U.S. state membership timeline, ordered by their official entry into the Union

State names and borders on a United States map
Following the order in which the 13 original states ratified the Constitution in 1787, the remaining states were admitted to the Union.

For those unfamiliar, a state is one of the 50 individual entities that together make up the United States and share sovereignty with the federal government. Due to the division of powers between the federal government and the individual states, Americans hold dual citizenship. When referring to their full legal names, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia use the term "commonwealth" instead of "state."

The 50 states make up the main divisions of the USA. They have all the authority that is not specifically given to or forbidden to the federal government by the United States Constitution. For the most part, matters of local concern are left to the jurisdiction of individual states, such as the management of intrastate trade, the conduct of elections, the formation of municipal governments, the direction of public education, and the building and maintenance of roads not funded by the federal government. Each of the fifty states has a government that consists of an executive, legislative, and judicial branch, all of which are established by a constitution based on republican principles. [2]

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, and it includes representatives from every state and every citizen. Each state is guaranteed two senators and at least one representative, with the size of each state's delegation in the House based on that state's population as determined by the most recent decennial census required by the Constitution. Furthermore, the Electoral College, the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States, grants each state a number of electors equal to the sum of its congressional deputies and senators. [4]

The Constitution specifically gives Congress the power to Union" target="_blank">admit new states into the Union in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1. Growing from 13 at its founding in 1776, the current number of states in the United States is 50. All new states are fully integrated into the union. [5]

Statehood dates for each of the 50 U.S. states are listed below. After signing on to the United States Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the first 13 states formally became independent nations on their own right in July 1777 and became part of the first Union of States between 1777 and 1781 by ratifying the Articles of Confederation. (See below for a separate table detailing the ratification of the AoC.) These states are listed in the order in which they joined the new (and current) federal government upon ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Dates of admission for subsequent states are those officially recognized by law. [a]

List of U S states [ edit ]

State Date
(accepted or approved) Composed of 1   Delaware Seventh of December, 1787 [8]
(ratified) Colonial Delaware[b]. 2   Pennsylvania Yesterday, on the 12th of December, 1787 [10]
(ratified) Pennsylvania, a Crown Colony 3   New Jersey On this day in 1787: [11]
(ratified) Kingdom of New Jersey 4   Georgia On this day in 1788 [8]
(ratified) Georgia, a British Crown Colony 5   Connecticut 9 January 1788 [12]
(ratified) Connecticut, the Royal Colony 6   Massachusetts Earlier this year, on February 6th, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Colony of the Crown in the Bay of Massachusetts 7   Maryland April 28, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Maryland, a colonial-era province 8   Carolina del Sur May 23, 1788 [8]
(ratified) British possession in the American colony of South Carolina 9   The State of New Hampshire1 June 21, 1788 [8]
(ratified) New Hampshire, a Colony under the Crown 10   Virginia June 25, 1788 [8]
(ratified) Virginia, Dominion of the Crown and Proud Colony 11   New York July 26, 1788 [13]
(ratified) New York, a Royal Colony 12   The state of North Carolina1. On this day in 1789 [14]
(ratified) North Carolina, a former British colony 13   Providence, Rhode Island1 May 29, 1790 [8]
(ratified) State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British Colony 14   Vermont March 4, 1791 [15]
(admitted) The Republic of Vermont 15   Kentucky June 1, 1792 [16]
(admitted) (Kentucky is represented by nine counties in Virginia) 16   Tennessee June 1, 1796 [18]
(admitted) South-Western Part of the Country 17   Ohio March 1, 1803 [19][e]
(admitted) It's a section of the Northwest Territories 18   Louisiana April 30, 1812 [21]
(admitted) Orleans Territory 19   Indiana On this date in 1816:
(admitted) The State of Indiana 20   Mississippi On this day in 1817 — December 10 — [22]
(admitted) Mississippi Territory 21   Illinois The date was December 3, 1818. [23]
(admitted) An Area of Illinois 22   Alabama Friday, December 14, 1819 [24]
(admitted) The State of Alabama 23   Maine March 15, 1820 [25]
(admitted) The Bay State (Maine Congressional District) 24   Missouri Saturday, August 10th, 1821 [26]
(admitted) The State of Missouri and Adjacent Areas 25   Arkansas June 15, 1836 [27]
(admitted) State of Arkansas 26   Michigan January 26th, 1837 [28]
(admitted) The State of Michigan 27   Florida March 3, 1845
(admitted) The State of Florida 28   Texas On this day in 1845, December 29th, [29]
(admitted) Texas Republic 29   Iowa On this day in 1846:
(admitted) An Area of Iowa 30   Wisconsin May 29, 1848 [30]
(admitted) Section of Wisconsin 31   California The Nineteenth Day of September, 1850 [31]
(admitted) Disordered Lands / The Mexican Cession, Part (g) 32   Minnesota May 11, 1858 [32]
(admitted) A Section of Minnesota 33   Oregon Today in History (February 14th, 1859)
(admitted) A Section of Oregon Territory 34   Kansas On this day in 1861, January 29: [33]
(admitted) The State of Kansas, or Part of It 35   It's in West Virginia1. June 20, 1863 [34]
(admitted) Fifty counties in Virginia's Trans-Allegheny area. 36   Nevada Date: October 31, 1864
(admitted) The State of Nevada 37   Nebraska March 1, 1867
(admitted) The State of Nebraska 38   Colorado Beginning on August 1st, 1876 [37]
(admitted) The Colorado Region 39   The State of North Dakota1 Sunday, November 2, 1889 [38][i]
(admitted) North Dakota (a portion of) 40   States of America: South Dakota1 On this day in 1889, November 2 [38][i]
(admitted) Specifically the Dakota Territory. 41   Montana The Date Was November 8, 1889 [41]
(admitted) Montana, the Wild West 42   Washington On this day in 1889, November 11 [42]
(admitted) States of Washington 43   Idaho July 3, 1890
(admitted) Territory of Idaho 44   Wyoming July 10, 1890
(admitted) The State of Wyoming 45   Utah On this day in 1896: [43]
(admitted) This is Utah Country. 46   Oklahoma November 16th, 1907 [44]
(admitted) There's Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory. 47   New Mexico On this day in 1912, January 6
(admitted) The State of New Mexico 48   Arizona 14 February 1912
(admitted) In the Territory of Arizona 49   Alaska Starting on January 3rd, 1959
(admitted) Arctic Alaskan Territories 50   Hawaii On this date in 1959:
(admitted) Honolulu, Hawaii

