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0 stimulus check coming for some front-line pandemic ...

15-11-2021 · 0 stimulus check coming for some front-line pandemic workers Money. by: Rachel Estrada. Posted: Nov 15, 2021 / 08:02 AM CST / Updated: Nov 15, 2021 / …

15-11-2021

HOUSTON (KIAH) – Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that 0 million in competitive grant funding will be available through the new Farm and Food Workers Relief (FFWR) grant program to help farmworkers and meatpacking workers with pandemic-related health and safety costs.

The announcement was made in press call with United Farm Workers Foundation Executive Director Diana Tellefson Torres and United Food and Commercial Workers International President Marc Perrone. Additionally, to recognize the essential role and costs borne by front-line grocery workers, million of this amount has been set aside for at least one pilot program to support grocery workers and test options for reaching them in the future. The new program is funded by the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 and is part of USDA’s Build Back Better efforts to respond and recover from the pandemic.

The program will provide relief to farmworkers, meatpacking workers, and front-line grocery workers for expenses incurred due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This relief is intended to defray costs for reasonable and necessary personal, family, or living expenses related to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as costs for personal protective equipment (PPE), dependent care, and expenses associated with quarantines and testing related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This aligns with the Administration’s efforts to revitalize the economy and provide relief to historically underserved communities. The Request for Application (RFA) will be announced in early Fall and will be open for 60 days. Additional information and technical assistance for applying to these grants and program updates will be provided by USDA when the application period opens.

“As we celebrate the social and economic achievements of our nation’s workers on Labor Day, we recognize that our farmworkers, meat packing workers, and grocery workers overcame unprecedented challenges and took on significant personal risk to ensure Americans could feed and sustain their families throughout the pandemic,” said Secretary Vilsack. “They deserve recognition for their resilience and financial support for their efforts to meet personal and family needs while continuing to provide essential services. This grant program is another component of this Administration’s efforts to ensure assistance to alleviate the effects of the pandemic is distributed to those who need it most.”

“This Labor Day, let us not forget the sacrifices farm workers made as essential workers in order to keep our food supply intact during the pandemic. And as we honor the contributions of workers across our nation, let’s show gratitude to the men and women who feed America and the world. The UFW Foundation worked tirelessly to advance legislation that would empower USDA to support farm workers throughout this pandemic,” said Diana Tellefson Torres, UFW Foundation Executive Director. “We now applaud the Biden-Harris Administration, Secretary Vilsack and USDA for recognizing the vital role of farm workers in the nation’s food security and economy, through this new program. The work is not done until this much-needed pandemic relief reaches farm workers across the nation, and we look forward to working with USDA to that end.”

“America’s meatpacking and grocery workers have been on the frontlines since the pandemic began, risking their health every day to keep our food supply secure during this crisis. This new USDA grant program recognizes the incredible service and sacrifices of our country’s essential food workers by providing the critical financial support they need, said UFCW International President Marc Perrone. “Meatpacking plants experienced some of the most deadly COVID-19 outbreaks when the pandemic first began and there are few workers more deserving of our thanks and support. Across the country, meatpacking workers have had to use their own money to pay for personal protective equipment to stay safe on the job, shoulder the burden of increased childcare costs, take on expenses from COVID-19 testing and quarantining, and much more. Grocery workers continue to face health risk during this COVID-19 Delta surge and the pilot program announced today is a strong step toward providing them with the assistance they and their families need. As the largest union for America’s essential food workers, UFCW applauds the Biden Administration and Secretary Vilsack for investing in these critical programs that will support the brave men and women in meatpacking plants and grocery stores keeping our food supply chain strong as the pandemic continues.”

Funds will be awarded through grants to state agencies, Tribal entities, and non-profit organizations serving farmworkers and meatpacking workers ranging from ,000,000 to ,000,000. USDA is setting aside million for at least one pilot to provide targeted support to front-line grocery workers. Eligible entities must demonstrate the capacity to reimburse farmworkers and meatpacking workers for up to 0 for expenses incurred due to the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) encourages grant applications that demonstrate trusted communications networks with farmworkers, meatpacking workers, and/or front-line grocery workers, as well as strong financial controls. The grant requires applicants to show connectedness to hard-to-reach worker populations either directly or in partnerships with other local organizations. Applicants should be able to describe how they will partner with smaller organizations to facilitate financial relief to such populations.

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will offer technical assistance through one or more partners and webinars for applicants to help them understand the RFA, once it is published. Additionally, grants management specialists will be available to answer any incoming questions and emails after the details are announced. For more information about upcoming webinars, grant eligibility, and program requirements, visit the FFWR webpage at www.ams.usda.gov/services/grants/ffwr, or contact us at [email protected]

Applications must be submitted electronically through www.grants.gov. A subsequent press release and materials will detail the deadlines and application procedures.

USDA will also be soon announcing a separate 0 million suite of pandemic safety and response grants for producers, processors, farmers markets, distributors, and seafood processors and vessels impacted by COVID-19.

Citing lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic and recent supply chain disruptions, earlier this month USDA announced plans to invest more than billion to strengthen critical supply chains through USDA’s Build Back Better initiative to strengthen and transform the food system, using funding from the American Rescue Plan and the Consolidated Appropriations Act. The effort will strengthen the food system, create new market opportunities, tackle the climate crisis, help communities that have been left behind, and support good-paying jobs throughout the supply chain. A transformed food system will provide producers with a greater share of the food dollar and make agriculture a more compelling career. It will also improve nutrition and the health status of Americans, reducing the costs of healthcare and diet-related diseases.

Through USDA’s Build Back Better initiative, USDA will help to ensure the food system of the future is fair, competitive, distributed, and resilient; supports health with access to healthy, affordable food; ensures growers and workers receive a greater share of the food dollar; and advances equity as well as climate resilience and mitigation.

USDA touches the lives of all Americans each day in so many positive ways. In the Biden-Harris Administration, USDA is transforming America’s food system with a greater focus on more resilient local and regional food production, fairer markets for all producers, ensuring access to safe, healthy and nutritious food in all communities, building new markets and streams of income for farmers and producers using climate smart food and forestry practices, making historic investments in infrastructure and clean energy capabilities in rural America, and committing to equity across the Department by removing systemic barriers and building a workforce more representative of America. To learn more, visit www.usda.gov.

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USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender.

Funny Inspirational Quotes Celebrating Life, Love & Struggles

26-11-2021 · Also check out these witty quotes to sharpen your cleverness. Funny inspirational quotes about life that will motivate you. No one can ever laugh too much, and these funny quotes will inspire you to smile bigger and laugh harder. As they say, “laughter is the best form of medicine”. While the doctor might not prescribe it, the ability to find humor in our situation is key for maintaining ...

26-11-2021

Laughter is the best medicine in life, and these funny inspirational quotes and sayings are guaranteed to brighten your day by putting a big beautiful smile on your face.

Funny inspirational quotes for work and life

1. “I always wanted to be somebody, but now I realize I should have been more specific.” – Lily Tomlin

Funny inspirational quotes about life

2. “If at first you don’t succeed, then skydiving definitely isn’t for you.” – Steven Wright

Funny inspirational quotes about skydiving

3. “I find television very educational. Every time someone turns it on, I go in the other room and read a book.” – Groucho Marx

200 Funny Inspirational Quotes Celebrating Life, Love, & Struggles

If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of book quotes about the power of reading from your favorite authors.

Funny inspirational quotes about reading

4. “All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence, and then success is sure.” – Mark Twain

Funny inspirational quotes about confidence

5. “If you don’t know where you are going, you might wind up someplace else.” – Yogi Berra 

Funny inspirational quotes about progress

6. “There never was a child so lovely but his mother was glad to get him asleep.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson

Funny inspirational quotes about mothers

7. “It took me fifteen years to discover I had no talent for writing, but I couldn’t give it up because by then I was too famous.” – Robert Benchley

Funny inspirational quotes about talent

Don’t forget to also check out these pieces of life advice that can change your life.

8. “Luck is what you have left over after you give 100 percent.” – Langston Coleman

Funny inspirational quotes about luck

9. “Opportunity does not knock, it presents itself when you beat down the door.” – Kyle Chandler

Funny inspirational quotes about opportunity

10. “Don’t worry about the world coming to an end today. It is already tomorrow in Australia.” – Charles Schulz

Funny inspirational quotes about the world

Also check out these witty quotes to sharpen your cleverness.

Funny inspirational quotes about life that will motivate you

No one can ever laugh too much, and these funny quotes will inspire you to smile bigger and laugh harder.

As they say, “laughter is the best form of medicine”.

While the doctor might not prescribe it, the ability to find humor in our situation is key for maintaining of sanity, patience, and peace of mind.

Believing in our future doesn’t have to be scary, and change doesn’t have to be painful.

You are allowed to have fun along the way!

Don’t hesitate to take it easy at times.

Smile at strangers, laugh at yourself, and know that you’re free to start over.

I received a request to post some funny inspirational quotes, so I went for it because I want you to be happier and focused on your goals and dreams.

These funny inspirational quotes are pretty tame (around 5 – 10 schools have made me aware that they use my blog as a quote resource), but they will surely make you smile!

On our journey towards personal greatness, it’s important that we laugh at our setbacks, slip-ups, and blunders.

Why? That’s because plenty more are on the way.

To help you stay focused and stay loose, below is our collection of funny inspirational quotes, collected from a variety of sources over the years.

And if you need some motivation to stay on your grind, be sure to check out our collection of hustle quotes.

11. “It is not the answer that enlightens, but the question.” – Eugene Ionesco Decouvertes

Funny inspirational quotes to enlighten you

12. “Life is a shipwreck but we must not forget tossing in the lifeboats.” – Voltaire

Funny inspirational quotes about shipwrecks

13. “When I hear somebody sigh, Life is hard, I am always tempted to ask, ‘Compared to what?'” – Sydney Harris

Funny inspirational quotes about hardships

14. “The elevator to success is out of order. You’ll have to use the stairs… one step at a time.” – Joe Girard

Funny inspirational quotes about the elevator to success

15. “The brain is a wonderful organ; it starts working the moment you get up in the morning, and does not stop until you get into the office.” – Robert Frost

Funny inspirational quotes about the brain

16. “We don’t stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing.” – George Bernard Shaw

Funny inspirational quotes about playing

17. “The best way to cheer yourself up is to try to cheer somebody else up.” – Mark Twain

Funny inspirational quotes to cheer you up

18. “Age is of no importance unless you’re a cheese.” – Billie Burke
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of age quotes for the young and the young at heart.

Funny inspirational quotes about what matters

19. “The minute you settle for less than you deserve, you get even less than you settled for.” – Maureen Dowd

Funny inspirational quotes about self value

20. “It takes less time to do things right than to explain why you did it wrong.” – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Funny inspirational quotes about doing things right

Don’t forget to also read these read these short inspiring quotes to fuel your day.

Funny inspirational quotes about life and career

21. “The key to success is not through achievement but through enthusiasm.” – Malcolm Forbes

Funny inspirational quotes about the key to success

22. “I cannot afford to waste my time making money.” – Louis Agassiz

Funny inspirational quotes about making money

23. “Friendship is like peeing on yourself: everyone can see it, but only you get the warm feeling that it brings.” – Robert Bloch
If you’re enjoying these quotes, you’ll love our collection of inspirational quotes for friends to show just how much they mean to you.

Funny inspirational quotes about friendship

24. “If you think you are too small to be effective, you have never been in the dark with a mosquito.” – Betty Reese

Funny inspirational quotes about self belief

25. “The difference between genius and stupidity is; genius has its limits.” – Albert Einstein

Funny inspirational quotes about stupidity

26. “Always borrow money from a pessimist. He won’t expect it back.”  – Oscar Wilde

Funny inspirational quotes about pessimism

27. “When you do not know what you are doing and what you are doing is the best – that is inspiration.” – Robert Bresson

Funny inspirational quotes to uplift

28. “My therapist told me the way to achieve true inner peace is to finish what I start. So far I’ve finished two bags of M&Ms and a chocolate cake. I feel better already.”  – Dave Barry

Funny inspirational quotes about inner peace

29. “People say nothing is impossible, but I do nothing every day.” – A.A. Milne

Funny inspirational quotes about possibilities

30. “I didn’t fail the test. I just found 100 ways to do it wrong.” – Benjamin Franklin

Also, check out these thoughtful wallpaper quotes to inspire your life.

Funny Inspirational quotes for life

31. “Too much of a good thing can be wonderful.” – Mae West

32. “Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work.” – Thomas Edison

33. “You can’t wait for inspiration. You have to go after it with a club.” – Jack London

34. “You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself any direction you choose. You’re on your own. And you know what you know. And YOU are the one who’ll decide where to go.” – Dr. Seuss

35. “A diamond is merely a lump of coal that did well under pressure.” – Unknown

36. “Never put off until tomorrow what you can do the day after tomorrow.” – Mark Twain

37. “Life is like a sewer – what you get out of it depends on what you put into it.” – Tom Lehrer

38. “Never let your sense of morals prevent you from doing what is right.” – Isaac Asimov

39. “Failure is the condiment that gives success its flavor.” – Truman Capote

40. “People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing; that’s why we recommend it daily.” – Zig Ziglar

If you’re enjoying this article, you’ll also love these great quotes about life, success, love and family.

Short funny quotes and sayings about work

41. “If you’re going to be able to look back on something and laugh about it, you might as well laugh about it now.” – Marie Osmond

42. “I have a simple philosophy: Fill what is empty. Empty what is full. Scratch where it itches.” – Alice Roosevelt Longworth

43. “Even a stopped clock is right twice every day. After some years, it can boast of a long series of successes.” – Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach

44. “You must learn from the mistakes of others. You can’t possibly live long enough to make them all yourself.” – Sam Levenson

45. “Honest criticism is hard to take, particularly from a relative, a friend, an acquaintance, or a stranger.” – Franklin P. Jones

46. “You can live to be a hundred if you give up all the things that make you want to live to be a hundred.” –  Woody Allen

47. “The more you weigh, the harder you are to kidnap. Stay safe. Eat cake.”

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48. “Dear life, when I said: ‘Can my day get any worse?’ It was rhetorical, not a challenge.”

