This is a timeline of the states' admission to the United States.

State names and boundaries on a United States map
After the initial 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787, additional states were admitted to the Union in the order of their ratification.

The 50 individual states that make up the United States of America are co-sovereign entities with the central government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word commonwealth rather than state.

Individual states are the most basic administrative divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Concerns such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance fall under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. There are two senators for each state and at least one representative in the House, with the size of a state's delegation in the House determined by its population as of the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. The Electoral College is the body that officially votes for President and Vice President of the United States, and each state has the right to send a number of its residents to that body equal to its total number of congressional representatives and senators. [4]

The power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union is vested in Congress by Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution. The United States' total number of states has grown from the original 13 in 1776 to the current 50. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

The table below details the dates of statehood for each of the 50 US states. After signing on to the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification dates of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. If you look at the list of admitting states, you'll see the official date established by law. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
acceptance or approval Prompted by 1   Delaware On this day in 1787: [8]
(ratified) Delaware Colony[b] 2   Pennsylvania Dated: 12 December 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey Saturday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a Crown Colony 4   Georgia Initially published: January 2, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut It all started on January 9th, 1788. [12]
(ratified) New England's Crown Colony 6   Massachusetts The sixth of February, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Commonwealth of Massachusetts Bay, a British Crown Colony 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial province with a strong sense of independence 8   Southeastern United States, Specifically, the State of South Carolina1 May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) South Carolina, a Crown Colony 9   For the state of New Hampshire1, see: June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) The New York Crown Colony 12   Carolina del Norte The 21st of November, 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   The Ocean State: Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Providence Plantations and the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) Republic of Vermont (Vermont) 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Western Hemisphere's Southwest Region 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Territories in the Northwest 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana Wednesday, December 11th, 1816
(admitted) Location: Indiana Territory1 20   Mississippi Monday, December 10, 1817 [22]
(admitted) Where the Mississippi River Meets the Gulf of Mexico 21   Illinois As of today, December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) A Portion of Illinois Territory 22   Alabama Thursday, December 14, 1819 [24]
(admitted) State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) The Bay State (Maine Congressional District) 24   Missouri Tenth of August, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Dated: January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) Formerly Known as: Michigan Territory1 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this date in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) The Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846, December
(admitted) An Area of Iowa 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Area of Wisconsin That Was Once Called the Wisconsin Territory 31   California Date: September 9, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico[g] 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon Date: February 14, 1859
(admitted) It's true that Oregon only makes up a portion of the territory. 34   Kansas On this day in 1861, January 29: [33]
(admitted) Area Including Kansas 35   Western Virginia June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) State of Virginia (all fifty counties in the Trans-Allegheny area [h]). 36   Nevada On this day in 1864, October 31st,
(admitted) State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Territorial Status: Nebraska 38   Colorado The First of August, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   It's in North Dakota1. Day of the Dead, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Part of the Dakota Territory 40   Dakota (State) Dated: November 2nd, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) Pieces of Dakota Territory 41   Montana Friday, November 8th, 1889 [41]
(admitted) That Part of the Country Known as Montana 42   Washington Instance created: November 11th, 1889 [42]
(admitted) States of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Located in the state of Idaho. 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) Wyoming, the State 45   Utah Day of the Year 1896: 4th January [43]
(admitted) It's the State of Utah 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico Starting on January 6th, 1912
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) Location: Arizona 49   Alaska On this day in 1959, January 3:
(admitted) Alaskan Territory 50   Hawaii Monday, August 21st, 1959
(admitted) Location: Hawaii

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Second Continental Congress voted to send the Articles of Confederation to the individual states for ratification. In 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect. The Articles of Confederation were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the current federal government under the Constitution was established. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia On this day in 1777 2 Carolina del Sur Instance created: February 5th, 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Thursday, February 6th, 1778 4 That place called Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island A Date in History: February 9th, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Sunday, February 12th, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia Monday, February 26th, 1778 7 State of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 The state of Seal of North Carolina.svg North Carolina April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey Wednesday, November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware The First of February, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland Wednesday, February 2nd, 1781

