Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a United States map
According to the sequence in which the 13 original states ratified the Constitution in 1787 and the subsequent orders in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

The 50 individual states that make up the United States are co-sovereign entities with the central government. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the states, Americans hold dual citizenship with the federal republic and the state in which they reside. For example, the full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The 50 states make up the main divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that isn't given to or restricted to the federal government. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Generally speaking, republican principles form the basis for each individual state's constitution and government, which is made up of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Moreover, the Electoral College, the body that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to send a number of electors to the vote equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

According to the Constitution, Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 gives Congress the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union. There are now fifty states, up from the original thirteen that existed when the United States was founded in 1776. When a new state joins, it joins on equal footing with the others. [5]

The table below details the dates of statehood for each of the 50 US states. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) Each of these states is listed in the order in which it ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became a part of the fledgling (and now established) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted or approved) Prompted by 1   Delaware On this day in 1787: [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Friday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) PA, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey Sunday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia This day in 1788, January 2 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts The sixth of February in the year 1788 [8]
(ratified) Boston, Massachusetts, a Royal Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   Specifically, the state of South Carolina1. May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Carolina was a crown colony at the time. 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) State of Virginia, Dominion of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   Carolina del Norte Tuesday, November 21st, 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former Crown colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) There are nine counties in Virginia's District in Kentucky(d]. 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) In the South-Western Part of the Country 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) A section of the Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Louisiana's Orleans Province 19   Indiana It was on this date in 1816 that the United States declared independence from France.
(admitted) Frontier State of Indiana 20   Mississippi As of today, December 10th, 1817 [22]
(admitted) Area encompassing the present-day state of Mississippi 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Partial Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Monday, December 14, 1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) Province of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Saturday, August 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) The State of Missouri and Adjacent Areas 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Regional Term for Arkansas 26   Michigan Monday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Location: Michigan, USA 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The Florida Peninsula 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa This day in 1846, on December 28th,
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Partial Wisconsin Territory 31   California Sunday, September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) Section of Minnesota Territory 33   Oregon Wednesday, February 14, 1859
(admitted) Part of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas The Day That Began the Year 1861, January 29 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   The state of West Virginia1 June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) Land of Colorado 39   State of North Dakota1 The date was November 2nd, 1889. [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   The State of South Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Part of Dakota Territory 41   Montana It all started on November 8th, 1889. [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington Monday, November 11, 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Location: Wyoming, USA 45   Utah Thursday, January 4, 1896 [43]
(admitted) In the State of Utah 46   Oklahoma The Date Is November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) State of Oklahoma and Native American Lands 47   New Mexico Starting on January 6th, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona The Date: February 14th, 1912
(admitted) Land of Arizona 49   Alaska Three days into 1959
(admitted) Located in Alaska 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Island of Hawaii