49. “Cleaning up is just putting stuff in less obvious places.”

50. “It amazes me how much exercise and extra fires sound alike.”

You might also like these motivational cheer quotes that will make your day better.

More funny inspirational quotes and sayings

51. “I want to be like a caterpillar. Eat a lot. Sleep for a while. Wake up beautiful.”

52. “In m defense, I was left unsupervised.”

53. “Taking naps sounds so childish. I prefer to call them horizontal life pauses.”

54. I walk around like everything is fine. But deep down, inside my show, my sock is sliding off.”

55. “It’s called Karma, and it’s pronounced, ‘Haha, f*** you ‘.”

56. “If we’re not meant to have midnight snacks, why is there a light in the fridge?”

57. “I think my guardian angel drinks.”

58. “So it turns out that being an adult is really just Googling how to do stuff.”

59. “I don’t think there will be enough coffee or middle fingers for this Monday.”
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of monday motivation quotes to help you get the week started.

60. “Don’t give up on your dreams. Keep sleeping!”

Funny inspirational quotes to motivate you

61. Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work.
Thomas Eddison

62. If you try to fail, and succeed, which have you done? – George Carli

63. If you’re going to be thinking, you may as well think big. – Donald Trump

64. My fake plants died because I did not pretend to water them. – Mitch Hedberg

65. “You must pay for your sins. If you have already paid, please ignore this notice.” — Sam Levenson

66. “It’s okay to look at the past and the future. Just don’t stare.” — Lisa Lieberman-Wang

67. Get your facts first, then you can distort them as you please. – Mark Twain

68. “I have to be successful because I like expensive things.” — Lisa Lieberman-Wang

69. “Hating people is like burning down your own home to get rid of a rat.” — Harry Emerson Fosdick

70. I am blessed with a funny gene that makes me enjoy life. – Karan Patel

Funny inspirational quotes for everyone

71. “Listen, smile, agree, and then do whatever you were gonna do anyway.“ – Robert Downey Jr.

72. “Wisdom comes from experience. Experience is often a result of lack of wisdom.” – Terry Pratchett

73. “The reason I talk to myself is because I’m the only one whose answers I accept.” – George Carlin
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of George Carlin quotes to from the iconic comedian.

74. “Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds.” – Albert Einstein

75. “I figured something out. The future is unpredictable.” – John Green

76. “To succeed in life, you need three things: a wishbone, a backbone and a funny bone.” – Reba McEntire

77. “You grow up the day you have your first real laugh – at yourself.” – Ethel Barrymore

78. “A mind is like a parachute. It doesn’t work if it is not open.” – Frank Zappa

79. “Remember, today is the tomorrow you worried about yesterday.” – Dale Carnegie

80. “Aspire to inspire before we expire.” – Eugene Bell Jr

Funny inspirational quotes to enrich your day

81. “I was never really insane except upon occasions when my heart was touched.” – Edgar Allan Poe

82. “Think left and think right and think low and think high. Oh, the thinks you can think up if only you try!” – Dr. Seuss

83. “Be nice to nerds. You may end up working for them. We all could.”
Charles J. Sykes

84. “By working faithfully eight hours a day you may eventually get to be boss and work twelve hours a day.” – Robert Frost

Don’t forget to also check out these motivational quotes of the day for daily rejuvenation.

85. “Life doesn’t imitate art, it imitates bad television.” – Woody Allen

86. “Here is a test to find whether your mission on earth is finished – If you’re alive it isn’t.” – Richard Bach

87. “We are all here on earth to help others; what on earth the others are here for I don’t know.” – W. H. Auden

88. “The road to success is dotted with many tempting parking spaces.” – Will Rogers

89. “Optimist: someone who figures that taking a step backward after taking a step forward is not a disaster, it’s more like a cha-cha.” – Robert Brault

90. “Even if you are on the right track, you’ll get run over if you just sit there.” – Will Rogers

Funny inspirational quotes to uplift you everyday

91. “Better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt.”– Abraham Lincoln

92. “Light travels faster than sound. This is why some people appear bright until you hear them speak.”– Alan Dundes

93. “The average dog is a nicer person than the average person.”– Andy Rooney
If you’re enjoying these quotes, you’ll love our collection of funny dog quotes to make you LOL with your furry best friends.

94. “If you want your children to listen, try talking softly to someone else.”
Ann Landers

95. “The world is full of magical things patiently waiting for our wits to grow sharper.”– Bertrand Russell

96. “Be who you are and say what you feel, because those who mind don’t matter and those who matter don’t mind.”– Bernard Baruch

97. “The surest sign that intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe is that it has never tried to contact us.”– Bill Watterson

98. “Money won’t buy happiness, but it will pay the salaries of a large research staff to study the problem.”– Bill Vaughan

99. “A bank is a place that will lend you money if you can prove that you don’t need it.”– Bob Hope

100. “A day without laughter is a day wasted.”– Charlie Chaplin
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to check out our collection of laughter quotes proving why it’s the best medicine.

Funny inspirational quotes about life and love

101. “They say marriages are made in Heaven. But so is thunder and lightning.”– Clint Eastwood

102. “By the time a man realizes that his father was right, he has a son who thinks he’s wrong.”– Charles Wadsworth

103. “Laughing at our mistakes can lengthen our own life. Laughing at someone else’s can shorten it.”– Cullen Hightower

104. “If you’re going to tell people the truth, be funny or they’ll kill you.”– Billy Wilder

105. “I was born to make mistakes, not to fake perfection.”– Drake

106. “Do not take life too seriously. You will never get out of it alive.”– Elbert Hubbard

107. “If you live to be one hundred, you’ve got it made. Very few people die past that age.”– George Burns

108. “I was thinking about how people seem to read the Bible a whole lot more as they get older; then it dawned on me – they’re cramming for their final exam.” – George Carlin

109. “If you’re going to do something tonight that you’ll be sorry for tomorrow morning, sleep late.”– Henny Youngman

110. “Women are wiser than men because they know less and understand more.”– James Thurber

Funny inspirational quotes to laugh about

111. “He who laughs last didn’t get the joke.”– Charles de Gaulle

112. “Education is learning what you didn’t even know you didn’t know.”– Daniel J. Boorstin

113. “We never really grow up, we only learn how to act in public.”– Bryan White

114. “A failure is like fertilizer; it stinks to be sure, but it makes things grow faster in the future.”– Denis Waitley

115. “The cure for boredom is curiosity. There is no cure for curiosity.”– Dorothy Parker
If you’re enjoying these quotes, you’ll love our collection of Dorothy Parker quotes that will help you uncover life’s secrets.

116. “A woman is like a tea bag – you can’t tell how strong she is until you put her in hot water.”– Eleanor Roosevelt

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117. “Leave something for someone but dont leave someone for something.”– Enid Blyton

118. “Good advice is something a man gives when he is too old to set a bad example.”– Francois de La Rochefoucauld

119. “I’m in shape. Round is a shape.”– George Carlin

120. “Haters are just confused admirers because they can’t figure out the reason why everyone loves you.”– Jeffree Star
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to check out our collection of confused quotes about the ups and downs of life.

Funny inspirational quotes that will make you laugh and think

121. “I believe that if life gives you lemons, you should make lemonade… And try to find somebody whose life has given them vodka, and have a party.”– Ron White

122. “It takes considerable knowledge just to realize the extent of your own ignorance.”– Thomas Sowell

123. “Have no fear of perfection. You’ll never reach it.”– Salvador Dali

124. “Every man is guilty of all the good he did not do.” – Voltaire

125. “I don’t want any yes-men around me. I want everybody to tell me the truth even if it costs them their job.”– Samuel Goldwyn

126. “Women who seek to be equal with men lack ambition.” – Marilyn Monroe

127. “You cannot be anything if you want to be everything.” – Solomon Schechter

128. “The question isn’t who is going to let me, it’s who is going to stop me.” – Ayn Rand

129. “To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research.”– Steven Wright
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of Steven Wright quotes to make you laugh.

130. “Live each day like it’s your second to the last. That way you can fall asleep at night.” – Jason Love

Funny inspirational quotes to make your day better

131. “It’s true hard work never killed anybody, but I figure, why take the chance?”– Ronald Reagan

132. “I know that there are people who do not love their fellow man, and I hate people like that!”– Tom Lehrer

133. “A verbal contract isn’t worth the paper it’s written on.”– Samuel Goldwyn

134. “You’re only given a little spark of madness. You mustn’t lose it.” – Robin Williams

135. “If there are no stupid questions, then what kind of questions do stupid people ask? Do they get smart just in time to ask questions?”– Scott Adams

136. “Trying is the first step toward failure.” – Homer Simpson

137. “It does not matter whether you win or lose, what matters is whether I win or lose!”– Steven Weinberg

138. “If you think you are too small to be effective, you have never been in the dark with a mosquito.” – Betty Reese

139. “You can’t have everything. Where would you put it?”– Steven Wright

140. “When life gives you lemons, squirt someone in the eye.” – Cathy Guisewite

Funny inspirational quotes to put a smile on your face

141. “Always remember that you are unique – just like everybody else.” –Unknown

142. “Today’s opportunities erase yesterday’s failures.” – Gene Brown

143. “It could be that your purpose in life is to serve as a warning to others.” – Ashleigh Brilliant

144. “If you dig a grave for others you may fall into it yourself.” – Irish Proverbs

145. “The trouble with having an open mind, of course, is that people will insist on coming along and trying to put things in it.” – Terry Pratchett

146. “See the world like a big wardrobe. Everybody has his own costume. There is only one that fits you perfectly.” – George Harris

147. “The best things in life are actually really expensive.” – Unknown

148. “The mind is like a clock that is constantly running down. It has to be wound up daily with good thoughts.” – Fulton J. Sheen

149. “Cause your facial expression to change – smile.” – Catherine Pulsifer

150. “Fire and swords are slow engines of destruction, compared to the tongue of a gossip.” – Richard Steele

Don’t forget to also check out these words of wisdom to bring out the best in you.

Funny inspirational quotes that will lift your mood

151. “The light at the end of the tunnel has been turned off due to budget cuts.” – Unknown

152. “A man who correctly guesses a woman’s age may be smart, but he’s not very bright.” – Lucille Ball

153. “When tempted to fight fire with fire, remember that the Fire Department usually uses water.”- Unknown

154. “If you reach for a star, you might not get one. But you won’t come up with a hand full of mud either.” – Leo Burnett

155. “Well-behaved women seldom make history.” – Laurel Thatcher Ulrich

156. “You can’t experience simple joys when you’re living life with your hair on fire.” – Emily Ley

157. “A clear conscience is a sure sign of a bad memory.” – Mark Twain

158. “If your capacity to acquire has outstripped your capacity to enjoy, you are on the way to the scrap-heap.” – Glen Buck

159. “Actually being funny is mostly telling the truth about things.” – Bernard Sahlins

160. “Common sense and a sense of humor are the same thing, moving at different speeds. A sense of humor is just common sense, dancing.” – William James

You might also like these birthday quotes celebrating life, age and friendships.

Funny motivational quotes to uplift you

161. “If a cluttered desk is a sign of a cluttered mind, of what, then, is an empty desk a sign?” – Albert Einstein

162. “There’s never enough time to do all the nothing you want.” – Bill Watterson

163. “Stories of imagination tend to upset those without one.” – Terry Pratchett

164. “If you hit the target every time it’s too near or too big.” – Tom Hirshfield

165. “Things work out best for those who make the best of how things work out.” —John Wooden

166. “Life is a blank canvass, and you need to throw all the paint on it you can.” – Danny Kaye

167. “Whoever said, ‘It’s not whether you win or lose that counts,’ probably lost.” – Martina Navratilova

168. “Life is like photography. You need the negatives to develop.”
Unknown

169. “Consider the postage stamp: its usefulness consists in the ability to stick to one thing ’til it gets there.” – Josh Billings

170. “There are no traffic jams along the extra mile.” – Roger Staubach

You might also like these quotes on life lessons to help you move on.

Funny inspirational quotes that will make your day

171. “If we threw our problems in a pile and saw everyone else’s, we’d grab ours back.” – Regina Brett

172. “Those are my principles, and if you don’t like them… well, I have others.” – Groucho Marx

173. “Life isn’t finding shelter in the storm. It’s about learning to dance in the rain.” – Sherrilyn Kenyon

If you’re enjoying these quotes, read our collection of dance quotes to help you find the perfect words about movement.

174. “In the business world, everyone is paid in two coins: cash and experience. Take the experience first; the cash will come later.” – Harold Geneen

175. “When everyone thinks alike, no one thinks very much.” – Walter Lippmann

176. “What you do speaks so loud that I cannot hear what you say.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson

177. “I know worrying works, because none of the stuff I worried about ever happened.” – Will Rogers

178. “The reason so few people are successful is no one has yet found a way for someone to sit down and slide uphill.” – W. Clement Stone

179. “Women will never be as successful as men because they have no wives to advise them.” – Dick Van Dyke

180. “I believe in the discipline of silence, and could talk for hours about it.”
George Bernard Shaw

Funny inspirational quotes about life and happiness

181. “If you think you are too small to make a difference, try sleeping with a mosquito.” – Dalai Lama

182. “Live in the sunshine, swim the sea, drink the wild air.” — Ralph Waldo Emerson

183. “A smile is an inexpensive way to change your looks.” – Charles Gordy
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of smile quotes to help keep a smile on your face.

Related  Moving Quotes to Inspire You to Keep Going

184. “Life shrinks or expands in proportion to one’s courage.” – Anais Nin

185. “Happiness is having a large, loving, caring, close-knit family in another city.” – George Burns

186. “Too many of us are not living our dreams because we are living our fears.” – Les Brown

187. “Always remember that you are absolutely unique. Just like everyone else.” – Margaret Mead

188. “I knew I was going to take the wrong train, so I left early.” – Yogi Berra

189. “A few harmless flakes working together can unleash an avalanche of destruction.” – Justin Sewell

190. “Life is not about how fast you run, or how high you climb, but how well you bounce.” – Unknown

Funny inspirational quotes to keep you going forward

191. “Life is too short to be serious all the time. So, if you can’t laugh at yourself, Call me….I’ll laugh at you.” – Unknown

192. “The only place where your dreams become impossible is in your own thinking.”– Robert H Shuller

193. “I am an optimist. It does not seem too much use being anything else.”- Winston Churchill

194. “It’s a funny thing about life, once you begin to take note of the things you are grateful for, you begin to lose sight of the things that you lack.”– Germany Kent

195. “Change is not a four-letter word… but often your reaction to it is!” – Jeffrey Gitomer

196. “The trouble with the rat-race is that, even if you win, you’re still a rat.” – Lily Tomlin

197. “What is the difference between an obstacle and an opportunity? Our attitude toward it. Every opportunity has a difficult, and every difficulty has an opportunity.”– J. Sidlow Baxter

If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of opportunity quotes about making the most of a situation.

