Statehood admission dates are listed in order for the 50 United States.

State names and borders on a United States map
It follows the sequence established by the ratification of the Constitution by the original 13 states in 1787 and the subsequent admission of new states to the Union.

The 50 individual states that make up the United States are co-sovereign entities with the central government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

The 50 states are the main administrative divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and the construction and maintenance of non-federal roads, are typically under the purview of the respective state's government. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. There are two senators and at least one representative from each state, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Furthermore, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to choose a number of electors to vote in the Electoral College equal to the sum of the state's representatives and senators in Congress. [4]

When a new state applies to join the Union, Congress has the final say according to Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. The original 13 states of the United States have been joined by 47 others since 1776. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

Below is a table with information about when each of the 50 states became independent. In July 1776, upon agreeing to the United States Declaration of Independence, the first 13 colonies became states; between 1777 and 1781, they ratified the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, and became full members of the Union. Ratification dates for the AoC are listed in a separate table below.) [6] These states are listed in chronological order according to when they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
approved of or allowed in Prompted by 1   Delaware Friday, December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Monday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Proprietary Province 3   New Jersey Thursday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former Crown colony 4   Georgia Tuesday, January 2, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Former British Crown Colony in the South 5   Connecticut Wednesday, January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts The sixth of February, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a royal possession. 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   Specifically, the state of South Carolina1. May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colony of the Crown of South Carolina 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Virginia, British Dominions 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   The state of North Carolina1 Wednesday, November 21st, 1789 [14]
(ratified) Royal Colony of North Carolina 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Providence Plantations, Rhode Island, and the Crown Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) To be exact, Virginia has nine counties in its District of Kentucky(d). 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana Sunday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi On this day in 1817 — December 10 — [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Valley 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) Places in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) Region of Maine(f): Massachusetts 24   Missouri Thursday, August 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) An Area of Missouri 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Land of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) United States of America, Texas, Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) Area of Iowa That Was Once Known As Iowa 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Portion of Wisconsin Territory 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Portion of Minnesota 33   Oregon Day of the Week: 14 FEBRUARY 1859
(admitted) Regional portion of Oregon 34   Kansas It all began on this date in 1861: January 29. [33]
(admitted) Partial Kansas Territory 35   Western Virginia June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Virginia (all fifty counties in the Trans-Allegheny area[h]). 36   Nevada Observed on October 31st, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) In the State of Nebraska 38   Colorado As of today, August 1, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Area 39   The State of North Dakota1 As of today's date, November 2nd, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) North Dakota (a portion of) 40   It's in the Badlands of South Dakota1. The Date Was November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Geographical Region Including Montana 42   Washington It all started on November 11th, 1889. [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Boise, Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah It all started on this day in 1896: January 4 [43]
(admitted) UT - Utah Valley 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) Territory of Oklahoma and Indian Territory 47   New Mexico Initially published: January 6, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona Tuesday, February 14, 1912
(admitted) Arizona State 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii Thursday, August 21, 1959
(admitted) Honolulu, Hawaii

