Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

A state is one of the 50 individual entities that make up the United States and have equal sovereignty with the federal government. In light of the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, all U.S. citizens hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The 50 states make up the main divisions of the USA. They hold all authority not specifically granted to or prohibited by the United States federal government in the Constitution. In most cases, state governments are responsible for overseeing activities that affect only their respective territories, such as intrastate commerce regulation, election administration, municipal formation, public school policy, and the building and upkeep of roads that are not funded by the federal government. A republican form of government, with separate executive, legislative, and judicial branches, exists in each of the 50 states, all of which are governed by their own constitutions. [2]

U.S. citizens and residents from every state have a voice in the Senate and House of Representatives that make up the federal Congress. In the Senate, every state has two seats, and in the House of Representatives, every state has a minimum of one representative and as many as its population warrants, as determined by the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Furthermore, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to choose a number of electors to vote in the Electoral College equal to the sum of the state's representatives and senators in Congress. [4]

The Constitution specifically vests the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union with Congress in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. Since its founding in 1776, the United States has grown from its original 13 to its current 50 states. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

The table below details the dates of statehood for each of the 50 US states. Following their approval of the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the original 13 states entered the Union of States in the years 1777–1781, and ratified the Articles of Confederation. (An AoC ratification timeline is provided in a separate table below.) States are listed in the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) federal government. For each succeeding state, the on-list admission date represents the legally binding date established by legislation. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(approved or allowed) Produced by 1   Delaware When: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) The Province of Delaware[b]. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a Proprietary State 3   New Jersey Friday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) Jersey, a former British colony now a state 4   Georgia It all began on January 2nd, 1788. [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts Tuesday, February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial-era colony 8   Citing South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   In the state of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony of the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Virginia, British Dominions 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony Under British Rule 12   Cary, North Carolina1 On this day in 1789, November 21st, [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former Crown Colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Officially, the Rhode Island and Providence Plantations were a crown colony. 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) There is a republic in Vermont. 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Southwest Area 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Places Located in the Province of Orleans 19   Indiana Time Period: December 11th, 1816
(admitted) Its Location: The Indiana Territory1 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) Places in the Mississippi Valley 21   Illinois Time: Wednesday, December 3, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Region of Illinois 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) Location: Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Observed on August 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) State of Missouri (in part) 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Initially published: January 26, 1837 [28]
(admitted) This is Michigan Country. 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) Location of Florida as a Separate Political Entity 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) The State of Texas as a Separate Democratic Republic 29   Iowa Thursday, December 28th, 1846
(admitted) A Section of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) This is a section of Wisconsin. 31   California This day in 1850, on September 9 [31]
(admitted) Part of the Mexican Cession, an area of disorganization[g]. 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) Partial Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Saturday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   A state located in western Virginia. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada Last Updated: 31 October, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Territory of Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) State of Colorado 39   The State of North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Partial Territory of Dakota 40   "South Dakota1" On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Montana, the Wild West 42   Washington 11 November 1889 [42]
(admitted) In the State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah As of today's date, January 4th, 1896 [43]
(admitted) Land of Utah 46   Oklahoma When: Tuesday, November 16, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Bordering Oklahoma is Indian Territory. 47   New Mexico Starting on January 6th, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Thursday, February 14th, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska The date was January 3, 1959.
(admitted) Arctic Alaskan Territories 50   Hawaii Wednesday, August 21, 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Dates of Articles of Confederation Ratification [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia This day in 1777, on the 16th of December, 2 The State of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Tuesday, February 6th, 1778 4 It's in Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island. Earlier today, on February 9th, 1778, 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Initially published: 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia As of today (26 February) in 1778 7 It's in the Granite State, Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Asheville, Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Friday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware The First of February, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland As of today, February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was one of the provisions of the Compromise of 1850, a set of congressional acts.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups engaged in a series of violent conflicts in the territory.
