Timeline of U.S. state admissions

American map labeled with state names and borders First, the order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787; second, the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union. A state is one of the fifty individual entities that together make up

American map labeled with state names and borders
First, the order in which the original 13 states ratified the Constitution in 1787; second, the order in which the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

A state is one of the fifty individual entities that together make up the United States of America and share sovereignty with the central government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. [1]The full official names of the states of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia all include the word "commonwealth" rather than "state."

Individual states are the most basic administrative divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. Local matters, such as intrastate commerce, elections, the formation of local governments, public school policy, and non-federal road construction and maintenance, are generally under the purview of state governments. Republican principles form the basis for each state's constitution and government, which is made up of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of senators and representatives from all 50 states. The number of representatives each state has in the House of Representatives is based on the population count from the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. In addition, the Electoral College, the body that chooses the President and Vice President of the United States, grants each state a number of electors equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

The Constitution specifies that Congress has the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. There are now fifty states, up from the original thirteen that existed when the United States was founded in 1776. All newly admitted states have been given full voting rights. [5]

The table below details the official statehood dates for each of the fifty US states. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally entered the Union of States in the years between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (An additional table with dates of AoC ratification is provided below.) Each of these states is listed in the order in which it ratified the Constitution in 1787 and thus became a part of the fledgling (and now established) United States of America. Each subsequent state's admission date is a legally binding deadline established by Congress. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
"(accepted or confirmed)" Developed from 1   Delaware Monday, December 7th, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Province of Delaware[b] 2   Pennsylvania Monday, December 12th, 1787 [10]
(ratified) State of Pennsylvania as a Private Colony 3   New Jersey Saturday, December 18th, 1787 [11]
(ratified) New Jersey, a former British colony. 4   Georgia Day of the Year 1788, January [8]
(ratified) The Kingdom of Georgia 5   Connecticut Tuesday, January 9, 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, the Royal Colony 6   Massachusetts 6 February 1788 [8]
(ratified) Massachusetts Bay Colony, a Royal Province 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial possession 8   To the South May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Kingdom of the South Carolina Colonies 9   That State of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Royal New Hampshire Colony 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominated Colony of the Crown 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) The New York Crown Colony 12   Carolina del Norte On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, the Crown Colony 13   In the state of Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Royal Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) Democratic Socialist State of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) Nine counties in Virginia's District in Kentucky(d) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) Territory to the Southwest 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) Region of the Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Located in the Orleans Territory 19   Indiana On this day in 1816 (December 11)
(admitted) Region of Indiana 20   Mississippi Dated: 12-10-1817 [22]
(admitted) The Mississippi Delta Region 21   Illinois December 3rd, 1818 [23]
(admitted) Region of Illinois 22   Alabama Dated: 12/14/1819 [24]
(admitted) Locales in Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) In the state of Massachusetts (Maine[f] District). 24   Missouri Date: August 10, 1821 [26]
(admitted) A Portion of Missouri Territory 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) The Arkansas Valley 26   Michigan Thursday, January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas Saturday, December 29th, 1845 [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) A Portion of Iowa Territory 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) An Area of Wisconsin 31   California Nine September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Partially Organized Lands / Cession to Mexico 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A section of Minnesota 33   Oregon 14 February 1859
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861: [33]
(admitted) The State of Kansas, or Part of It 35   A state located in western Virginia. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada October 31st, 1864
(admitted) Region of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) Geographical Region Known As Nebraska 38   Colorado Initial use: August1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   The State of North Dakota1 Wednesday, November 2nd, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) South Dakota Section 40   Dakota (State) The date was November 2, 1889. [38][i]
(admitted) A Portion of Dakota Territory 41   Montana This day in 1889, November 8 [41]
(admitted) The State of Montana 42   Washington The Eleventh of November, 1889 [42]
(admitted) State of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) The State of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah Tuesday, January 4th, 1896 [43]
(admitted) Places in Utah 46   Oklahoma It was on November 16th, 1907, that the first American [44]
(admitted) The Indian and Oklahoma Territories 47   New Mexico January 6th, 1912
(admitted) It's the State of New Mexico! 48   Arizona Day of the Moon (February 14), 1912
(admitted) The State of Arizona 49   Alaska On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Alaskan territory 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Hawaii's Home Islands

