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The state capitol is the building in which the California legislature meets. It is located in Sacramento, California, the capital of the state.(see the related link below)


The building serves as both a museum and the state’s working seat of government. Visitors to the Capitol can at once experience California’s rich history and witness the making of history through the modern lawmaking process. Find your representatives and visit their Capitol offices. California State Capitol 10th and L Streets Sacramento ...

What Is the Capital of California?

The capital city of California is Sacramento.

Sacramento is the capital of California State. The City of Sacramento is seat of Sacramento County, and is located in the northern part of California's vast Central Valley, known as Sacramento Valley. The city's current population of about 493,025, which ranks as California's sixth-largest city. Sacramento is the economic and cultural hub of the larger Sacramento metropolitan area.

History of the Capital of California

Native Americans left inadequate proof of their existence in the territory where they probably lived for thousands of years. The Sacrament Valley, as well as the Sacramento River, was named by Gabriel Moraga, a Spanish explorer who came upon the area in 1808. John Sutter, with aid from his exploration party, erected Sutter's Fort in 1840 and founded a Mexican colony named New Helvetia. The fort became popular with immigrants passing the valley, and in 1847 Sutter contracted James Marshall to construct a sawmill. The receipt of 2,000 fruit trees enabled Sutter to cultivate an agricultural industry in the region. The discovery of gold in 1848 boosted the settlement's population, and Sutter initiated the development of the City of Sacramento, which was incorporated on February 27, 1850, making it the state's oldest incorporated city. Chinese immigrants flocked to the city during the 1840s and 1850s and contributed to the city's labor pool. Sacramento became California's capital in 1850, a status which triggered the city's prosperity.

Geography of Sacramento

Sacramento sits on an area of 100.1 square miles. 2.19% of this total area is water, and the remaining 97.81% is land. Sacramento's location is strategically situated at the confluence of the Sacramento and American Rivers, and a channel via the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, which links the city's deep-water port to the San Francisco Bay. Most of the land located to the west of Sacramento is permanently reserved for an extensive flood control basin because of the city's historical susceptibility to floods.

Demographics of Sacramento

California's capital city is frequently ranked as one of the country's most diverse territories, and is recognized for its high racial and ethnic integration. The 2010 census reported a population of 466,488 and a racial makeup of white (45%), African American (14.6%), Asian (17.8%), Pacific Islander (1.4%), Native American (1.1%), and other races (12.3%). The Latino or Hispanic community of any race was 26.9% of the population, 22.6% had Mexican heritage, and 0.7% and 0.5% of the population had Puerto Rican and Salvadoran heritage, respectively. An LGBT population of about 10% makes Sacramento one of the top cities having the highest LGBT populations per capita in the nation.

Economy of Sacramento

The state of California and Sacramento County are the top employers in Sacramento City. The city’s health sector is another significant employer, and includes with institutions like UC Davis Health System, Sutter Health, Catholic Healthcare West, and Kaiser Permanente. Numerous companies operate in Sacramento, including Blue Diamond Growers, Intel, Teichert, Aerojet, and the McClatchy Company.

Government of Sacramento

Sacramento's government features the Sacramento City Counci,l complete with eight city council districts, in addition to the mayor of Sacramento. There are also many departments and appointed officials, including the city attorney and the city manager. Sacramento City is included as part of Sacramento County, whose government is characterized by a board of supervisors of five elected members, elected officials, such as the assessor and sheriff, and several entities and departments which are overseen by the county executive officer.


The state Legislature agreed and Sacramento County’s courthouse (located on the northwest corner of 7th and I streets) served as the Capitol from 1852 to 1854 (with a short recess to San Francisco in 1862 due to large-scale flooding). The Legislature apparently found the location acceptable because no plans were made to relocate to another city.

500 Church Street
Monterey, CA 93940

The San Carlos Cathedral is the last remaining structure from the Spanish Royal Presidio at Monterey, the Spanish and Mexican capital of California (1776–1846).

Named for the captain who raised the U.S. flag over the Monterey Custom House, Fort Mervine was the military capitol from 1846 to 1849. During that time, the Territory of California was governed by seven military governors, including John Drake Sloat, Robert Field Stockton, and John C. Fremont. While Stockton and Fremont both had California cities named in their honor, Sloat is commemorated by the Sloat Memorial, located down the hill from what remains of Fort Mervine. When completed, the fort measured 650 feet long and 400 feet wide. All that remains of the Fort Mervine site is a triangular earthen mound with five cannons pointing toward Monterey Bay.

Although Monterey was never a capital of the State of California, it served as the political and religious capital of Mexican California from 1781 to 1846, and remained the political center of California during the military occupation. In 1846, the first U.S. flag raised in California was in Monterey, and California’s military governors called Fort Mervine home during the years prior to statehood (1846–1849). When the first Constitutional Convention was held in 1849, it was Colton Hall in Monterey that was selected to host the 48 delegates for their six weeks of drafting the State Constitution. Even after the 1849 Constitution named San Jose as the first capital of the new state, it was made clear that if the new capital was insufficient, Colton Hall would be available to host legislative sessions.

In 1849, as California prepared for statehood, a convention was held at Monterey to write the constitution for the new state. Delegates were chosen in elections around the state and met for about six weeks starting in September 1849. A major debate at the convention was whether it was appropriate for the Constitutional Convention to prohibit slavery or whether that was a decision better left to the first legislature. In the end, the convention voted to settle the matter immediately, with Section 18 of Article I declaring, “Neither slavery, nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crimes, shall ever be tolerated in this State.”

The 1849 Constitution set San Jose as the first state capital, and required Assembly members to be elected annually (state Senators were elected every two years). The constitution also established both English and Spanish as the official languages for the state and prohibited both dueling and the establishment of a state lottery. Spanish would remain an official state language until the second constitution of 1879, the prohibition on dueling was eventually lost to time (and formally repealed in the 1990s) and the state lottery was authorized by initiative in 1984.

The Monterey Custom House is where the American flag was first raised over California. The building is now a state park and is marked by several plaques. At that site in 1846, John Drake Sloat sent Captain William Mervine ashore to raise the U.S. flag at Monterey.

While in Monterey, also visit:

Monterey Custom House

Custom House Plaza
Monterey, CA 93940

The Monterey Custom House was the location where the American flag was first raised over California. The building is now a state park, and is marked by several plaques. At that site, in 1846, John Drake Sloat sent Captain William Mervine ashore to raise the U.S. flag at Monterey.

150 South Market Street
San Jose, CA 95113

Based on several historic maps, the location of the where the Capitol was in San Jose is now the entrance to the San Jose Fairmont Hotel. A small plaque (dedicated by the Native Sons of the Golden West) is located on the eastern side of Plaza de Cesar Chavez. A larger marker (dedicated by the State of California) is just north of the hotel. The Legislature first met on December 15, 1849, in the San Jose Capitol. The building was 60 feet long, 40 feet wide, and two stories high. The San Jose Capitol Building was destroyed by a fire in 1853. The location was covered by a large parking lot until the Fairmont Hotel was constructed on the site.

