In the northern and eastern parts of the United States

The Northeastern United States is a region in the United States that stretches along the Atlantic coast and goes by a variety of other names: the Northeast, the East Coast,[a] and the American Northeast.

The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States that goes by a variety of names. It sits on the Atlantic coast of North America, bounded by the Canadian north, the southern United States to the south, and the midwestern United States to the west. The United States Census Bureau divides the country into four statistically meaningful regions, one of which is the Northeast. Common usage classifies the area as including the nine U.S. S the New England states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont

The Northeastern United States is the smallest region in the United States in terms of both land mass and total area, with an area of 181,324 square miles (469,630 square kilometers), of which 162,257 square miles (420,240 square kilometers) is water. The Northeastern United States is the most prosperous, populous, and culturally diverse part of the country. The Northeast is home to the largest metropolitan area in the country and has the second-highest urbanization rate (85%) among the country's four census regions. Most of the Northeast Megalopolis is located in the Northeast, which is the most economically significant and second most populous of the eleven megaregions in the United States. In 2016, the Northeast accounted for 20% of U.S. GDP. [10]

History [ edit ]

Robert Walter Weir's Embarkation of the Pilgrims, painted in 1857

Original Residents [ edit ]

A cultural region known as the "Northeastern Woodlands" existed in the Western Hemisphere when European colonists arrived in the 15th century and later. The majority of people who moved to North America did not do so until the 1700s. As a cultural region, the "Northern Woodlands" encompasses the whole of the Northeastern United States. S , encompassed what is now the eastern United States and a large portion of Canada [11]

The many Algonquian peoples and the Iroquois nations both had significant tribal populations in this region. As of the 21st century, the Northeast is home to 18 federally recognized tribes. The people of the Northeastern Woodlands, where European fishermen set up camp to dry their codfish in the early 1600s, tended to cluster in small towns or villages, especially after being influenced by the farming methods of the Ohio and Mississippi river valley cultures. [14]

Historical context [ edit ]

Even though Maine, Vermont, and Delaware were once a part of other colonies, all of the states that make up the Northeastern region of the United States were among the original Thirteen Colonies. Historical differences exist between the two cultural and geographical areas that together make up the Northeast.

American English [ edit ]

In 1620, a group of English Puritans arrived in what is now Massachusetts and established the first permanent European settlement in North America. [15] The Mayflower Pilgrims established Plymouth Colony as a place to openly worship God. North of Boston, ten years after the founding of Plymouth Colony, a larger group of Puritans established Massachusetts Bay Colony. Connecticut Colony and Providence Plantations were founded in 1636. Providence was the first colony to guarantee its citizens freedom of worship because it was founded by Roger Williams, who was exiled from Massachusetts for his support of religious liberty. After being exiled from Massachusetts, [18]Anne Hutchinson established the community of Portsmouth. Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations [18] was formed when Providence, Portsmouth, and two other towns (Newport and Warwick) merged. [18]

Despite the religious beliefs of its original settlers, New England has become one of the least religious regions of the United States in the modern era. Although a majority of Americans (60%) consider religion to be very important in their lives, less than half of residents in Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and Massachusetts (48%) agreed. Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and Massachusetts have the lowest rates of weekly church attendance in the United States, with less than 30% of residents reporting doing so in a 2010 Gallup survey. S states [20]

The educational system in New England was crucial to the development of the United States. Schools that resembled today's high schools, called grammar schools, first opened in New England's larger towns in the 17th century. Established in 1635, citation needed] The first public school in the English colonies was the Boston Latin School [21] Harvard College, the oldest college or university in the United States, was established in 1636 by the Massachusetts colonial legislature. [22]

Mid-Atlantic [ edit ]

Benjamin West's painting of Penn's Treaty with the Indians from 1772.

