Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

One of the fifty entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government is a state. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, all U.S. citizens hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The 50 individual states are the most basic administrative divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that isn't specifically given to or prohibited to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Issues of local concern are typically delegated to the respective state governments, and these include the management of intrastate commerce, the conduct of elections, the formation of local governments, the direction of public schools, and the construction and maintenance of roads that are not funded by the federal government. It is based on republican principles, and each state has its own constitution and government that includes an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, both of which have members elected by the citizens of their respective states. In the Senate, every state has two seats, and in the House of Representatives, every state has a minimum of one representative and as many as its population warrants, as determined by the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. There's also the Electoral College, which votes for the President and Vice President of the United States, of which each state gets a certain number of representatives and senators to represent it. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. The original 13 states of the United States have been joined by 47 others since 1776. Upon admission, each new state joins the union on an equal footing with the others. [5]

Below is a table detailing the official statehood dates for each of the fifty United States' jurisdictions. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally became independent nations in their own right on July 4th, 1776, and ratified the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, between 1777 and 1781. (An additional table detailing the ratification of the Acts of Confederation is provided below.) Each of these states is listed in the order in which it ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became a part of the fledgling (and now established) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(approved or permitted) Based on 1   Delaware When: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia Tuesday, January 2, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut Tuesday, January 9, 1788 [12]
(ratified) The State of Connecticut, a Colony of the British Crown 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Massachusetts Bay Colony, a crown colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Maryland Colony was a colonial possession. 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colonial South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   Element: New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony of the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Crown Colony 12   State of North Carolina1 When: Tuesday, November 21, 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) New England's Original Colony, Providence Plantations, and the State of Rhode Island 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) We are a republic in Vermont. 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (9 counties in its District in Kentucky[d]) Virginia. 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) The Northwest Territories, Fractional 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) The Province of Orleans 19   Indiana The 11th of December, 1816
(admitted) Geographical Region Including Indiana 20   Mississippi On this day in 1817, December 10 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Delta Region 21   Illinois Dated: December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Specifically, the area of Illinois that is now known as the territory of 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) The Bay State (Maine Congressional District) 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) Partial Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) This is Arkansas State 26   Michigan Friday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas Wednesday, December 29, 1845 [29]
(admitted) Independent Texas 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Ungoverned regions / Mexican Cession (part)[g]. 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon Today in History (February 14th, 1859)
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas It all began on this date in 1861: January 29. [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   Specifically, the state of West Virginia1. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) There are fifty counties in Virginia that are included in the Trans-Allegheny statistical area. 36   Nevada Sunday, October 31st, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) States Constituting the Nebraska Territory1 38   Colorado As of today, August 1, 1876 [37]
(admitted) This is Colorado Country. 39   The State of North Dakota1. On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   Dakota (State) On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana The Date Was November 8, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Territory of Montana 42   Washington On this date in 1889 [42]
(admitted) Western Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) It's the state of Idaho. 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma On this day in 1907, November 16 [44]
(admitted) There's Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory. 47   New Mexico The date January 6th, 1912
(admitted) A portion of the state of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska This day in 1959, on January 3:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii When: 21 August 1959
(admitted) Aloha! Hawaii!

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation became effective on March 1, 1781. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Sunday, December 16th, 1777 2 Carolina del Sur Instance created: February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 The State of Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island It was February 9th, 1778. 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia The 26th of February, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Two-Fourths of February, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • A set of laws passed by Congress in 1850 known as the "Compromise of 1850" included a clause guaranteeing California's entry into the Union.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize themselves into new states and join the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the legal right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote on whether or not the two jurisdictions should be merged into one state.
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a state thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. In addition, the Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union; however, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the authority to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly voted to end the colony's relationship with Great Britain and instead establish the three counties as "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" within a new state. A View of Delaware from Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) This same Congress passed an act on February 19, 1803 (Sess. 1, 1) "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio." 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) But neither law established an official birthday for the state. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. Friday, August 7th, 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. subsequent legislation was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ A law authorizing the formation of West Virginia was passed by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties in Virginia did have the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Writings on "Amendment XIV: Citizenship" We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Distribution of House Seats in the 2010 Census (Census 2010 Briefs C2010BR-08)" (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ According to Elhauge, Einer R Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays An Introduction to the Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ The "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (year of publication unknown) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 The Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, Volume 1: A-M (A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ State of Delaware Administration Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Official Government Resource Center
  10. ^ A Brief History of Pennsylvania from 1776 to 1861: From Independence to the Civil War PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ The Official Records of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ The 9th of January in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  14. ^ Historically Speaking, Today Is... November 21 loc gov Government Publishing Office
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen A Journey Through Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History Retrieved May 30, 2013, from the original
  16. ^ Known officially as the "Constitution Square State Historic Site," americanheritage com U.S.A.: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b Titled "Official Name and Status History of the Various States and U.S. Territories," the book traces the evolution of the official appellations used for each state and territory in the TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Reference to a "State Historical Timeline" TN gov State of Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security Date of original publication: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue Time Period: (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State Magazine of the Ohio Academy of History To the original version from September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Definitions Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov You can read the original version from March 24, 2013 by clicking here. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission Retrieved The 16th of February. 2017
  23. ^ "On This Date in History: December 3" loc gov US Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ History for March 15 loc gov National Library of Congress
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov Archives of the Congress
  27. ^ This day in history is June 15th. loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ A Historical Perspective for January 26 loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! On This Day In... Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ "On This Day in History...May 29" loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ Day California Was Admitted to the Union, September 9, 1850 CA gov California State Parks and Recreation Commission
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov US Congress Library
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ A Convenient State: The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Chapter 12 Wvculture org State of West Virginia, Department of Culture and History
  36. ^ Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870) Justia com
  37. ^ This day in history is August 1. loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson & Kevin Burbach (November 2, 2014) "At 125 years of statehood, rivalry still exists in the Dakotas." As reported by the Bismarck Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Author: Stein, Mark in 2008 A. Scott Alan, "How the States Got Their Shapes," Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, 2005, p. 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: A Reference Guide and Encyclopedia Lincoln: Nebraska State University Retrieved Day of the Week: 2017
  42. ^ "On This Day in History... November 11" loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) There is a chronological progression of events known as the "Fight for Statehood." historytogo utah gov Locale: Utah (US)
  44. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: November 16" loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  45. ^ In Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • Definition of Terms: "Date of Statehood" 50states com
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