The California Supreme Court issued an 1854 decision that San Jose was the legal state capital. From April 1854 to January 1855, the state courts and court archive were located in San Jose. A January 1855 court decision reversed the earlier decision and declared that Sacramento was the legal capital of California. In 1893, E.C. Seymour introduced Senate Constitutional Amendment 23, which would move the state capital to San Jose. It passed the Senate 27 to 8 and the Assembly 57 to 7. The removal was challenged, and the Supreme Court overturned the law, on the basis that it was ineffective (because San Jose hadn’t yet officially donated land for the new capitol).

Having promised land and accommodations, Vallejo became the state capital on January 5, 1852. But when legislators arrived construction of the capitol had not been completed and the noise and lack of accommodations made work impossible. On January 12, 1852, the Legislature agreed to keep Vallejo as the permanent location of the Capitol, but moved to Sacramento for the duration of the 1852 legislative session. At the end of the session, the capital returned to Vallejo, where it remained until just after the start of the next year’s session. On February 11, 1853, the capital was moved to Benicia.

300 York Street
Vallejo, CA 94590

Vallejo was the state capitol for 12 days, from January 5 to January 16, 1852, before the state capitol was moved to Sacramento for the duration of the 1852 legislative session. At the end of the session, the Capital returned to Vallejo, where it remained until the beginning of the next year’s session. On January 4, 1853, the Capitol was moved to Benicia.

The 300 block of York Street is now covered by a parking lot for the Solano County Health and Social Services (whose street address is 201 Georgia Street). Based on a comparison of vintage maps and current satellite images of Vallejo, the former location of the capitol building is near the Santa Clara Street entrance to the Health and Social Services’ parking lot (south of Georgia Street).

115 West G St
Benicia, CA 94510

The Benicia Capitol (now the Benicia Capitol State Historic Park) is the large red brick building located on the northwest corner of 1st and G streets.

History: Built in 1852 as Benicia’s city hall, the site became California’s Capitol in 1853. The 1853 Session of the Legislature started on January 3, 1853, in Vallejo before moving to Benicia. The Legislature passed legislation to move the capital from Benicia to Sacramento a year later, on February 24, 1854. The location was deeded to the state in 1951 and became a State Historic Park in 1958. Also in 1958, the Legislature passed SCR 2, which returned the capital to Benicia for a single day on March 15, 1958. A second resolution, SCR 54, moved the capital to Benicia temporarily for sesquicentennial festivities on February 16, 2000.

651 I Street
Sacramento, CA 95814

Because of the difficulties establishing a permanent center of government in San Jose, Vallejo and Benicia, the City of Sacramento offered its courthouse to the state for use as a capitol. The state Legislature agreed and Sacramento County’s courthouse (located on the northwest corner of 7th and I streets) served as the Capitol from 1852 to 1854 (with a short recess to San Francisco in 1862 due to large-scale flooding). The Legislature apparently found the location acceptable because no plans were made to relocate to another city. However, about a month after the adjournment of the 1854 Legislature, on July 13, the wooden courthouse “along with a considerable portion of the city” was destroyed in a massive fire.

Sacramento II: State Capitol (1855–1869)

651 I Street
Sacramento, CA 95814

With the Legislature scheduled to meet again in Sacramento early the following year, the recently destroyed Sacramento County Courthouse was quickly rebuilt following the fire of 1854. Construction of the new courthouse (to serve temporarily as the Capitol) began on September 1854 and was finished in January 1855. The new courthouse was described as a two-story “classical, temple-styled building” with eight Ionic columns. The building was home to the Assembly and Senate chambers, offices for the clerks and legislative officers, as well as the State Controller and Treasurer.

Sacramento County Jail (in 2008)

Although designed with the Legislature in mind, the new structure was a little small for the growing state government. The building, although always viewed by both Sacramento and the state as a temporary home, served an important purpose by allowing the careful selection and orderly construction of the new Capitol without the rush that had characterized the earlier moves. The second Capitol at Sacramento continued to serve as the Capitol for 14 years, as the new state Capitol was being constructed six blocks away. In fact, it wasn’t until 1869, when the current Capitol building was occupied, that the Legislature moved. This site is now the location of the Sacramento County Jail.

In 1870, the building returned to use as the Sacramento County Courthouse. The building was redesigned in 1913, but remained a courthouse until 1965, when a new building opened nearby. The former courthouse was then leveled and the existing building, the Sacramento County Jail, was built in 1989.

A new marker was installed on June 27, 2007, that gives a good history of buildings that previously stood on the site. It replaced an earlier historical landmark that only noted the 1852–1854 tenure of the site.

550 Battery Street
San Francisco, CA 94111

As a result of heavy rains in late 1861 and early 1862, the Sacramento River overflowed its banks and the capital city was inundated. Facing significant difficulties if they remained in Sacramento, the Legislature moved temporarily to the Merchants’ Exchange Building in San Francisco. “Erected in 1854 for the Hong Kong trading house of Jardine and Matheson, this imposing, three-story structure, capped with a central dome, was done in the Palladian style of architecture. Statuary of an allegorical nature embellished the cornice.”1

At the conclusion of the 1862 session, the Legislature bid farewell to its temporary home and relocated again to Sacramento.

The Merchants Exchange Building didn’t survive the 1906 earthquake, and the new Richard Henry Dana Building was constructed in its place. A major source of confusion is the existence of a new Merchants Exchange, which was constructed in 1904, at 465 California St., six blocks away from the former Capitol.

1 California’s Legislature (2017) edition by Wilson and Ebbert

10th St & L St
Sacramento, CA 95814

The construction of the state Capitol began on September 24, 1860. The first work was excavation of the basement wall near M and 11th streets. The cornerstone, laid at the northeast corner of the building, was placed on May 15, 1861. Because the hill that the Capitol sits on had not been formed at the time, the cornerstone is now located approximately six feet underground. Most of the granite for the construction was mined from a quarry on the American River in Folsom on the grounds of the state prison. According to the State Capitol Museum, as construction continued through the first floor, the source of granite was changed from Folsom to Penryn (seven miles north of Folsom). On the exterior of the building, the darker granite is from the Folsom area; the lighter is from Penryn.

The offices of the governor and secretary of state opened for the first time on November 26, 1869. The gold-plated ball at the top of the cupola (240 feet above street level) was signed by the secretary of state on October 30, 1871. Construction finally finished in 1874. The rotunda was open to the public until about 1877, when Thomas Beck ordered it closed because of graffiti and “obscene and improper writing.”

Even at the turn of the century, the state Legislature was beginning to outgrow its home. In 1899, Secretary of State C.F. Curry authorized the conversion of the Capitol attic (until then used for storage) into a new fourth floor that would be used for office space. This space is occupied by committee rooms and the offices of the President pro Tem of the State Senate.

This work lessened the pressure to expand and further construction was delayed until the addition of the Capitol Annex in the 1940s. The groundbreaking for the Annex took place on June 3, 1949. The Apse, which had been home to the State Library for 80 years, was demolished in July and August, with the new structure quickly rising in its place. The Annex was completed, and the hallways connecting it to the “New Capitol” were opened at the end of 1951. Earl Warren became the first to occupy the new governor’s office on October 29, 1951.

