted) State of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Oklahoma and Indian Land 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) Arizona State 49   Alaska A Date To Remember: January 3, 1959
(admitted) State of Alaska 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Hawaii, a Territorial State

Timeline of the Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On this day in 1777, the Second Continental Congress recommended to the states that they ratify the Articles of Confederation. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation, the precursor to the present United States Constitution, were formally abolished on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia The 16th of December, 1777 2 Specifically, the state of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina. On this day in 1778 — February 5 — 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Friday, February 6th, 1778 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Twelve days after Valentine's Day, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Thursday, February 26th, 1778 7 That State of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Friday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Sunday, February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Tuesday, February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • A set of laws passed by Congress in 1850 known as the "Compromise of 1850" included a clause guaranteeing California's entry into the Union.
  • In the years leading up to Kansas's admission to the Union as a state, from 1854 to 1861, the territory was the site of a series of violent conflicts between pro- and anti-slavery groups known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • This was made possible by the Enabling Act of 1889, which allowed the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to organize themselves politically as states (with Dakota being split in half) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. It also granted the people of New Mexico and Arizona the right to do the same. calling for a vote to decide whether or not the two jurisdictions should be merged into one state.
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. The Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state does not have the authority to secede on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution ending Delaware's status as a British colony and establishing the three counties as an independent state under "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. In response, the "New Hampshire Grants" dispute sparked the rise of the Green Mountain Boys and eventually the founding of the Vermont Republic. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed legislation approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and granting that territory statehood. [17]
  5. ^ However, the precise date that Ohio was admitted to the Union as a state is unknown. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) But neither law established an official birthday for the state. For Ohio, the date of statehood was not established until the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" in 1953 (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407). 7 August 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. adopted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the vast majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act admitting California as the 31st state.
  8. ^ It was on May 13, 1862, that the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia passed an act authorizing the formation of West Virginia. The Supreme Court's decision in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871) later implied that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b The states of North and South Dakota are unique in that they were both admitted to the Union on the same day, with the passage of simultaneous legislative acts. Before officially making any of the territories states, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood papers so that no one would ever know which state became a state first. The letter "n" comes before the letter "s" in the alphabet, so North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ In the words of Edward Erler Arguments for and Against Citizenship Amendment XIV Organization Name: Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's "Frequently Asked Questions" Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Description: "Congressional Apportionment (2010 Census Briefs C2010BR-08)"1 (PDF) U S Commerce Department, Economic and Statistics Administration
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Analysis of Article II's Electoral College A Group Called Heritage That Has A History Of
  5. ^ "The Doctrine of State Equality" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published his seminal paper in 1959. An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 A Publication of the University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ To cite this case: "Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700 (1868)" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. 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  9. ^ Government of Delaware Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Official Government Resource Center
  10. ^ In a nutshell: from independence to secession to civil war in Pennsylvania, 1776-1861 PA gov The State Museum and Historical Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ Today in History (January 9) loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ The caption read, "Today in History: July 26." loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  14. ^ "On This Day in History: November 21" loc gov Congressional Library
  15. ^ Known as "the 14th state," Discoverer of Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History Originally published on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com Publishing House of American Heritage Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of the Various State and Territory Names in the United States" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Title: "State Historical Timeline" TN gov Department of State of Tennessee Date of original upload: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Author: Blue, Frederick J. (Fall 2002) When Ohio became a state officially. The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Archive.org date: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Settling the Controversy over Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Quick Facts about Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. The Commission for the Bicentennial Celebration of Mississippi Retrieved On the 16th of February, 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March was a significant day in history, as stated in the phrase "Today in loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  26. ^ "On This Date in History: August 10" loc gov Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  28. ^ For the 26th of January, see "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! On This Day In... Television stations owned by A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov State of California, Parks and Recreation
  32. ^ The 11th of May Became a Part of History loc gov Federal Research Library
  33. ^ As seen on "Today in History, January 29" loc gov Congressional Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ A Convenient State: The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Chapter 12 Wvculture org Cultural Resources of West Virginia
  36. ^ Reference: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson & Kevin Burbach (November 2, 2014). The Dakotas have been independent for 125 years, but rivalry continues. Bismarck, North Dakota: AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008). How the States Got Their Forms, Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, pp. 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" Great Plains encyclopedia Lincoln, Nebraska's University Retrieved Sunday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ "On This Day in History...November 16" loc gov Congressional Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) Initiation into the Law of the Constitution of the United States McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connecting to the Outside World: Some Useful Resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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