As far as can be determined, Giovanni da Verrazzano (1524) was the first European explorer to set foot on the Atlantic coast of the Northeast after the Norse. From what is now called Florida up to New Brunswick, his ship, La Dauphine, sailed up the east coast. In 1608, Henry Hudson set out on an exploratory mission to what is now the state of New York and made a Dutch claim to the territory. Because of his travels, the Dutch became interested in the area, and it was subsequently renamed New Netherland. City of New Amsterdam (present-day New York City) was named provincial capital in 1625. Northern and southern English colonies were separated by the New Netherland and New Sweden settlements on the Hudson and Delaware rivers, respectively. New Netherland was formally annexed and incorporated into the English colonial empire by King Charles II of England in 1664. [24] New York and New Jersey were founded on this land. Before its unification as a royal colony in 1702, New Jersey [24] was composed of two distinct regions: East Jersey and West Jersey. [24]

Pennsylvania was established in 1681 by William Penn, who granted religious freedom to all of its citizens in order to appease Quakers seeking a haven from persecution. Penn leased from the Duke of York what became known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware" in order to gain his Pennsylvania Province sea access. In 1682, Penn established a representative government and for a short time unified his two colonies under a single General Assembly. By 1704, however, Pennsylvania's representatives wanted to make decisions without the Lower Counties' approval, so the two sets of representatives began holding separate meetings, one in Philadelphia and the other in New Castle, Delaware. Penn and his heirs retained ownership of both the Province of Pennsylvania and the Lower Counties, and they consistently appointed the same person to the position of Governor. It wasn't unusual for two states to share a governor, as in the case of Delaware and Pennsylvania. For the years between 1703 and 1738, the governor of New York and the governor of New Jersey were the same person. For a while, the governorships of Massachusetts and New Hampshire were shared. [28]

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Geography [ edit ]

New York City is home to a larger percentage of Americans than any other city in the Northeast or the country as a whole.
Philadelphia is the sixth-most populous American city and the second-most populous in the Northeast.

Including six of Pennsylvania's seven largest cities—Allentown, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Reading, Scranton, and Bethlehem—the vast area from central Virginia to northern Maine and from western Pennsylvania, from Pittsburgh in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east have all been loosely grouped together as the Northeast.

U-shaped usage S According to the Census Bureau, nine states make up the Northeast: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Many people classify the area into New England (the six states to the east of New York State) and the Mid-Atlantic (New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania). This definition is widely used as a benchmark for data tabulation, and it hasn't changed much since 1880. However, the United States S The Census Bureau has admitted that there are problems with this definition and that a proposal made after the 1950 census[34] to redraw regional boundaries to include Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia with the Mid-Atlantic states might be a better fit. The new system was not widely accepted by data users, so it was not adopted as the official new set of general-purpose state groupings. The accumulation of many series of statistics, organized and released over protracted intervals of time according to the existing State groupings, argued in favor of keeping the summary units of the current regions and divisions. "[35] The U S To make sure that the regions and divisions continue to represent the most useful combinations of states and state equivalents, the Census Bureau said in 1994 that it would "review the components of the regions and divisions." "[35]

The Census Bureau's definition of the area is used as the standard by many groups and dictionaries. Historically, the United States was divided along the Mason-Dixon Line, which ran from Pennsylvania (the North) to Maryland (the South). [36][37][38] However, in the present day, different organizations use slightly different definitions to describe what constitutes the Northeastern United States. When it comes to the Northeast, the Association of American Geographers splits the region in two: "New England," which corresponds to the Census Bureau's "New England" region, and "Middle States," which also includes the Census Bureau's "Middle States," but also includes Delaware. For their part, the Geological Society of America includes Maryland and the District of Columbia in their definition of the Northeast, which includes the aforementioned states. [41] Only the New England states are included in the most restrictive definitions. More narrow definitions include New England and New York as part of the Northeast United States, but leave out Pennsylvania and New Jersey. [43][44]

Principal urban areas City People living in cities Humans living in major urban centers U S Rank New York 8,804,190 20,140,470 1 Philadelphia 1,603,797 6,245,051 6 Boston 675,647 4,941,632 24 Newark 311,549 Go to New York. 66 Pittsburgh 302,971 2,370,930 68 Located in Jersey City1 292,449 The Big Apple, New York 75 Buffalo 278,349 1,125,637 78

Other organizations also include the following states in their definitions of the Northeast Region, which differ from the Census Bureau's:

  • There are many groups in the states of Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia. [8][45][46][47][48][49]
  • States of Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia are included in the Northeast Region by the US EPA and NOAA. [50][51][52]
  • There are five states that make up the Northeast Region of the National Fish and Wildlife Service: Delaware, Maryland, the District of Columbia, West Virginia, and Virginia. [53]
  • The National Park Service's Northeast Region consists of the states of Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia (with some overlapping into the National Capital Region). [54]