The 2001 Truck Attack

On the evening of January 16, 2001, the south side of the State Capitol was severely damaged when a semitrailer smashed into a committee room. Shortly after 9 p.m., long-distance truck driver Mike Bowers took the downtown exit from Highway 99. At 9:22 p.m., the semi sped through a red light at N Street and, hopping the three-inch curb that rings Capitol Park, up the South Lawn and crashed into the South Portico. The fuel tanks burst into flames, starting a four-alarm fire that would burn for a half hour, filling the Capitol with smoke. Although most of the damage from the fire itself was contained to the area around the South Portico and Room 113, there was massive water and smoke damage to the southern half of the Capitol (including the Senate Chambers and Historic Governor’s Office). The restoration would eventually total million.


Farm-To-Fork Capital With its proximity to local farms, Sacramento is at the forefront of fresh, seasonal cuisine sourced right from the city’s backyard California is undeniably the land of plenty—the largest agricultural producer in the country. And it doesn’t get much more farmer than the region surrounding Sacramento.


The California State Capitol is the seat of the Government of California, located in Sacramento, the state capital of California.The building houses the chambers of the California State Legislature, made up of the Assembly and the Senate, along with the office of the governor of California.The Neoclassical structure, designed by Reuben S. Clark, was completed between …


Originally, Monterey was chosen as the Capital of California. However, after Monterey hosted California's Consitutional Convention in 1849 and California was admiited as a State of the United States, the Capital was moved. San Jose was first chosen as the Capital City, then Vallejo and then Benicia.

The Capitals of the 50 US States

The state capitals of the fifty states of the United States of America, plus geography facts about each capital city.

The following is a complete list of the state capitals of the 50 United States. The state capital in each state is the political center of the state and the location of the state legislature, government, and governor of the state. In many states, the state capital is not the largest city in terms of population. For example, in California, the most populous state of the United States, the state capital of Sacramento is the fourth largest metropolitan area in the state (the three largest are Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Diego).

The data below are from the United States Census Bureau.

  • Population: 200,602 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 31.4% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,535
  • Population: 32,756 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 37.8% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,750
  • Population: 1,563,025 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 26.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,881
  • Population: 197,992 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 38.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,409
  • Population: 490,712 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 29.3% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,013
  • Population: 682,545 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 43.7% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,800
  • Population: 124,006 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 15% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,313
  • Population: 37,522 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 28.4% have a bachelor's degree
  •  Median Household Income: ,714
  • Population: 190,894 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 47.6% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,660
  • Population: 463,878 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 47.1% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,439
  • Population: 998,714 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 32.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,581
  • Population: 218,281 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 39.1% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,209
  • Population: 116,565 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 34.9% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,848
  • Population: 853,173 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 27.6% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,076
  • Population: 210,330 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 24.7% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,430
  • Population: 127,265 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 27.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,412
  • Population: 27,830  (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 25.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,622
  • Population: 228,590 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 32.7% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,790
  • Population: 18,471 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 23.2% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,263
  • Population: 39,474 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 45.7% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,320
  • Population: 667,137 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 44.6% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,485
  • Population: 115,056 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 25.1% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,675
  • Population: 300,851(2015 estimate)
  • Education: 38.6% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,258
  • Population: 170,674 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 26% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,080
  • Population: 43,168 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 33.2% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,901
  • Population: 30,581 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 44.8% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,311
  • Population: 277,348 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 36.2% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,794
  • Population: 54,521 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 20.4% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,108
  • Population: 42,620 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 35% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,182
  • Population: 84,225 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 10.7% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,647
  • Population: 84,099 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 44% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,213
  • Population: 98,469  (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 36.3% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,099
  • Population: 451,066 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 47.6% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,581
  • Population: 71,167 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 34% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,660
  • Population: 850,106 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 33.4% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,774
  • Population: 631,346 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 28.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,004
  • Population: 164,549 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 26.9% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,273
  • Population: 49,081(2015 estimate)
  • Education: 18.4% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,476
  • Population: 179,207 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 28.6% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,514
  • Population: 133,803 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 40.1% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,454
  • Population: 14,002 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 33.2% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,961
  • Population: 654,610 (Nashville-Davidson balance, 2015 estimate)
  • Education: 35.8% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,758
  • Population: 931,830 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 46% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,216
  • Population: 192,672 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 42.1% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,833
  • Population: 7,592 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 52.5% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,676
  • Population: 220,289 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 35.4% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,331
  • Population: 50,302 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 43.4% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,834
  • Population: 49,736 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 39.3% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,959
  • Population: 248,951 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 55% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,933
  • Population: 63,335 (2015 estimate)
  • Education: 27.7% have a bachelor's degree
  • Median Household Income: ,845

16-12-2021 · Sacramento (/ ˌ s æ k r ə ˈ m ɛ n t oʊ / SAK-rə-MEN-toh; Spanish: [sakɾaˈmento], Spanish for ''sacrament'') is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County.Located at the confluence of the Sacramento and American Rivers in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's 2020 population of 524,943 makes it the sixth-largest ...

Capital city of the U.S. state of California
"Sacramento" redirects here. For other uses, see Sacramento (disambiguation).
"City of Sacramento" redirects here. For the former vessel, see SS Asbury Park.
State capital and city of California, United States
Downtown Sacramento
Sacramento, California
State capital city
City of Sacramento
California State Capitol
Crocker Art Museum West
Sacramento Riverfront
California Supreme Court
From the top to right: Downtown Sacramento; California State Capitol, Crocker Art Museum; Downtown Sacramento; Tower Bridge and the Sacramento Riverfront; California Supreme Court
Flag of Sacramento, California
Official seal of Sacramento, California
"Sactown", "Sac", "City of Trees","River City", "Camellia City", "America's Most Diverse City"
Latin: Urbs Indomita
(English: "Indomitable City")
Location within Sacramento County in California
Location within Sacramento County in California
Sacramento is located in California
Location within California
Show map of California
Sacramento is located in the United States
Location within the contiguous United States
Show map of the United States
Sacramento is located in North America
Location within North America
Show map of North America
Coordinates: 38°34′54″N 121°29′40″W / 38.58167°N 121.49444°W / 38.58167; -121.49444Coordinates: 38°34′54″N 121°29′40″W / 38.58167°N 121.49444°W / 38.58167; -121.49444CountryUnited StatesStateCaliforniaCountySacramento RegionSacramento ValleyCSASacramento-RosevilleMSASacramento–Roseville–Arden-ArcadeIncorporatedFebruary 27, 1850[1]Chartered1920[2]Named forSacrament of the Holy EucharistGovernment
 • TypeCity Council[3] • BodySacramento City Council • MayorDarrell Steinberg (D[4]) • City Council[4]
Council Members
  • Angelique Ashby
  • Sean Loloee
  • Jeff Harris
  • Katie Valenzuela
  • Jay Schenirer
  • Eric Guerra
  • Rick Jennings II
  • Mai Vang
 • City99.77 sq mi (258.41 km2) • Land97.68 sq mi (253.00 km2) • Water2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)  2.19%Elevation
30 ft (9 m)Population
 • City524,943 • Rank35th in the United States
6th in California • Density5,374.11/sq mi (2,074.87/km2) • Metro
2,397,382 (26th)Demonym(s)SacramentanTime zoneUTC−8 (PST) • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)ZIP codes
942xx, 958xx
Area code916 and 279FIPS code06-64000GNIS feature IDs1659564, 2411751Websitecityofsacramento.org

Sacramento (/ˌsækrəˈmɛnt/ SAK-rə-MEN-toh; Spanish: [sakɾaˈmento], Spanish for ''sacrament'') is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento and American Rivers in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's 2020 population of 524,943[7] makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth-largest capital in the United States.[9][10] Sacramento is the seat of the California Legislature and the Governor of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. It features the California State Capitol Museum.