198. “There’s power in looking silly and not caring that you do.” – Amy Poehler

199. “You can, you should, and if you’re brave enough to start, you will.”
Stephen King

200. “The great thing about getting older is that you don’t lose all the other ages you’ve been.” – Madeleine L’Engle
If you’re enjoying these quotes, you’ll love our collection of getting older quotes that will make you embrace the beauty in aging.

Hilarious and funny inspirational quotes

201. “Never follow anyone else’s path, unless you’re in the woods and you’re lost.” – Ellen DeGeneres

202. “I have a simple philosophy: Fill what’s empty. Empty what’s full. Scratch where it itches.” – Alice Roosevelt Longworth

203. “To become truly great, one has to stand with people, not above them.” – Baron de Montesquieu

204. “I’ve been on a calendar, but I’ve never been on time.” – Marilyn Monroe

205. “A fanatic is one who can’t change his mind and won’t change the subject.” – Winston Churchill

206. “The dumbest people I know are those who know it all.” – Malcolm Forbes

207. “Don’t let schooling interfere with your education.” – Mark Twain

208. “When I was born I was so surprised I didn’t talk for a year and a half.” – Gracie Allen

209. “I was gratified to be able to answer promptly, and I did. I said I didn’t know.” – Mark Twain

210. “Good things come to those who initiate.” – Susan RoAne
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of vine quotes that showcase some of the most hilarious moments from the short-lived site.

Funny inspirational quotes to lift your mood

211. “Any fool can criticize, condemn and complain – and most fools do.” –Benjamin Franklin

212. “If you want something said, ask a man. If you want something done, ask a woman.” – Margaret Thatcher

213. “An onion can make people cry but there’s never been a vegetable that can make people laugh.” – Will Rogers

214. “To think is easy. To act is hard. But the hardest thing in the world is to act in accordance with your thinking.” – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

215. “Know the rules well, so you can break them effectively.” – Dalai Lama

216. “A man is not paid for having a head and hands, but for using them.” –
Elbert Hubbard

217. “If you are not your own doctor, you are a fool.” – Hippocrates

218. “Middle age is when your age starts to show around your middle.” – Bob Hope

219. “The only fool bigger than the person who knows it all is the person who argues with him.” – Stanislaw Jerzy Lec

220. “If you don’t have wrinkles, you haven’t laughed enough.” –
Phyllis Diller

Funny inspirational quotes to brighten your day

221. “Taking an interest in what others are thinking and doing is often a much more powerful form of encouragement than praise.” – Robert Martin
If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of encouraging quotes to help keep you going.

222. “You’re at your best when you don’t know what you’re doing.” – Paul Stanley

223. “A day without sunshine is like, you know, night.” – Steve Martin

224. “A good time for laughing is when you can.” – Jessamyn West

225. “Focus, focus, focus! What am I, a telescope?” – Naruto Uzumaki
If you’re enjoying these quotes, you’ll love our collection of Naruto quotes about life, success and relationships.

226. “Always be nice to your children because they are the ones who will choose your rest home.” – Phyllis Diller

227. “I’ll probably never fully become what I wanted to be when I grew up, but that’s probably because I wanted to be a ninja princess.” – Cassandra Duffy

228. “Free your mind and your ass will follow.” – George Clinton

229. “I’m not confused. I’m just well mixed.” – Robert Frost

230. “If you don’t know where you are, a map won’t help.” – Watts Humphrey

Other funny inspirational quotes

231. “Change is not a four letter word… but often your reaction to it is!” – Jeffrey Gitomer

232. “Girls have got balls. They’re just a little higher up, that’s all.” – Joan Jett

If you’re enjoying this article, be sure to also check out our collection of inspirational pictures quotes that will help push you to keep moving forward.

233. “I intend to live forever. So far, so good.” – Steven Wright

234. “I’ve got all the money I’ll ever need, if I die by four o’clock.” – Henny Youngman

235. “If you fall, I’ll always be there.” – The Floor

236. “There’s a little truth in all jive, and a little jive in all truth.” – Leonard Barnes

237. “Good things come to those who wait… greater things come to those who get off their ass and do anything to make it happen.” –Unknown

238. “To do nothing is sometimes a good remedy.” – Hippocrates

239. “When you’re riding, only the race in which you’re riding is important.” – Bill Shoemaker

240. “People who fly into a rage always make a bad landing.” – Will Rogers

241. “When life puts you in a tough situation, don’t say ‘Why me?’, say ‘Try me’.” — Lisa Lieberman-Wang

242. “Work until your bank account looks like a phone number.” – Unknown

243. Whatever you do, always give 100%. Unless you’re donating blood.” —Bill Murray

245. “Seize the moment. Remember all those women on the ‘Titanic’ who waved off the dessert cart.” —Erma Bombeck

246. “My advice is not to wait to be struck by an idea. If you’re a writer, you sit down and damn well decide to have an idea. That’s the way to get an idea.” —Andy Rooney

Don’t forget to also check out our collection of quotes about having fun and enjoying your life.

Which humorous and funny inspirational quotes were your favorite?

Humor is the spice of life. When we have a sense of humor, we look for the good in life, in other people and in ourselves.

Hopefully, these funny inspirational quotes will help you stay focused and stay loose. Keep them close to help make your journey through life more pleasurable.

Did you enjoy these funny inspirational quotes? What other funny motivational quotes about life would you add to the list? Tell us in the comment section below.

November 26, 2021 6:00 AM EST

FedEx driver dumped packages in ravine at least 6 times ...

30-11-2021 · A FedEx Ground driver dumped hundreds of packages in a Blount County ravine at least six different times, Sheriff Mark Moon said Tuesday. The driver’s identity has not been publicly released ...

30-11-2021

A FedEx Ground driver dumped hundreds of packages in a Blount County ravine at least six different times, Sheriff Mark Moon said Tuesday.

The driver’s identity has not been publicly released, but FedEx officials told AL.com Monday that the driver is no longer providing service on behalf of the company.

Moon said FedEx is now a victim of six different theft of property cases involving about 450 individual victims.

Some of those are Blount County residents and some are not, the sheriff said.

“Investigators are attempting to work their cases,’’ Moon said. “This will not be an easy or fast case to close.”

Blount County District Attorney Pamela Casey said her office will be reviewing the documents and investigation being performed by FedEx.

“At this point, our office has not received the investigative file from FedEx, who performed the interviews in this case,” Casey said.

The discovery was made Wednesday, Nov. 24, when 400-plus packages of various sizes were found in the ditch off River Oak Trail on private property near Hayden.

Blount County sheriff’s deputies were sent to guard the scene until FedEx workers could arrive to pick up the packages, Moon said. FedEx sent multiple trucks and drivers from across the South to load up the packages, Moon said.

FedEx released this statement Monday: “The security of our customers’ shipments is a top priority, and we are committed to treating our customers’ packages with the utmost care,’’ the statement read.

“We regret the inconvenience this situation has caused and appreciate our customers’ understanding throughout the package recovery process. Where possible, recovered packages are being delivered to the intended recipients. In the event of a damaged shipment, we will make every effort to work with the affected shippers to reach a resolution.”

How to find your polling place in Kansas and Wichita

01-11-2021 · Polling places in Kansas close at 7 p.m. The off-year elections feature local contests for the mayor, city council and school boards. In addition, some voters will be voting on school bond updates ...

01-11-2021

by: Ryan Newton

Posted: / Updated:

WICHITA, Kan. (KSNW) – Tuesday is the general election in Kansas. Polling places in Kansas close at 7 p.m.

The off-year elections feature local contests for the mayor, city council and school boards. In addition, some voters will be voting on school bond updates and other measures.

To find your assigned polling place, click here for the VoterView link to find your polling place and sample ballot.

In Sedgwick County, polls open at 6 a.m. Both machine voting and paper ballot voting options are available.

So far, several people have taken advantage of early in-person voting, which wrapped up at noon on Monday.

“We have had several folks come out and take advantage of early in-person voting, around 7,000,” said Angela Caudillo, Sedgwick County Election Commissioner. “Additionally, we’ve received around 6,500 advance by mail ballots back, so with a little over 320,000 eligible to vote in this election, that puts us just right at 4% for the time being.”

If you have a mail-in ballot, you can drop it in the mail by tomorrow.

“It needs to be postmarked by tomorrow (Nov. 2) and received in our office by the Friday after Election Day,” said Claudillo.

There are 14 drop boxes for ballots located throughout the county. There is also a small box inside the polling place for mail-in ballots.

Copyright 2021 Nexstar Media Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Download the KSN News App and stay up-to-date wherever you are. You can even watch KSN News live for free!
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by Daniel Fair /

WICHITA, Kan. (KSNW) — Iowa State and former Wichita Northwest running back Breece Hall has declared for the 2022 NFL Draft and will forgo his senior season and the Cheez-It bowl.

"Playing for Iowa State has been nothing short of a gift," Hall wrote in an Instagram post. "The last three years, this team has defined five-star culture and I could not be more grateful to be a part of that."

by Michael Bartiromo, Nexstar Media Wire /

(NEXSTAR) – A man from Mississippi is facing up to five years in federal prison after admitting to shining lasers at planes flying into the Memphis airport.

Eugene Conrad, 52, pleaded guilty in court earlier this week, federal prosecutors announced Thursday.

by Athina Morris, Nexstar Media Wire /

TAMPA, Fla. (WFLA) – A Florida man has been banned from flying with United Airlines after attempting to wear a pair of thong underwear over his face instead of a mask.

The passenger now tells WFLA he's attempted this same stunt about 20 times before.

Video

Pa. election 2021: Polling places, mail ballot details ...

18-10-2021 · Everything you need to vote in the 2021 Pa. election, including key dates, how to find your polling place, and guides to the most consequential races.

18-10-2021

Spotlight PA is an independent, nonpartisan newsroom powered by The Philadelphia Inquirer in partnership with PennLive/The Patriot-News, TribLIVE/Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, and WITF Public Media. Sign up for our free newsletters.

HARRISBURG — The Nov. 2, 2021 Pennsylvania election is fast approaching.

Voters statewide — regardless of party affiliation — will elect a new Pennsylvania Supreme Court justice as well as judges at all levels of the judicial system. Municipal positions such as mayor, school board director, and council member will also be on the ballot.

Below, Spotlight PA answers some of the most frequently asked questions about the voting process and this fall’s races. And join us on Oct. 21 at noon for a free virtual panel on this election and why it matters.

Monday, Oct. 18 was the last day you could register to vote in the Nov. 2 election.

How can I request a mail ballot?

A registered voter can request a mail ballot from their county election office by filling out this form by 5 p.m. Oct. 26.

You can also go to your county election office (find the address here), request a mail ballot there, fill it out, and return it on the spot.

I have a mail ballot. How do I return it?

You have at least two options. Option one: Mail your ballot back to your county election office. Some counties pay for the postage, while others don’t, so pay attention to the writing on the envelope.

Option two: In all 67 counties, a voter can return their own ballot to a local election office in person (again, find the address here). Some counties have set up satellite offices and drop boxes. Look up those locations here.

This part is extra important: Ballots must be received by the county election office before 8 p.m. on Election Day. Plan accordingly.

Can I vote in person?

Yes! Find your polling place here.

Which judicial races will be on the ballot? Which courts are responsible for which rulings? Which courts set cash bail?

Voters will be asked to make choices on a number of judicial races, including those for Pennsylvania’s three statewide appellate courts: Supreme, Superior, and Commonwealth.

Commonwealth Court handles new civil cases as well as actions brought against state agencies, while Superior Court hears criminal and civil appeals from the county courts.

The state Supreme Court is the ultimate arbiter of legal disputes. Since the beginning of 2020, the high court has handed down highly consequential election and pandemic decisions. The justices in 2018 also threw out the state’s congressional map, finding it was drawn unfairly to benefit Republicans.

>> READ MORE: A full guide to Pennsylvania’s 2021 Supreme Court election and other appellate judicial races

Depending on where you live, you may also be asked to vote on candidates for Court of Common Pleas, a municipal court, or a magisterial district court.

Pennsylvania’s 512 local magistrates set cash bail and preside over the kinds of disputes many of us might encounter someday, such as a small-claims case with a home contractor, a traffic offense, a violation of a local ordinance, or a disagreement with a landlord.

District judges must run for reelection every six years, and not every voter will be asked to weigh in during this election cycle. So is your local magistrate on the ballot? It’s a basic question that, depending on where you live, can be surprisingly tough to answer.

The first barrier is finding out who your magistrate is. Pennsylvania’s central court system maintains a list of all magistrates by county and district (Philadelphia uses a different system and is excluded). Figuring out which district you live in can be a challenge. For example, it’s easy in Lehigh County, which has a lookup tool, but tougher in Lancaster County, which publishes only a static map.

The best place to look for that information is on your county government’s website. Then, visit your county’s election division for a list of candidates or sample ballot to see if your district judge is up for reelection.

Investigating an incumbent or challenger’s qualifications is also difficult. Candidates aren’t evaluated or given a rating by the Pennsylvania Bar Association — it reviews only the qualifications of people running for appellate court seats. And local coverage of these races is spotty, at best.

That’s a significant lack of scrutiny for judges who make ,338 a year, with the possibility of a pension and lifetime health care. As a Spotlight PA/PennLive investigation found, there are also huge variations in their workloads. In 2019, 10% of district judges had at least 60 days without court appearances, above and beyond holidays, weekends, and training days.

One measure you can consider for incumbents is how many days of the year they did (or didn’t) have court proceedings using this tool.

