Here is a timeline of the states' official admission to the United States.

State names and borders on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

One of the fifty entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government is a state. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. Some states' official names include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state," such as in Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

The fifty states are the most basic political units in America. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, and it includes representatives from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. There are two senators and at least one representative from every state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Moreover, the Electoral College, the body that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to send a number of electors to the vote equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

To amend the Constitution and Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union, Congress must have the authority to do so, as stated in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. The original 13 states of the United States have since grown to 50. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

Below is a table with information about when each of the 50 states became independent. After signing on to the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the original 13 states entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781. At that time, they also ratified the Articles of Confederation, the country's first constitution. (An additional table detailing the dates of AoC ratification is provided below.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted; confirmed) Formed by 1   Delaware Dated: December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a Proprietary State 3   New Jersey Yesterday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former Crown Colony 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Kingdom of Georgia 5   Connecticut Monday, January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Royal Connecticut Colony 6   Massachusetts Saturday, February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachussetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) State of Maryland as a Private Colony 8   To the South May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   Granite State, New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a British Crown Colony. 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Virginia, British Dominions 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony Held in Trust for the Crown 12   Asheville, North Carolina1 When: Tuesday, November 21, 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   A Place Called Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Colony of the British Crown 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) It has nine counties in its District of Kentucky[d] and is located in Virginia. 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Territories to the Southwest 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Province of the Northwest 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) French for "Orange Land"; the Orleans Region 19   Indiana Monday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Monday, December 10, 1817 [22]
(admitted) Mississippi Country 21   Illinois Time: Wednesday, December 3, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Region of Illinois 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) Locales in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) Partial Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) State of Arkansas 26   Michigan January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Territory of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) An Area Including Florida 28   Texas Thursday, December 29, 1845 [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa Yesterday, on the 28th of December, 1846
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) (Of) Wisconsin Territory 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Region of Minnesota 33   Oregon On this day in 1859 — February 14
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Saturday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) Section of Kansas Territory 35   Western Virginia June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) A state in which 50 counties are located in the Trans-Allegheny area (Virginia). 36   Nevada Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) Locale of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Expansion of the Nebraska Territory1 38   Colorado Initially, on August 1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) This is Colorado Country. 39   The State of North Dakota1 This day in 1889, November [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   "South Dakota1" On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Part of the Dakota Territory 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) That Part of the Country Known as Montana 42   Washington 11 November 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah Monday, January 4th, 1896 [43]
(admitted) UT - Utah Valley 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Including both Oklahoma and Indian Country as their own separate territories. 47   New Mexico The sixth of January, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska Sunday, January 3rd, 1959
(admitted) Arctic Alaskan Territories 50   Hawaii When: 21 August 1959
(admitted) Aloha! Hawaii!

