Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a United States map
First, the order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787; second, the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

There are 50 separate entities that together make up the United States, and each of these states has some degree of autonomy within the federal government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, all U.S. citizens hold dual citizenship. Commonwealth is used in the official names of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia rather than state.

The United States is divided primarily into individual states. It gives them authority over everything the federal government doesn't have, including everything the Constitution expressly forbids them from doing. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. There are two senators and at least one representative from each state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. There's also the Electoral College, which votes for the President and Vice President of the United States, of which each state gets a certain number of representatives and senators to represent it. [4]

The Constitution clearly gives Congress the power to decide whether or not to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. United States expansion from 13 to 50 states since 1776. All new members have been granted full membership with all other states. [5]

Below is a table with information about when each of the 50 states became independent. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. Ratification dates for the AoC are listed in a separate table below.) [6] In the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government after ratifying the Constitution in 1787, these states are listed below. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
admitted; approved Developed from 1   Delaware On this day in 1787: [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania On this day in 1787, December 12: [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Colonial Possession 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Georgia Colony was a Crown Colony. 5   Connecticut Tuesday, January 9, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts Dated: February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a former Crown Colony 9   Primarily Used in: New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a British Crown Colony 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony Held by the Crown 12   Carolina del Norte On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) Originally, North Carolina was a British colony. 13   It's in Rhode Island1. May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) The Province of Orleans 19   Indiana On this date in 1816:
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Mississippi Country 21   Illinois Three Days After Christmas, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Partial Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Yesterday, on the 14th of December, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Location: Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri On this day in 1821, August 10 [26]
(admitted) Separate Section of Missouri 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Thursday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) In the State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The Florida Peninsula 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) The Texas Republic 29   Iowa Monday, December 28th, 1846
(admitted) Partial Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Part of Wisconsin was once known as the 31   California This day in 1850, on September 9 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) The State of Minnesota, or a Portion of It 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) Portions of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861: [33]
(admitted) An Area of Kansas 35   There's no place like West Virginia1 June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Specifically, the fifty counties that make up Virginia's Trans-Allegheny region. 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) Location: Nevada, USA 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Region of Nebraska 38   Colorado It all started on August 1st, 1876. [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   State of North Dakota1 Day of the Dead, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   Dakota (State) On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) This portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Dated: November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington The Eleventh of November, 1889 [42]
(admitted) The State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) It's the state of Idaho. 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Wyoming, the State 45   Utah The Fourth of January, 1896 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma Dated: November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Territory of Oklahoma and Indian Territory 47   New Mexico Initially published: January 6, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona On this day in 1912, February 14th,
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Region of Alaska 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959, August 21st,
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Events surrounding the ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 Carolina del Sur 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 A Place Called Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Sunday, February 9, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Dated: February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 Granite State, Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 A Place Called Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Sunday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware The First of February, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • To admit California to the Union, Congress passed the Compromise of 1850.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal authority to organize state governments (with Dakota being split into two states) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. It also granted the people of New Mexico and Arizona the right to do the same. calling for a vote on whether or not the two jurisdictions should be united into one state.
  • The Alaska Statehood Act officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ This does not take into account the 11 states that broke away from the Union to form the Confederate States of America (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) during the Civil War or their subsequent readmission after the war ended. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state after the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states as having left the Union. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ A different name for the three counties below Delaware's state capital. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ It was New Hampshire's provincial governor, Benning Wentworth, who, between 1749 and 1764, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. The Green Mountain Boys emerged from the ensuing "New Hampshire Grants" dispute, and the Vermont Republic was formally established not long after. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and granting that territory statehood. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. To "authorize the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union," the 7th Congress voted on April 30, 1802 (Sess. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither law established an official date of statehood. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. When: Sunday, August 7, 1953 in accordance with a resolution passed on March 1, 1803, [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132), and then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts Legislature officially recognized the "District of Maine." subsequent legislation was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ It was the Mexican Department of Alta California that comprised the bulk of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. The Compromise of 1850 included the Act of Congress that made California the 31st state.
  8. ^ An act authorizing the formation of West Virginia was passed by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties in Virginia did have the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only states in the union to have been born at the same time. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward, Erler An Anthology of Essays on Constitutional Amendment XIV, "Citizenship" Initiated by the Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Prof. Elhauge, Einer R. Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ Doctrine of the Equal Status of States. Justia com
  6. ^ M. Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 A Publication of the University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ The case was referred to as Texas v. White, which was decided in 1868 (74 U.S. Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h "Vile," "John R. 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  19. ^ Author: Blue, F. J. The (Autumn of 2002) When Ohio became a state Magazine of the Ohio Academy of History Archival copy originally published September 11, 2010
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  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov Government Publishing Office
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov The United States Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! On This Day In History Broadcasting stations owned by A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ The 11th of May Became a Historic Date loc gov National Library of Congress
  33. ^ Historically, January 29th is noted as being "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ June 20th is "Today in History" loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ The newly formed government of Virginia formally approved West Virginia's secession in Chapter Twelve of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia." Wvculture org Culture and History Section of West Virginia
  36. ^ In the case of Virginia v. West Virginia (78 U.S. 39 (1870)), Virginia prevailed. Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov Congress's Library
  38. ^ a b Timeline of events starting on November 2nd. loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ To wit: MacPherson, James, and Burbach, Kevin. After 125 years as separate states, tensions between the Dakotas still run high. A Report From The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein's (2008) From Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins's "How the States Got Their Shapes," p. 256
  41. ^ Id. Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" Reference Guide to the Great Plains Lincoln: Nebraska's Land Grant Institution Retrieved Monday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) History of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Territory of Utah
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  45. ^ By Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • U.S. State Videos History com
  • dates of statehood 50states com
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