When the Articles of Confederation were ratified [ edit ]

On November 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification. On March 1, 1781, the Articles of Confederation became active after being ratified by all 13 states. The current federal government, established under the Constitution, succeeded the general government under the Articles on March 4, 1789. [45]

State Date 1 Seal of Virginia.svg Virginia In the year 1777, on December 16th, 2 An Acronym for the State of Seal of South Carolina.svg South Carolina On this day in 1778, February 5 3 Seal of New York.svg New York Dated: February 6th, 1778 4 The Ocean State: Seal of Rhode Island.svg Rhode Island Wednesday, February 9th, 1778 5 Seal of Connecticut.svg Connecticut Twelve days after Valentine's Day, 1778 6 Seal of Georgia.svg Georgia February 26th, 1778 7 The State of Seal of New Hampshire.svg New Hampshire March 4, 1778 8 Seal of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania March 5, 1778 9 Seal of Massachusetts.svg Massachusetts March 10, 1778 10 Carolina del Norte April 5, 1778 11 Seal of New Jersey.svg New Jersey November 19th, 1778 12 Seal of Delaware.svg Delaware Starting on February 1st, 1779 13 Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg Maryland The date was February 2nd, 1781.

See also [ edit ]

  • The admission of California to the Union was one of the provisions of the Compromise of 1850, a collection of acts passed by Congress.
  • A series of bloody conflicts between anti-slavery and pro-slavery groups occurred in Kansas Territory between 1854 and 1861, a period known as "Bleeding Kansas."
  • The Enabling Act of 1889 gave the people of the Dakota, Montana, and Washington territories the right to organize themselves into states (with Dakota being split into two separate states) and to apply for admission to the Union.
  • The Oklahoma Enabling Act gave the people of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory the right to organize a state government and gain admission to the Union as a single state. The New Mexico and Arizona Admission Act did the same for the people of those territories. calling for a vote on whether or not the two areas should be combined into one state.
  • Upon passage of the Alaska Statehood Act on December 2, 1958, Alaska was officially admitted to the Union as the 49th state on January 3, 1959.

