This is a timeline of the states' admission to the United States.

Identifying names and state lines on a United States map
If you start with the 13 states that ratified the Constitution in 1787, you can figure out the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

Any one of the 50 individual states that make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, all U.S. citizens hold dual citizenship. There are four states (Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia) whose official names do not include the word "state," but rather "commonwealth."

As the most basic administrative divisions, states play a crucial role in the United States. Neither the Constitution of the United States nor any state constitution can restrict the authority of the people. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. A republican form of government, with separate executive, legislative, and judicial branches, exists in each of the 50 states, all of which are governed by their own constitutions. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, from which citizens of all 50 states and the District of Columbia can elect their own representatives. Each state has two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House of Representatives determined by the state's population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Furthermore, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, allows each state to choose a number of electors to vote in the election proportional to the number of its representatives and senators in Congress. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is delegated to Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. The original 13 states of the United States have been joined by 47 others since 1776. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

The table below details the dates of statehood for all 50 US states. In July 1776, upon agreeing to the United States Declaration of Independence, the first 13 colonies became states; between 1777 and 1781, they ratified the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, and became full members of the Union. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed according to the order in which they ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became part of the newly formed (and still existing) federal government. Each succeeding state's admission date is a legally binding deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted; confirmed) Developed from 1   Delaware Dated: December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Delaware [b] Colony. 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey Dated: December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, the former Crown Colony 4   Georgia On this day in 1788, January [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut 9 January 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, a former British colony 6   Massachusetts The sixth of February, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) The Province of Maryland as a Private State 8   The State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colonial South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   This New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Kingdom of New Hampshire 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, the "Crown Colony" 12   Purpose: The State of North Carolina1 On this day in 1789, November 21st: [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   Place Name: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont[c] 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) In its District of Kentucky[d], Virginia includes nine counties. 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) The Southwestern Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Canada's Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana Friday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi Sunday, December 10th, 1817 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Valley 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) State of Illinois, Part 22   Alabama Yesterday, on the 14th of December, 1819 [24]
(admitted) Alabam's Home State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) District of Maine (Massachusetts) 24   Missouri Thursday, August 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) Extent of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) Geographical Region Including Arkansas 26   Michigan Friday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Section of Wisconsin 31   California Dated: September 9th, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) An Area of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas In the beginning of 1861, on January 29th, [33]
(admitted) A Portion of Kansas 35   The Mountain State, West Virginia1 June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) The Commonwealth of Virginia (all fifty counties in the Trans-Allegheny area[h]). 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) A Land Named Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado It all started on August 1st, 1876. [37]
(admitted) Said of the area now known as Colorado: 39   In the state of North Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of the Dakotas 40   "South Dakota1" On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of the Dakotas 41   Montana This day in 1889, November 8 [41]
(admitted) It's in Montana! 42   Washington On this day in 1889, November 11 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho, or the 'Idaho' 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: January 4 [43]
(admitted) The State of Utah 46   Oklahoma Friday, November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico January 6th, 1912
(admitted) Places in New Mexico that Are Not in Texas 48   Arizona The Date Is February 14, 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona. 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Region of Alaska 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Honolulu, Hawaii