A timeline of the ratification of the Articles of Confederation [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. After being ratified by all 13 states, the Articles of Confederation took effect on March 1, 1781. The Articles of Confederation, which governed the states, were abolished on March 4, 1789, and the present Constitution, which governs the federal government, was adopted. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia Wednesday, December 16th, 1777 2 A State in the Southeastern United States 05 Février 1778 3 Seal of New York.svg New York On this day in 1778 — February 6 — 4 Specifically, the state of Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island 9 February 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut 12 February 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia As of today (26 February) in 1778 7 This Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Here in good ol' NC April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware On this day in 1779: 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was one of the provisions of the Compromise of 1850, a set of legislative acts passed by Congress.
  • During the years 1854–1861, when Kansas was still considered part of the territory rather than a state, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups.
  • It was the passage of the Enabling Act of 1889 that allowed the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories to organize their own governments and eventually join the Union as individual states (the Dakotas were split in half).
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and seek admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Acts did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • On January 3, 1959, Alaska officially became the 49th state in the Union thanks to the Alaska Statehood Act.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ This does not take into account the 11 states that broke away from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America during the Civil War: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of every state after the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states' formal withdrawal from the Union. The Constitution is ambiguous on the subject of whether or not states have the authority to secede from the Union, but in Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled that a state does not have the authority to secede from the Union on its own. [7]
  2. ^ Three Lower Counties of Delaware is another name for this area. On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly formally adopted a resolution declaring an end to Delaware's status as a colony of Great Britain and establishing the three counties as an independent state under "the Government of the Counties of New Castle." Upon the Delaware River, Kent and Sussex [9]
  3. ^ New Hampshire's provincial governor, Benning Wentworth, issued about 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont), territory also claimed by New York. This occurred between 1749 and 1764. As a result of the "New Hampshire Grants" conflict, the Green Mountain Boys emerged, and eventually Vermont became its own independent nation. Royal decree from King George III in 1764 ended New Hampshire's claim to the land, and in 1790, New York ceded its claim to the land to Vermont for $30,000.
  4. ^ Virginia's "District of Kentucky" was officially recognized as a separate state by the Virginia General Assembly on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ Exactly when Ohio became a state is a matter of some debate. It was on April 30, 1802, that the 7th Congress passed an act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) For example, on February 19, 1803, the same Congress passed an act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute establishes a specific date for statehood. Not until 1953, when a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted) was passed by the 83rd Congress, was Ohio officially recognized as a state. 7 August 1953 ) which fixed the date as March 1, 1803 [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by Maine voters on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. statehood for Maine was finally recognized by a follow-up measure. [17]
  7. ^ Most of the territory that Mexico gave up to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War had previously been part of the Mexican Department of Alta California. As part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress passed an act making California the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Later, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents for statehood. [36]
  9. ^ a b North Dakota and South Dakota are the only states to have been born on the same day, and within minutes of each other. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Being that "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Works of Edward Discussions of the Fourteenth Amendment and Citizenship We at Heritage, The
  2. ^ "The Minnesota Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions" Legislative Assembly of Minnesota
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Congressional Representation (Census 2010: A Briefing Book) (PDF) U S Statistical and Economic Analysis Division, Commerce Department
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Article II Electors and Presidential Elections: Essays Heritage, Inc., The
  5. ^ "The Doctrine of the Equal Rights of States" Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen published in 1959 In The Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781, Historians Offer a New Perspective on the Political and Legal Foundations of the American Revolution. Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ 74 U.S. 700 (1868) "Texas v. White" Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-1" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">blank">ang/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d h John R. Vile (2005) Volume 1: Letters A through M of The Constitutional Convention of 1787: An All-Inclusive Encyclopedia of America's Founding. ABC-CLIO p  658 ISBN 1-85109-669-8
  9. ^ "State of Delaware" Delaware gov The State of Delaware's Official Government Resource Center
  10. ^ Timeline of Pennsylvania's History, from the War for Independence to Reconstruction, 1776-1861 PA gov The Historical and Museum Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ "Minutes of the Convention of 1787" NJ gov The State Department of New Jersey
  12. ^ Timeline of events starting on January 9th loc gov The Congress Library
  13. ^ "On This Day in History: July 26" loc gov Archives of the Congress
  14. ^ The 21st of November in History loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ State Number Fourteen Google Maps: An Exploration of Vermont's Past State of Vermont Department of History Date of original publication: May 30, 2013
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com Incorporated in the USA: American Heritage Publishing Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b An Account of the Changes Made to the Formal Titles of the Several States and Territories of the United States TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ "A Chronological Account of State Development" TN gov State of Tennessee Department of Date of original upload: April 10th, 2016
  19. ^ Author: Blue, Frederick J. Date: (Fall of 2002) Ohio's Statehood Date'' The Quarterly Journal of the Ohio Academy of History Date of original upload: September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Addressing Some Myths About Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov Archive.org date=March 24, 2013 Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ The Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board extends its warmest greetings to you. Official Organization for Mississippi's Bicentennial Events Retrieved 16 February 2017
  23. ^ Dated as "Today in History: December 3," loc gov US Congress Library
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ The fifteenth of March was marked as "Today in History" loc gov National Library of Congress
  26. ^ The tenth of August: A Day in History loc gov The United States Congress Library
  27. ^ This day in history is June 15th. loc gov The Congress Library
  28. ^ Today in Historical Perspective: January 26 loc gov Government Publishing Office
  29. ^ We welcome Texas to the Union! Today in History Media conglomerate A&E March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ May 29th is the historical date displayed as "Today." loc gov The Congress Library
  31. ^ "The Day California Became a State," September 9, 1850 CA gov Parks and Recreation Division of the State of California
  32. ^ This Day in History (11 May) loc gov The Congress Library
  33. ^ The 29th of January in History loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ Historically Speaking, June 20 loc gov The Congress Library
  35. ^ "A Convenient State": The Birth of West Virginia and the Reorganization of Virginia's Government, Part 12 Wvculture org Office of West Virginia Culture and History
  36. ^ The case was titled "Virginia v. West Virginia" and was heard in the 78th United States Supreme Court. Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ (November 2, 2014) MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. With 125 years of statehood under their belts, the Dakotas continue to be bitter rivals. Bismarck, North Dakota: AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) Reference: Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, "How the States Got Their Shapes," p. 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" Plains region encyclopedia Lincoln, Nebraska's University Retrieved Monday, February 15 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November in History loc gov The Congress Library
  43. ^ According to Linda Thatcher (2016) "Timeline of the Struggle for Statehood" historytogo utah gov The State of Utah
  44. ^ The 16th of November: A Day in History loc gov US Congress Library
  45. ^ Paul Rodgers (2011) Constitutional Law in the United States: A Primer McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

References outside the text [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • Timelines of nation-state formation 50states com
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