The best way to find this out is to look up a sample ballot before Election Day, which some counties allow voters to do online. If that’s not an option in your area, use the League of Women Voters’ Vote411 tool.

You should be prepared to vote on school board candidates. These races are receiving an unusually high level of attention this fall because of the extreme views of many candidates. That’s why it’s even more important to vet the names on your ballot.

>> READ MORE: A basic guide to vetting your local candidates in Pennsylvania’s 2021 school board elections

Language in this story was adapted from a May 2021 primary guide as well as from other Spotlight PA election coverage.

WHILE YOU’RE HERE… If you learned something from this story, pay it forward and become a member of Spotlight PA so someone else can in the future at spotlightpa.org/donate. Spotlight PA is funded by foundations and readers like you who are committed to accountability journalism that gets results.

Election Day 2021 In Atlanta: When, Where To Vote ...

01-11-2021 · The City of Atlanta will hold elections on Nov. 2 for Mayor, City Council, municipal judges, and School Board seats.

01-11-2021

ATLANTA — Nov. 2 is here for Atlanta voters, and residents who haven't already gone to early voting locations or submitted their absentee ballots via mail, can still go to the polls or deliver absentee ballots to drop boxes or at voting polls.

Up for grabs are nine Atlanta School Board seats, 10 Municipal judgeships, 15 City Council seats, the City Council President chair, and the job of Atlanta Mayor for which the sitting head of City Hall, Keisha Lance Bottoms, won't be seeking re-election.

While the Atlanta mayoral race includes 14 candidates, the latest and final poll conducted by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and University of Georgia's School of Public & International Affairs and released late last week shows current City Council President Felicia Moore and former mayor Kasim Reed in a statistical tie with City Councilmember Andre Dickens in second place more than 14 percentage points behind.

If no candidate in any race reaches 50 percent plus one vote, a general run-off election will be held on Nov. 30 between the top two candidates in each race moved to the run-off.

Here's some information to help you prepare for Election Day in Atlanta.

Dates

  • November 2, 2021: November General Municipal and Special Election
  • November 19, 2021: Last day to submit absentee ballot application for the November General Municipal and Special Election Runoff

Election Day

Polls will be open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. on Election Day in Atlanta, Nov. 2. If you are in line by 8 p.m., you are allowed to cast your ballot.

On Election Day, you must vote at your designated polling place. You can find your assigned polling location on your voter registration card, by logging into the Secretary of State's My Voter Page, or by contacting your County Board of Registrar's Office.

When you get to your polling place, show your photo ID to the poll worker. A poll worker will check your photo ID, verify that you are registered and at the correct polling location, issue you a voter access card or ballot, whichever is applicable, and allow you to vote. Learn how to vote at polling places in Georgia.

On Election Day, voters must vote at their designated precinct. Because Atlanta comprises Fulton and DeKalb counties there are two lists for polling 2021 polling places:

Absentee Ballots

All absentee ballots for City of Atlanta voting must be received by the Fulton County Department of Registration and Elections by 8 p.m. on Election Day. Residents can return their absentee ballot by mail or in one of the Fulton County Absentee Ballot Drop Boxes. Absentee ballots are no longer available as the last day to request them was Oct. 22.

Absentee voting will be different this year with Georgia's new voting law. Last year, the State Election Board allowed local election offices to set up secure absentee drop boxes as long as there was around-the-clock video surveillance. But starting this year, drop boxes must be located inside the county's election office or early voting locations.

To vote in person or apply for an absentee ballot, you will need to show ID. There are six acceptable forms of photo ID:

  • Georgia Driver's License, even if expired
  • Valid ID issued by any state or the Federal Government
  • Valid employee ID issued by the Federal Government, the State of Georgia, or a county, city, or other government entity of Georgia
  • Valid US passport
  • Valid US military ID
  • Valid tribal ID

If you are applying for an absentee ballot or you are a first-time registrant by mail who has not already provided a photo ID, there are five more forms of ID you can use:

  • Current utility bill
  • Bank statement
  • Government check
  • Paycheck
  • Other government document

If you do not have an acceptable photo ID, you can get one free of charge from the Department of Driver Services or 4380 Memorial Drive. You must provide:

A photo identity document or approved non-photo identity document that includes your full legal nameDocumentation showing your date of birthEvidence that you are a registered voterDocumentation showing your name and residential address

For more information about Georgia's ID requirements, visit the Secretary of State's page.

Early voting begins in Williamson, Travis county elections ...

18-10-2021 · Travis County polling locations will be open Mondays through Saturdays 7 a.m.-7 p.m. and Sundays noon-6 p.m. RELATED STORIES • Taco Palenque opens in Round Rock as drive-thru only

18-10-2021

Early voting began Oct. 18 for the Nov. 2 election. (Community Impact Newspaper file photo)
Early voting began Oct. 18 for the Nov. 2 election. (Community Impact Newspaper file photo)

Early voting began Oct. 18 for the Nov. 2 election. (Community Impact Newspaper file photo)

The first day of early voting has arrived with Oct. 18 marking the first day that Round Rock residents can cast their ballots ahead of Election Day on Nov. 2 in Travis and Williamson counties.Round Rock residents will not see a city or school district election on the ballot this year, as no City Council or school board seats have terms set to expire in 2021. However, Round Rock ISD board of trustees seats for at-large places 3, 4, 5 and 6 have terms that will expire in 2022 along with places 2 and 6 on the City Council.

On the ballot for Round Rock, voters can weigh in on eight statewide constitutional amendments. Early voting runs from Oct. 18-23 and Oct. 25-29, and Williamson County voters can cast their vote at any early polling location in the county.

In Round Rock, the early polling locations are:

  • Allen R Baca Center, 301 W Bagdad St, Bldg. 2;
  • Brushy Creek Community Center, 16318 Great Oaks Drive;
  • Round Rock Randalls, 2051 Gattis School Road; and
  • Williamson County Jester Annex, 1801 E Old Settlers Blvd.
All locations will offer polling from 8 a.m.-p.m. Oct. 18-23 and 7 a.m.-7 p.m. Oct. 28 and 29.Round Rock residents who live in Travis County may cast their ballots early at any polling location within the county. However, only two Travis County polling locations are within 5 miles of the city's southern limits:

  • Pflugerville ISD Rock Gym, 702 W. Pecan St., Pflugerville
  • RRISD Raymond E. Hartfield Performing Arts Center, 5800 McNeil Drive, Austin
Travis County polling locations will be open Mondays through Saturdays 7 a.m.-7 p.m. and Sundays noon-6 p.m.

Texas election code requires that voters bring a photo ID with them to the polls, which can be a driver's license, an election ID certificate, a personal ID card, a handgun license, a U.S. citizenship certificate with photo, a U.S. military ID with a photo or a passport.

Round Rock Round Rock Election November 2021 Elections
South Carolina elections: Who's running, how to vote, what ...

28-10-2021 · Voting will begin at 7 a.m. and continue until 7 p.m., with anyone in line at 7 p.m. allowed to vote. Who's running for office? Specific ballots for local voters are determined by where voters live.

28-10-2021

Editor's note: This article has been updated to correct the address of the Canebrake Fire District polling place. An improper address was originally posted on Greenville County's official website.

The Greenville News is providing this important election news free as a public service. Remember, your subscriptions allow us to provide this sort of content, and we ask that you consider buying a subscription to The News.

City Council, commission seats and other elected offices across the Upstate are up for grabs as South Carolina holds its general election on Nov. 2.

Absentee voting is already underway. To see if you qualify for absentee voting, visit scvotes.gov. To vote absentee you can vote in person at your county elections office up until 5 p.m. on Monday, Nov. 2. You can also do so by mail by application at scvotes.gov.

On Election Day, any registered voter can show up to their polling place, show identification and vote. Voting will begin at 7 a.m. and continue until 7 p.m., with anyone in line at 7 p.m. allowed to vote.

Who's running for office?

Specific ballots for local voters are determined by where voters live.

Greenville City Council

District 2

District 4

At-large

Learn more about candidates:Who's running for Greenville City Council

Greenville Commissioner of Public Works

  • Jim Bannister
  • Matthew Praytor

City of Travelers Rest

Mayor

City Council, four candidates with most votes earn at-large seats

  • Rick Floyd
  • Matt Gilstrap
  • Jeff George
  • Lisa Lane
  • Wayne McCall
  • Brantly Vest

Learn more about candidates:Who's running for Travelers Rest City Council

Greer City Council

District 2

  • Karuiam Booker
  • Wayne Griffin

District 4

District 6

Learn more about candidates:Who's running for Greer City Council

Greer CPW Board of Commissioners

Mauldin City Council

Seat 1

Seat 3

  • Jason Kraeling
  • Rachel Putman

Seat 5

  • Frank Allgood 
  • Dale Black
  • Travis Reeder 

Learn more about the candidates:Who's running for Mauldin City Council

Simpsonville City Council

Ward 2

  • Mike Giordano
  • Aaron Rupe
  • Brian Lee Sanders

Ward 4

Ward 6

Learn more about the candidates:Who's running for Simpsonville City Council

Fountain Inn City Council

Ward 1

  • Jason B. Sanders
  • Flora Smith

Ward 3

Ward 5

  • John Don
  • Anthony Cunningham

Learn more about the candidates:Who's running for Fountain Inn City Council

Belmont Fire and Sanitation District 

2 seats to fill

  • Robert Lenny Cass
  • Kenneth B. Clark

Berea Public Service District 

1 seat to fill

  • Tillman Travis Satterfield Sr.

Brookfield Special Tax District 

3 seats to fill

  • Jay C. Sinnett
  • Pamela B. Sinnett
  • Write in

Canebrake Fire District 

2 seats to fill

  • Wendell F. Curry
  • J. Kyle Gilley
  • Curtis J. Kappenman Sr.
  • Randall D. McRae

Duncan Chapel Fire District 

1 seat to fill

  • Timothy S. Bagwell
  • Randall S. Jackson (unexpired term)

Foothills Fire Service Area 

3 seats to fill

  • Richard M. Locke
  • Dave C. Gunter
  • Carol F. Whaley

Gantt Fire, Sewer and Police District 

2 seats to fill

  • Betty Melton Green
  • Harry J. McCall Jr.

Glassy Mountain Fire Service Area 

4 seats to fill

  • Robert M. Coseo
  • Andrea L. Martin
  • Shawn M. McDonald
  • Stuart J. Safft

Gowensville Public Service District 

3 seats to fill

  • Alan Essey
  • Robert Frost (withdrew)
  • Donald B. Kontowsky Sr.
  • Virgil L. Potter

Lake Cunningham Fire District 

2 seats to fill

  • Raymond D. Cannon
  • Farrah S. Lister
  • Sherri W. Stokes

Landrum Fire and Rescue District 3 

1 seat to fill

Marietta Water, Fire, Sanitation and Sewer District 

1 seat to fill

North Greenville Fire District 

3 seats to fill

  • Samuel B. Clark
  • Thomas M. Isbell
  • Jeffrey N. Smith

Parker Sewer and Fire Sub District 

2 seats to fill

  • Randall A. Jones
  • Wayne H. Moore
  • Wesley S. Mullinax
  • Joseph B. Thompson

Piedmont Park Fire District 

1 seat to fill

Stephen C. Brockway

Slater Marietta Fire District 

1 seat to fill

  • James H. Cleveland III
  • Ann Fletcher Diamond

South Greenville Fire District 

1 seat to fill

  • Larry Van Bagwell Jr.
  • John Robert Jennings

Taylors Fire and Sewer District 

1 seat to fill

  • DA Burdette (withdrew)
  • Kenneth G. Carter
  • Mark Anthony Rea Jr.

Tigerville Fire District 

3 seats to fill

  • Travis D. Collins
  • Morris E. Fisher Jr.
  • John W. Wheeler III

Wade Hampton Fire and Sewer District 

1 seat to fill

Spartanburg County School Trustee District 1

5 seats to fill

  • Deborah S. Baker
  • Ronald L. Blackwell
  • April Nelson Fowler
  • Henry Gramling
  • Mark Holden
  • Dickie Mason
  • Joel Pack
  • Mark Rollins
  • Steve A. Skinner

Where to vote 

Greenville County will have only 61 open voting precincts on Tuesday in comparison to 151 precincts in the 2020 election. Visit greenvillecounty.org for a full list of polling places. To find your individual polling place using your name and birthdate, visit scvotes.gov.

Races for local public service districts appear on ballots according to where residents live.

Greenville County voters who live in Spartanburg County School District One territory will vote at the Gowensville Community Center.

Greenville County polling places for special elections

  • Belmont Fire District at Belmont Fire Station Hdgt. 701 Fork Shoals Rd.
  • Berea Fire District  at Berea Fire Station 7401 White Horse Rd.
  • Brookfield Public Service District at Dove Tree Clubhouse 2 Sugarberry Dr.
  • Canebrake Fire District at Canebrake Fire Department 1810 Fairview Rd.
  • Duncan Chapel Fire District at Duncan Chapel Fire Station Hdqt 5111 Old Buncombe Rd.
  • Gantt Fire District at Gantt Fire Station 1201 White Horse Rd.
  • Glassy Mt. Fire District at Glassy Mt. Fire Station Hdqt. 2015 Hwy 11
  • Gowensville Fire District at Gowensville Community Center 14186 Highway 11
  • Lake Cunningham Fire District at Lake Cunningham Fire Station Hdqt. 2802 N. McElhaney Rd.
  • North Greenville Fire District 2 at North Greenville Fire Station #2 596 Hodgens Dr.
  • North Greenville Fire District Hdqt. at North Greenville Fire Station 923 Tigerville Rd.
  • Parker Fire District 2 at Parker Fire Station #2 104 S. Washington Ave.
  • Parker Fire District 3 at Parker Fire Station #3 700 State Park Rd.
  • Piedmont Park Fire District at Piedmont Park Fire Department 2119 State Park Rd.
  • Slater Marietta Fire District at Slater Marietta Fire Station Hdqt 3001 Geer Hwy
  • South Greenville Fire District at S. Greenville Fire Station Hdqt 8305 Augusta Rd.
  • Taylors Fire District Hdqt. at Taylors Fire Station Hdqt 3335 Wade Hampton Blvd.
  • Taylors Fire District 2 at Taylors Fire Station #2 405 Brushy Creek Rd.
  • Tigerville Fire District at Tigerville Fire Station 2605 Hwy 414
  • Wade Hampton Fire District 2 at Wade Hampton Fire Station #2 1112 Pelham Rd.
  • Wade Hampton Fire District 3 at Wade Hampton Fire Station #3 4211 E. North St.
  • Wade Hampton Fire District Hdqt. at Wade Hampton Fire Station Hdqt 2400 Wade Hampton Blvd.