Dates of Articles of Confederation ratification [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. Following ratification by the required 13 states, the Articles of Confederation entered into force on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation, the predecessor to the present Constitution, were abolished on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia The 16th of December, 1777 2 "Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina" 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Tuesday, February 6th, 1778 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island The Nineteenth of February, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Thursday, February 26th, 1778 7 Specifically, the state of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Thursday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779, February 1st, 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and to apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted permission for the people of the Indian Territory and the State of Oklahoma to join the Union as a single state, and the New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act granted similar permission for the people of those territories to join the Union as individual states. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • As of January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a member of the United States as a result of the passage of the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Eleven states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) seceded during the Civil War and formed the Confederate States of America; they were later readmitted to the Union. Similarly, the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, so each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war is valid. While the Constitution is silent on the subject of whether or not states have the power to secede from the Union, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the power to secede on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties upon Delaware" are another name for these jurisdictions. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending Delaware's status as a British colony and establishing the three counties as an independent state under "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." Sussex and Kent Upon the Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ Benning Wentworth, the provincial governor of New Hampshire, issued around 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. The "New Hampshire Grants" dispute that followed sparked the rise of the Green Mountain Boys and eventually resulted in the founding of the Vermont Republic. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. The 7th Congress passed an act on April 30, 1802 "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official date of statehood. The 83rd Congress officially recognized Ohio as a state on March 1, 1953, when it passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407). Wednesday, August 7th, 1953 ) that fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts State Senate ratified the separation. followed up by passing legislation acknowledging Maine's impending statehood [17]
  7. ^ Much of what is now California was once part of Mexico's Department of Alta California before the Bear Flag Revolt and Mexican-American War of 1848. Part of the Compromise of 1850 was the Act of Congress that made California the 31st state.
  8. ^ There was an act passed by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862, that authorized the formation of West Virginia. The Supreme Court's decision in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871) later implied that the secessionist counties in Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. For the sake of secrecy, President Benjamin Harrison mixed up the order in which the states were admitted into the union before he signed the documents declaring their independence. Due to the alphabet's order, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ This is a list of answers to questions that are often asked about the Minnesota State Legislature. Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Professor Einer R. Elhauge An Analysis of Article II's Electoral College Vote We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ Equal-States Doctrine Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published his theory in 1959. Revolutionary America's Social and Constitutional History, 1774-1781: An Analysis of the Articles of Confederation Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ Case cited: "Texas v. White, 74 U.S. 700 (1868)" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f g h John R. Vile (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding. ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ To cite this section as: "Delaware Administration" Delaware gov Delaware State Department's Government Information Center
  10. ^ "A Brief History of Pennsylvania, 1776-1861: From Independence to the Civil War" PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ Documents of the Convention Held in 1787 NJ gov The State Department of New Jersey
  12. ^ Historically Speaking, January 9 loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  13. ^ "On This Day in History...July 26" loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  14. ^ Dated "Today in History: November 21"1 loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ The Fourteenth State Explore Vermont's Past Vt. Hist. Soc. Originally published on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ A Historic Site Recognized by the State of Connecticut Called "Constitution Square" americanheritage com United States: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "A Brief History of the Changing Titles and Official Names of the States and Territories of the United States" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Labeled as: "State Historical Timeline" TN gov Administration of State of Tennessee Archive.org date: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Author Name: Blue, Frederick J. (Fall of 2002) Date Ohio Became a State History News from the Ohio Academy Website originally posted on September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ As the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission says, "Welcome." The Mississippi Bicentennial Commission Retrieved When February 16th rolls around, 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov The Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ History for March 15 loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  26. ^ It's August 10th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov Government Publishing Office
  27. ^ Historically Speaking, Today Is...June 15 loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  29. ^ The phrase "Texas joins the Union" is used to mark this momentous occasion. On This Day In... Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ For the 29th of May, we present the historical moment known as "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the California Department of Conservation and Recreation
  32. ^ It's May 11th, so here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov The Congress Library
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ As seen on "Today in History, June 20." loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ The newly formed government of Virginia formally approved West Virginia's secession in Chapter Twelve of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia." Wvculture org Agency for Culture and History of West Virginia
  36. ^ Case cited: "Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870)" Justia com
  37. ^ Today in History (August 1) loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  38. ^ a b The second of November—today in history loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  39. ^ (November 2, 2014) MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. Although the Dakotas have been states for 125 years, rivalry continues to this day. Known as the Bismarck Tribune. AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ In his 2008 article, Stein, Mark The Smithsonian Institution Press/HarperCollins book "How the States Got Their Shapes" (p. 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: A Reference Guide and Encyclopedia Penn State University-Lincoln Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ History on This Day (November 11) loc gov Congressional Library
  43. ^ Title of Author: Thatcher, Linda, in Year: 2016 Chronology of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Salt Lake City, Utah
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov US Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • Constitutional ratification and statehood formation dates 50states com
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