Historical context of the ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. On March 1, 1781, the Articles of Confederation became active after being ratified by all 13 states. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Monday, December 16th, 1777 2 Carolina del Sur Friday, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Friday, February 6th, 1778 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Wednesday, February 26th, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 The state of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware One Day in 1779: February 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland It all started on February 2nd, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • There were a number of violent conflicts in Kansas Territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups in the years 1854-1861. This period is known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • In 1889, Congress passed the Enabling Act, which allowed the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to organize themselves politically as states and apply for admission to the Union.
  • It was the Oklahoma Enabling Act that gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the legal right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as a single state. It was the New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act that gave the people of those territories the legal right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as separate states. calling for a vote to decide whether or not the two jurisdictions should be merged into one state.
  • Effective January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became the 49th state in the Union thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Neither the restoration of the 11 Confederate states to the Union nor the secession of those states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) during the Civil War are reflected on this list. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of every state after the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states' formal withdrawal from the Union. There is no explicit mention of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union in the Constitution, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state does not have the authority to do so on its own. [7]
  2. ^ Sometimes called "The Three Lower Counties of Delaware" On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly voted to end the colony's relationship with Britain and instead establish "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Between 1749 and 1764, New Hampshire's provincial governor Benning Wentworth issued roughly 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. With a royal decree from George III in 1764, New Hampshire lost all legal claim to the area, and in 1790, New York sold Vermont the right to its portion of the territory for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the General Assembly of Virginia passed a bill approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and recognizing the territory as a new state. [17]
  5. ^ No one seems to be sure of the exact date that Ohio was admitted to the Union as a state. The 7th Congress passed an act on April 30, 1802 "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess. 1–1) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) Yet, neither statute established an official date of statehood. Ohio did not become a state until 1953, when a Joint resolution (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407) was passed by the 83rd Congress "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union." 7 August 1953 ) that fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. statehood for Maine was finally recognized by a follow-up measure. [17]
  7. ^ Following the Bear Flag Revolt and Mexican-American War in 1848, Mexico ceded a large portion of what had been the Mexican Department of Alta California to the United States. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ The Restored Virginia General Assembly authorized the formation of West Virginia on May 13, 1862, by passing an act. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. It is unknown which state became a state first because President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the papers before he signed them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Mr. Edward Erler The Fourteenth Amendment and Citizenship: Essays Heritage, Inc., The
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions Government of Minnesota State
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration
  4. ^ Prof. Elhauge, Einer R. Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays To wit: The Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ Title: "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Publishers at the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ In the case of Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700 (1868), Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. According to the research of John R. Vile (2005) Vol. 1: Letters A-M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ The State of Delaware's Official Administration Delaware gov Official Website of the State of Delaware's Department of Information
  10. ^ Pennsylvania's turbulent history from independence to secession is summarized in this overview spanning the years 1776 to 1861. PA gov Organization of Museums and Historical Sites in Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Proceedings of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov The New Jersey Department of State1
  12. ^ The ninth of January was marked as "Today in History" loc gov Archives of the Congress
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  14. ^ "On This Day in History: November 21" loc gov Archives of the Congress
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen Exploring Vermont's Past Museum of Vermont History Saved as the original on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ Referring to the "Constitution Square State Historic Site"1 americanheritage com United States: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "A Chronology of State Events" TN gov TN State Government On April 10, 2016, we archived the original version of this article.
  19. ^ Author: Blue, F. J. This was back in the fall of 2002. Ohio's statehood was officially declared on "The Date of Statehood" A Publication of the Ohio Academy of History Originally posted on September 11, 2010 and archived here
  20. ^ A Resolution to the Confusion Over Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ It reads, "Welcome from the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission." Commission for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ As seen on "Today in History, December 3" loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  24. ^ This timeline covers the years 1800 to 1860 in Alabama's history. alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ Today in History (March 15) loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ This Day in History... August 10 loc gov US Congress Library
  27. ^ "On This Day in History: June 15" loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ Dated "Today in History: January 26"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ The addition of Texas to the Union is announced. On This Day In... Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May is commemorated on this "Today in History" page. loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ When California was officially admitted to the Union, September 9, 1850. CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ "On This Day in History...May 11" loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  33. ^ Dated "Today in History: January 29"1 loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  35. ^ In Chapter Twelve of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia," the newly formed Virginian government officially approves the state's separation from Virginia. Wvculture org Office of West Virginia Culture and History
  36. ^ Case cited: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ August 1st is "Today in History" loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson & Kevin Burbach. "The Impact of Immigration on U.S. There is still competition between the Dakotas 125 years after they became a state. Newspaper located in Bismarck AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ By Mark Stein (2008) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ - Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln, Nebraska's University Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ As seen on "Today in History: November 11"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ In her 2016 book, Thatcher, Linda Attempts to Establish a Timeline of the Struggle for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, United States
  44. ^ It's November 16th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) Initiation into the Law of the Constitution of the United States McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connecting to the Outside World: Some Useful Resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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