City of Greenville for municipal elections

  • Greenville 01, Greenville 03 at Northgate Baptist 633 Summit Dr.
  • Greenville 04 at Earle St. Baptist Church 225 W. Earle St.
  • Greenville 05 at Sears Shelter 100 E. Park Ave.
  • Greenville 06, Greenville 07 and Monaview at Bethel Bible Missionary Church 28 Bob St.
  • Greenville 08 at West End Community Dev. Center 404 Vardry St.
  • Greenville 14 at Phillis Wheatley 40 John McCarrol Way
  • Greenville 16, Greenville 18 and Greenville 21 at Augusta Road Baptist Church 1823 Augusta St.
  • Greenville 17, Greenville 10 at First Baptist Greenville 847 Cleveland St.
  • Greenville 19, Greenville 20 and Southside at Pleasant Valley Connection 510 Old Augusta Rd. 
  • Greenville 22, Greenville 23 at Sanctuary Church 302 Parkins Mill Rd.
  • Greenville 24, Greenville 29, Mauldin 1 and Mauldin 2 at Embassy Suites 670 Verdae Blvd.
  • Greenville 25 at McCarter Presbyterian Church 2 Pelham Rd. 
  • Greenville 27, Greenville 26 and Greenville 28 at Overbrook Baptist Church 1705 E. North St. 
  • Mission, Rock Hill, Rocky Creek, Dove Tree at Morningside Baptist Church 1115 Pelham Rd. 
  • Springs Forrest at Greenville Nazarene Church 1201 Haywood Rd.

City of Greer formunicipal elections

  • Suber Mill at Praise Cathedral 3390 Brushy Creek Rd.
  • Riverside at Riverside Baptist Church 1249 S. Suber Rd.
  • Fox Chase, Castle Rock, Frohawk, Locust Hill, Tyger River at Northwood Baptist Church 888 Ansel School Rd. 
  • Granite Creek at Hope Chapel 1106 SC-14
  • Maple Creek at Southside Baptist Church 410 S. Main St.
  • Oneal, Sandy Flat at Eastside Apostolic Lutheran Church 2200 Mays Bridge Rd.
  • Trade at Tryon Recreation Center 226 Oakland Ave.

City of Fountain Inn for municipal elections

  • Fountain Inn 1, Simpsonville 5, Sycamore, Walnut Springs at Younts Center for Performing Arts 315 N. Main St.
  • Fountain Inn 2, Pineview at Fountain Inn Activities Center 610 Fairview St.
  • Jones&Cooks (Lauren County) at Pine Grove Baptist Church 808 Gulliver St.

City of Mauldin for municipal elections

  • Greenbriar at Messiah Lutheran Church 1100 Log Shoals Rd.
  • Mauldin 1, Greenville 29 at Mauldin Cultural Center 101 E. Butler Rd.
  • Mauldin 2 at Forrester Woods Club House 424 Piney Grove Rd.
  • Mauldin 3, Conestee, Ranch Creek at Mauldin First Baptist 150 S. Main St 
  • Mauldin 4, Bridge Fork at Mauldin United Methodist 100 E. Butler Rd.
  • Mauldin 5, Mauldin 6 at Ray Hopkins Senior Center 203 Corn Rd.
  • Mauldin 7 at Holland Park Church of Christ 1131 Holland Rd.

 City of Simpsonville for municipal elections

  • Simpsonville 1, Sycamore at Simpsonville City Park Center 405 E. Curtis St. 
  • Simpsonville 3, Bridge Fork, Graze Branch, Hillcrest at Simpsonville United Methodist Church 215 SE Main St. 
  • Simpsonville 4, Simpsonville 2, Moore Creek, Standing Springs at Renovation Church 611 Richardson St.
  • Simpsonville 5 at Center for Community Services 1102 Howard Dr.
  • Simpsonville 6, Neely Farms, Raintree at Calvary Baptist Church 3810 Grandview Dr.

City of Travelers Rest for municipal elections

  • Travelers Rest 1, Enoree, Furman at City Hall 125 Trailblazer Dr.
  • Travelers Rest 2 at Renfrew Baptist Church 951 Geer Hwy.

Tamia Boyd is a Michigan native who covers breaking news in Greenville. Email her at [email protected], and follow her on Twitter @tamiamb. 

Voter suppression in the United States

03-01-2022 · Efforts used to prevent eligible voters from exercising their right to vote This article has multiple issues. Please help

03-01-2022
Efforts used to prevent eligible voters from exercising their right to vote
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Voter suppression in the United States is various legal and illegal efforts to prevent eligible voters from exercising their right to vote. Where found, such voter suppression efforts vary by state, local government, precinct, and election. Separately, there have also been various efforts to enfranchise and disenfranchise various voters in the country, which concern whether or not people are eligible to vote in the first place.

Voter suppression has historically been used for racial discrimination. Before and during the American Civil War, African-Americans had not been able to vote. After the Civil War, all African-Americans were granted voting rights, forcing Southern Democrats and former Confederate states to institute actions such as poll taxes or language tests that were ostensibly non-racist as not to directly contradict the Constitution.[1]Democrats used fraud and intimidation via militias like the Ku Klux Klan to limit Black voting in the 20th century, and achieved single-party rule for decades after using voter registration laws to disenfranchise many African-Americans and poor whites.[2] Following the loss of Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential elections, Republicans have passed or attempted to pass many laws restricting voter access, and have received condemnation and accusations of engaging in voter suppression.[3][4] According to the Brennan Center for Justice, as of March 24, 2021, more than 361 bills that would restrict voting access have been introduced in 47 states.[5][6]

Methods

Historical

The passage of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870 guaranteed the right to vote to men of all races, including former slaves. Initially, this resulted in high voter turnout among African-Americans in the South. In the 1880 United States presidential election, a majority of eligible African-American voters cast a ballot in every Southern state except for two. In eight Southern states, Black turnout was equal to or greater than White turnout. At the end of the Reconstruction era, Southern states began implementing policies to suppress Black voters.[7] After 1890, less than 9,000 of Mississippi's 147,000 eligible African-American voters were registered to vote, or about 6%. Louisiana went from 130,000 registered African-American voters in 1896 to 1,342 in 1904 (about a 99% decrease).[8]

Poll taxes

Poll taxes were used to disenfranchise voters, particularly African-Americans and poor whites in the South.[9] Poll taxes started in the 1890s, requiring eligible voters to pay a fee before casting a ballot. Some poor whites were grandfathered in if they had an ancestor who voted before the Civil War era. This meant that they were exempt from paying the tax.[10] Eleven Southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia), as well as several outside the South, imposed poll taxes. The poll tax mechanism varied on a state-by-state basis; in Alabama, the poll tax was cumulative, meaning that a man had to pay all poll taxes due from the age of twenty-one onward in order to vote. In other states, poll taxes had to be paid for several years before being eligible to vote. Enforcement of poll tax laws was patchy. Election officials had the discretion whether or not to ask for a voter's poll tax receipt.[8]

The constitutionality of the poll tax was upheld by the Supreme Court in the 1937 Breedlove v. Suttles and again affirmed in 1951 by a federal court in Butler v. Thompson.[8] Poll taxes began to wane in popularity despite judicial affirmations, with five Southern states keeping poll taxes by 1962 (Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia).[8] The poll tax was officially prohibited in 1964 by the Twenty-fourth Amendment.[10]

Literacy tests

Like poll taxes, literacy tests were primarily used to disenfranchise poor or African-American voters in the South.[9] African-American literacy rates lagged behind White literacy rates until 1940. Literacy tests were applied unevenly: property owners were often exempt, as well as those who would have had the right to vote (or whose ancestors had the right to vote) in 1867, which was before the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment. Some states exempted veterans of the Civil War from tests. Literacy tests varied in difficulty, with African-Americans often given more rigorous tests. In Macon County, Alabama in the late 1950s, for example, at least twelve whites who had not finished elementary school passed the literacy test, while several college-educated African-Americans were failed. Literacy tests were prevalent outside the South as well, as they were seen as keeping society's undesirables (the poor, immigrants, or the uninformed) from voting; twenty states still had literacy tests after World War II, including seven Southern states, California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York. A 1970 Amendment to the Voting Rights Act prohibited the use of literacy tests for determining voting eligibility.[7]

Contemporary

Purging of voter rolls

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In 1998, Florida created the Florida Central Voter File to combat vote fraud documented in the 1997 Miami mayoral election. Many people were purged from voter registration lists in Florida because their names were similar to those of convicted felons, who were not allowed to vote at that time under Florida law. According to the Palm Beach Post, African-Americans accounted for 88% of those removed from the rolls but were only about 11% of Florida's voters. However, according to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, nearly 89% of felons convicted in Florida are black; therefore, a purge of convicted felons could be expected to include a disproportionately high number of blacks. The Post added that "a review of state records, internal e-mails of DBT employees and testimony before the civil rights commission and an elections task force showed no evidence that minorities were specifically targeted".[11]

Between November 2015 and early 2016, over 120,000 voters were dropped from rolls in Brooklyn, New York.[12] Officials have stated that the purge was a mistake and that those dropped represented a "broad cross-section" of the electorate. However, an WNYC analysis found that the purge had disproportionately affected majority-Hispanic districts. The board announced that it would reinstate all voters in time for the 2016 congressional primary.[13] The Board of Elections subsequently suspended the Republican appointee in connection to the purge, but kept on her Democratic counterpart.[14]

In 2008, more than 98,000 registered Georgia voters were removed from the roll of voters because of discrepancies in computer records of their identification information. Some 4,500 voters had to prove their citizenship to regain their right to vote.

Georgia was challenged[when?] for requesting more Social Security-based verifications than any other state—about 2 million voters in total. An attorney involved in the lawsuit said that since the letters were mailed within 90 days of the election, Georgia violated federal law. The director of the American Civil Liberty Union's Georgia Voting Rights Project said, "They are systematically using these lists and matching them and using those matches to send these letters out to voters. They're using a systematic purging procedure that's expressly prohibited by federal laws, if people who are properly eligible are getting improperly challenged and purged. Elise Shore, a regional attorney for the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF), agreed the letters appear to violate two federal laws against voter purging within 90 days of the election. People are being targeted, and people are being told they are non-citizens, including both naturalized citizens and U.S.-born citizens," said Shore. "They're being told they're not eligible to vote, based on information in a database that hasn't been checked and approved by the Department of Justice (DOJ), and that we know has flaws in it." Secretary of State Karen Handel denied that the removal of voters' names was an instance of voter suppression.[15][needs update]

In 2019, presiding circuit court Judge Paul V. Malloy of Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, removed 234,000 voters from the statewide rolls, ruling that state law compelled him to do so.[16]

Limitations on early and absentee voting

In North Carolina, Republican lawmakers requested data on various voting practices, broken down by race. They then passed laws that restricted voting and registration many ways that disproportionately affected African Americans, including cutting back on early voting.[17][18] In a 2016 appellate court case, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit struck down a law that removed the first week of early voting. The court held that the GOP used the data they gathered to remove the first week of early voting because more African American voters voted during that week, and African American voters were more likely to vote for Democrats.[19] Between 2008 and 2012 in North Carolina, 70% of African American voters voted early.[20] After cuts to early voting, African American turnout in early voting was down by 8.7% (around 66,000 votes) in North Carolina.[21][22]

As of 2020, Georgia requires absentee voters to provide their own postage for their ballots. On April 8, 2020, the ACLU filed a lawsuit challenging this rule, claiming it "is tantamount to a poll tax."[23]

Voting procedure disinformation

Voting procedure disinformation involves giving voters false information about when and how to vote, leading them to fail to cast valid ballots.

For example, in recall elections for the Wisconsin State Senate in 2011, Americans for Prosperity, a conservative political advocacy group founded in 2004 by brothers Charles and David Koch to support Republican candidates and causes in the United States,[24] sent many Democratic voters a mailing that gave an incorrect deadline for returning absentee ballots. Voters who relied on the deadline in the mailing could have sent in their ballots too late for them to be counted.[25] The organization claimed that it was caused by a typographical error.[26]

Just prior to the 2018 elections, The New York Times warned readers of numerous types of deliberate misinformation, sometimes targeting specific voter demographics. These types of disinformation included false information about casting ballots online by email and by text message, the circulation of doctored photographs in 2016 which claimed Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents were arresting voters at polling places and included threatening language meant to intimidate Latino voters, polling place hoaxes, disinformation on remote voting options, suspicious texts, voting machine malfunction rumors, misleading photos and videos, and false voter fraud allegations. The Times added that messages purportedly sent by Trump to voters in Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, and Georgia were actually disseminated from Republican organizations. In 2018, Trump actually spread information about defective machines in a single Utah county, giving the impression that such difficulties were occurring nationwide.[27]

Caging lists

Main article: Voter caging

Caging lists have been used by political parties to eliminate potential voters registered with other political parties. A political party sends registered mail to addresses of registered voters. If the mail is returned as undeliverable, the mailing organization uses that fact to challenge the registration, arguing that because the voter could not be reached at the address, the registration is fraudulent.[28]

Identification requirements

Further information: Voter identification laws in the United States

Some states have imposed photo ID requirements, which critics claim are intended to depress the turnout of minority voters. It has been explored whether or not photo ID laws disproportionately affect non-white voters and those of lower income: 8% of White Americans lack driver's licenses, for example, compared to 25% of African-American citizens.[29] For driver's licenses that are unexpired where the stated address and name exactly match the voter registration record, 16% of White Americans lack a valid license, compared to 27% of Latinos and 37% for African Americans.[9] In July 2016, a federal appeals court found that a 2011 Texas voter ID law discriminated against black and Hispanic voters because only a few types of ID were allowed; for example, military IDs and concealed carry permits were allowed, but state employee photo IDs and university photo IDs were not.[30] In August 2017, an updated version of the same Texas voter ID law was found unconstitutional in federal district court; the district judge indicated that one potential remedy for the discrimination would be to order Texas election-related laws to be pre-cleared by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).[31] The court also ruled that the law would force some voters to spend money traveling to a government office to update their identification information; the court compared this provision to a poll tax.[32]

During the 21st century, Wisconsin and North Carolina – states with Republican-controlled governments – passed laws that restrict the ability of people to vote using student ID cards for identification. This is likely motivated by the fact that students tend to be more liberal than the general population.[33]

A 2019 paper by University of Bologna and Harvard Business School economists found that voter ID laws had "no negative effect on registration or turnout, overall or for any group defined by race, gender, age, or party affiliation."[34] A 2019 study in the journal Electoral Studies found that the implementation of voter ID laws in South Carolina reduced overall turnout but did not have a disparate impact.[35] 2019 studies in Political Science Quarterly and the Atlantic Economic Journal found no evidence that voter ID laws have a disproportionate influence on minorities,[36][37] while other studies show differently.[38] These claims are contradicted by the "Findings of fact and conclusions of law" in Fish v. Kobach: In that case, Judge Julie Robinson, who had been appointed to the bench by President George W. Bush, a Republican, noted that the Kansas Documentary Proof of Citizenship law illegally denied 12.4% of new voter registration applications, over 31,000 US citizens, during the period covered by data considered in that case.