Environment [ edit ]

Cape Cod Bay is one of Massachusetts' most popular tourist attractions.
The New Jersey Palisades, which run alongside the Hudson River

Topography [ edit ]

While the majority of the Northeastern United States is located in the Appalachian Highlands physiographic region, a small portion is also included in the Atlantic coastal plain that runs from the northern tip of Canada to the southern tip of Florida. Low and flat, with sandy soil and marshy land, the coastal plain areas encompass Cape Cod in Massachusetts, Long Island in New York, the majority of New Jersey, Delaware, and the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland and Virginia. The highlands, which include the Piedmont and the Appalachians, are densely wooded and feature a wide variety of topographic features (from gentle hills to peaks over 6,000 feet (1,800 m)) and lakes. Mount Washington in New Hampshire is the Northeastern region's highest point, standing at 6,288 feet (1,917 m). [55]

Land use [ edit ]

More than twice the national average, forest-use encompassed roughly 60% of Northeastern states (including Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia) as of 2012[update]. Eleven percent was used for farming, and another four percent was pasture or range. The percentage of the United States that is urbanized is higher in the Northeast (12%) than in any other region. S [49]

Climate [ edit ]

From Maine in the north to Maryland in the south, the Northeastern United States has a wide range of climates. The climate of the area is shaped by the location and motion of subtropical highs, as well as the general west-to-east flow of weather in the middle latitudes that governs much of the United States. Typically, the summers range from mild in the north to scorching in the south. On hot summer days, frequent (but brief) thundershowers are common due to the Bermuda High's constant pumping of hot, humid air toward the Northeast. During the winter, the subtropical high shifts to the southeast, and the polar jet stream shifts south, bringing colder air masses from Canada and an increase in the frequency of storm systems. Rain and snow, as well as sudden shifts in temperature, are common occurrences during the winter. [56]

The basic climate of the Northeast can be divided into a colder and snowier interior (western Maryland, most of Pennsylvania, most of northern New Jersey, Upstate New York, and most of New England), and a milder coast and coastal plain from Cape Cod and southern Rhode Island southward, including Long Island, New Haven, New York City, Trenton, Philadelphia There's Wilmington, and there's Baltimore. Hardiness zones 7a and 7b can be found in the latter area. The average yearly temperature is in the low to mid 50s F in Maryland and southern Connecticut, and in the low to mid 40s F in most of New York State, New England, and northern Pennsylvania. [56][57][58]

Humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb/Dc) is typical for most of the Northeast. From Martha's Vineyard and southwestern Rhode Island, southward along the coastal plain to central and southern Maryland is where the humid subtropical zone (Cfa/Do) is at its northernmost. Block Island and Nantucket are the only places in the Northeast where the average temperature ranges from 0 to 22 degrees Celsius (32 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit), and thus belong to the oceanic climate zone (Cfb/Do). 6 °F)

Wildlife [ edit ]

More than 92 different endangered or critically endangered species call the Northeast home, and 72 National Wildlife Refuges covering more than 500,000 acres (780 sq mi; 2,000 km2) of habitat are dedicated to protecting them. [13]

Demographics [ edit ]

The population of the area was 57,609,148 as of the United States Census in 2020. [59] Typically scoring 345 While the West has an average of 66. population density five times higher than the South's The population centers of the United States have been moving south and west over the past century. [60]

The two U S According to the 2013 population estimate, the two Northeastern Census Bureau divisions with the highest population density are the New England and Mid-Atlantic regions. Southern Atlantic (233) One) was only slightly behind New England (233) 2) South Atlantic will replace New England as the second most populous division in the country by the next estimate, pushing New England down to third place as a result of the South Atlantic's faster rate of population growth. It is expected that New England will continue to be the third most populous division for the foreseeable future; the only division below New England with a density of at least half that of New England is the East North Central division (192). Population growth is expected to be modest in this area (1). [c][61]