Sacramento is also the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which at the 2020 census had a population of 2,397,382,[8] the fifth-largest in California.[11]

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the historic Nisenan, Maidu, and other indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Río del Santísimo Sacramento (Sacramento River) in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California, granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed, and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento.

Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California,[12] owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of California State University, Sacramento and University of California, Davis. Similarly, Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, and the UC Davis School of Medicine. It is a tourist destination, featuring the California Museum, Crocker Art Museum, California State Railroad Museum, California Hall of Fame, and Old Sacramento State Historic Park. Sacramento International Airport, located northwest of the city, is the city's major airport.

Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, and is dubbed the most "hipster city" in California.[13][14] In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine ranked Sacramento as "America's Most Diverse City".[15]


Main articles: History of Sacramento, California and Timeline of Sacramento, California
Historical affiliations
  • Spanish Empire 1776–1821
  • United Mexican States 1839–1848
  • California Republic 1846
  •  United States 1848–present

Pre-Columbian period

Nisenan (Southern Maidu), Modoc, and Plains Miwok Native Americans lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region and by fruits, bulbs, seeds, and roots gathered throughout the year.

Spanish period

In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga encountered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "¡Es como el sagrado sacramento! (It's like the Blessed Sacrament.)"[16] The valley and the river were then christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ," referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist.

Mexican period

Sutter's Fort was founded in 1840 by John Augustus Sutter during the period of Mexican California.

John Sutter, Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres (20,000 ha). The next year, his party and he established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls 18 feet (5.5 m) high and three feet (0.91 m) thick.[17]

Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss-inspired name, and was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more and more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a 10-acre (4.0 ha) orchard and a herd of 13,000 cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847, Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. Later that year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so he could continue to expand his empire,[17] but unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on thin margins of credit.[18]

American period

Sacramento in 1849, when the city was an economic center of the California Gold Rush

In 1848, when James W. Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma (some 50 mi or 80.5 km northeast of the fort), numerous gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population. In August 1848, Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr., arrived to assist his father in reducing his indebtedness. The Sutters struggled to contain the effects of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many who squatted on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or stole various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. For Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal "bane" for him.

By December 1848, John Sutter Jr., in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles (3.2 km) south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr., but the father, being deeply in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. For commercial reasons, the new city was named "Sacramento City" after the Sacramento River. Sutter Jr. and Brannan had United States Army Captain William H. Warner assigned to draft the official layout of the city, which included 26 lettered and 31 numbered streets (today's grid from C St. to Broadway and from Front St. to Alhambra Blvd.) Relations between Sutter and his son became embittered after Sacramento became an overnight commercial success. (Sutter's Fort, Mill, and the town of Sutterville, all founded by John Sutter Sr., eventually failed).

Residents of Sacramento adopted a city charter in 1849, which was recognized by the state legislature in 1850. Sacramento is the oldest incorporated city in California, incorporated on February 27, 1850.[19]

During the early 1850s, the Sacramento valley was devastated by floods, fires and cholera epidemics. Despite this, the new city's location just downstream from the Mother Lode in the Sierra Nevada proved irresistible, and it grew rapidly, attracting a population of 10,000.

Old Sacramento is the settlement that grew out of Sutter's Fort.

The California State Legislature, with the support of Governor John Bigler, moved to Sacramento in 1854. The capital of California under Spanish (and, subsequently, Mexican) rule had been Monterey, where, in 1849, the first Constitutional Convention and state elections were held. The convention decided San Jose would be the new state's capital. After 1850, when California's statehood was ratified, the legislature met in San Jose until 1851, Vallejo in 1852, and Benicia in 1853, before moving to Sacramento. In the Sacramento Constitutional Convention of 1879, Sacramento was named as the permanent state capital.

The Classical Revival-style California State Capitol, similar to the national Capitol, was started in 1860 and completed in 1874. In 1861, the legislative session was moved to the Merchants Exchange Building in San Francisco for one session because of massive flooding in Sacramento. From 1862 to 1868, part of the Leland Stanford Mansion was used for the governor's offices during Stanford's tenure as the Governor; and the legislature met in the Sacramento County Courthouse. The legislative chambers were first occupied in 1869, while construction continued around them.

With its new status and strategic location, Sacramento quickly prospered. It was designated as the western terminus of the Pony Express. Later it became a terminus of the First Transcontinental Railroad, which began construction in Sacramento in 1863 and was financed by "The Big Four"—Mark Hopkins, Charles Crocker, Collis P. Huntington, and Leland Stanford. Both the American and especially Sacramento rivers were key elements in the economic success of the city. Sacramento effectively controlled commerce on these rivers, and public works projects were funded through taxes levied on goods unloaded from boats and loaded onto rail cars in the historic Sacramento Rail Yards.

In 1850 and again in 1861, Sacramento residents suffered a completely flooded town. In 1861, Governor Leland Stanford, who was inaugurated in early January 1861, traveled to his inauguration in a rowboat. The event was held not too far from his house in town on N Street. The flood waters were so bad, the legend says, that when Stanford returned to his house, he had to enter into it through the second floor window.

From 1862 until the mid-1870s, Sacramento raised the level of its downtown by building reinforced brick walls on its downtown streets, and filling the resulting street walls with dirt. The previous first floors of buildings became the basements, with open space between the street and the building, previously the sidewalk, now at the basement level. Over the years, many of these underground spaces have been filled or destroyed by subsequent development. However, it is still possible to view portions of the "Sacramento Underground".

During the 1850s the city was consolidated with the County of Sacramento.[20]

Modern era

Tower Bridge, which connects Sacramento to West Sacramento, was built in 1935 and is a California Historical Landmark.
See also: Urban redevelopment in Sacramento, California

The city's current charter was adopted by voters in 1920.[21] As a charter city, Sacramento is exempt from many laws and regulations passed by the state legislature. The city has expanded continuously over the years. The 1964 merger of the City of North Sacramento with Sacramento substantially increased its population, and large annexations of the Natomas area eventually led to significant population growth throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s.

Sacramento County (along with a portion of adjacent Placer County) is served by a customer-owned electric utility, the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD). Sacramento voters approved the creation of SMUD in 1923.[22] In April 1946, after 12 years of litigation, a judge ordered Pacific Gas & Electric to transfer title of Sacramento's electric distribution system to SMUD. Today SMUD is the sixth-largest public electric utility in the U.S., and is a leader for innovative programs and services, including the development of clean fuel resources, such as solar power.[23]

The Elks Tower was built in 1926 in an Italianate style.

