In order of their admission to the United States, the following list of states has been compiled.

State names and borders on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

One of the fifty separate entities that together make up the United States of America and share sovereignty with the federal government is a state. Since the federal government and the individual states share power, all U.S. citizens are also citizens of the state in which they currently reside. In their official state names, Commonwealth states like Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia distinguish themselves from other states by using the term "commonwealth."

All of the United States can be broken down into its constituent parts, but states are the most basic level. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Issues of local concern are typically delegated to the respective state governments, which may include the management of intrastate commerce, the conduct of elections, the formation of local governments, the direction of public schools, and the construction and maintenance of roads that are not funded by the federal government. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. There are two senators for every state and at least one representative, with the size of a state's delegation in the House based on its population as determined by the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Furthermore, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to choose a number of electors to vote in the Electoral College equal to the sum of the state's representatives and senators in Congress. [4]

The Constitution specifically gives Congress the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. The original 13 states of the United States have since been joined by another 33, bringing the total to 50. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

See below for a chronological listing of when each of the 50 states became independent. In July 1776, upon agreeing to the United States Declaration of Independence, the original 13 states became sovereign nations; between 1777 and 1781, they ratified the Articles of Confederation, the country's first constitution, and formally joined the Union. (A separate table detailing dates of AoC ratification is provided below.) Each of these states is listed in the order in which it ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became a part of the fledgling (and now established) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted or approved) Developed from 1   Delaware The 7th of December, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Wednesday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) PA, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey This day in 1787, on the 18th, [11]
(ratified) Kingdom of New Jersey 4   Georgia Initially published: January 2, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a Colony of the British Crown 5   Connecticut Sunday, January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) The Connecticut Colony, a British Crown Colony 6   Massachusetts Sixteen years ago today, on February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial-era colony 8   The State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) British possession in the American colony of South Carolina 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The New Hampshire Colony was a Crown Colony. 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) State of Virginia, Dominion of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   Carolina del Norte On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) Originally, North Carolina was a British colony. 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) There is a republic in Vermont. 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Territories to the Southwest 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) State or Province Forming Part of the Province of Orleans 19   Indiana Instance created: December 11, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Specifically, the Mississippi Delta region 21   Illinois Monday, December 3, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) Commonwealth of Massachusetts (Maine(f) District). 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) In the Arkansas Territory1 26   Michigan Monday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Specifically, the State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this date in 1845: [29]
(admitted) State of Texas as a Separate Republic 29   Iowa This day in 1846, on December 28th,
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California The Nineteenth of September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) The Mexican Cession (Part): An Unorganized Region 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) The State of Oregon, or a Portion of It 34   Kansas Thursday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   "West Virginia1" June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada Instance Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Area 39   The Great Land of North Dakota1 This day in 1889, November [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   Dakota (State) The Date Is Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington Tuesday, November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) Locale of Washington State 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Idaho, the Territorial State 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) UT - Utah Valley 46   Oklahoma Sunday, November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) This is the New Mexico Territory1. 48   Arizona Thursday, February 14, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Geographical Term for Alaska 50   Hawaii When: 21 August 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. All 13 states had to ratify the Articles of Confederation for them to become effective, and that didn't happen until March 1. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Tuesday, December 16, 1777 2 Carolina del Sur 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York This day in history: February 6th, 1778 4 Here in Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Tuesday, February 9, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Thursday, February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779, February 1st, 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and to apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska was officially admitted to the Union as a result of the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Eleven states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) seceded during the Civil War and formed the Confederate States of America; they were later readmitted to the Union. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state following the war, as the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution officially ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the new state. Kentish and Sussex County, Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ Benning Wentworth, New Hampshire's provincial governor, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. The "New Hampshire Grants" conflict that erupted as a result inspired the founding of the Vermont Republic and gave rise to the infamous Green Mountain Boys. By royal decree issued in 1764, George III ended New Hampshire's claim to the land, and in 1790, New York gave up its claim to the land in exchange for $30,000. Vermont then bought out New Hampshire's claim for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ However, the precise date that Ohio was admitted to the Union as a state is unknown. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) On the 19th of February 1803, the same Congress passed an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official date of statehood. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. A.U.G.7, 1953 ) that fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. subsequent legislation was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that was ceded to the United States by Mexico after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War in 1848. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state in the union.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly confirmed that the seceding Virginia counties had the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States; they were both created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the papers before he signed them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ A. Edward Erler A Collection of Essays on Constitutional Amendment XIV, Concerning Citizenship We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Districts and Representation in Congress (Census 2010: Briefs) (PDF) U S Administration for Economic Research and Statistics, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ An Introduction to Elhauge, Einer R The Electors for the Presidency: An Article II Analysis Institution for Research on Women and Families at the Heritage
  5. ^ "The Doctrine of State Equality" Justia com
  6. ^ M. Merrill Jensen (1959) Revolutionary America's Social and Constitutional History, 1774-1781: An Analysis of the Articles of Confederation Printing Office, University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">dia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h According to the research of John R. Vile (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding. ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ State of Delaware Administration Delaware gov Information Resources, State of Delaware
  10. ^ A Concise History of Pennsylvania, Volume 1: From Independence to the Civil War, 1776-1861 PA gov Official State Agency of Pennsylvania Museums and Historical Sites
  11. ^ The Official Records of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov It's the New Jersey Department of State1
  12. ^ It's January 9th, so let's talk about what happened today in history. loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ November 21st, a day in history loc gov US Congress Library
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen Explorer of Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History Date of original publication: May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park of Constitution Square" americanheritage com Publishers of the American Heritage Series Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b The book's subtitle is, "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of the Various States and U.S. Territories." TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Timeline of State History TN gov Department of State of Tennessee Retrieved April 10, 2016, from the original
  19. ^ Mr. Blue, Frederick J. (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State Review of the Ohio Academy of History Retrieved from "Archived copy" on September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ The state of Louisiana is briefly described in this infographic. louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ A Greeting from the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board Planning Committee for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ The third of December is being commemorated as "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, Vol. I: 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: June 15 loc gov Congressional Library
  28. ^ "On This Day in History... January 26" loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ It's official: "Texas joins the Union." The Past Recalls: On This Day in History Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: May 29 loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ Day California Was Admitted to the Union, September 9, 1850 CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ The eleventh of May is being commemorated as "Today in History." loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  33. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: January 29." loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  34. ^ "On This Day in History...June 20." loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  35. ^ West Virginia was created as a "state of convenience" in Chapter 12 of "A Convenient State: The Creation of West Virginia." The newly formed Virginia government approved the split. Wvculture org Department of Culture and History, West Virginia
  36. ^ Case cited: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ History on this day: August 1 loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ It was written by James MacPherson and Kevin Burbach on November 2, 2014. As the article 125 years after the Dakotas became a state notes, "rivalry remains." Bismarck, North Dakota: AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ Author: Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia College of Letters and Science at Lincoln, Nebraska Retrieved Sunday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Geographical Location: Utah, United States of America
  44. ^ November 16th: A Day in History loc gov Archives of the Congress
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) Basics of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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