Ordered list of when each state joined the United States

State names and borders on a US map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

A state is one of the 50 individual entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government. Americans hold dual citizenship with the federal republic and the state in which they reside due to the separation of powers. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The 50 states are the most basic administrative divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and the construction and maintenance of non-federal roads, are generally under the purview of the respective state's government. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, from which citizens of all 50 states and the District of Columbia can elect representatives. There are two senators and at least one representative from each state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Moreover, the Electoral College, the body that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to send a number of electors to the vote equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

New states may be Union" target="_blank">admitted into the Union as provided for in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. As of today, there are 50 states, up from the original 13. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

Below is a table with information about when each of the 50 states became independent. The first 13 states accepted the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, and they ratified the Articles of Confederation, the country's first constitution, and joined the first Union of States between 1777 and 1781. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted or confirmed) Constructed from 1   Delaware Specifically: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) The State of Delaware, or the Delaware Colony[b]. 2   Pennsylvania During the 12th of December, 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey Saturday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony that became a state in the United States 4   Georgia First Day of the Year, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colony of the British Crown in Georgia 5   Connecticut It all started on January 9th, 1788. [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) State of Maryland, a Private Colony 8   Colony State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   In the state of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The New Hampshire Colony was a Crown Colony. 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Royal Colony and Dominated State 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   Cary, North Carolina1 This day in 1789, November 21 [14]
(ratified) Royal Colony of North Carolina 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) There is a republic in Vermont. 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) Including the nine counties that make up its District in Kentucky(d), Virginia. 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Places Located in the Province of Orleans 19   Indiana Monday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Instance created: 10 December, 1817 [22]
(admitted) Location of the Mississippi River and Its Surrounding Lands 21   Illinois The date was December 3, 1818. [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama December 14, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Places in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) To be specific, the District of Maine[f] in Massachusetts. 24   Missouri A.D. 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) An Area of Missouri 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Initially published: January 26, 1837 [28]
(admitted) In the State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa Monday, December 28th, 1846
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Section of Wisconsin 31   California This day in 1850, on September 9 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) State of Minnesota and Adjacent Lands 33   Oregon On this day in 1859, February 14
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Dated: January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   Western Virginia June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada A Date Certain: October 31, 1864
(admitted) Geographical Location: Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   There's a lot of room in North Dakota1 Earlier today, on November 2nd, 1889, [38][i]
(admitted) Partial Dakota Territory 40   The State of South Dakota1 It all started on November 2nd, 1889. [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Thursday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) It's in Montana! 42   Washington This day in 1889, November 11 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Wyoming, the State 45   Utah Initially published: January 4, 1896 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Native American Lands in Oklahoma 47   New Mexico This day in 1912, on January 6
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Monday, February 14, 1912
(admitted) Geographical Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii Friday, August 21st, 1959
(admitted) State or Province of Hawaii

