Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

An American map labeled with state names and borders
It follows the sequence established by the ratification of the Constitution by the original 13 states in 1787 and the subsequent admission of new states to the Union.

One of the fifty entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government is a state. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the states, Americans hold dual citizenship with the federal republic and the state in which they reside. For example, the full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The fifty states are the most basic political units in America. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. There is a separate government in each state, with its own constitution based on republican ideals and its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Two senators and at least one representative are assigned to each state, with the size of a state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by that state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Furthermore, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to choose a number of electors to vote in the election proportional to the number of its representatives and senators in Congress. [4]

This power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. As of today, there are 50 states, up from the original 13. The new states have been accepted without discrimination. [5]

The table below details the dates of statehood for each of the 50 US states. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) The order in which these states are listed reflects the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a legally binding statute. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted; confirmed) Produced by 1   Delaware This day in 1787, on the 7th of December, [8]
(ratified) The State of Delaware, a British Colony[b] 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Propertied Province 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787, December 18 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) CT, a former British colony and now a state 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colonial Maryland 8   Specifically, the state of South Carolina1. May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Province of South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   The state of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) Royal New York's Colony 12   This is the state of North Carolina1. On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) British North Carolina Colony 13   Specifically, the state of Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) Vermont's [c]Republic 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canadian Region of the Northwest 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) The Province of Orleans 19   Indiana Dated: 12-11-1816
(admitted) Area containing Indiana 20   Mississippi On this day in 1817, December 10 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Delta Region 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Instance created: 14 December 1819 [24]
(admitted) Alabama State 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) Specifically, a section of Missouri. 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Today in History (January 26th, 1837) [28]
(admitted) Territorial Government of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The Florida Peninsula and Surrounding Area 28   Texas On this date in 1845: [29]
(admitted) State of Texas as a Republic 29   Iowa Tuesday, December 28th, 1846
(admitted) Part of Iowa was once known as the Iowa Territory. 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon Date: February 14, 1859
(admitted) An Area of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Sunday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) This portion of Kansas Territory 35   The Mountain State, or West Virginia1 June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado On this day in 1876, August 1: [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   The State of North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Section of Dakota Territory 40   States of America: South Dakota1 Earlier today, on November 2nd, 1889, [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington Tuesday, November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) The State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Places in Idaho that are technically part of the United States 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma Sunday, November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Both Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) It's the State of New Mexico! 48   Arizona Wednesday, February 14th, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska Wednesday, January 3, 1959
(admitted) In Alaska's case, this means the territory itself. 50   Hawaii A Day in History: August 21, 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation became effective on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the current federal government under the Constitution was established. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Sunday, December 16th, 1777 2 Citing Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina Monday, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut The 12th of February, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia The 26th of February, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 This is the state of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina. April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey A Date: Tuesday, November 19, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Initial usage: 2/1/1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Monday, February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • One of the acts included in the "Compromise of 1850" legislation package was one that allowed California to join the Union.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • In 1889, Congress passed the Enabling Act, which allowed the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to organize themselves politically as states and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted permission for the people of the Indian Territory and the State of Oklahoma to join the Union as a single state, and the New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act granted similar permission for the people of those territories to join the Union as individual states. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • Effective January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became the 49th state in the Union thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War and the subsequent readmission of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) to the Union are not reflected on this list. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state after the war, as the federal government does not recognize the states as having left the Union legally. As for whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union, the Constitution is silent on the matter, but the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the authority to do so on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution officially ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the new state. Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and granting that territory statehood. [17]
  5. ^ When exactly Ohio became a state is a matter of some debate. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess.) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802 (O.H.R. 1). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) Both statutes, however, failed to establish a canonical date for the creation of the state. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. Dated: August 7th, 1953 ), which fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. adopted a measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood as a formality [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. California's admission to the Union as the 31st state was legislated as part of the Compromise of 1850.
  8. ^ West Virginia was formally established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court impliedly confirmed that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the legal backing they needed to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. So that no one would know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood papers before he signed them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Arguments for and Against Citizenship Amendment XIV We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Constitutional Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Title: "Congressional Apportionment (2010 Census Briefs C2010BR-08)"1 (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Dr. Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays A Group Called Heritage That Has A History Of
  5. ^ The "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Press, University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h Author:Vile, John R (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding. ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ To cite this section as: "Delaware Administration" Delaware gov Delaware State Government Information Portal
  10. ^ A Brief History of Pennsylvania from 1776 to 1861: From Independence to the Civil War PA gov Museum and Historical Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov The State of New Jersey Department of State1
  12. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: January 8" loc gov Government Publishing Office
  13. ^ "On This Day in History...July 26" loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ "On This Day in History: November 21" loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ This new nation is referred to as "State 14." The Vermont Historian Museum of Vermont History Archived from the original on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ A Historic Site Recognized by the State of Connecticut Called "Constitution Square" americanheritage com Heritage, an Imprint of American Heritage Publishing Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b To trace the evolution of the various state and territory names and designations in the United States. TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ A Chronological Account of State Events TN gov The State of Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security In the original form on April10, 2016
  19. ^ Professor Blue, F. J. During the fall of 2002. Date Ohio Became a State Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original publication: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Setting the Record Straight on Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Quick Facts about Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Bicentennial Commission of Mississippi Retrieved Tuesday, February 16th, 2019 2017
  23. ^ Dated as "Today in History: December 3," loc gov The Congress Library
  24. ^ Reference: "Alabama Historical Timeline, 1800–1860." alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov Congress Library
  26. ^ For the 10th of August, Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  28. ^ "On This Day in History... January 26" loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ "The State of Texas Joins the Union" This Day In History Syndicated Television Networks, Inc., Including A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov Congressional Library
  31. ^ The "Admittance Day of California," which occurred on September 9, 1850. CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  33. ^ Historically, January 29th is noted as being "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ "A Convenient State": The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Part 12 Wvculture org The Cultural Resources Section of the West Virginia Department of Administration
  36. ^ 78 U.S. 39 (1870) "Virginia v. West Virginia" Justia com
  37. ^ Article entitled "Today in History: August 1"1 loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  38. ^ a b Today in History (November 2) loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. Even after 125 years, rivalry between the Dakotas persists. Newspaper published in Bismarck AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) Reference: Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p. 256
  41. ^ Dr. David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln, Nebraska's University Retrieved Dated: FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 15 2017
  42. ^ Today in History (November 11) loc gov Library of Congress
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) An Historical Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  45. ^ According to Paul Rodgers (2011) Basics of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connections outside the text [ edit ]

  • YouTube playlist titled "States of the USA" History com
  • "Birth of the States" 50states com
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