  • This was made possible by the Enabling Act of 1889, which gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. a vote in a referendum would be needed to decide whether or not the two areas should be combined to form a single state.
  • Effective January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became the 49th state in the Union thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ This does not take into account the 11 states that seceded from the Union and later rejoined it (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) during the American Civil War. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state following the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states' formal withdrawal from the Union. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ Three Lower Counties on Delaware is another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution officially ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the new state. "Kent and Sussex Upon Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ It was New Hampshire's provincial governor, Benning Wentworth, who, between 1749 and 1764, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. The Green Mountain Boys emerged as a result of this conflict over the "New Hampshire Grants," and the Vermont Republic was subsequently founded. Royal decree from King George III in 1764 ended New Hampshire's claim to the land, and in 1790, New York ceded its claim to the land to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and granting that territory statehood. [17]
  5. ^ An exact date for Ohio's statehood has been lost to history. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802 (Sess. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) A law "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803 (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official date of statehood. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. On this day in 1953 we learned a lot which fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (which was ratified by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by a margin of 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts State Senate ratified the separation. adopted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed most of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. The Supreme Court's decision in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871) later implied that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To prevent anyone from knowing which state became official first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is commonly counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Title: "Essays on Citizenship" Institution for Research on Women and Families at the Heritage
  2. ^ FAQs Regarding the Minnesota State Legislature The State Legislature of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Representation in Congress (Census 2010: QuickFacts) (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Mr. Einer R. Elhauge Presidential Electors and the Constitutional Debate: Essays on Article II We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ "Principle of State Equalization" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published in 1959. An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ The case was referred to as Texas v. White, which was decided in 1868 (74 U.S. Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. 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  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Official Government Resource Center
  10. ^ This article provides a synopsis of Pennsylvania's history from 1776 to 1861, spanning the years of independence and the Civil War. PA gov Museum and Historical Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ Historically Speaking, January 9 loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ "On This Day in History... July 26" loc gov Federal Research Library
  14. ^ Dated "Today in History: November 21"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ A New State, Number Fourteen Explore Vermont's Past Institution of Vermont History May 30, 2013 original version available online
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com U.S.A.: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b It is titled, "Official Name and Status History of the Various States and U.S. Territories." TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "State's Historical Chronology" TN gov Official Website of the State Government of Tennessee Date of original publication: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Saved as the original on September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov The original version was published on March 24th, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ A Historical Perspective for Wednesday, December 3 loc gov The United States Congress Library
  24. ^ History of Alabama from the Years 1800 to 1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  26. ^ "On this day in history... August 10" loc gov National Library of Congress
  27. ^ Today in History (June 15) loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  28. ^ A Historical Perspective for January 26 loc gov United States Congress Library
  29. ^ The addition of Texas to the Union is announced. Yesterday in the Past Networks, A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ This day in history is May 29. loc gov Congressional Library
  31. ^ When California was officially admitted to the Union, September 9, 1850. CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  33. ^ Timeline of January 29th historical events. loc gov National Library of Congress
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ West Virginia was created as a "State of Convenience" in Chapter 12 of the book "A History of the State of Virginia." Wvculture org Division of Culture and History, West Virginia
  36. ^ 78 U.S. 39 (1870) "Virginia v. West Virginia" Justia com
  37. ^ To wit: "Today in History: August 1"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ It was written by James MacPherson and Kevin Burbach on November 2, 2014. While the Dakotas have been states for 125 years, rivalry between them has not faded. A Report From The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Author: Stein, Mark in 2008 Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," page 256
  41. ^ To Whom It May Concern: Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" A compendium covering the entire Great Plains region Lone Star State's Lincoln campus of the University of Nebraska Retrieved On the 15th of February, 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November Recalls an Important Date in Our Past loc gov Congress Library
  43. ^ There is a new book out by Linda Thatcher in 2016 A Chronology of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers. 2011. An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • Watch videos from each state in the United States. History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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