A timeline of the ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 Carolina del Sur 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island It was February 9th, 1778. 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Sunday, February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Sunday, February 26th, 1778 7 State of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Geographical Indication: Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Friday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland As of today, February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • A series of bloody conflicts between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups occurred in Kansas Territory between 1854 and 1861, a period known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • The Dakota Appropriations Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota Territory the legal right to organize a state government (the state of Dakota was to be split in half) and apply for admission to the United States as a new state.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of the Indian Territory and the State of Oklahoma the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state is needed.
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ This does not take into account the 11 states that broke away from the Union to form the Confederate States of America (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) during the Civil War or their subsequent readmission after the war ended. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Also, the Constitution is silent on the question of whether states have the power to secede from the Union, but the Supreme Court held that a state cannot unilaterally do so in Texas v. White (1869) [7]
  2. ^ These three counties are sometimes referred to as "Delaware's Lower Counties." On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution declaring an end to Delaware's status as a colony of Great Britain and establishing the three counties as an independent state under the authority of "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." "Kent and Sussex Upon Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. The Green Mountain Boys emerged as a result of the ensuing "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, and the Vermont Republic was subsequently founded. The land claim of New Hampshire was officially terminated in 1764 by royal order of George III, and the land claim of the State of New York was officially ceded to Vermont in 1790 for the sum of $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and granting that territory statehood. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) In the same Congress, an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) Yet, neither statute established an official date of statehood. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). This marked the official date that Ohio became a state. 7 August 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation to separate the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts Legislature formally recognized the "District of Maine" as a separate entity. another bill was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ It was the Mexican Department of Alta California that comprised the bulk of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. Compromise of 1850 included the Act of Congress that made California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was formally established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court impliedly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the legal authorization to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only states in the union to have been born on the same day, within minutes of each other. For the sake of secrecy, President Benjamin Harrison mixed up the order in which the states were admitted into the union before he signed the documents declaring their independence. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state and South Dakota as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. This organization is called the Heritage Foundation.
  2. ^ It's titled "Frequently Asked Questions About the Minnesota Legislature." Lawmakers in Minnesota's Statehouse
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Report on the Reapportionment of Representatives to Congress Based on the 2010 Census (C2010BR-08) (PDF) U S Business and Economic Statistics Division, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ To cite this author: Elhauge, Einer R. Article II Electors and the Presidency: Some Essays That Group Called the Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ "Principle of State Equalization" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published his seminal work in 1959. Articles of Confederation: A Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution, 1774-1781 Press, University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ White v. Texas (74 U.S. 700) Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">dia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. Vile (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ The State of Delaware's Administration Delaware gov Delaware State Government Information Portal
  10. ^ An Outline of Pennsylvania's Past, from the War for Independence to the Civil War, 1776-1861 PA gov Historic Preservation Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Secretary of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ For the ninth day of the new year, see "Today in History." loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  13. ^ Historically Speaking, July 26 loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Congress's Library
  15. ^ Referring to the newest nation-state: Explore Vermont's Past Institution of Vermont History The original version was published on May 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "State Historical Park of Constitution Square" americanheritage com Publishers of the American Heritage Series Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ A Chronological Account of State Events TN gov Department of State of Tennessee On April 10, 2016, we archived the original version of this article.
  19. ^ Author: Blue, Frederick J. Date: (Fall of 2002) Statehood for Ohio was declared on Ohio Historical Society Quarterly Date of original publication: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission would like to extend a hearty "Welcome!" The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board Retrieved Friday, February 16 2017
  23. ^ The third of December is being commemorated as "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  24. ^ Reference: "Alabama Historical Timeline, 1800–1860." alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The fifteenth of March was marked as "Today in History" loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  27. ^ Timeline of Historical Events for June 15 loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ As seen on "Today in History, January 26" loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! The Past Recalls: On This Day in History Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ The "Admission Day of California" is September 9, 1850. CA gov Department of Parks and Recreation of the State of California
  32. ^ Dated "Today in History: May 11"1 loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  33. ^ Today in Historical Perspective January 29 loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  35. ^ A Convenient State: The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Chapter 12 Wvculture org Cultural Resources of West Virginia
  36. ^ 78 U.S. 39 (1870) "Virginia v. West Virginia" Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson & Kevin Burbach. "The Effects of a High-Fat Diet on Insulin Resistance." While the Dakotas have been states for 125 years, rivalry between them has not faded. Published daily in Bismarck, North Dakota: The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008 ) According to the Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins book "How the States Got Their Shapes," published in 256
  41. ^ To Whom It May Concern: Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" A Compendium of the Plains It's the University of Nebraska at Lincoln Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November Recalle[d] loc gov Congressional Library
  43. ^ Author: Thatcher, Linda - 2016 Attempts to Establish a Timeline of the Struggle for Statehood historytogo utah gov This is the state of Utah.
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers, 2011 Constitutional Law in the United States: A Primer McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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