Statehood admission dates are listed in order for the 50 United States.

Identifying names and state lines on a United States map
According to the sequence in which the 13 original states ratified the Constitution in 1787 and the subsequent orders in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

A state is one of the 50 individual entities that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. In their official state names, Commonwealth states like Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia distinguish themselves from other states by using the term "commonwealth."

United States administrative divisions are called "states." They have all the authority that isn't specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, both of which are elected by the citizens of their respective states. There are two senators and at least one representative from each state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by that state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. As an added measure, [3] the Electoral College, the body that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to send a number of electors to Congress equal to the sum of its representatives and senators. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. As of today, there are 50 states, up from the original 13. All newly admitted states are treated on par with the others. [5]

The table below details the official statehood dates for all 50 US states. By signing on to the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states were officially established, and from 1777 to 1781, they all became part of the original Union of States by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (A separate table with dates of AoC ratification is provided below.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent state's admission date is a legally binding statute. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(approved or permitted) Produced by 1   Delaware When: 7 December 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Proprietary Province 3   New Jersey 18 December 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia It all began on January 2nd, 1788. [8]
(ratified) Royal Georgian Colony 5   Connecticut The Nineteen Eighty-First Day of the Year, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts The 6th of February, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a Colonial Possession 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony of the British Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominant Colony of the British Empire 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Colony of the British Crown 12   The state of North Carolina1 In the year 1789, on November 21st, [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) State of Vermont Republic[c] 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Area Located To The Southwest 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) The Northwest Territories, Fractional 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Area Known as Orleans 19   Indiana Friday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) Hoosier State 20   Mississippi Sunday, December 10th, 1817 [22]
(admitted) In the Mississippi Territory1 21   Illinois The date was December 3, 1818. [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) Places in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri A.D. 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Arkansas State 26   Michigan Thursday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Land of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The Florida Peninsula 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) TX Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) This is a section of Wisconsin. 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) The State of Minnesota, or a Portion of It 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) Area of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Wednesday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   Western Virginia June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) State of Virginia (all 50 counties in the Trans-Allegheny area[h]). 36   Nevada Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Expansion of the Nebraska Territory1 38   Colorado Starting on August 1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) In the Colorado Territory1 39   State of North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 40   This is South Dakota1. As of today's date, November 2nd, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Friday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington On this date in 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Idaho, the Territorial State 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: January 4 [43]
(admitted) UT - Utah Valley 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico January 6th, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) Pardon my ignorance, but I wasn't aware that Arizona 49   Alaska Three days into 1959
(admitted) Arctic Alaskan Territories 50   Hawaii Monday, August 21st, 1959
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

Timeline of the Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Second Continental Congress voted to send the Articles of Confederation to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation became effective on March 1, 1781. When the Articles of Confederation were ratified on March 4, 1789, the new federal government under the Constitution took over from the old. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 Carolina del Sur Monday, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Sunday, February 9, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Twelve days after Valentine's Day, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Monday, February 26th, 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Cary, Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware The First of February, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The Date Is February 2, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of congressional acts.
  • There were a number of violent conflicts in Kansas Territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups in the years 1854-1861. This period is known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize their own governments and seek admission to the Union as individual states (the Dakotas were to be split in half).
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for their respective territories. necessitating a vote in a referendum to decide whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state
  • The Alaska Statehood Act, which officially made Alaska a state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas seceded from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War, but they were later readmitted to the Union. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. Further, the Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union; however, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the authority to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for this region. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly voted to end the colony's relationship with Great Britain and instead establish the three counties as "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" within a new state. Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ New Hampshire's provincial governor, Benning Wentworth, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. This occurred between 1749 and 1764. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. Royal decree from King George III in 1764 ended New Hampshire's claim to the land, and in 1790, New York ceded its claim to the land to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ The precise date that Ohio was admitted to the Union as a state is unknown. The 7th Congress passed an act on April 30, 1802, "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) But neither law established an official birthday for the state. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. On this day in 1953, August 7 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On July 19, 1819, Mainers voted 17,001 to 7,132 in favor of leaving the rest of Massachusetts to form the "District of Maine," which was established by enabling legislation passed by the Massachusetts General Court on June 19, 1819. followed up by passing legislation acknowledging Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ It was the Mexican Department of Alta California that comprised the bulk of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. The Compromise of 1850 included the Act of Congress that made California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially recognized as a separate state by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court impliedly confirmed that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the legal backing they needed to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. For the sake of secrecy, President Benjamin Harrison mixed up the order in which the states were admitted into the union before he signed the documents declaring their independence. Because "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, with South Dakota following as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ In the words of Edward Erler A Collection of Essays on Constitutional Amendment XIV, Concerning Citizenship We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" Statutory Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Distribution of House Seats in the 2010 Census (Census 2010 Briefs C2010BR-08)" (PDF) U S Statistical and Economic Analysis Division, Commerce Department
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge "Article II Electors: Essays" We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ "The Doctrine of the Equal Rights of States" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published his seminal work in 1959. American Revolution: A Social and Constitutional History, 1774-1781: An Analysis of the Articles of Confederation Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ To cite this case: "Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700 (1868)" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ Governing Bodies of Delaware Delaware gov State of Delaware, Department of Governmental Affairs
  10. ^ Synopsis of Pennsylvania's Past, from the War for Independence to the Civil War, 1776-1861 PA gov State of Pennsylvania, Department of Historical and Museum Services
  11. ^ Recordings from the Annual Convention of 1787 NJ gov Department of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ To wit: "Yesterday in History: January 8" loc gov Government Publishing Office
  13. ^ Historically Speaking, July 26 loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov United States Congress Library
  15. ^ A New State, Number Fourteen Explore Vermont's Past Society for Vermont History The original version was published on May 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "Constitution Square State Historic Site" americanheritage com AHPC: American Heritage Publishing Co. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b Official Names and Status Changes of the States and Territories of the United States. TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ History of the State as Shown on a Timeline TN gov Department of State of Tennessee It was originally posted on April 10, 2016, but has since been archived.
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue As of this writing (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State Published by the Ohio Academy of History This version was archived from the original on September 11, 2010.
  20. ^ A Resolution to the Confusion Over Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Archived from the original on March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ Here's some warm greetings from the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board. Committee for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved Saturday, February 16th, 2019 2017
  23. ^ Timeline of events for December 3rd. loc gov US Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ Timeline of Historical Events for March 15 loc gov Congressional Library
  26. ^ This Day in History... August 10 loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov Archives of the Congress
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! On This Day in History A&E Television Networks March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov The California State Parks and Recreation Agency
  32. ^ This Day in History (11 May) loc gov The United States Congress Library
  33. ^ It's January 29th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov Congressional Library
  34. ^ Timeline of events labeled "June 20 Today in History" loc gov National Library of Congress
  35. ^ Newly formed Virginia government gives its blessing to West Virginia's secession in Chapter 12 of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia." Wvculture org The Cultural Resources Section of the West Virginia Department of Administration
  36. ^ This case was referred to as "Virginia v. West Virginia" (78 U.S. 39, 1870). Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov The United States Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. Although the Dakotas have been states for 125 years, rivalry continues to this day. An Article From The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008). Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ Dr. David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" Bibliography of the Plains Lincoln: University of Nebraska Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov Congressional Library
  43. ^ Written by Linda Thatcher in 2016 This timeline details the fight for independence as a state. historytogo utah gov Utah, United States
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • A Collection of Videos Representing Each State in the United States History com
  • Constitutional ratification and statehood formation dates 50states com
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