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Civil War secession and subsequent readmission to the Union of 11 states (Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas) is not reflected on this list. or the "readmission to representation in Congress" of each state after the war, since the federal government does not recognize the states as having left the Union. Even though the Constitution is silent on the subject, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot secede from the Union without the consent of the other states. [7]
  2. ^ Those three counties are sometimes referred to as "Lower Delaware" On June 15, 1776, the Delaware Assembly passed a resolution ending the colony's relationship with Great Britain and establishing "the Government of the Counties of New Castle" over the state's three counties. Sussex and Kent Upon the Delaware" [9]
  3. ^ Approximately 135 grants for unoccupied land claimed by New Hampshire west of the Connecticut River (in what is today southern Vermont) were issued by New Hampshire provincial governor Benning Wentworth between 1749 and 1764. This territory was also claimed by New York. The Green Mountain Boys emerged from the ensuing "New Hampshire Grants" dispute, and the Vermont Republic was formally established not long after. By royal order of George III in 1764, New Hampshire's claim was terminated, and in 1790, the State of New York sold Vermont its land claim for $30,000.
  4. ^ Virginia's "District of Kentucky" was officially recognized as a separate state by the Virginia General Assembly on December 18, 1789. [17]
  5. ^ Exactly when Ohio became a state is a matter of some debate. An act "authorizing the inhabitants of Ohio to form a Constitution and state government, and admission of Ohio into the Union" (Sess.) was passed by the 7th Congress on April 30, 1802 (O.H.R. 1). 1, ch 40, 2 Stat. 173) An act "providing for the execution of the laws of the United States in the State of Ohio" (Sess) was passed by the same Congress on February 19, 1803. 2, ch 7, 2 Stat. 201) However, neither statute establishes a specific date for statehood. The 83rd Congress passed a Joint resolution "for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union" (Pub. L. 83-204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted 1953) to officially establish Ohio's statehood date. Wednesday, August 7th, 1953 in accordance with a resolution passed on March 1, 1803, [20]
  6. ^ On June 19, 1819, the Massachusetts General Court passed enabling legislation separating the "District of Maine" from the rest of the State (an action approved by voters in Maine on July 19, 1819, by 17,001 to 7,132); then, on February 25, 1820, Massachusetts Governor John Adams signed the bill into law. adopted a follow-up measure recognizing Maine's impending statehood. [17]
  7. ^ The Mexican Department of Alta California encompassed most of the territory that Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War. An element of the Compromise of 1850 was the passage of the Act of Congress that admitted California as the 31st state.
  8. ^ West Virginia was officially established by an act of the General Assembly of the Restored Government of Virginia on May 13, 1862. Subsequently, in Virginia v. West Virginia (1871), the Supreme Court implicitly confirmed that the secessionist counties of Virginia had the requisite consents to form a new state. [36]
  9. ^ a b Dakotas (North and South) were the only states to be born on the same day, and they did so within minutes of each other. To ensure that no one would ever know which state became the first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled all of the statehood documents before signing them. Since "n" comes before "s" in the alphabet, North Dakota is traditionally counted as the 39th state, while South Dakota is counted as the 40th. [39][40]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Edward Erler Articles Discussing Citizenship Amendment XIV. HF: Heritage Foundation
  2. ^ The Minnesota State Legislature's Frequently Asked Questions The Minnesota Legislature
  3. ^ Kristin D Burnett Districts and Representation in Congress (Census 2010: Briefs) (PDF) U S Bureau of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Department of Commerce
  4. ^ Einer R. Elhauge Presidential Electors and the Constitutional Debate: Essays on Article II That Group Called the Heritage Foundation
  5. ^ Definition of "Doctrine of the Equality of States"1 Justia com
  6. ^ Merrill Jensen (1959). An Analysis of the Social and Constitutional History of the American Revolution under the Articles of Confederation, 1774–1781 Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press pp  xi, 184 ISBN 978-0-299-00204-6
  7. ^ The case was referred to as "Texas v. White" and it was decided in 1868 (74 U.S. Justia com