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent on to the individual states for ratification. Once all 13 states ratified the Articles of Confederation, they became effective on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation were abolished and the present Constitution ratified on March 4, 1789, ushering in the modern federal government. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia The 16th of December, 1777 2 Specifically, the state of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina. Friday, February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778, February 6 4 It's in Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island. 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 Primarily Used in: Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey The date was November 19th, 1778. 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware It all started on February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • One of the bills included in the "Compromise of 1850" set of legislation passed by Congress to allow for California's entry into the Union.
  • During the years of 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory of Kansas, a series of violent conflicts broke out between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups, earning the region the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."
  • In 1889, Congress passed the Enabling Act, which allowed the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to organize themselves politically as states and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act granted permission for the people of the Indian Territory and the State of Oklahoma to join the Union as a single state, and the New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act granted similar permission for the people of those territories to join the Union as individual states. forcing a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state
  • The Alaska Statehood Act was passed on December 21, 1959, officially making Alaska the 49th state of the United States.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ This does not take into account the 11 states that broke away from the Union to form the Confederate States of America and were later readmitted to the Union as a result of the Civil War: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state after the war, as the federal government does not officially recognize the states' separation from the Union. Furthermore, the Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union; however, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state does not have the authority to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ The "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" are another name for these jurisdictions. Delaware was officially recognized as a state on June 15, 1776, when the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ Benning Wentworth, the provincial governor of New Hampshire, issued around 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. The Green Mountain Boys emerged as a result of the ensuing "New Hampshire Grants" dispute, and the Vermont Republic came into being as a direct result of their efforts. The land claim of New Hampshire was officially terminated in 1764 by royal order of George III, and the land claim of the State of New York was officially ceded to Vermont in 1790 for the sum of $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a law approving Kentucky's statehood and formally separating the "District of Kentucky" from the rest of Virginia. [17]
  5. ^ Ohio's official statehood date is shrouded in mystery. Act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess.) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802 (O.H.R. 1). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute established an official date of statehood. The 83rd Congress officially recognized Ohio as a state on January 3, 1953, when it passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407). Monday, August 7th, 1953 ), which established March 1, 1803, as the official start date [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. enacted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ After the Bear Flag Revolt and Mexican-American War in 1848, Mexico ceded most of what had been the Mexican Department of Alta California to the United States. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state in the union.
  8. ^ State of West Virginia was officially established by an act passed by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly affirmed that the seceding Virginia counties did have the requisite consents to become a separate state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the Minnesota State Legislature House of Representatives of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ R. Einer Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Heritage: A Nonprofit Dedicated to Preserving America's Rich
  5. ^ "The Doctrine of the Treaty of Guaranteed State Reciprocity" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution, 1774-1781: An Analysis of the Articles of Confederation Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ The case was referred to as Texas v. White, which was decided in 1868 (74 U.S. Justia com
  8. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. Author:Vile, John R (2005) An All-Inclusive Reference to the American Founding's Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ The State of Delaware's Administration Delaware gov Delaware State Government's Online Resource Center
  10. ^ In a nutshell: from independence to secession to civil war in Pennsylvania, 1776-1861 PA gov Commission on History and Museums in Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Proceedings of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov Office of the Secretary of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ In a historical context, January 9th would be described as "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  14. ^ For the 21st of November, see "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen History of Vermont: An Exploration Historical Society of Vermont The original version was published on May 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com United States: American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of the Various State and Territory Names in the United States" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Timeline of State History TN gov State of Tennessee Department of The original version was published on April 10th, 2016.
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue [Autumn of 2002] Date Ohio Became a State The Bulletin of the Ohio Academy of History Republished from the September 11, 2010 archive
  20. ^ Setting the Record Straight on Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ Information Quickly About Louisiana louisiana gov Page archived from the original on March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ Greetings, on behalf of the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board Bicentennial Celebration Commission of Mississippi Retrieved As of the 16th of February, 2017
  23. ^ Today in History (December 3) loc gov Congress's Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, Vol. I: 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March was a significant day in history, as stated in the phrase "Today in loc gov The United States Congress Library
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov American Memory: Congress Library
  27. ^ A historical summary titled "June 15" loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ The 26th of January in History loc gov Government Publishing Office
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! Today in History Broadcasters A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov United States Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov The California Division of State Parks
  32. ^ A Historical Perspective for May 11 loc gov Congressional Library
  33. ^ January 29: This Day in History loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  34. ^ "On This Day in History...June 20" loc gov Congress Library
  35. ^ "A Convenient State: The Birth of West Virginia" (12. The Reorganized Government of Virginia Approves the Secession) Wvculture org Culture and History Section of West Virginia
  36. ^ 78 U.S. 39 (1870) "Virginia v. West Virginia" Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov Congress Library
  38. ^ a b "On This Day in History: November 2" loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. (2014, November 2). "At 125 years of statehood, rivalry still exists in the Dakotas." Bismarck Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.0) According to Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins's "How the States Got Their Shapes," states' distinctive features were 256
  41. ^ A Wish for David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" The Great Plains: An Encyclopedia Lincoln, Nebraska's University Retrieved Saturday, February 15th, 2019 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov Federal Research Library
  43. ^ After Linda Thatcher (2016) Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: November 16 loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ - Paul Rodgers, 2011 An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5
  • Various Videos Relating to Individual States in the USA History com
  • dates of statehood 50states com
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