Historical examples

1838 Gallatin County Election Day Battle

Main article: 1838 Mormon War § Gallatin County Election Day Battle

William Peniston, a candidate for the Missouri state legislature, made disparaging statements about the Mormons[39] and warned them not to vote in the election.[40] Reminding Daviess County residents of the growing electoral power of the Mormon community, Peniston made a speech in Gallatin claiming that if the Missourians "suffer such men as these [Mormons] to vote, you will soon lose your suffrage." Around 200 non-Mormons gathered in Gallatin on election day to prevent Mormons from voting.[41]

When about 30 Latter Day Saints approached the polling place, a Missourian named Dick Weldon declared that Mormons were not allowed to vote in Clay County. One of the Mormons present, Samuel Brown, claimed that Peniston's statements were false and then declared his intention to vote. This triggered a brawl between the bystanders.[39] The Mormons called upon the Danites, a Mormon vigilante group,[41] and the Missourians left the scene to obtain guns and ammunition and swore to kill the Mormons.[40]

Rumors among both parties spread that there were casualties in the conflict. When Joseph Smith and volunteers rode to Adam-ondi-Ahman to assess the situation, they discovered there were no truths to the rumors.[40][42]

Jim Crow laws

Main article: Jim Crow laws
Part of a series on the
Nadir of American
race relations
Le Petit Journal 7 Oct 1906 (cropped).jpg
Violence in the 1906 Atlanta race riot
Historical background
  • Reconstruction era
  • Voter suppression
    • Disenfranchisement
  • Redeemers
  • Compromise of 1877
  • Jim Crow laws
    • Segregation
    • Anti-miscegenation laws
  • Convict leasing
Practices
Common actions
  • Expulsions of African Americans
  • Lynchings
    • Lynching postcards
  • Sundown town
  • Whitecapping
Vigilante groups
  • Black Legion
  • Indiana White Caps
  • Ku Klux Klan
  • Red Shirts
Lynchings
  • Michael Green
  • Nevlin Porter and Johnson Spencer
  • Eliza Woods
  • Amos Miller
  • George Meadows
  • Joe Vermillion
  • Jim Taylor
  • Joe Coe
  • People's Grocery
  • Ephraim Grizzard
  • Alfred Blount
  • Samuel J. Bush
  • Stephen Williams
  • Frazier B. Baker and Julia Baker
  • John Henry James
  • Sam Hose
  • David Wyatt
  • Marie Thompson
  • Watkinsville
  • Ed Johnson
  • William Burns
  • Walker family
  • Laura and L. D. Nelson
  • King Johnson
  • John Evans
  • Jesse Washington
  • Newberry Six
  • Anthony Crawford
  • Ell Persons
  • Jim McIlherron
  • George Taylor
  • 1920 Duluth
  • James Harvey and Joe Jordan
Massacres and riots
  • Opelousas massacre
  • Rock Springs massacre
  • Thibodaux massacre
  • Spring Valley Race Riot of 1895
  • Phoenix election riot
  • Wilmington insurrection of 1898
  • Pana riot
  • Robert Charles riots
  • Evansville race riot
  • Atlanta Massacre of 1906
  • Springfield race riot of 1908
  • Johnson–Jeffries riots
  • 1912 racial conflict in Forsyth County
  • 1917 Chester race riot
  • East St. Louis riots
  • Elaine massacre
  • Red Summer
  • Chicago race riot of 1919
  • Washington race riot of 1919
  • Ocoee massacre
  • Tulsa race massacre
  • Perry race riot
  • Rosewood massacre
Reactions
  • Anti-lynching movement
  • Exodusters movement
  • Great Migration
  • Back to Africa movement
Related topics
  • Black genocide
  • Civil rights movement (1865–1896)
  • Civil rights movement (1896–1954)
  • Mass racial violence in the United States
  • v
  • t
  • e

Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.[43] All were enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by white Democratic-dominated state legislatures after the Reconstruction period.[44] The laws were enforced until 1965.[45] The origin of the phrase "Jim Crow" has often been attributed to "Jump Jim Crow", a song-and-dance caricature of blacks performed by white actor Thomas D. Rice in blackface, which first surfaced in 1832 and was used to satirize Andrew Jackson's populist policies. As a result of Rice's fame, "Jim Crow" by 1838 had become a pejorative expression meaning "Negro". When southern legislatures passed laws of racial segregation directed against blacks at the end of the 19th century, these statutes became known as Jim Crow laws.[46]

During the Reconstruction period of 1865–1877, federal laws provided civil rights protections in the U.S. South for freedmen, the African Americans who had formerly been slaves, and the minority of blacks who had been free before the war. In the 1870s, Democrats gradually regained power in the Southern legislatures,[47] having used insurgent paramilitary groups, such as the White League and the Red Shirts, to disrupt Republican organizing, run Republican officeholders out of town, and intimidate blacks to suppress their voting.[48]

In 1877, a national Democratic Party compromise to gain Southern support in the presidential election (a corrupt bargain) resulted in the government's withdrawing the last of the federal troops from the South. White Democrats had regained political power in every Southern state.[49]

Blacks were still elected to local offices throughout the 1880s, but their voting was suppressed for state and national elections. Democrats passed laws to make voter registration and electoral rules more restrictive, with the result that political participation by most blacks and many poor whites began to decrease.[50][51] Between 1890 and 1910, ten of the eleven former Confederate states, starting with Mississippi, passed new constitutions or amendments that effectively disenfranchised most blacks and tens of thousands of poor whites through a combination of poll taxes, literacy and comprehension tests, and residency and record-keeping requirements.[50][51]

Voter turnout dropped drastically through the South as a result of such measures. In Louisiana, by 1900, black voters were reduced to 5,320 on the rolls, although they comprised the majority of the state's population. By 1910, only 730 blacks were registered, less than 0.5% of eligible black men. "In 27 of the state's 60 parishes, not a single black voter was registered any longer; in 9 more parishes, only one black voter was."[52] The cumulative effect in North Carolina meant that black voters were completely eliminated from voter rolls during the period from 1896 to 1904. The growth of their thriving middle class was slowed. In North Carolina and other Southern states, blacks suffered from being made invisible in the political system: "[W]ithin a decade of disfranchisement, the white supremacy campaign had erased the image of the black middle class from the minds of white North Carolinians."[52] In Alabama tens of thousands of poor whites were also disenfranchised, although initially legislators had promised them they would not be affected adversely by the new restrictions.[53]

In some cases, progressive measures ostensibly intended to reduce election fraud, such as the Eight Box Law in South Carolina, acted against black and white voters who were illiterate, as they could not follow the directions.[54] While the separation of African Americans from the white general population was becoming legalized and formalized during the Progressive Era (1890s–1920s), it was also becoming customary. For instance, even in cases in which Jim Crow laws did not expressly forbid black people to participate in sports or recreation, a segregated culture had become common.[46]

The Voting Rights Act of 1965, passed by huge bipartisan majorities in both houses of Congress and signed by President Lyndon Johnson, aimed to end these practices.[55] A key provision of the act required that states with a history of disenfranchising black voters, namely those in the Jim Crow South, submit to the Department of Justice for "pre-clearance" any proposed changes to state voting laws. This provision was overturned by the Supreme Court in the case of Shelby County v. Holder (2013).[56] In her dissenting opinion, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg argued, “Throwing out preclearance when it has worked and is continuing to work to stop discriminatory changes is like throwing away your umbrella in a rainstorm because you are not getting wet."[57]

1980s

See also: Voter caging and Ballot Security Task Force

In 1980, Republican Christian Conservative leader Paul Weyrich said, "I don't want everybody to vote. ... our leverage in the elections ... goes up as the voting populace goes down."

In 1981 and 1986, the Republican National Committee (RNC) sent out letters to African-American neighborhoods. When tens of thousands of them were returned undeliverable, the party successfully challenged the voters and had them deleted from voting rolls. The violation of the Voting Rights Act got the RNC taken to court by the Democratic National Committee (DNC). As a result of the case, the RNC entered a consent decree, which prohibited the party from engaging in anti-fraud initiatives that targeted minorities from conducting mail campaigns to "compile voter challenge lists."[58]

Modern examples

2002 New Hampshire Senate election phone jamming scandal

In the 2002 New Hampshire Senate election phone jamming scandal, Republican officials attempted to reduce the number of Democratic voters by paying professional telemarketers in Idaho to make repeated hang-up calls to the telephone numbers used by the Democratic Party's ride-to-the-polls phone lines on election day. By tying up the lines, voters seeking rides from the Democratic Party would have more difficulty reaching the party to ask for transportation to and from their polling places.[59][60]

2004 presidential election

Allegations surfaced in several states that a private group, Voters Outreach of America, which had been empowered by the individual states, had collected and submitted Republican voter registration forms while inappropriately discarding voter registration forms where the new voter had chosen to register with the Democratic Party. Such people would believe they had registered to vote, and would only discover on election day that they were not registered and could not cast a ballot.[61][62][63][64][needs update]

Michigan Republican state legislator John Pappageorge was quoted as saying, "If we do not suppress the Detroit vote, we're going to have a tough time in this election."[65]

In 2006, four employees of candidate John Kerry's campaign were convicted of slashing the tires of 25 vans rented by the Wisconsin state Republican Party which were to be used for driving Republican voters and monitors to the polls on Election Day 2004. They received jail terms of four to six months. At the campaign workers' sentencing, Judge Michael B. Brennan told the defendants, "Voter suppression has no place in our country. Your crime took away that right to vote for some citizens."[66][67]

2006 Virginia Senate election

During the Virginia U.S. Senate election, Secretary of the Virginia State Board of Elections Jean Jensen concluded that incidents of voter suppression appeared widespread and deliberate. Documented incidents of voter suppression include:[68]

  • Democratic voters receiving calls incorrectly informing them voting will lead to arrest.
  • Widespread calls fraudulently claiming to be "[Democratic Senate candidate Jim] Webb Volunteers," falsely telling voters their voting location had changed.
  • Fliers paid for by the Republican Party, stating "SKIP THIS ELECTION" that allegedly attempted to suppress African-American turnout.

The FBI has since launched an investigation into the suppression attempts.[69][clarification needed] Despite the allegations, Democrat Jim Webb narrowly defeated incumbent George Allen.[70]

2008 presidential election

Michigan

On September 16, 2008, attorneys for then-Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama announced their intention to seek an injunction to stop an alleged caging scheme in Michigan. It was alleged that the Michigan Republican Party used home foreclosure lists to challenge voters who used their foreclosed homes as their primary addresses at the polls.[71][72] Michigan GOP officials called the suit "desperate".[73] The Democratic party eventually dropped the case, instead accepting a non-legally binding public agreement from the Michigan GOP to not engage in foreclosure-based voter challenges.[74]

On October 30, 2008, a federal appeals court ordered the reinstatement of 5,500 voters wrongly purged from the voter rolls by the state, in response to an ACLU of Michigan lawsuit which questioned the legality of a Michigan state law requiring local clerks to nullify the registrations of newly registered voters whenever their voter identification cards are returned by the post office as undeliverable.[75]

Minnesota

The conservative nonprofit Minnesota Majority reportedly made phone calls claiming that the Minnesota Secretary of State had concerns about the validity of voters' registration. Their actions were referred to the Ramsey County attorney's office.[76][needs update]

Pennsylvania

Main article: New Black Panther Party voter intimidation case

On Election Day 2008, at a polling station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, two members of the New Black Panther Party (NBPP)—Minister King Samir Shabazz and Jerry Jackson—stood in front of the entrance to a polling station in uniforms that have been described as military or paramilitary.[77][78][79] Shabazz carried a billy club, and was reported to have pointed it at voters and shouted racial slurs,[80] including phrases such as "white devil" and "you're about to be ruled by the black man, cracker".[81] The incident drew the attention of police, who around 10:00 am, sent Shabazz away, in part because of his billy club. Jackson was allowed to stay because he was a certified poll watcher and was not accused of intimidation.[82][83]Stephen Robert Morse, upon arriving at the scene, filmed Shabazz.[84] The incident gained national attention after the video was uploaded to YouTube and went viral with over a million views.[85][86] The Philadelphia incident became known as the New Black Panther Party voter intimidation case.[87][88][89]

No complaints were filed by voters about the incident, though poll watchers witnessed some voters approach the polls and then turn away, apparently in response to the NBPP members.[90] Nevertheless, the Bush administration's Department of Justice (DOJ) became aware of the incident and started an inquiry. In January 2009, less than two weeks before the Bush Administration left office, Christopher Coates of the DOJ's Civil Rights Division filed a civil suit under the Voting Rights Act against four defendants, including Shabazz.[91][82] There was no evidence that Shabazz's actions were directed or incited by the party or its national leader.[92] Although none of the defendants challenged the lawsuit, the Obama administration dropped its claims against all but Shabazz in May 2009.[93][94]

