Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and boundaries on a United States map
If you start with the 13 states that ratified the Constitution in 1787, you can figure out the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

One of the fifty entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government is a state. Since the federal government and the individual states share power, Americans hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

United States administrative divisions are called "states." They have all the authority that is not specifically granted to or prohibited by the federal government. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. Each state has a government that includes an executive, legislative, and judicial branch, and a constitution based on republican principles. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. At least one senator and one representative are elected from each state, with the number of representatives each state has in the House of Representatives determined by that state's population as of the last decennial census required by the Constitution. There's also the Electoral College, which votes for the President and Vice President of the United States, of which each state gets a certain number of representatives and senators to represent it. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. There are now fifty states, up from the original thirteen that existed when the United States was founded in 1776. All new states have been granted full membership with no special treatment. [5]

You can find the official statehood dates for all 50 states in the table below. In July 1776, after agreeing to the United States Declaration of Independence, the first 13 colonies became states. Between 1777 and 1781, they ratified the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, and became members of the Union. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) They are listed here in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government after ratifying the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
formally recognized or approved Developed from 1   Delaware When: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) Province of Delaware[b] 2   Pennsylvania Thursday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) Kingdom of Pennsylvania Colony 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia Two Hundred and Eighty-Eighth Day of the Year [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a Colony of the Crown 5   Connecticut January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony and now a state 6   Massachusetts Tuesday, February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Massachusetts Bay Colony, a crown colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   "South Carolina1" May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony of the British Crown 12   The state of North Carolina1 On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) Royal Colony of North Carolina 13   Here in Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Kingdom of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Lands to the West of the Mississippi 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Territory in the Northwest 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana On this date in 1816:
(admitted) Region of Indiana 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Delta Region 21   Illinois Three Days After Christmas, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Section of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Tuesday, December 14, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Locales in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Tuesday, August 10, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Its Namesake State of Arkansas 26   Michigan January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) Region of Florida 28   Texas Saturday, December 29th, 1845 [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) Part of Iowa was once known as the Iowa Territory. 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Area of Wisconsin That Was Once Called the Wisconsin Territory 31   California Saturday, September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Separate Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon Date: February 14, 1859
(admitted) The State of Oregon and Adjacent Areas 34   Kansas On this day in 1861, January 29: [33]
(admitted) It's true that Kansas was once a territory. 35   Western Virginia June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) A Land Named Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Region of Nebraska 38   Colorado When: August 1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) State of Colorado 39   We're in North Dakota1. The Date Was November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   The State of South Dakota1 When: Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) This portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Dated: November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington On this date in 1889 [42]
(admitted) Washington State 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Geographical ID: The Gem State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: January 4 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) Land of New Mexico 48   Arizona The date February 14th, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii When: 21 August 1959
(admitted) Hawaiian Home Area

Dates of Articles of Confederation Ratification [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Second Continental Congress voted to send the Articles of Confederation to the individual states for ratification. By March 1, 1781, all 13 states had ratified the Articles of Confederation, making them legally binding. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Monday, December 16th, 1777 2 Specifically, the state of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina. 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 Here in Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Tuesday, February 9, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut The date was February 12th, 1778. 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia As of today (26 February) in 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 The State of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Dated: February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Wednesday, February 2nd, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • One of the acts included in the "Compromise of 1850" legislation package was one that allowed for California's entry into the Union.
  • In the years leading up to Kansas's admission to the Union as a state, from 1854 to 1861, the territory was the site of a series of violent conflicts between pro- and anti-slavery groups known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • In 1889, Congress passed the Enabling Act, which allowed the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to organize themselves politically as states and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. necessitating a vote in a referendum to decide whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made Alaska a member of the United States on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ This does not take into account the 11 states that broke away from the Union to form the Confederate States of America and were later readmitted to the Union as a result of the Civil War: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of every state after the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states' formal withdrawal from the Union. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. The Counties of Kent and Sussex, Upon the State of Delaware [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. The "New Hampshire Grants" conflict that arose as a result sparked the birth of the Green Mountain Boys and ultimately the Vermont Republic. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ Virginia's "District of Kentucky" became an independent state thanks to legislation passed by the Virginia General Assembly on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ Exactly when Ohio became a state is a matter of some debate. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute establishes a specific date for statehood. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). This marked Ohio's official statehood date. 7 August 1953 ), which fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts State Senate ratified the separation. enacted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ In an act passed on May 13, 1862, the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia authorized the formation of West Virginia. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia did have the requisite consents to become a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are unique in that they both became a state on the same day, albeit at different times. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Prof. Elhauge, Einer R. Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Organization Name: Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ "Principle of State Equalization" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution, 1774-1781: An Analysis of the Articles of Confederation Wisconsin State Press, University of pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-1" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">blank">ang/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d h In the words of John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ Government of Delaware Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Government Information Center
  10. ^ Pennsylvania's turbulent history from independence to secession is summarized in this overview spanning the years 1776 to 1861. PA gov Official State Agency of Pennsylvania Museums and Historical Sites
  11. ^ Official Records of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ "On This Day in History...January 9" loc gov The United States Congress Library
  13. ^ "On This Day in History...July 26" loc gov National Library of Congress
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  15. ^ The 14th State Explore Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History The original version was published on May 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com Publishers of the American Heritage Series Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Title: "State Historical Timeline" TN gov TN State Government Date of original upload: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Professor Blue, F. J. In the fall of 2002 (Season of) When Ohio became a state Publication of the Ohio Academy of History Republished from the September 11, 2010 archive
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts on the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov When first published online (March 24, 2013), this version was archived. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Planning Committee for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov US Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  26. ^ "On this day in history... August 10" loc gov Congressional Library
  27. ^ Today in History (June 15) loc gov National Library of Congress
  28. ^ History for January 26th loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ A new state joins the Union: Texas! On This Day In... Antenna & & Elbow (A&E) Television Networks March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov US Congress Library
  31. ^ California's "Admission Day" is September 9, 1850. CA gov Official Website of the California State Parks and Recreation Agency
  32. ^ The eleventh of May, a Day in History loc gov US Congress Library
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  34. ^ Historically Speaking, June 20 loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ To create West Virginia was a matter of convenience, as stated in Chapter 12 of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia"; the newly reorganized government of Virginia gave its approval to the split. Wvculture org State of West Virginia, Department of Culture and History
  36. ^ 78 U.S. 39 (1870) "Virginia v. West Virginia" Justia com
  37. ^ August 1st is "Today in History" loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ It was written by James MacPherson and Kevin Burbach on November 2, 2014. After 125 years as separate states, rivalry continues in the Dakotas. Newspaper located in Bismarck AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ By Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ Wishart, David J (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains Compendium College of Letters and Science at Lincoln, Nebraska Retrieved Sunday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov The United States Congress Library
  43. ^ The 2016 Linda Thatcher Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: November 16" loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers. 2011. Constitutional Law in the United States: A Primer McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • US State Videos History com
  • Terms for the Establishment of States 50states com
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