Listed here are the U.S. states in order of their admission to the Union.

Illustration of the fifty states and their respective capitals and borders on a United States map
It follows the sequence established by the ratification of the Constitution by the original 13 states in 1787 and the subsequent admission of new states to the Union.

The 50 individual states that make up the United States are co-sovereign entities with the central government. Given the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The fifty states constitute the most basic administrative divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically granted to or prohibited by the federal government. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. Generally speaking, republican principles form the basis for each individual state's constitution and government, which is made up of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, that includes representatives from all 50 states and their citizens. There are two senators and at least one representative from each state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Additionally, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to choose a number of electors to vote in the election proportional to the number of its representatives and senators in Congress. [4]

As stated in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution, Congress has the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union. The original 13 states of the United States have since grown to 50. All new states have been granted full membership with no special treatment. [5]

You can find the official statehood dates for all 50 states in the table below. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (A separate table detailing the ratification of the Acts of Confederation is provided below.) These states are listed in the order in which they voted to join the new (and current) federal government after ratifying the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted; confirmed) Produced by 1   Delaware It was the 7th of December, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Friday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) British Colony of Pennsylvania 3   New Jersey Tuesday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia Dated: January 2nd, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Imperial Crown Colony of Georgia 5   Connecticut On this date in 1788, January 9 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts Adopted: 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Royal Colony of Massachusetts Bay 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, Royal Colony 9   In the state of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Province of New Hampshire under the British Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominion of the Crown and Proud Colony 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) Province of New York under the Crown 12   To the State of North Carolina1 Friday, November 21st, 1789 [14]
(ratified) Kingdom of North Carolina 13   This is the state of Rhode Island1. May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) [c]Republic of Vermont; 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) Virginia (nine counties in its District of Kentucky[d]) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) The Northern and Western Areas of the Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Places Located in the Province of Orleans 19   Indiana On this day in 1816 (December 11)
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Places in the Mississippi Valley 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) This is a section of Illinois Territory. 22   Alabama Today in History (December 14th, 819) [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) The Bay State (Maine Congressional District) 24   Missouri When: August 10, 1821 [26]
(admitted) Separate Section of Missouri 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Region of Arkansas 26   Michigan January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Specifically, the State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this date in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Wisconsin Territory (part) 31   California The Nineteen Fiftieth Day of September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Area Including the State of Minnesota 33   Oregon On this day in 1859, February 14
(admitted) Specifically, the Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861, January 29 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   "West Virginia1" June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada The thirtieth of October, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Area encompassing present-day Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The State of Colorado 39   The Badlands of North Dakota1 Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Area Including the State of Dakota 40   States of America: South Dakota1 The Date Was November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) The Dakotas, or a Portion of It 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) It's in Montana! 42   Washington Tuesday, November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) It's in Washington State. 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) There's a lot of Wyoming here. 45   Utah Initially published: January 4, 1896 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma The Date Was November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Both Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory 47   New Mexico On this day in 1912, January 6
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959, January 3
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii Friday, August 21st, 1959
(admitted) The Hawaiian Islands' territory

Dates of Articles of Confederation ratification [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the present federal government under the Constitution was established. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 The State of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 Primarily Used in: Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 The State of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey It's the 19th of November in the year 1778. 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Dated: February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Sunday, February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • From 1854 to 1861, Kansas Territory was the site of a series of violent conflicts between pro- and anti-slavery groups known as Bleeding Kansas.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize state governments (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote to decide whether or not the two areas should be united as one state.
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made January 3, 1959, the date Alaska joined the Union, was passed.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas seceded and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War, but they are not included on this list because they were later readmitted to the Union. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state after the war, as the federal government does not officially recognize the states' separation from the Union. Although the Constitution itself is silent on the subject of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, the Supreme Court's decision in Texas v. White (1869) established that a state lacks the authority to secede without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for these jurisdictions. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Kentish and Sussex County, Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ Benning Wentworth, New Hampshire's provincial governor from 1749 to 1764, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. By royal order of George III in 1764, New Hampshire's claim was terminated, and in 1790, New York sold Vermont its claim to the land for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law separating its "District of Kentucky" from the rest of the State and approving Kentucky's statehood. [17]
  5. ^ Uncertainty surrounds Ohio's official statehood date. A law "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess.) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802 (O.H.R. 1). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803 (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established a landmark statehood date. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). This marked the official date that Ohio became a state. 7 August 1953 in accordance with a resolution passed on March 1, 1803, [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts Legislature formally recognized the "District of Maine" as an independent state. statehood for Maine was finally recognized by a follow-up measure. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. Included in the Compromise of 1850 was the Act of Congress that admitted California as the 31st state.
  8. ^ Upon the passage of an act authorizing the formation of West Virginia on May 13, 1862, by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia. Later, in its decision Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court impliedly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Conventionally, North Dakota is counted as the 39th state and South Dakota as the 40th, with "n" coming before "s" in the alphabet. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Editor: Edward Erler Discussions of the Fourteenth Amendment's Citizenship Clause. For the Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ What is the Minnesota Legislature? and Other Frequently Asked Questions Parliament of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Bureau of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ A. R. Elhauge; Einer Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Heritage, Inc., The
  5. ^ The "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. Author:Vile, John R (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ This is the "Delaware Government"1 Delaware gov Bureau of Governmental Research and Statistics, State of Delaware
  10. ^ "A Survey of Pennsylvania History, 1776-1861: From Independence to the Civil War" PA gov Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission
  11. ^ The Official Records of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov The State Department of New Jersey
  12. ^ The 9th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov United States Congress Library
  14. ^ Today in History (November 21) loc gov National Library of Congress
  15. ^ The Fourteenth U.S. State Discovery of Vermont's Past Historically Significant Organization in Vermont Date of original publication: May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com Press of American Heritage Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b U.S. territory and state naming conventions and precedents TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "State's Historical Chronology" TN gov Ministry of State of Tennessee Date of original publication: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History The original version was published on September 11th, 2010.
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Concerning Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov The original version was published on March 24, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Bicentennial Commission of Mississippi Retrieved On the sixteenth of February, 2017
  23. ^ December 3rd is "Today in History," according to various sources. loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  24. ^ A Chronology of Alabama's Past, 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March was an important day in history, as stated in the phrase "Today in History loc gov United States Congress Library
  26. ^ An August 10th "Today in History" loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov Library of Congress
  28. ^ January 26th is "Today in History" loc gov The United States Congress Library
  29. ^ The phrase "Texas joins the Union" Yesterday in the Past Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ Dated as "Today in History: May 29"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov The California State Parks and Recreation Agency
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov Congressional Library
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ This Day in History...June 20 loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ "A State for Convenience," Chapter 12: The Birth of West Virginia, Reorganized Virginia Government Approves the Split. Wvculture org Culture and History Section of West Virginia
  36. ^ According to the case "Virginia v. West Virginia," which was decided in 1870, the final score was 78 U.S. Justia com
  37. ^ To wit: "Today in History: August 1"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The United States Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson & Kevin Burbach (November 2, 2014). After 125 years as separate states, tensions between the Dakotas still run high. An Article From The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) According to Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins's "How the States Got Their Shapes," states' distinctive features were 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" An Annotated Reference to the Great Plains Lincoln, Nebraska's University Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ Author: Thatcher, Linda History of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov The state of Utah
  44. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: November 16" loc gov Congress Library
  45. ^ Article by Paul Rodgers (2011) Constitutional Law in the United States: A Primer McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connecting to the Outside World: Some Useful Resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 United States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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