State Countdown to the 2020 Census Census Data From 2010 Change Area Density Connecticut 3,605,944 3,574,097 0.89% 4,842 35 sq mi (12,541 6 km2) Population Density: 2,86 people per square kilometer (population density: 1,741 per square mile) Maine 1,362,359 1,328,361 2.56% 30,842 90 sq mi (79,882 7 km2) 43/sq mi/17/km2 Massachusetts 7,029,917 6,547,629 7.37% 7,800 05 sq mi (20,202 0 km2) 879/sq mi. (340/km2) That State of New Hampshire1 1,377,529 1,316,470 4.64% 8,952 64 sq mi (23,187 2 km2) population density of 150 people per square mile (58 people per square kilometer) That place called Rhode Island1 1,097,379 1,052,567 4.26% 1,033 81 sq mi (2,677 6 km2) One thousand twenty-five people per square mile three hundred ninety-six people per square kilometer Vermont 643,077 625,741 2.77% 9,216 65 sq mi (23,871 0 km2) 68 people per square mile (26 people per square kilometer). Northeastern United States 15,116,205 14,444,865 4.65% 62,688 Area: 0.04% (162,362 sq. km) Approximately 236 people per square mile (91 per square kilometer). New Jersey 9,288,994 8,791,894 5.65% 7,354 21 sq mi (19,047 3 km2) 1,225/sq mi. (473/km2) New York 20,201,249 19,378,102 4.25% 47,126 36 sq mi (122,056 7 km2) 421/sq mi (163/km2) Pennsylvania 13,002,700 12,702,379 2.36% 44,742 67 sq mi (115,883 0 km2) Population Density: 286 / sq mi / 111 / km2 Atlantic Middle 42,492,943 40,872,375 3.96% 99,223 24 sq mi (256,987 0 km2) 420 people per square mile (162 per square kilometer) Total 57,609,148 55,317,240 4.14% 161,911 64 sq mi (419,349 2 km2) Population Density: 354/354 sq. mi. (137/km2)

Economy [ edit ]

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The Northeastern United States S proportionally to about 23% of the country's GDP [62]

New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the world financial capital. S Additionally, NE U S New York City's metropolitan area is responsible for nearly $1 trillion in gross metropolitan product (GMP) as of 2018[update]. The New York metropolitan area has a GDP of trillion, making it the most prosperous region in the United States. If New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the world's eighth-largest economy.

In the Northeastern United States, there are a total of 34 nuclear reactors under the watchful eye of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; eight are used for research and testing, while the other 26 generate electricity. [48]

Transportation [ edit ]

Rail networks [ edit ]

No Name State City No of lines Rail type 1 The MTA of New York City New York, New York New York 36 Subway Network 2 Commuter Rail Service of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority Pennsylvania Philadelphia 8 Light Rail 3 Local Trains of SEPTA Pennsylvania Philadelphia 13 Regional Rail Service 4 New Jersey's Rapid Rail System New Jersey Greater New Jersey Area: Trenton, Camden, Newark, and Jersey City 3 Light Rail 5 SEPTA Subway Pennsylvania Philadelphia 3 MRT or Metro 6 NJT Train for Commuters New Jersey New Jersey's Northern Shore/Atlantic City 11 Subway for Commuters 7 Toll Bridge Over the Hudson River Operated by the Port Authority NJ/NY City of Newark, City of Jersey, City of Manhattan 4 Subway Network 8 The MTA's Long Island Line New York Metro Area of New York City and Long Island 13 Trains for Commuters 9 The MTA's Metro North Line CT/NY/NJ Locations in New York City, Stamford, Norwalk, Danbury, Waterbury, Bridgeport, and New Haven 3-4 Railroads for Commuters 10 Line of Hartford Connecticut/MA To wit: New Haven, Hartford, and Springfield 1 Trains for Commuters 11 Eastern Seaboard Connecticut Greater Connecticut's Two Major Port Cities of New Haven and New London 1 Trains for Commuters 12 BART (Boston's Subway) Massachusetts Boston 12 Rapid Transit System 13 Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA)

Trains for Commuters

Massachusetts/RI Greater Boston, Rhode Island, and Central Massachusetts 14 Faster, More Convenient, and More Affordable Commuter Rail

Bus routes [ edit ]

Airports [ edit ]

All airports in the Northeastern states[64] (New England and Eastern regions[65]) that fall under the FAA's large hub category[63] are listed below.

