Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a United States map
In the same order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union.

The 50 individual states that make up the United States are co-sovereign entities with the central government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The 50 states make up the main divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that isn't specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and the construction and maintenance of non-federal roads are generally under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which consists of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Further, the Electoral College, the body that chooses the President and Vice President, allows each state to send a number of voters to Congress equal to its total number of representatives and senators. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. There are now fifty states, up from the original thirteen that existed when the United States was founded in 1776. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

Below is a table with information about when each of the 50 states became independent. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) The states are listed in the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) federal government. All subsequent admission dates reflect the statutory deadlines established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted or confirmed) Developed from 1   Delaware Friday, December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Colonial Delaware[b]. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a Proprietary Province 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) Royal New Jersey Colony 4   Georgia As of today, January 2nd, 1788 [8]
(ratified) During the time of the British, Georgia was a crown colony. 5   Connecticut Saturday, January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) The State of Connecticut, a Colony of the British Crown 6   Massachusetts On this day in 1788, February 6th, [8]
(ratified) The Province of Massachusetts Bay, in the British Empire 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colony of the Crown of South Carolina 9   It's in the Granite State, New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony of the British Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, the "Crown Colony" 12   State of North Carolina1 When: Tuesday, November 21, 1789 [14]
(ratified) Colonial North Carolina, a Crown Colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Colony under British Rule; Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) Nine counties in Virginia's District in Kentucky(d) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Northern Provinces 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana Instance created: December 11, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Delta Region 21   Illinois The Third of December, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Partial Illinois Territory 22   Alabama As of today, December 14th, 1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) Boston, MA (Maine Federal Court District) 24   Missouri On this day in 1821, August 10 [26]
(admitted) Separate Section of Missouri 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) A Part of the United States Known as Arkansas 26   Michigan Friday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Territory of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) Florida's Homestead 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) The State of Texas, Republika 29   Iowa Last Updated: 28 December, 1846
(admitted) Part of Iowa was once known as the Iowa Territory. 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Separate Section of Wisconsin 31   California Date: September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / Mexican Cession (Part)[g]. 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) This section of Minnesota is called the Minnesota Territory. 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Day of the Month: January 29, 1861 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   A state located in western Virginia. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) One hundred and fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny region. 36   Nevada Sunday, October 31st, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Frontier State of Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) This is Colorado Country. 39   That Place Called North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) State of Dakota (in part) 40   Dakota (State) Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Partial Dakota Territory 41   Montana Sunday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) That Part of the Country Known as Montana 42   Washington Dated: November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Territory of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Places in Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma Friday, November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Territory of Oklahoma and Indian Territory 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Thursday, February 14th, 1912
(admitted) Land of Arizona 49   Alaska A Date To Remember: January 3, 1959
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii Sunday, August 21st, 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's home territory

Conventions to ratify the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On this day in 1777, the Second Continental Congress voted to send the Articles of Confederation to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Saturday, December 16th, 1777 2 An Acronym for the State of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina Dated: February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 In the state of Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Starting on February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland On this day in 1781, February 2nd,

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • Violence between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups in Kansas Territory occurred frequently between 1854 and 1861, a period known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize themselves into new states and join the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. call for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state
  • This was made possible by the Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made January 3, 1959, the day Alaska was admitted to the Union as the 49th state.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ None of the 11 states that seceded from the Union and later rejoined it—Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas—are included on this list because of the Civil War. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Another point is that the Constitution is silent on the issue of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, but the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution officially ending the colony's relationship with Britain and establishing the three counties as a new state called "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." Both Kent and Sussex Upon the Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ West of the Connecticut River (in present-day southern Vermont), New Hampshire claimed territory that was also staked by New York. Between 1749 and 1764, New Hampshire's provincial governor, Benning Wentworth, issued roughly 135 grants for this unoccupied land. The Green Mountain Boys emerged from the ensuing "New Hampshire Grants" dispute, and the Vermont Republic was formally established not long after. Royal decree from King George III in 1764 ended New Hampshire's claim to the land, and in 1790, New York ceded its claim to the land to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ Separating the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and approving its statehood was an act of the Virginia General Assembly passed on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) On the other hand, neither statute established a specific date for the beginning of statehood ceremonies. In 1953, the 83rd Congress officially recognized Ohio as a state by passing a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407). Wednesday, August 7th, 1953 ) which fixed the first of March, 1803 as the day it occurred [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. an additional measure was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. Part of the Compromise of 1850 was the Act of Congress that made California the 31st state.
  8. ^ It was on May 13, 1862, that the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia passed an act authorizing the formation of West Virginia. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia did have the requisite consents to become a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b The twin-born states of North and South Dakota are the only ones in the United States. To prevent anyone from knowing which state became official first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state and South Dakota as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Arguments for and Against Citizenship Amendment XIV That Group Called the Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Government Agency for Economic Analysis and Statistics
  4. ^ The Works of Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays This organization is called the Heritage Foundation.
  5. ^ Known as the "Doctrine of the Equality of States," this term describes a set of principles that hold Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published his seminal paper in 1959. Understanding the Social and Constitutional Background of the American Revolution, 1774-1781: The Articles of Confederation Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700 (1868) Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. In the words of John R. Vile (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of the Constitutional Convention of 1787: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of America's Founding ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov You have reached the Government Data Center of the State of Delaware.
  10. ^ Brief History of Pennsylvania from 1776 to 1861 (From Independence to the Civil War) PA gov Commission for History and Museums in Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov It's the New Jersey Department of State1
  12. ^ Historically Speaking, January 9 loc gov The United States Congress Library
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ November 21st, a day in history loc gov Congressional Library
  15. ^ In other words, "the 14th state." Explore Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History Date of original publication: May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com U.S.A.: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b It is titled, "Official Name and Status History of the Various States and U.S. Territories." TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "An Overview of State History" TN gov Department of State of Tennessee Original version posted on April 10, 2016
  19. ^ In Blue, Frederick J. Time Period: (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History This version was archived from the original on September 11, 2010.
  20. ^ A Resolution to the Confusion Over Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ Information Quickly About Louisiana louisiana gov Page archived from the original on March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Commission for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved Wednesday, February 16th, 2019 2017
  23. ^ It's December 3rd, so let's have a look at "Today in History." loc gov The United States Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March was a significant day in history, as stated in the phrase "Today loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov US Congress Library
  28. ^ As seen on "Today in History, January 26" loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! These Events Happened On This Day In History Television stations owned by A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ Timeline of events as of May 29th, this year loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ On this day in 1850, California was officially admitted to the Union. CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  33. ^ It's January 29th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  35. ^ "A Convenient State": The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Part 12 Wvculture org History and Culture Department of West Virginia
  36. ^ Case cited: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ The first of August, a day in history. loc gov The United States Congress Library
  38. ^ a b For the 2nd of November, see "Today in History." loc gov US Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. In spite of the passage of 125 years since the Dakotas became independent, rivalry continues to this day. Bismarck, North Dakota: Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ The Works of Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p. 256
  41. ^ A Wish for David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Institution: University of Nebraska at Lincoln Retrieved The 15th of February 2017
  42. ^ "On This Day in History... November 11" loc gov Congress's Library
  43. ^ Title of Author: Thatcher, Linda, in Year: 2016 Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, United States of America
  44. ^ Historically Speaking, It Was November 16th On This Date In The Past loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Author: Rodgers, Paul. (2011) Constitutional Law in the United States: A Primer McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connections outside the text [ edit ]

  • The United States of America Video Archive History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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