In response to the controversy, the NBPP suspended its Philadelphia chapter and repudiated Minister King Shabazz in a posting at its website.[95] In December 2010, the Civil Rights Commission released a report concluding that their investigations had uncovered "numerous specific examples of open hostility and opposition" within the Obama DOJ to pursue cases in which whites were victims. The report accused the DOJ of failing to cooperate with investigations into its reason for dropping the case.[96]

Wisconsin

The Republican Party attempted to have all 60,000 voters in the heavily Democratic city of Milwaukee who had registered since January 1, 2006 deleted from the voter rolls. The requests were rejected by the Milwaukee Election Commission, although Republican commissioner Bob Spindell voted in favor of deletion.[97]

2010 Maryland gubernatorial election

In the Maryland gubernatorial election in 2010, the campaign of Republican candidate Bob Ehrlich hired a consultant who advised that "the first and most desired outcome is voter suppression", in the form of having "African-American voters stay home."[98] To that end, the Republicans placed thousands of Election Day robocalls to Democratic voters, telling them that the Democratic candidate, Martin O'Malley, had won, although in fact the polls were still open for some two more hours.[99] The Republicans' call, worded to seem as if it came from Democrats, told the voters, "Relax. Everything's fine. The only thing left is to watch it on TV tonight."[98] The calls reached 112,000 voters in majority-African American areas.[99] In 2011, Ehrlich's campaign manager, Paul Schurick, was convicted of fraud and other charges because of the calls.[98][99] In 2012, he was sentenced to 30 days of home detention, a one-year suspended jail sentence, and 500 hours of community service over the four years of his probation, with no fine or jail time.[100][101] The Democratic candidate won by a margin of more than 10 percent.[102]

2015 early voting controversy in Maryland

In Maryland's Montgomery County, Republicans planned to move two early-voting sites from densely populated Bethesda and Burtonsville to more sparsely populated areas in Brookeville and Potomac. They claimed to be aiming for more "geographic diversity"; Democrats accused them of trying to suppress the vote. The Burtonsville site had the most minority voters of all the early-voting sites in the county, while the proposed new locations were in more Republican-friendly areas with fewer minority residents.[103] The Republican election board chairman admitted at a County Council committee that he and two GOP colleagues held a conference call with the chairman of Montgomery's Republican Party Central Committee. They said the call, from which Democrats were excluded, was legal. Democrats called it a violation of Maryland's Open Meetings Act. Todd Eberly, a political science professor from Saint Mary's College, called the claim by the Republicans, "a stupid defense."[103]

2016 presidential election

Further information: United States presidential election, 2016

The 2016 presidential election was the first in 50 years without all the protections of the original Voting Rights Act.[vague] Fourteen states had new voting restrictions in place, including swing states such as Virginia and Wisconsin.[104][105][106][107]

Kansas

In early 2016, a state judge struck down a law requiring voters to show proof of citizenship in cases where the voter had used a national voter registration form. In May, a federal judge ordered the state of Kansas to begin registering approximately 18,000 voters whose registrations had been delayed because they had not shown proof of citizenship. Kansas secretary of state Kris Kobach ordered that the voters be registered, but not for state and local elections. In July, a county judge struck down Kobach's order. Kobach has been repeatedly sued by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) for allegedly trying to restrict voting rights in Kansas.[108][109]

In particular, Fish v. Kobach was filed in 2016 and heard in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas in 2018 by Chief District Judge Julie A. Robinson; she had been appointed to the bench by President George W. Bush, a Republican. She found that Kobach's Documentary Proof of Citizenship law had illegally refused to accept 12.4% of new voter registration applications by US citizens while it was in effect, over 31,000 people, to protect the "integrity" of elections from the threat of votes by 39 non-citizens who had registered to vote. Moreover, the "voting rate among purported noncitizen registrations on [a Kansas temporary drivers license] match list is around 1%, whereas the voting rate among registrants in Kansas more generally is around 70%." She also noted that Hans von Spakovsky, whom Kobach called as an expert witness, had made multiple misleading statements, including claiming that a U.S. GAO study 'found that up to 3 percent of the 30,000 individuals called for jury duty from voter registration roles over a two-year period in just one U.S. district court were not U.S. citizens.' On cross-examination, however, he acknowledged that the GAO study contained information on 8 district courts, 4 of which had reported zero non-citizen called for jury duty, and the other 3 reported that less than 1% of those called for jury duty from voter rolls were noncitizens.

North Carolina

In 2013, the state House passed a bill that requires voters to show a photo ID issued by North Carolina, a passport, or a military identification card to begin in 2016. Out-of-state drivers licenses were to be accepted only if the voter registered within 90 days of the election, and university photo identification was not acceptable.[110] In July 2016, a three-judge panel of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a trial court decision in a number of consolidated actions and struck down the law's photo ID requirement, finding that the new voting provisions targeted African Americans "with almost surgical precision," and that the legislators had acted with clear "discriminatory intent" in enacting strict election rules, shaping the rules based on data they received about African-American registration and voting patterns.[111][112] On May 15, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to review the Appeals Court ruling.[113]

North Dakota

See also: 2018 United States Senate election in North Dakota § Voter ID law and Native Americans disenfranchisement

North Dakota abolished voter registration in 1951 for state and federal elections, the only state to do so.[114] It has since 2004 required voters to produce an approved form of ID before being able to vote, one of which was a tribe ID commonly used by Native Americans. However, it was common and lawful for a post office box to be used on this ID instead of a residential address. This has led to North Dakota being accused of voter suppression because many Native American were being denied a vote because they did not have an approved form of ID with a residential address.[115]

North Dakota's ID law especially adversely affected large numbers of Native Americans, with almost a quarter of Native Americans in the state, otherwise eligible to vote, being denied a vote on the basis that they do not have proper ID; compared to 12% of non-Indians. A judge overturned the ID law in July 2016, also saying: "The undisputed evidence before the Court reveals that voter fraud in North Dakota has been virtually non-existent."[109] However, the denial of a vote on this basis was also an issue in the 2018 mid-term election.[115]

In the run-up to North Dakota's election for U.S. Senate in 2018, state lawmakers implemented changes to voter identification rules, citing nine "suspected" double voting cases. Under the new rules, voter IDs had to include a residential address, rather than a post office box. The change led to rebuke and lawsuits from Native American voters on a Turtle Mountain Chippewa reservation, as well as claims of partisanship from then-Senator Heidi Heitkamp, a Democrat, as the law was championed by Republican state representatives. The voters claimed discrimination, and in legal filings cited a survey that indicated 18% of Native Americans lacked a valid ID due to the new street address requirement, while the requirement only affected 10.9% of non-Natives. The survey pinned the discrepancy on higher poverty rates and lower transportation access in areas with higher proportions of Native Americans. The legal battle quickly rose to national attention.[116] While former Attorney General Eric Holder called the rule "nothing more than voter suppression", North Dakota House Majority Leader Republican Al Carlson, who sponsored the law, said "Our attempt was never to disenfranchise anybody. From a legislative standpoint, we wanted the integrity ... in the ballots, but we also want to have anybody that wants to vote that is a legal citizen be able to identify where they live and be able to vote."[117] Ultimately, the legal battle ended when the Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal in November 2018, which effectively left the rule in place.[118] In July 2019, the ID law was judged to be constitutional.[119] A settlement of the dispute was reached in February 2020.[115]

Ohio

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Since 1994, Ohio has had a policy of purging infrequent voters from the rolls. In April 2016, a lawsuit was filed, challenging this policy on the grounds that it violated the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA)[120] and the Help America Vote Act of 2002.[121] In June, the federal district court ruled for the plaintiffs, and entered a preliminary injunction applicable only to the November 2016 election. The preliminary injunction was upheld in September by the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Had it not been upheld, thousands of voters would have been purged from the rolls just a few weeks before the election.[120]

Wisconsin

Wisconsin has enforced a photo ID law for all elections since April 7, 2015.[122] A federal judge found that Wisconsin's restrictive voter ID law led to "real incidents of disenfranchisement, which undermine rather than enhance confidence in elections, particularly in minority communities"; and, given that there was no evidence of widespread voter impersonation in Wisconsin, found that the law was "a cure worse than the disease." In addition to imposing strict voter ID requirements, the law cut back on early voting, required people to live in a ward for at least 28 days before voting, and prohibited emailing absentee ballots to voters.[109] A study by Priorities USA, a progressive advocacy group, estimates that strict ID laws in Wisconsin led to a significant decrease in voter turnout in 2016, with a disproportionate effect on African-American and Democratic-leaning voters.[123][124]

2017–2018

Election Integrity Commission and Crosscheck

Main article: Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity

In May 2017, President Donald Trump established the Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity, purportedly for the purpose of preventing voter fraud. Critics have suggested its true purpose is voter suppression. The commission was led by Kansas attorney general and Republican gubernatorial nominee Kris Kobach, a staunch advocate of strict voter ID laws and a proponent of the Crosscheck system. Crosscheck is a national database designed to check for voters who are registered in more than one state by comparing names and dates of birth. Researchers at Stanford University, the University of Pennsylvania, Harvard University, and Microsoft found that for every legitimate instance of double registration it finds, Crosscheck's algorithm returns approximately 200 false positives.[125] Kobach has been repeatedly sued by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and other civil rights organizations for trying to restrict voting rights in Kansas.[108] On February 20, 2016, while speaking to a committee of Kansas 2nd Congressional District delegates, regarding their challenges of the proof-of-citizenship voting law he championed in 2011, Kobach said, "The ACLU and their fellow communist friends, the League of Women Voters—you can quote me on that, the communist League of Women Voters — the ACLU and the communist League of Women Voters sued".[126]

Often, voter fraud is cited as a justification for such measures, even when the incidence of voter fraud is low. In Iowa, lawmakers passed a strict voter ID law with the potential to disenfranchise 260,000 voters. Out of 1.6 million votes cast in Iowa in 2016, there were only 10 allegations of voter fraud; none were cases of impersonation that a voter ID law could have prevented. Only one person, a Republican voter, was convicted. Iowa Secretary of State Paul Pate, the architect of the bill, admitted, "We've not experienced widespread voter fraud in Iowa."[127]

Alabama

Alabama HB 56, an anti-illegal-immigration bill co-authored by Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach and passed in 2011, required proof of citizenship to be presented by voters on Election Day.[128] Much of the law was invalidated on appeal at various levels of appeals courts or voluntarily withdrawn or reworded.[129][130][131]

In its 2014 Shelby County v. Holder decision, the Supreme Court of the United States allowed jurisdictions with a history of suppression of minority voters to avoid continuing to abide by federal preclearance requirements for changes in voter registration and casting of ballots. Within 24 hours of that ruling, Alabama implemented a previously-passed 2011 law requiring specific types of photo identification to be presented by voters. The state closed DMV offices in eight of ten counties which had the highest percentage black population, but only three in the ten counties with the lowest black population. In 2016, Alabama's Secretary of State (SOS) John Merrill began the process to require proof of citizenship from voters, despite Merrill saying he did not know of any cases where non-citizens had voted. Four-term Republican Representative Mo Brooks found that he himself had been purged from the rolls. Merrill also declined to publicize the passage of legislation that enabled some 60,000 Alabamian former felons to vote.[132][133] Alabama's requirement regarding proof of citizenship had been approved by federal Election Assistance Commission Director Brian Newby.[134] Kobach had supported Newby in the federal suit, and had appointed him to an elections position in Kansas prior to his EAC appointment.[135]

Alabama boasts the 3rd highest rate of people barred from voting due to a felony conviction per 100,000 residents in each state across the US, according to a recent study.[136] This disproportionately affects African Americans.[136] In 2018, critics accused the state of intentionally disenfranchising non-white voters.[137] The suburban and rural outreach efforts by the Doug Jones campaign were successful and he captured the U.S. Senate seat, the first Democrat in 25 years to do so, and in a state that Donald Trump had won by 30 points.[137]

Georgia

In Louisville, Georgia, in October 2018, Black senior citizens were told to get off a bus that was to have taken them to a polling place for early voting. The bus trip was supposed to have been part of the "South Rising" bus tour sponsored by the advocacy group Black Voters Matter. A clerk of the local Jefferson County Commission allegedly called the intended voters' senior center to claim that the bus tour constituted "political activity," which is barred at events sponsored by the county. LaTosha Brown, one of the founders of Black Voters Matter, described the trip's prevention as a clear-cut case of "...voter intimidation. This is voter suppression, Southern style." The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund sent a letter to the county calling for an "immediate investigation" into the incident, which it condemned as, "an unacceptable act of voter intimidation," that "potentially violates several laws."[138][needs update]

Georgia's Secretary of State, Brian Kemp, the Republican gubernatorial nominee, was the official in charge of determining whether or not voters were allowed to vote in the November 2018 election and has been accused of voter suppression. Minority voters are statistically more likely to have names that contain hyphens, suffixes or other punctuation that can make it more difficult to match their name in databases, experts noted, and are more likely to have their voter applications suspended by Kemp's office. Barry C. Burden, a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and director of its Elections Research Center said, "An unrealistic rule of this sort will falsely flag many legitimate registration forms. Moreover, the evidence indicates that minority residents are more likely to be flagged than are whites." Kemp has suspended the applications of 53,000 voters, a majority of whom are minorities. Strict voter registration deadlines in Georgia prevented 87,000 Georgians from voting because they had registered after the deadline.[139] "Even if everyone who is on a pending list is eventually allowed to vote, it places more hurdles in the way of those voters on the list, who are disproportionately black and Hispanic," said Charles Stewart III, Professor of Political Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[140][needs update]

Indiana

In 2017, Indiana passed a law allowing the state to purge voters from the rolls without notifying them, based on information from the controversial Crosscheck system. The Indiana NAACP and League of Women Voters have filed a federal lawsuit against Connie Lawson, Indiana's Secretary of State, to stop the purges.[141] In June 2018, a federal judge ruled that the law violated the National Voter Registration Act.[142]

2019–2020

Georgia

See also: 2020 Georgia (U.S. state) elections

Georgia made efforts to correct voting problems that had occurred in the 2018 election. In the 2020 statewide primary, however, many irregularities were reported, including missing machines at polling places and mail-in ballots that never arrived at voters' houses.[143] Georgia has a law prohibiting felons on probation for crimes involving moral turpitude from voting or registering to vote, with a similar law in Alabama having been criticized by the United States Supreme Court in 471 U.S. 222 (1985) as having roots in white supremacy.[144]