Culture [ edit ]

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Wilbur Zelinsky, a geographer, argues that the Northeast lacks a unified cultural identity[7] but has served as a "culture hearth" for the rest of the country. There are a number of smaller regions in the Northeast that share a common history and culture, but each has its own unique characteristics [67]. [7]

Landmarks [ edit ]

Nearly half of the United States' National Historic Landmarks can be found in the region of the Northeast that is serviced by the National Park Service. [68]

Religion [ edit ]

One Gallup poll from 2009 found that the Northeastern states are different from the rest of the country. S in religious identification, generally reflecting the offspring of immigration patterns in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; many Catholics arrived from Ireland, Italy, French Canada - Quebec, Portugal, and east-central Europe. Catholics outnumber Protestants and other Christian denominations in only four states in the United States: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, and New Jersey. Over twenty percent of those polled in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont said they did not identify with any religion. Unlike any other American S The Northeast, along with the Pacific Northwest, has the fewest people who consider religion to be an important part of their daily lives and the lowest rates of regular religious service attendance in the country as of 2015. [70]

Sports [ edit ]

More than 100 championships have been won by teams based in the Northeast that compete in the "Big Four" leagues (NFL, NBA, NHL, and MLB). [72]

  • In the New York area, there are many professional sports teams to choose from.
  • Multiple professional sports teams call Philadelphia home, including the Eagles (NFL), Phillies (MLB), 76ers (NBA), and Flyers (NHL).
  • Boston boasts four professional sports teams: the Patriots (National Football League), Red Sox (Major League Baseball), Celtics (National Basketball Association), and Bruins (National Hockey League).
  • Pittsburgh is home to three professional sports teams: the NFL's Steelers, MLB's Pirates, and NHL's Penguins.
  • There are two professional sports teams based in Buffalo: the Bills of the NFL and the Sabres of the NHL.

New York City FC, New York Red Bulls, Philadelphia Union, and New England Revolution are the four Northeastern MLS teams. There are also two WNBA teams in the area: the Connecticut Sun and the New York Liberty.

The Northern Trust, the Travelers Championship, and the Atlantic City LPGA Classic are three major golf tournaments held in the Northeastern United States. One of tennis' four major championships, the US Open is held each year in New York.

Formula One, IndyCar, NASCAR, and International Motor Sports Association races have all been held at Northeastern racetracks like Watkins Glen International, Pocono Raceway, New Hampshire Motor Speedway, and Lime Rock Park. National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) events have also been held at drag strips in Englishtown, Epping, and Reading. The Belmont Stakes, one leg of horse racing's Triple Crown, is run annually at New York's Belmont Park.

Also, ice hockey and lacrosse, two typically Northeastern sports, are extremely popular there. [73]

Health [ edit ]

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From 2005 to 2011, the total, acute, and chronic hospitalization rates in the Northeastern United States decreased, indicating a decrease in the rate of potentially preventable hospitalizations. [74]

Politics [ edit ]

While the Northeast was traditionally a Republican stronghold in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century, the region has shifted since the 1990s to become the most Democratic in the country. According to Gallup's 2008 poll, all Northeastern states have a Democratic Party affiliation advantage of at least ten points, and eight of the top ten Democratic states are located in the region. The following table shows the percentage of the population that supports the Democrats in the Northeast compared to the rest of the country. [76]

Year Vote for President in Percentage Senate Seats Percentage House Election Results: % Northeast Remainder Northeast Remainder Northeast Remainder 2000 57.6 47.5 60.0 46.3 59.6 45.7 2002     60.0 45.0 58.3 44.7 2004 57.1 47.3 60.0 40.0 59.5 43.0 2006     75.0 45.0 73.8 48.3 2008 60.7 52.0 80.0 52.5 81.0 52.9 2010     75.0 47.5 67.9 38.5

The following table shows the results of every presidential election in the United States since 1920. Since 2000, only three Northeastern states (New Hampshire for George W. Bush, Pennsylvania for Donald Trump, and Maine's 2nd congressional district for him) have voted Republican. The last and only United States election was in 2004. S in which the victorious candidate did not take any of the northeastern states If a party's name appears in bold, their candidate also won the popular vote.