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target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-2" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">c, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">en.wikipg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">edia.org/wiki/#citg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e_rg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">eg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-3" targg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">et="_blank">d, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/#cite_reg/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f-JRVlist_9-4" target="_blank">e, g/wiki/#cite_ref-JRVlist_9-5" target="_blank">f, g, h John R. 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  9. ^ What Does "Delaware Government"1 Mean? Delaware gov Bureau of Governmental Research and Statistics, State of Delaware
  10. ^ Brief History of Pennsylvania from 1776 to 1861 (From Independence to the Civil War) PA gov Museum and Historical Commission of Pennsylvania
  11. ^ Reports from the Convention of 1787 NJ gov Office of the Secretary of State of New Jersey
  12. ^ "On This Day in History... January 9" loc gov U.S. Congress Library
  13. ^ It's July 26th, and here's what happened yesterday in history. loc gov Congress Library
  14. ^ Historically Speaking, Today Is... November 21 loc gov The Congress Library
  15. ^ Labeled as "The 14th State"1 Explore Vermont's Past Institution of Vermont History The original version was published on May 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "State Historical Park at Constitution Square" americanheritage com The American Heritage Publishing, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2019
  17. ^ a b "The Origins, Evolution, and Current Status of Their Official Names and Statuses" TheGreenPapers com
  18. ^ Called variously, "State History Chronology" TN gov Department of State of Tennessee Date of original publication: April 10, 2016
  19. ^ Frederick J. Blue During the fall of 2002. Ohio became a state on [[this]] date. The Quarterly Journal of the Ohio Academy of History Saved as the original on September 11, 2010
  20. ^ Resolving the Confusion over Ohio's Statehood
  21. ^ "Fast Facts about the State of Louisiana" louisiana gov On March 24, 2013, we archived the original version of this article. Retrieved June 15, 2016
  22. ^ Greetings, on behalf of the Mississippi Bicentennial Celebration Board Commission for the Bicentennial of Mississippi's Statehood Retrieved When February 16th rolls around, 2017
  23. ^ Historically Speaking, It's December 3rd loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  24. ^ Timeline of Alabama's Past, 1800-1850 alabama gov Retrieved June 15, 2016
  25. ^ Dated "March 15 in History" loc gov National Library of Congress
  26. ^ "On This Day in History...August 10" loc gov The Congress Library
  27. ^ History on this day (15 June) loc gov Archives of the Congress
  28. ^ January 26th is "Today in History" loc gov Library of Congress
  29. ^ Texas officially becomes a state in the United States. At This Time In History As seen on A&E Networks March 4, 2010 Retrieved April 23, 2019
  30. ^ The 29th of May: A Day in History loc gov Congress Library
  31. ^ The "Admission Day of California," which occurred on September 9, 1850. CA gov Official Website of the California State Parks and Recreation Agency
  32. ^ "On This Day in History... May 11" loc gov United States Congress Library
  33. ^ For January 29th, see "Today in History." loc gov The Congress Library
  34. ^ The 20th of June: A Day in History loc gov Congressional Library
  35. ^ "A State for Convenience," Chapter 12: The Birth of West Virginia, Reorganized Virginia Government Approves the Split. Wvculture org The Cultural Resources Section of the West Virginia Department of Administration
  36. ^ It was titled "Virginia v. West Virginia," and it was decided in a case that was numbered "78 U.S. 39" in 1870. Justia com
  37. ^ The 1st of August: A Day in History loc gov The Congress Library
  38. ^ a b The 2nd of November—Today in History loc gov The Congress Library
  39. ^ MacPherson, James, and Kevin Burbach. After 125 years of statehood, rivalry still exists in the Dakotas. In the Bismarck Tribune AP Retrieved June 29, 2020
  40. ^ Mark Stein (2008) In "How the States Got Their Shapes," published by Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, the author explains the historical processes that shaped the fifty 256
  41. ^ David J. Wishart (ed ) "Montana" A Reference Guide to the Plains Nebraska-Lincoln's State University Retrieved As of the 15th of February, 2017
  42. ^ The 11th of November Recalle[d] in History loc gov Congress Library
  43. ^ According to Linda Thatcher (2016) Timeline of the Fight for Statehood historytogo utah gov Utah, U.S.A.
  44. ^ For the 16th of November, see "Today in History." loc gov Museum of American History Library of Congress
  45. ^ Article by Paul Rodgers (2011) An Overview of U.S. Constitutional Law McFarland p  109 ISBN 978-0-7864-6017-5

Connecting to the Outside World: Some Useful Resources [ edit ]

  • "Videos of the 50 States" History com
  • "Independence Day" 50states com
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