Texas

See also: 2020 Texas elections

In March 2020, it was reported that Texas leads the South in closing down voting places, making it more difficult for Democratic-leaning African-Americans and Latinos to vote. The 50 counties that have experienced the greatest increases in African-American and Latino populations had 542 polling sites closed between 2012 and 2018, while those with the lowest increases in minority populations had only 34 closures. Brazoria County, south of Houston, closed 60% of its polling places, below the statutory minimum; the county clerk promised this would not happen again. Texas law allows the centralization of vote centers, which sometimes make it easier for people to vote. However, the 334 poll closures outside of vote centers still put Texas ahead of Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi.[145]

Texas limits who can request absentee postal ballots only to voters over 65, those sick or disabled, those who will be out of the county on election day and those who are in jail.[146] Attempts in court to expand mail in voting before the 2020 elections because of health concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic have been unsuccessful.[147][148] In addition, some eligible postal voters want to lodge postal ballots in advance in drop-off points rather than rely on the postal service, which had warned that ballot papers may not arrive in time to be counted on election day.[149][150] However, on October 1, Texas Governor Greg Abbott, a Republican, ordered a limit of one drop-off location per county.[151]Harris County, for example, received national media attention because it is larger than the size of Rhode Island and has 2.4 million registered voters but is being served by only one voting drop-box location.[152] On October 10, a judge blocked the order to allow only one absentee vote drop-off point per county, on the basis that it would affect older and disabled voters.[149] A Texas appeals court on October 23 confirmed the ruling that the Republican governor cannot limit drop-off sites for mail ballots to one per county.[153]

Some prominent Texas Republicans sued Governor Abbott in September 2020, seeking to limit the number of days early voting was allowed in the state. They sought to push back the early voting start date from October 13 to October 19. Early voting had been expanded by the governor in July, in response to the pandemic and to the limits he had imposed on mail in voting. The same lawsuit also sought to limit the time frame for submitting mail-in ballots in person.[154] A similar lawsuit was filed by Houston Republicans a week later, seeking the same restrictions on in person and absentee ballots in Harris County.[155] The Texas Supreme Court ruled against the Republicans and allowed early voting to take place from October 13 to October 30, 2020.[156]

A conservative activist and three Republican candidates sued in late October 2020 to have 127,000 drive-through ballots cast in predominantly Democratic Harris County, tossed.[157] A federal judge rejected the Republican lawsuit, as did the Texas Supreme Court.[158]

Turnout in the 2020 Texas election increased by more than 6%, breaking a 28-year record, with both major-party Presidential candidates breaking records for the most votes ever cast for a candidate in Texas.[159]

Wisconsin

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See also: 2019 Wisconsin elections and 2020 Wisconsin elections

In 2019, district court Judge Paul V. Malloy of Ozaukee County, Wisconsin removed 234,000 voters from state rolls.[160] Wisconsin's Attorney General Josh Kaul appealed to halt the purge, on behalf of the Wisconsin Elections Commission.[161]

The issue was brought before the court by the Wisconsin Institute for Law and Liberty (WILL),[162] a conservative organization mostly supported by the Bradley Foundation, which funds such political causes.[162] The lawsuit demanded that the Wisconsin Election Commission respond to a "Movers Report," generated from voter data analysis produced by the Electronic Registration Information Center (ERIC), a national, non-partisan partnership funded in 2012 by the Pew Charitable Trusts. ERIC shares voter registration information to improve the accuracy of voter rolls.[163][164] The report tagged 234,039 voters who may have moved to an address that had not yet been updated on their voter registration forms. Despite thin evidence for removal of that extraordinary number of qualified voters, Wisconsin may be forced to comply with Malloy's order.[165] On January 2, 2020, WILL said it asked the circuit court to hold the Elections Commission in contempt, fining it up to ,000 daily, until it advances Malloy's December 17, 2019 order to purge from the voting rolls hundreds of thousands of registered voters who possibly have moved to a different address.

The case being litigated in a state appeals court, but it was thought that the conservative-dominated Wisconsin Supreme Court would be likely to hear it.[166] The purge was claimed to be targeting voters in the cities of Madison and Milwaukee, and college towns, which all tend to favor Democrats.[162] Disenfranchisement expert Greg Palast ties the Wisconsin effort at voter purging as part of a national Republican strategy.[167]

COVID-19 pandemic and voting by mail, 2020 US election

The COVID-19 pandemic in the United States posed challenges for the 2020 election, with many states expanding mail-in voting to avoid voters having to choose between not voting and risking illness by voting in person. President Trump encouraged restricting mail-in voting, and hundreds of lawsuits were filed disputing whether witness requirements, arrival deadlines, the removal of ballot drop-boxes, the reduction of polling places, and aggressive rejection of "mismatched" signatures infringed the right to vote.[168][169]

The large numbers of COVID-19 cases has postponed primary elections. Voting by mail has become an increasingly common practice in the United States, with 25% of voters nationwide mailing their ballots in 2016 and 2018. The coronavirus pandemic of 2020 is believed to have caused a large increase in mail voting because of the possible danger of congregating at polling places. This method of voting-by-mail may potentially be limited to residents. For the 2020 election, a state-by-state analysis concluded that 76% of Americans would be eligible to vote by mail in 2020, a record number. The analysis predicted that 80 million ballots could be cast by mail in 2020, more than double the number in 2016. Thus, voting in 2020 may exclude minority groups such as homeless people, lower socioeconomic groups, and people that are unable to register to vote via the internet.[citation needed] As an example, the state of New York, with a high spike of COVID cases, has tried to cancel their primary elections and switched to voting-by-mail.[citation needed]

The Postal Service sent a letter to multiple states in July 2020, warning that the service would not be able to meet the state's deadlines for requesting and casting last-minute absentee ballots. The House voted to include an emergency grant of billion to the post office to facilitate the predicted flood of mail ballots. Trump conceded that the post office would need additional funds to handle the additional mail-in voting, and said he will not grant any additional funding because he wanted to prevent any increase in balloting by mail.[citation needed]

As reported on the site Common Dreams, as an example of occurrences across the country, the head of the Iowa Postal Workers Union "alleged [Tuesday August 11, 2020] that mail sorting machines are 'being removed' from Post Offices in her state due to new policies imposed by Postmaster General Louis DeJoy, a major Republican donor to President Donald Trump whose operational changes have resulted in dramatic mail slowdowns across the nation. Asked by National Public Radio's Noel King whether she has felt the impact of DeJoy's changes, Iowa Postal Workers Union President Kimberly Karol—a 30-year Postal Service veteran—answered in the affirmative, saying 'mail is beginning to pile up in our offices, and we're seeing equipment being removed.' Karol went on to specify that 'equipment that we use to process mail for delivery'—including sorting machines—is being removed from Postal Service facilities in Iowa as DeJoy rushes ahead with policies that, according to critics, are sabotaging the Postal Service's day-to-day operations less than 90 days before an election that could hinge on mail-in ballots."[170][171]

Due to the timing of the coronavirus pandemic with respect to the 2020 presidential election, the Brennan Center for Justice has recommended that states establish contingency plans and pandemic task forces to limit the impact the virus has on voter turnout.[172][better source needed] The memorandum encourages the expansion of early voting and online registration, and a universal vote-by mail option; especially for at-risk groups. The memorandum recommends polling places remain open to the extent permissible by public health mandates, to prevent the disenfranchisement of those for whom voting by mail is difficult. Fifteen states (Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia, Wyoming) and Puerto Rico have either delayed their primary elections or switched to voting by mail with extended deadlines.[173] The New York State Board of Elections decided to cancel the 2020 Democratic Primary as New York was experiencing a major outbreak COVID-19 at the time. This decision was met with backlash from supporters of Bernie Sanders' presidential campaign, since although Sanders had suspended his campaign on April 8, he was still eligible to receive delegates and thus influence the 2020 Democratic platform.[174] The 2020 Democratic National Convention was pushed from its original June 9 date to the week of August 17th due to COVID-19.[175] In Wisconsin, Governor Tony Evers (D) issued an executive order postponing in-person voting and extending the deadline for absentee voting to June, in an attempt to limit the spread of the virus. However, the Wisconsin state Supreme Court denied this order; a decision upheld by the US Supreme Court one day before the primary election.[citation needed]

Aftermath of the 2020 election

Main article: Republican efforts to make voting laws more restrictive following the 2020 presidential election

After Joe Biden defeated Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election, Republican lawmakers around the nation began attacking the voting methods used in the election.[176] Drawing on the false allegations of voting fraud and a stolen election, by February 2021 Republican state legislatures had begun to implement new laws and rules to restrict voting access in ways that would favor Republican candidates.[177] By April 2021, 361 bills in 47 states have been proposed by GOP lawmakers meant to restrict voting access.[178]

In March 2021, John Kavanagh, a Republican elected to the Arizona House of Representatives, justified restrictions on voting: "... everybody shouldn’t be voting... Quantity is important, but we have to look at the quality of votes, as well."[179]

Anti-suppression efforts

Starting in 2015, various states enacted laws for automatic voter registration. At Politico's "State Solutions" voter engagement conference, former Secretary of State and Oregon Governor Kate Brown said, "Registration is a barrier to people participating in this process... [v]oting is a fundamental right of being a citizen, and people across the country should have the ability to access this fundamental right without barriers like registration." She emphatically aimed at critics of policies such as Oregon's "motor voter" law that are aimed at increasing voter turnout, saying, "I think the good news is, in Oregon, we actually want people to vote in our state."[180] As of March 2021, Democrats in Congress were pursuing passage of the For The People Act, which aims to create new national standards for elections, while preventing common forms of voter suppression and easing access to voting. They were also pursuing an update to the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which had its federal preclearance mechanism for preventing racially motivated voter suppression invalidated by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2013.

See also

  • Gerrymandering in the United States
  • Black suffrage in the United States
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 for relevant court cases

References

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  2. ^ Valelly, Richard M.; The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement University of Chicago Press, 2009, pp. 134-139 ISBN 9780226845302
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  5. ^ "Voting Laws Roundup: March 2021". Brennan Center for Justice. April 1, 2021.
  6. ^ Gardner, Amy; Rabinowitz, Kate; Stevens, Harry (March 11, 2021). "How GOP-backed voting measures could create hurdles for tens of millions of voters". The Washington Post.
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  8. ^ a b c d Phillips Erb, Kelly (5 November 2018). "For Election Day, A History Of The Poll Tax In America". Forbes. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  9. ^ a b c Highton, Benjamin (2017). "Voter Identification Laws and Turnout in the United States". Annual Review of Political Science. 20: 149–167. doi:10.1146/annurev-polisci-051215-022822.
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  12. ^ "After More Than 100,000 Voters Dropped In Brooklyn, City Officials Call For Action". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
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  19. ^ "NAACP v. McCrory" (PDF). www.ca4.uscourts.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
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Further reading

  • Daniels, Gilda R. (2020). Uncounted : the crisis of voter suppression in America. New York. ISBN 978-1-4798-6235-1. OCLC 1090816384.
  • Kousser, J. Morgan (1974). The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-party South, 1880–1910. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-01696-3.
  • "American democracy: The spreading scourge of voter suppression", The Economist, UK, October 10, 2020
  • Wang, Tova Andrea (2016). The politics of voter suppression : defending and expanding Americans' right to vote. Ithaca. ISBN 978-0-8014-6603-8. OCLC 967261501.

External links

  • "Save My Vote 2020", SaveMyVote2020.org, Los Angeles, CA: Palast Investigative Fund, Purged? Check if your voter registration has been cancelled
  • Fighting Voter Suppression
  • The Brennan Center for Justice research page for voter suppression
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Voter_suppression_in_the_United_States&oldid=1063496791"
Election Day 2021: When will we know who won the governor ...

02-11-2021 · The voting setup has changed radically from last year. Instead of pretty-much all mail-in ballots, people can vote by mail, have voted early in person, and can show up at the polls on Tuesday.

02-11-2021

Last year, it took four days before America knew who their next president would be in the middle of a pandemic with many states, including New Jersey, relying heavily on mail-in voting.

So when do we expect to learn the results of the New Jersey governor’s race? Will it be called on Election Day 2021?

Both the campaigns of Phil Murphy and Jack Ciattarelli say they think the results will be known on Election Night.

But of course, a very close race could change all that.

The voting setup has changed radically from last year. Instead of pretty-much all mail-in ballots, people can vote by mail, have voted early in person, and can show up at the polls on Tuesday.

Election officials disclosed Monday that about 700,000 of New Jersey’s 6.57 million registered voters had cast their ballots by mail or early voting as of Sunday.

The early voting ballots were by machine and county clerks can relay the results to the state at any time during the night. The big question is how quickly mail in ballots – nearly 500,000 of them – will be scanned and counted. In addition, mail-in ballots will count if they are postmarked by 8 p.m. on Nov. 2 and can be tabulated up until Nov. 8.

The remainder are from Election Day voting and are counted and reported as they always have. Absent glitches, most results have been tabulated before midnight on Election nights. But all clerks do not process and report voting totals in the same time frame.

It’s not clear how many will head to the polls Tuesday on Election Day. In last year’s all-mail ballot during the presidential election, about 72% of eligible voters cast ballots. The last governor’s race in 2017, however, saw only a 39% turnout. The early voting results show 5.8 million have yet to vote.

The Associated Press uses the results — and whether or not a trailing candidate can capture enough votes in strongholds for his or her party to make up the difference — to project winners. The AP did call all of the New Jersey congressional races on Election Night in last year’s mail-only election.

But a race that’s too close to call on Election Night could take days or perhaps weeks to sort out. That has happened in very close races for Congress and the state Legislature, even in days prior to big mail-in votes. So it won’t be surprise if a few of them pop up on Election night.

It’s happened in New Jersey governor races too. The modern-day record was the razor-thin contest between Republican Tom Kean and Democrat Jim Florio in 1981. That one was decided by fewer than a half a percent, and it took 26 days for Kean to be declared the winner.

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