See below for a breakdown by party of state governors, state attorneys general, state legislatures, and U.S. S as of May 2020[update], the Northeastern states' congressional delegation (The demographic data are representative of the state's registered voter pool as a whole, broken down by party affiliation. )

State Governor Official of the highest rank in the legal system Largest Party in the Senate House of Representatives Majority is Lower Senior U S senator Junior U S senator U S Legislative Body Delegation Demographics CT Democratic Democratic Democratic
23-13 Democratic
92-59 Democratic Democratic Democratic
5-0 Democratic
36-21 ME Democratic Democratic Democratic
21-14 Democratic
89-57-5 Republican Independent Democratic
2-0 Democratic
32-27 MA Democratic Democratic Democratic
34-6 Democratic
127-32 Democratic Democratic Democratic
9-0 Democratic
35-11 NH Republican Republican Republican
14-10 Republican
213-187 Democratic Democratic Democratic
2-0 Republican
30-27 NJ Democratic Democratic Democratic
24-16 Democratic
52-28 Democratic Democratic Democratic
10-2 Democratic
32-21 NY Democratic Democratic Democratic
40-23 Democratic
106-43-1 Democratic Democratic Democratic
23-6 Democratic
49-24 PA Democratic Democratic Republican
28-22 Democratic
102-101 Democratic Democratic Democratic
9-8 Democratic
46-39 RI Democratic Democratic Democratic
33-5 Democratic
66-9 Democratic Democratic Democratic
2-0 Democratic
42-11 VT Republican Democratic Democratic
22-6-2 Democratic
95-43-7-5 Democratic Independent Democratic
1-0 Democratic

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ When people talk about the "East Coast," they almost always mean the northeastern megalopolis. Numerous reference works, including the Oxford English Dictionary and the American Heritage Dictionary, agree that the term "East Coast" most commonly refers to the area between Washington, D.C., and Boston. C and Boston In the past, the term has only ever referred to the Northeast [3, 4], [5].
  2. ^ The U S The Census Bureau restructured its administrative units, and as a result, its regional offices no longer correspond to the Census regions (the northeasternmost regional office, headquartered in New York, covers New England, New York, New Jersey, and Puerto Rico). [29]
  3. ^ Based on U S According to projections made by the Census Bureau, the population density in the South Atlantic division will rise to an extremely high 294 per square mile in 2030 (assuming no change in land area). Density in New England will rise to 249 residents per square mile, or 6. In the East North Central region, the rate will rise to 200 ft. 2/mi2 The East South Central division is expected to have the fifth-highest population density, at 111. 6/mi2 [61]
  4. ^ (As of July 2022[update], as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics)