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was a part of the Compromise of 1850, a set of congressional acts.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • A law passed in 1889 called the Enabling Act gave citizens of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the legal right to organize state governments (with Dakota being split into two states) and apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be united as a single state.
  • As of January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became a member of the United States as a result of the passage of the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ There are 11 states that were not included on this list because they seceded from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state following the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states' formal withdrawal from the Union. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ Similar to "Three Lower Counties Upon Delaware" On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. The Counties of Kent and Sussex, Upon the State of Delaware [9]
  3. ^ In the years between 1749 and 1764, New Hampshire's provincial governor Benning Wentworth issued roughly 135 grants for unoccupied land west of the Connecticut River (in what is now southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. Dispute over the "New Hampshire Grants" sparked the rise of the Green Mountain Boys, who would go on to found the Vermont Republic. In 1764, King George III issued an edict canceling New Hampshire's claim to the territory, and in 1790, New York sold its claim to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ On December 18, 1789, the Virginia General Assembly passed a bill approving the secession of the "District of Kentucky" from Virginia and paving the way for the establishment of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. [17]
  5. ^ Date of Ohio's statehood is unknown with certainty. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess) was passed on April 30, 1802 by the 7th Congress. 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) In the same Congress, an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) Yet, neither statute established an official date of statehood. In 1953, the 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union," (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted). This marked the official date that Ohio became a state. Saturday, August 7th, 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (which was approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by a margin of 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, the Massachusetts State Senate ratified the separation. an additional measure was passed recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed the majority of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ There was an act passed by the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862, that authorized the formation of West Virginia. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b North and South Dakota are the only twin-born states in the United States, having been created within minutes of each other on the same day. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood papers before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, with South Dakota following as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ John Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. For the Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions document. Lawmakers in Minnesota's Statehouse
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Government Agency for Economic Analysis and Statistics
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge An Analysis of Article II's Electoral College Vote Heritage: A Nonprofit Dedicated to Preserving America's Past
  5. ^ Doctrine of the Equal Status of States. Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959) An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Press of the University of Wisconsin pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-1" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">blank">ang/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d h John R. Vile (2005) Encyclopedia of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Book I, Letters A-M) ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ What Does "Delaware Government"1 Mean? Delaware gov Department of State Public Records Office, State of Delaware
  10. ^ "A Brief History of Pennsylvania, 1776-1861: From Independence to the Civil War" PA gov Historic Preservation Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov The State of New Jersey Department of State1
  12. ^ The 9th of January in History loc gov Archives of the Congress
  13. ^ The 26th of July: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov Congress Library
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen History of Vermont: An Exploration Museum of Vermont History Saved as the original on May 30, 2013
  16. ^ State Historical Park Named "Constitution Square" americanheritage com Incorporated in the USA: American Heritage Publishing Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b To trace the evolution of the various state and territory names and designations in the United States. TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Timeline of State History TN gov State of Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security The original version was published on April 10th, 2016.
  19. ^ F. J. Blue During the fall of 2002. Date Ohio Became a State Periodical of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original upload: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ An Explanation of Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Date of original publication: March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Commission for the 200th Anniversary of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ The date December 3rd was marked as "Today in History." loc gov National Library of Congress
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, Vol. I: 1800–1860 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The 15th of March in History loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  26. ^ An August 10th "Today in History" loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: June 15 loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  28. ^ "On This Day in History: January 26" loc gov Institution of Congress's Library
  29. ^ There is an official "Admission of Texas to the Union" Today in History Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ September 9, 1850: "Admission Day in California" CA gov The State of California's Parks and Recreation Department
  32. ^ "On This Day in History... May 11" loc gov Capitol Building / Library of Congress
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: June 20 loc gov US Congress Library
  35. ^ A Convenient State: The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Chapter 12 Wvculture org Culture and History Section of West Virginia
  36. ^ The case was referred to as "Virginia v. West Virginia" (78 U.S. 39, 1870). Justia com
  37. ^ Today in History (August 1) loc gov The United States Congress Library
  38. ^ a b As seen on "Today in History, November 2." loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ James MacPherson & Kevin Burbach (November 2, 2014). "At 125 years of statehood, rivalry still exists in the Dakotas." Published daily in Bismarck, North Dakota: The Bismarck Tribune1 AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008 ) Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p 256
  41. ^ The Wishart, David J. (ed ) "Montana" Reference Guide to the Great Plains Lincoln: Nebraska State University Retrieved 15 Février 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov Congress Library
  43. ^ Linda Thatcher (2016) "The Path to Statehood: A Chronology of Events" historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ "On This Day in History: November 16" loc gov The Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers. (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Websites outside the scope of this paper [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • Definition of Terms: "Date of Statehood" 50states com
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