When the Articles of Confederation were ratified [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and submitted to the individual states for ratification. As of March 1, 1781, the Articles of Confederation were in effect, having been ratified by all 13 states. The Articles of Confederation were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the current federal government under the Constitution was established. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia This day in 1777, on the 16th of December, 2 Carolina del Sur 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Adopted: February 6th, 1778 4 It's in Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island. 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Thursday, February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 It's in the Tar Heel State, or Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey The 19th of November, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Starting on February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory of Kansas, a series of violent conflicts broke out between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups, earning the region the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."
  • Statehood Act of 1889; allows citizens of Dakota (to be split into two states), Montana, and Washington territories to organize state governments and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act did the same for the people of those territories. forcing a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. after the war, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, and so each state is "readmitted to representation in Congress." In addition, Article IV of the Constitution remains silent on the subject of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ A different name for the three counties below Delaware's state capital. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution declaring an end to Delaware's status as a colony of Great Britain and establishing the three counties as an independent state under "the Government of the Counties of New Castle and Kent." The Counties of Kent and Sussex, Upon the State of Delaware [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. By royal decree issued in 1764, George III ended New Hampshire's claim to the land, and in 1790, New York gave up its claim to the land in exchange for $30,000. Vermont then bought out New Hampshire's claim for $30,000.
  4. ^ Virginia's "District of Kentucky" became an independent state thanks to legislation passed by the Virginia General Assembly on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ An exact date for Ohio's statehood has been lost to history. For example, on April 30, 1802, the 7th Congress passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official date of statehood. Not until 1953, when a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted) was passed by the 83rd Congress, was Ohio officially recognized as a state. Sunday, August 7th, 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On July 19, 1819, Mainers voted 17,001 to 7,132 in favor of separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State, a move authorized by legislation passed by the Massachusetts General Court on June 19, 1819. adopted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ In an act passed on May 13, 1862, the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia authorized the formation of West Virginia. The Supreme Court's decision in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871) later implied that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Conventionally, North Dakota is counted as the 39th state and South Dakota as the 40th, with "n" coming before "s" in the alphabet. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Governing Body of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Election of Representatives (Census 2010: Briefs on Selected Census Topics)" (PDF) U S Commerce Department, Economics and Statistics Office
  4. ^ Author: Elhauge, Einer R Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays HF: Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ "Principle of State Equalization" Justia com
  6. ^ (Jensen, Merrill) 1959 An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 UP of WIsconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ This is the "Delaware Government"1 Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Official Government Resource Center
  10. ^ The Civil War and its aftermath are only part of what is covered in this survey of Pennsylvania history, which covers the years between 1776 and 1861. PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Bureau of State Administration of the State of New Jersey
  12. ^ Historically Speaking, January 9 loc gov Archives of the Congress
  13. ^ It's July 26th, and here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  15. ^ the 14th state Researcher of Vermont's Past Vt. Hist. Soc. To be found at the original May 30th, 2013 archive page
  16. ^ State Historical Park Named "Constitution Square" americanheritage com The American Heritage Publishing Group Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "State's Historical Chronology" TN gov Department of State of Tennessee It was originally posted on April 10, 2016, but has since been archived.
  19. ^ Author: Blue, Frederick J. During the fall of 2002. Date Ohio Became a State The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original upload: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ De-Mystifying Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ Quick and dirty data about the state of Louisiana. louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. State of Mississippi Bicentennial Commission Retrieved On the 16th of February, 2017
  23. ^ As seen on "Today in History, December 3" loc gov National Library of Congress
  24. ^ A Chronology of Alabama's Past, 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The fifteenth of March was marked as "Today in History" loc gov Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August; today in history loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ Dated "Today in History: June 15"1 loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  28. ^ The 26th of January: A Day in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  29. ^ As the saying goes, "Texas joins the Union." In Retrospection: On This Day in History Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May is a significant date in history. loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the California Department of Conservation and Recreation
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  33. ^ This Day in History...January 29 loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  34. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: June 20 loc gov Congressional Library
  35. ^ A Convenient State: The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Chapter 12 Wvculture org Department of Culture and History, West Virginia
  36. ^ According to the case "Virginia v. West Virginia," which was decided in 1870, the final score was 78 U.S. Justia com
  37. ^ To wit: "Today in History: August 1"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Burbach, Kevin. (2014, November 2). With 125 years of statehood under their belts, the Dakotas continue to be bitter rivals. Daily Bismarck Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ By Mark Stein (2008) This excerpt is from Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins's "How the States Got Their Shapes," which describes the historical processes that 256
  41. ^ A Wish for David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" Reference Guide to the Great Plains College of Letters and Science at Lincoln, Nebraska Retrieved The 15th of February 2017
  42. ^ For the 11th of November, see "Today in History." loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  43. ^ Title of Author: Thatcher, Linda, in Year: 2016 Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ Historically Speaking, It Was November 16th On This Date In The Past loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  45. ^ The work of Paul Rodgers in 2011. An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence dates" 50states com
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