The year following the creation of SMUD, 1924, brought several events in Sacramento: Standard Oil executive Verne McGeorge established McGeorge School of Law, American department store Weinstock & Lubin opened a new store at 12th and K street, the US million Senator Hotel was opened, Sacramento's drinking water became filtered and treated drinking water, and Sacramento boxer Georgie Lee fought Francisco Guilledo, a Filipino professional boxer known as Pancho Villa, at L Street Auditorium on March 21.[24]

Early in World War II, the Sacramento Assembly Center (also known as the Walerga Assembly Center) was established to house Japanese Americans forcibly "evacuated" from the West Coast under Executive Order 9066. The camp was one of fifteen temporary detention facilities where over 110,000 Japanese Americans, two-thirds of them U.S. citizens, were held while construction on the more permanent War Relocation Authority camps was completed. The assembly center was built on the site of a former migrant labor camp, and inmates began arriving from Sacramento and San Joaquin Counties on May 6, 1942. It closed after only 52 days, on June 26, and the population of 4,739 was transferred to the Tule Lake concentration camp. The site was then turned over to the Army Signal Corps and dedicated as Camp Kohler.

The 1975 assassination attempt of President Gerald Ford in Capitol Park

After the war and the end of the incarceration program, returning Japanese Americans were often unable to find housing and so 234 families temporarily lived at the former assembly center. Camp Kohler was destroyed by a fire in December 1947, and the assembly center site is now part of the Foothill Farms-North Highlands subdivision.[25] The Sacramento-Yolo Port District was created in 1947, and ground was broken on the Port of Sacramento in 1949.

On June 29, 1963, with 5,000 spectators waiting to welcome her, the Motor Vessel Taipei Victory arrived.[26] The Nationalist Chinese flagship docked at the Port of Sacramento, being first ocean-going vessel in Sacramento since the steamship Harpoon in 1934.

In 1967, Ronald Reagan became the last Governor of California to live permanently in the city. The 1980s and 1990s saw the closure of several local military bases: McClellan Air Force Base, Mather Air Force Base, and Sacramento Army Depot. In 1980, there was another flood.

In spite of military base closures and the decline of agricultural food processing, Sacramento has continued to experience population growth in recent years. Primary sources of population growth are an influx of residents from the nearby San Francisco Bay Area, as well as immigration from Asia and Latin America. In 1985, Hugh Scrutton, a 38-year-old Sacramento, California, computer store owner, was killed by a nail-and-splinter-loaded bomb placed in the parking lot of his store. In 1996, his death was attributed to the Unabomber, Theodore Kaczynski.

After acquiring the majority stake in the Sacramento Kings, the team's new owner, Vivek Ranadivé, with the help of the city, agreed to build a new arena in the downtown area. With a final estimated cost of 8.2 million, Sacramento's Golden 1 Center opened on September 30, 2016.


Satellite photo of Sacramento
Aerial view of Central Sacramento and the Sacramento River

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers 100.1 square miles (259 km2). 97.81% of it is land, and 2.19% of it is water.

Depth to groundwater is typically about 30 feet (9 m). Much of the land to the west of the city (in Yolo County) is permanently reserved for a vast flood control basin (the Yolo Bypass), due to the city's historical vulnerability to floods. As a result, the contiguous urban area sprawls only four miles (6 km) west of downtown (as West Sacramento, California) but 30 miles (48 km) northeast and east, into the Sierra Nevada foothills, and 10 miles (16 km) to the south into valley farmland.

The city is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River, and has a deep-water port connected to the San Francisco Bay by a channel through the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta. It is the shipping and rail center for the Sacramento Valley.[27]


Sacramento has long been known as the "City of Trees" owing to its abundant urban forest. The city has more trees per capita than anywhere else in the world[28] . The first recorded use of the term was in 1855, and it was popular by the early 20th century. It was not always so: it was at first called the “City of Plains” because of the lack of trees, but soon afterwards there were cottonwood trees planted, and eucalyptus varieties were imported in order to dry out swampland. Later, locust trees, and willows were planted along streets, then elms, then palm trees, then fruit trees in the late 1910s.[29] It was the first US city to be designated a City of Trees by the Arbor Day Foundation in 1978.[30]

In the early 21st century, the tree cover is well above that of the average tree cover of other major cities in the United States and the rest of the world, with the main species the London plane. Other species are being introduced to increase diversity and to help cope with the effects of climate change on vegetation in the future.[29] Treepedia, a project run by MIT using Google Maps’ street-view data to calculate tree coverage in cities, ranked Sacramento the greenest city of 15 studied in the US, and third globally, after Vancouver and Singapore.[31]

A prominent water tower bore the slogan "City of Trees" until 2017, when it was repainted with the words "America’s Farm-to-Fork Capital" (referring to the farm-to-fork movement, which promotes consumption of locally-grown food). After 4,000 displeased citizens signed a petition protesting the change, officials agreed to include both slogans on the water tower.[32]


Panoramic view of downtown Sacramento from West Sacramento

City neighborhoods

Downtown Sacramento is the home of numerous corporations and organizations.
Old Sacramento at night is a popular destination for fine dining.

The city groups most of its neighborhoods into four areas:

  • Area One: Alkali Flat, Boulevard Park, Campus Commons, Sacramento State, Dos Rios Triangle, Downtown, East Sacramento, Fab Forties, Mansion Flats, Marshall School, Midtown, New Era Park, McKinley Village, Newton Booth, Old Sacramento, Poverty Ridge, Richards, Richmond Grove, River Park, Elmhurst, Sierra Oaks, Southside Park.[33]
  • Area Two: Airport, Carleton Tract, Freeport Manor, Golf Course Terrace, Greenhaven, Curtis Park, Hollywood Park, Land Park, Little Pocket, Mangan Park, Meadowview, Parkway, Pocket, Sacramento City College, South Land Park, Valley Hi / North Laguna, Z'Berg Park.[34]
  • Area Three: Alhambra Triangle, Avondale, Brentwood, Carleton Tract, Colonial Heights, Colonial Manor, Curtis Park, Elmhurst, Fairgrounds, Florin, Industrial Park, Fruitridge Manor, Glen Elder, Glenbrook, Granite Regional Park, Lawrence Park, Med Center, North City Farms, Oak Park, Packard Bell, South City Farms, Southeast Village, Tahoe Park, Tahoe Park East, Tahoe Park South, Tallac Village, Vintage Park, Churchill Downs, and Woodbine.[35]
  • Area Four: Ben Ali, Del Paso Heights, Gardenland, Hagginwood, McClellan Heights West, Natomas (north, south, west), North Sacramento, Northgate, Robla, Swanston Estates, Terrace Manor, Valley View Acres, and Woodlake.[36]