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c United States Census Divisions and Regions (PDF) United States Census Bureau, Geography Division, Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce The original archived version (PDF) in a Sentence: on September 21, 2013
  2. ^ Number of People Living in Each State, DC, and Puerto Rico from 1910 to 2020 (PDF) American Community Survey April 26, 2021 Archived (PDF) the first version was released on April 26, 2021 and this version is a Retrieved June 13, 2021
  3. ^ Date of original publication: August 3, 2022
  4. ^ the "East Coast"1 Thefreedictionary com
  5. ^ A definition for "East Coast" can be found at:
  6. ^ Statistics on the population, the number of dwellings, the land area, and the population density can all be found in the "American FactFinder, GCT-PH1-Population, Housing Units, Area, and Dens U S Statistics Canada 2000 On February 12, 2020, the original version of this article was archived.
  7. ^ a b c By Wilbur Zelinsky, in June of 1980 American Dialect Areas Publication of the American Geographical Society 70 (1): 1–16 doi:[[10]]1111/j.1467-8306.1980.tb01293.x
  8. ^ a b c d Joseph John Hobbs (2009) Geography of the World's Regions The Cengage Group for Learning p  647 ISBN 9780495389507 This version was archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved It's the fourth of November now, 2013
  9. ^ Rick Elkins (March 28, 2012). The "Census Bureau" has just released a list of cities. Reporter from Porterville This version was archived from the original on July 26, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2012
  10. ^ "Northeast" Alliance for Regional Planning 2019 Date of original upload: October 21, 2016 Retrieved Tuesday, December 12 2019
  11. ^ The Works of Mir Tamim Ansary, 2001 Tribes of the Eastern Woodlands Classroom Capstone p  4 ISBN 9781588104519
  12. ^ (2000) Pritzker, Barry. The First Peoples: Their History, Culture, and Peoples, an Encyclopedia A Publication of Oxford University Press1 p  398 ISBN 0195138775
  13. ^ a b "Fact Sheet: Northeastern United States" (PDF) Archived (PDF) archived July 2, 2013, from the original Retrieved July 31, 2013
  14. ^ Dr. Gary B. Nash Ancient Native Americans in the Americas, Red, White, and Black, Los Angeles 2015 To begin with, please see Ch. 1. 8
  15. ^ a b Researchers Peter Arenstam, John Kemp, and Catherine O'Neill Grace (2007) Mayflower 1620: A Reappraisal of the Pilgrim Expedition DC (Washington) C "National Geographic" ISBN 9780792262763 Date of original publication: April 24, 2016 Retrieved October 17 2015
  16. ^ Cambridge: A Brief History (Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA) Commission on the History of Cambridge Website originally posted on September 30, 2012 Retrieved August 16, 2012
  17. ^ Martin Kelly To be known as the "Connecticut Colony"1 About com This version was archived from the June 26, 2012 original. Retrieved August 16, 2012
  18. ^ a b c d Said: Kelly, Martin Rhode Island was a colony in the American About com You can read the original version from September 17, 2005 by clicking here. Retrieved August 16, 2012
  19. ^ After Frank Newport Across the States, Religion Is a Major Factor. Gallup The original version was published on August 17th, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012
  20. ^ The statistic reads, "Mississippians Attend Church at the Highest Rate; Vermonters, at the Lowest Rate." Gallup com Sunday, February 21, 2010 date='09-27' Retrieved March 17, 2012
  21. ^ Henry Fitch Jenks (b. Timeline of the Boston Public Latin School, 1635-1880 M King Retrieved August 16, 2012
  22. ^ Those words: "Harvard University Established" CelebrateBoston com Original version published June 6, 2012 Retrieved August 16, 2012
  23. ^ S. Barreveld and R.J. Van Dirk J (2001) The Dutch relocated their colony from New Amsterdam in June 1624 to present-day New York City in July 1625. Writers Club Press, New York. ISBN 9780595198900
  24. ^ a b c Middle British Colonies There is a school called Radford. This version was archived on July 20, 2012 Retrieved August 16, 2012
  25. ^ T. J. Forrest; Title: "William Penn - Preface" It was originally posted on December 8, 2013, but has since been archived. Retrieved August 16, 2012
  26. ^ John A. Munroe (2006) Counties Below Delaware River Bridge The Fifth Illustrated Edition of Delaware's History ) Press, University of Delaware p  45 ISBN 0-87413-947-3 To be archived on February 20, 2021 Retrieved As of the second of November, 2020
  27. ^ The New Jersey Encyclopaedia, edited by Mappen M. Lurie and published by Rutgers University Press in 2004, begins on page 327, ISBN 0-8135-3325-2
  28. ^ Reference: Mayo, L.S. (1921), John Wentworth, Governor of New Hampshire: 1767-1775, Harvard University Press, page  5
  29. ^ The United States Census Divisions in 2013. (PDF) Office of the Census Commissioner Archived (PDF) first published October 14, 2013 Retrieved July 22, 2013
  30. ^ Manual of Geographical Reference U S Agency for National Statistics 1994 pp  6–1 Retrieved on June 24, 2016, from the original Retrieved July 4, 2013
  31. ^ S. Sudman & N. M. Referring to Bradburn (1982) Asking the Right Questions: A User's Guide to Creating Surveys Jossey-Bass p  205 ISBN 9780875895468 On May 15, 2016, we archived the original version of this article. Retrieved October 17 2015 The United States' definitions serve as a model for the majority of regional S U.S. Census Bureau
  32. ^ Dale M According to Lewison (1997 ) Retailing Books published by Prentice Hall1 p  384 ISBN 978-0-13-461427-4 Date of original publication: 15 December 2019 Retrieved As of Monday, October 17th, 2015 One created by the United States is probably the most popular regional classification system in use today. S U.S. Bureau of the Census
  33. ^ Writers Pamela Goyan Kittler and Kathryn P That's what Sucher (2008) says. A Cultural Experience Through Its Food An Introduction to Cengage Learning1 p  475 ISBN 9780495115410 The original version was published on January 26th, 2021. Retrieved Wednesday, November 2nd, 2020 The majority of population and food consumption statistics are broken down by region into these four categories.
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Internet resources [ edit ]

Coordinates: 42°N 73°W / 42°N 73°W / 42; -73

Visiting the USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park and Learning These Ten Things
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