States in the United States, listed by their official admission to the Union.

State names and borders on a US map
If you start with the 13 states that ratified the Constitution in 1787, you can figure out the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

Each of the 50 states in the United States is a sovereign nation in its own right and shares power with the federal government. Due to the separation of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. Four U.S. states—Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia—have commonwealth in their official names instead of state.

The United States can be broken down into its constituent parts, which are called "states." They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or prohibited to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Issues of local concern are typically delegated to the respective state governments, and these include the management of intrastate commerce, the conduct of elections, the formation of local governments, the direction of public schools, and the construction and maintenance of roads that are not funded by the federal government. Each state has a government that includes an executive, legislative, and judicial branch, and a constitution based on republican principles. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. In addition, the number of electors a state can choose to represent it in the Electoral College, the body responsible for electing the President and Vice President of the United States, is equal to the sum of the number of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

It is stated in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution that Congress has the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union. A total of 50 states now make up the United States, up from the original 13. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

The table below details the official statehood dates for each of the fifty US states. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Each subsequent state's admission date is a statutory deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
accepted; approved Produced by 1   Delaware Saturday, December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) "Delaware Colony" 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Georgia Colony was a Crown Colony. 5   Connecticut Monday, January 9th, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Boston, Massachusetts, a Royal Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial province with a strong sense of independence 8   Southeastern United States, Specifically, the State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   Specifically, the state of New Hampshire1. June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Royal Colony and Dominion 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   This is the state of North Carolina1. Monday, November 21st, 1789 [14]
(ratified) Kingdom of North Carolina 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Known as the Crown Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) The Commonwealth of Virginia (which includes nine counties in its District of Kentucky[d]). 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) State or Province Forming Part of the Province of Orleans 19   Indiana On this date in 1816:
(admitted) This is Indiana State 20   Mississippi When: December 10th, 1817 [22]
(admitted) Region of Mississippi 21   Illinois This day in 1818, on December 3rd, [23]
(admitted) Part of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) This is Alabama Country. 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Specifically, the Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Tuesday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) In the State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) This is Florida Country. 28   Texas Last Updated: 29 December 1845 [29]
(admitted) Confederate States of America 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) A Portion of Wisconsin Territory 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) This portion of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas Thursday, January 29th, 1861 [33]
(admitted) This portion of Kansas Territory 35   "West Virginia1" June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) (There are 50 counties in the Trans-Allegheny area of Virginia) 36   Nevada Last Updated: 31 October, 1864
(admitted) States of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Geographical Region Known As Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) State of Colorado 39   In the state of North Dakota1 Monday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Partial Dakota Territory 40   A State in the Midwestern U.S. When: Tuesday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Region of Dakota 41   Montana On this day in 1889, November 8 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington 11 November 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Location: Wyoming, USA 45   Utah As of today's date, January 4th, 1896 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico 6 January 1912
(admitted) Region of New Mexico 48   Arizona Thursday, February 14, 1912
(admitted) Territorial Status: Arizona 49   Alaska The date was January 3, 1959.
(admitted) The Alaskan Territories 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Islands of Hawaii

When the Articles of Confederation were ratified [ edit ]

Articles of Confederation were approved for ratification by the individual states on November 15, 1777, after being approved by the Second Continental Congress. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation, the precursor to the present United States Constitution, were formally abolished on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 The State of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina Monday, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 Providence, Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Wednesday, February 9th, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Twelve days after Valentine's Day, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia A Date in 1778: February 26 7 Element: Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Specifically, the state of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina. April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • This was made possible by the Enabling Act of 1889, which gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. It also granted the people of New Mexico and Arizona the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as separate states. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a state thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. as the federal government does not recognize the states' separation from the Union, each state's "readmission to representation in Congress" after the war. In addition, the Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union; however, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the authority to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ A different name for the three counties below Delaware's state capital. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Between 1749 and 1764, New Hampshire's provincial governor Benning Wentworth issued roughly 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the separation of the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of the state and recognizing Kentucky as a new state. [17]
  5. ^ When exactly Ohio became a state is a matter of some debate. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official statehood date. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. Saturday, August 7th, 1953 ) that fixed March 1, 1803 as the date [20]
  6. ^ On July 19, 1819, Mainers voted 17,001 to 7,132 in favor of leaving the rest of Massachusetts to form the "District of Maine," which was established by enabling legislation passed by the Massachusetts General Court on June 19, 1819. another bill was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed most of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. With the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. In the later case of Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b The twin states of North and South Dakota are the only ones in the United States to have been born on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. As "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edwin Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. Organization Name: Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ A List of Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the Minnesota State Legislature Assembly of the State of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Title: "Congressional Apportionment (2010 Census Briefs C2010BR-08)"1 (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays We at Heritage, The
  5. ^ A "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) American Revolution: A Social and Constitutional History, 1774-1781: An Analysis of the Articles of Confederation It's published by the University of Wisconsin Press. pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ It was decided in Texas v. White (74 U.S. 700) in 1868. Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, Volume 1: A-M (A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Government Information Center
  10. ^ A Brief History of Pennsylvania, Vol. 1: From Independence to the Civil War, 1776-1861 PA gov Commission for History and Museums in Pennsylvania
  11. ^ The Minutes of the Convention of 1787 NJ gov State of New Jersey Department of State1
  12. ^ Historically Speaking, January 9 loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ The caption read, "Today in History: July 26." loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ This Day in History...November 21 loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ Referring to the newest nation-state: Explore Vermont's Past Association for Vermont History You can read the original version from May 30, 2013 by clicking here.
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com To paraphrase, American Heritage Publishing Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Timeline of State History TN gov Agency of State of Tennessee Date of original publication: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Author: Blue, F. J. Season of Fall 2002 Ohio's statehood was officially declared on "The Date" Published by the Ohio Academy of History It was originally posted on September 11, 2010, but has since been archived.
  20. ^ Putting to Rest the Myths Regarding Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Commission Retrieved On the 16th of February 2017
  23. ^ "On This Date in History: December 3" loc gov Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov The Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov United States Congress Library
  27. ^ The 15th of June in History loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov United States Congress Library
  29. ^ Texans celebrate the state's admission to the Union. On This Day In... TV Stations Owned by A&E Networks March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ The "Admission Day of California," which occurred on September 9, 1850. CA gov Cal/Rec - The California State Agency for Parks and Recreation
  32. ^ The 11th of May: A Day in History loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov National Library of Congress
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  35. ^ Reorganized Virginia's government approved West Virginia's separation in Chapter Twelve of "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia." Wvculture org Culture and History Section of West Virginia
  36. ^ Virginia v. West Virginia, 78 U.S. 39 (1870). Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b History on This Day (November 2) loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson and Kevin Burbach (November 2, 2014). After 125 years of statehood, rivalry still exists in the Dakotas. An Article From The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein's (2008) From Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins's "How the States Got Their Shapes," p. 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln, Nebraska: The University of Nebraska Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ "On This Day in History... November 11" loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016a) Historical Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov The State of Utah
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Internet resources [ edit ]

  • Various Videos Relating to Individual States in the USA History com
  • "Independence dates" 50states com
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