Additional prominent regions and neighborhoods in the city include Carmichael, Fair Oaks, Citrus Heights, American River Parkway, Arden-Arcade, Arden Fair, Cal Expo, Capital Avenue, Coffing, College Glen, College Greens, Cordova, Creekside, East Fruitridge, Elder Creek, Elkhorn, Elvas, Erikson Industrial Park, Excelsior Sunrise, Foothill Farms, Franklin, Frates Ranch, Gateway Center, Gateway West, Glenwood Meadows, Hansen Park, Heritage Park, Johnson Business Park, Johnson Heights, Mayhew, Metro Center, Mills, Natomas Corporate Center, Natomas Creek, Natomas Crossing, Natomas Park, Newton Booth, Noralto, Northpointe, Norwood, Oak Knoll, Old North Sacramento, Parker Homes, Point West, Raley Industrial Park, Regency Park, Richardson Village, Richmond Grove, Rosemont, Sierra Oaks, Sports Complex, Strawberry Manor, Sundance Lake, Swanston Palms, Town and Country Village, Upper Land Park, Village 5, Village 7, Village 12, Village 14, Village Green, Walerga, Walsh Station, West Del Paso Heights, Westlake, Willowcreek, Wills Acres, Winn Park, Woodside and Youngs Heights.[37][38]


Climate data for Sacramento, California (Sacramento Executive Airport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1941–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
Mean maximum °F (°C) 65.2
Average high °F (°C) 56.0
Daily mean °F (°C) 47.6
Average low °F (°C) 39.2
Mean minimum °F (°C) 29.1
Record low °F (°C) 20
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.66
trace 0.04
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.0 9.1 9.0 5.1 3.6 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.7 3.1 6.1 9.6 57.7
Average relative humidity (%) 83.3 76.8 71.6 64.5 58.9 55.0 53.2 55.7 57.0 63.1 75.6 82.9 66.5
Average dew point °F (°C) 39.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.5 201.3 278.0 329.6 406.3 419.5 440.2 406.9 347.8 296.7 194.9 141.1 3,607.8
Percent possible sunshine 48 67 75 83 92 94 98 96 93 86 64 48 81
Source: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990)[40][41][42]
Climate data for Sacramento 5 ESE, California (Sacramento State[43]), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1877–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
Mean maximum °F (°C) 66.4
Average high °F (°C) 56.5
Daily mean °F (°C) 48.8
Average low °F (°C) 41.1
Mean minimum °F (°C) 32.5
Record low °F (°C) 19
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.87
trace 0.02
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 9.6 9.2 5.3 3.7 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.8 3.1 6.8 10.1 60.9
Source: NOAA[40][44][45], Western Regional Climate Center[46]

Sacramento has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa), characterized by very hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters with occasional rainfall. The wet season is generally October through April, though there may be a day or two of light rainfall in June or September. The normal annual mean temperature is 61.8 °F (16.6 °C), with the monthly daily average temperature ranging from 47.3 °F (8.5 °C) in December to 75.9 °F (24.4 °C) in July.[41] Summer heat is sometimes moderated by a sea breeze known as the "delta breeze" which comes through the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta from the San Francisco Bay, and temperatures cool down sharply at night.

The American River is popular for kayaking and recreational boating.

The foggiest months are December and January. Tule fog can be extremely dense, lowering visibility to less than 100 feet (30 m) and making driving conditions extremely hazardous. Chilling tule fog events have been known to last for several consecutive days or weeks. During Tule fog events, temperatures do not exceed 50 °F (10 °C).

Snowfall is rare in Sacramento, which is only 25 ft (7.6 m) above sea level. In the downtown area, only three significant snow accumulations have occurred since 1900, the last one being in 1976.[47] During especially cold winter and spring storms, intense showers do occasionally produce a significant amount of hail, which can create hazardous driving conditions. Snowfall in the city often melts upon ground contact, with traceable amounts occurring in some years. Significant annual snow accumulations occur in the foothills 40 mi (64 km) east of the city, which had brief and traceable amounts of snowfall in January 2002, December 2009, and February 2011.[48][49] The greatest snowfall ever recorded in Sacramento was 3 inches (8 cm) on January 5, 1888.

A farmer's market at Chavez Park

On average, there are 76 days with a high of 90 °F (32 °C)+, and 14 days with a high of 100 °F (38 °C)+; On the other extreme, there are 8.5 days where the temperature remains below 50 °F (10 °C), and 15 freezing nights per year. Official temperature extremes range from 18 °F (−8 °C) on December 22, 1990, to 115 °F (46 °C) on June 15, 1961;[50] a station around 5 mi (8.0 km) east-southeast of the city dipped to 17 °F (−8 °C) on December 11, 1932.[51]

The average annual precipitation is 18.14 inches (461 mm). On average, precipitation falls on 58 days each year in Sacramento, and nearly all of this falls during the winter months. Average January rainfall is 3.66 in (93 mm), and measurable precipitation is rare during the summer months. In February 1992, Sacramento had 16 consecutive days of rain, resulting in an accumulation of 6.41 in (163 mm) for the period. On rare occasions, monsoonal moisture surges from the Desert Southwest can bring upper-level moisture to the Sacramento region, leading to increased summer cloudiness, humidity, and even light showers and thunderstorms. Monsoon clouds do occur, usually during late July through early September. Sacramento is the second most flood susceptible city in the United States after New Orleans.[52]

Sacramento has been noted as being the sunniest location on the planet for four months of the year, from May through August. It holds the distinction as the sunniest month, in terms of percent possible sunshine, of anywhere in the world; July in Sacramento averages 14 hours and 12 minutes of sunshine per day, amounting to approximately 100% of possible sunshine.[53]


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[54]

In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City."[15] The U.S. Census Bureau also groups Sacramento with other U.S. cities having a "high diversity" rating of the diversity index.[55] Moreover, Sacramento is one of the most well-integrated U.S. cities, having a relatively high level of ethnic and racial heterogeneity within its neighborhoods.[56]

2010 census

The 2010 United States Census[57] reported Sacramento had a population of 466,488. The population density was 4,660.0 people per square mile (1,799.2/km2).

Racial composition 2010[58] 1990[59] 1970[59] 1940[59]
White 45.0% 60.1% 81.5% 94.2%
—Non-Hispanic 34.5% 53.4% 71.4%[60] n/a
African American 14.6% 15.3% 10.7% 1.4%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 26.9% 16.2% 11.0%[60] n/a
Asian 18.3% 15.0% 6.5% 4.3%

The racial makeup of Sacramento was:[57]

  • 231,131 (45.0%) White
  • 74,989 (14.6%) African American
  • 93,993 (18.3%) Asian (4.2% Chinese, 3.3% Hmong, 2.8% Filipino, 1.6% Indian, 1.4% Vietnamese, 1.2% Laotian, 1.2% Japanese, 0.3% Pakistani, 0.3% Korean, 0.3% Thai, 0.2% Cambodian)
  • 7,191 (1.4%) Pacific Islander (0.6% Fijian, 0.2% Tongan, 0.2% Samoan)
  • 5,649 (1.1%) Native American
  • 63,176 (12.3%) other races
  • 36,467 (7.1%) from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 138,165 persons (26.9%); 22.6% of Sacramento's population is of Mexican heritage which amounts to over four-fifths of the city's Hispanic/Latino diaspora, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.2% Guatemalan, and 0.2% Nicaraguan.[61] Non-Hispanic Whites were 34.5% of the population in 2010,[58] down from 71.4% in 1970.[59]

Map of racial distribution in Sacramento, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or other (yellow)
The Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament

The Census reported 458,174 people (98.2% of the population) lived in households, 4,268 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 4,046 (0.9%) were institutionalized. The recent[when?] housing crash has not impacted these numbers.[citation needed]

There were 174,624 households, out of which 57,870 (33.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 65,556 (37.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 27,640 (15.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 10,534 (6.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 13,234 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2,498 (1.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 53,342 households (30.5%) were made up of individuals, and 14,926 (8.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62. There were 103,730 families (59.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.37.

Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking seventh among major American cities, and third in California behind San Francisco and slightly behind Oakland, with roughly 10% of the city's total population identifying themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.[62]

The age distribution of the city was follows: 116,121 people (24.9%) were under the age of 18, 52,438 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 139,093 people (29.8%) aged 25 to 44, 109,416 people (23.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 49,420 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

There were 190,911 housing units at an average density of 1,907.1 per square mile (736.3/km2), of which 86,271 (49.4%) were owner-occupied, and 88,353 (50.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.3%. 231,593 people (49.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 226,581 people (48.6%) lived in rental housing units.


U.S. Bank Tower is the second tallest building in Sacramento.
The Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse is home to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California.

The Sacramento metropolitan area is the fifth largest in California after the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the San Francisco Bay Area, the Inland Empire, and the San Diego metropolitan area, and is the 27th largest in the United States.[11]

Sutter Health, Blue Diamond Growers, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Teichert, and The McClatchy Company are among the companies based in Sacramento.

The Port of Sacramento has been plagued with operating losses in recent years and faces bankruptcy. This severe loss in business is due to the heavy competition from the Port of Stockton, which has a larger facility and a deeper channel. As of 2006, the city of West Sacramento took responsibility for the Port of Sacramento. During the Vietnam War era, the Port of Sacramento was the major terminus in the supply route for all military parts, hardware and other cargo going to Southeast Asia.

Top employers

As of 2019,[63] the top employers in the County of Sacramento were:

# Employer Employees
1 State of California 76,131
2 UC Davis Health 12,674
3 Kaiser Permanente 11,404
4 Sacramento County 11,330
5 U.S. Government 10,227
6 Sutter Health 8,809
7 Dignity Health/Catholic Healthcare West 7,069
8 Elk Grove Unified School District 6,381
9 Intel 6,200
10 City of Sacramento 5,700
11 Sacramento City Unified School District 5,000
12 San Juan Unified School District 4,700


Performing arts

The Sacramento Convention Center Complex hosts the Sacramento Ballet and the Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra.

The Sacramento Ballet, Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra and the Sacramento Opera perform at the Community Center Theater.

There are several major theater venues in Sacramento. The Sacramento Convention Center Complex governs both the Community Center Theatre and Memorial Auditorium. The H Street Theatre Complex consists of the Wells Fargo Pavilion, built in 2003 atop the old Music Circus tent foundations, the McClatchy Mainstage and the Pollock Stage, originally built as a television studio and renovated at the same time the Pavilion was built. These smaller venues seat 300 and 90, offering a more intimate presentation than the 2300-seat Pavilion. The newest venue in the city, the Sofia Tsakopoulos Center for the Arts, consists of the 365-seat Sutter Theatre for Children and the Mainstage, seating 250.

Professional theatre is represented in Sacramento by a number of companies. Broadway Sacramento and its locally produced summer stock theatre, Broadway at Music Circus, lures many directors, performers, and artists from New York and Los Angeles to work alongside a large local staff at the Wells Fargo Pavilion. During the fall, winter and spring seasons Broadway Sacramento brings bus and truck tours to the Community Center Theater. Resident at the H Street Theatre Complex for the remainder of the year (from September to May), the Sacramento Theatre Company prepares to celebrate its 75th season, beginning in the Fall of 2019. In addition to a traditional regional theatre fare of classical plays and musicals, the Sacramento Theatre Company has a large School of the Arts with a variety of opportunities for arts education. The B Street Theatre, having completed its 2018 move into the new Sofia Tsakopoulos Center for the Arts, continues its pursuit of producing smaller and more intimate professional works for families and children. Rounding out the professional companies is Capital Stage, which performed aboard the Delta King until the end of the 2010–2011 season and soon took up residence at its own venue along the J-Street corridor.

The Sacramento area has one of the largest collections of community theatres in California. Some of these include the Thistle Dew Dessert Theatre and Playwrights Workshop, Davis Musical Theatre Co., El Dorado Musical Theatre, Runaway Stage Productions, River City Theatre Company, Flying Monkey Productions, The Actor's Theatre, KOLT Run Productions, Kookaburra Productions, Big Idea Theatre, Celebration Arts, Lambda Player, Light Opera Theatre of Sacramento, Synergy Stage and the historic Eagle Theatre. The Sacramento Shakespeare Festival provides entertainment under the stars every summer in William Land Park. Many of these theatres compete annually for the Elly Awards overseen by The Sacramento Area Regional Theatre Alliance or SARTA.[64]

Visual arts

The Sacramento Metropolitan Arts Commission is an organization that was established as the Sacramento arts council in 1977 to provide several arts programs for the city. These include Art in Public Places, Arts Education, Grants and Cultural Programs, Poet Laureate Program, Arts Stabilization Programs and Other Resources and opportunities.

Sacramento Second Saturday Art Walk is a program of local art galleries that stay open into the late evenings every second Saturday of each month, providing a unique experience for the local population as well as tourists to view original art and meet the artists themselves.

Sacramento is home to one of California's oldest Latino cultural centers, the Latino Center of Art and Culture The Latino Center of Art and Culture was founded in the early ‘70’s by activist Chicano students to combat racism and instill pride in the Chicano community. Known as La Raza Galeria it was home to artists like Ricardo Favela, José Montoya and Esteban Villa who formed the Chicano artist collective, the Royal Chicano Air Force. LCAC maintains legacy of activism for cultural equity, accessibility to the arts, social justice. The Center is a community hub offering support to emerging Latinx artists and produces live programming.


The Crocker Art Museum is the oldest public art museum in the Western United States and has one of the premier public art collections in the country.

Sacramento has several major museums. The Crocker Art Museum is the oldest public art museum west of the Mississippi River. On July 26, 2007, the museum broke ground for an expansion that more than tripled the museum's floor space. The modern architecture is very different from the museum's original Victorian style building. Construction was completed in 2010.

Also of interest is the Governor's Mansion State Historic Park, a large Victorian Mansion which was home to 14 of California's Governors. The Leland Stanford Mansion State Historic Park, which was completely restored in 2006, serves as the State's official address for diplomatic and business receptions. Guided public tours are available. The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts, home of the California Hall of Fame, is a cultural destination dedicated to telling the rich history of California and its unique influence on the world of ideas, innovation, art and culture. The museum educates tens of thousands of school children through inspiring programs, sharing with world visitors California's rich art, history and cultural legacy through dynamic exhibits, and serving as a public forum and international meeting place.

The California State Railroad Museum in Old Sacramento has historical exhibits and live steam locomotives that patrons may ride. The California Automobile Museum, just south of Old Sacramento, is filled with automotive history and vehicles from 1880 to 2006 and is the oldest non-profit automotive museum in the West. The mission of it is to preserve, promote, and teach automotive culture and its influence on our lives—past, present and future. In addition, the Sacramento History Museum, in the heart of Old Sacramento, focuses on the history of Sacramento from the region's pre-Gold Rush history through the present day.

There is a Museum Day held in Sacramento every year, when 26 museums in the greater Sacramento area offer free admission. The 2009 Sacramento Museum Day brought out more than 80,000 people, the largest number the event has gathered. Sacramento Museum Day is held every year on the first Saturday of February.


The Wells Fargo Pavilion hosts the California Musical Theatre and the Sacramento Theatre Company.

Tower Records was started and based in Sacramento until its closing.[65] Classical music is widely available. The Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra, the Sacramento Baroque Soloists, the Sacramento Choral Society & Orchestra, the Sacramento Youth Symphony, the Sacramento Master Singers, the Sacramento Children's Chorus, and the Camellia Symphony each present a full season of concerts.

Each year, the city hosts the Sammies, the Sacramento Music Awards. Sacramento also has a reputation as a center for Dixieland jazz, because of the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee which is held every Memorial Day weekend. Events and performances are held in multiple locations throughout the city. Each year thousands of jazz fans from all over the world visit for this one weekend.

A growing number of rock, hardcore and metal bands hail from the Sacramento area, including Tesla, AS IS, Deftones, Papa Roach, Will Haven, Trash Talk,[66][67][68] Dance Gavin Dance, A Lot Like Birds, Far, CAKE, !!!, Oleander and Steel Breeze; plus some other famous musicians like record producer and recording artist Charlie Peacock, Duane Leinan, Bob Stubbs of Social Distortion and Craig Chaquico of Jefferson Starship. Along with these bands, the Aftershock Festival has been held at Discovery Park since 2012.

Scottish pop band Middle of the Road sang kindly of Sacramento in their 1972 European hit song "Sacramento". Experimental groups such as Hella, Death Grips, and Tera Melos also come out of Sacramento.

Rappers C-Bo, Marvaless, Lunasicc, Mozzy and Chuuwee are among those native to the area.


Sacramento is home to the Sacramento French Film Festival, a cultural event held every year in July that features U.S. premieres of French films and classic masterpieces of French cinema and the Sacramento Japanese Film Festival,[69] also held in July. In addition, Sacramento is home to the Trash Film Orgy, a summer film festival celebrating the absurd, B-movies, horror, monster, and exploitation films.[70] Founded in 2007, the Sacramento Horror Film Festival showcases feature-length and short films as well as live musical and theatrical performances in the horror and macabre genres.[71]

Of note, Sacramento has been home to various actors, including Eddie Murphy, who resided in the Riverlake community of Pocket-Greenhaven with his then wife Nicole Mitchell Murphy, a fashion model and Sacramento native. It is also the home of director Greta Gerwig, whose solo directorial debut Lady Bird is set in Sacramento.


The Sacramento Theatre Company is Sacramento's oldest theatre troupe

In 2012, Sacramento started the marketing campaign as "America's Farm-to-Fork Capital" due to Sacramento's many restaurants that source their food from the numerous surrounding farms.[72] The city has an annual Farm-to-Fork festival that showcases various grocers and growers in the industry. In 2012, The Kitchen was nominated for Outstanding Restaurant by the James Beard Foundation.[73] It continues to excel, earning the AAA's Five Diamond dining award since 2011.[74] Sacramento is home to well-known cookbook authors, Biba Caggiano of Biba's Restaurant and Mai Pham of Lemongrass and Star Ginger.[75]

Sacramento is also known for its beverage culture, with keystone events that include Cal Expo's Grape and Gourmet, Sacramento Beer Week, and Sacramento Cocktail Week. Its growing beer scene is evident, with over 60 microbreweries in the region as of 2017.[76] Some local brews include Track 7 Brewing Company, Big Stump Brew Co, Oak Park Brewing Co., and Sactown Union Brewery. Numerous beer festivals around the region highlight both local and visitor beers. In addition to festivals in Elk Grove,[77] Davis, Roseville, Placerville,[78] and Woodland,[79] Sacramento hosts the annual California Beer Craft Summit, an exposition dedicated to the art of brewing. The summit also hosts the largest beer festival on the West Coast, featuring over 160 breweries in downtown Sacramento.[80]

Sacramento's contemporary culture is reflected in its coffee. An "underrated coffee city",[81] Sacramento has above-average marks for local coffee.[82] The city has numerous community roasters and coffee shops. Examples include Temple Coffee, Insight Coffee Roasters, Old Soul Co., Chocolate Fish Roasters, Naked Lounge, Pachamama Coffee Cooperative, and Identity Coffees. In addition to local brands, the region offers other chains such as Starbucks, Peet's Coffee & Tea, and Philz Coffee.


Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking seventh among major American cities, and third in California behind San Francisco and slightly behind Oakland, with roughly 10% of the city's total population identifying themselves as gay, lesbian, transgender, or bisexual.[62] Lavender Heights is the hub for LGBTQ activities in the city and is a centrally located district in Midtown Sacramento centered within and around K & 20th streets. The area owes its name to the high number of queer-owned homes and businesses residing there. The area is also home to many of the city's LGBTQ inclusive music and arts festivals, including the Second Saturday Block Party from May to September. Sacramento claims the highest specifically transgender population in Northern California, with San Francisco and surrounding Bay Area towns following closely behind.

The Gender Health Center in downtown Sacramento is the only transgender-specific clinic in Northern California outside of San Francisco. The non-profit clinic provides community resources and free or low-cost transgender health care.

Old Sacramento

Main article: Old Sacramento State Historic Park
Old Sacramento is a National Historic Landmark District.

The oldest part of the town besides Sutter's Fort is Old Sacramento, which consists of cobbled streets and many historic buildings, several from the 1850s and 1860s. Buildings have been preserved, restored, or reconstructed, and the district is now a substantial tourist attraction, with rides on steam-powered historic trains and horse-drawn carriages.

The historic buildings include the Lady Adams Building, built by the passengers and ship's carpenters of the ship Lady Adams.[83] Having survived the Great Conflagration of November 1852, it is the oldest surviving building in Sacramento other than Sutter's Fort.[83]

Another surviving landmark is the B.F. Hastings building, built in 1853. The early home of the California Supreme Court and the location of the office of Theodore Judah, it also was the western terminus of the Pony Express.[84]

The "Big Four Building," built in 1852, was home to the offices of Collis Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, and Charles Crocker. The Central Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Railroad were founded there. The original building was destroyed in 1963 for the construction of Interstate 5, but was re-created using original elements in 1965. It is now a National Historic Landmark. Also of historic interest is the Eagle Theatre (Sacramento, California), a reconstruction of California's first permanent theatre in its original location.


Historic Sacramento Chinatown Paifang

The Opium Wars of the 1840s and 1850s, along with the Gold Rush, brought many Chinese people to California. Most arrived at San Francisco, which was then the largest city in California and known as "Dà Bù" (Chinese: 大埠; Jyutping: daai6 fau6). Some eventually came to Sacramento, then the second-largest city in California and consequently called "Yee Fow" (Chinese: 二埠; Jyutping: ji6 fau6). Today the city is known as "萨克拉门托" (pinyin: Sàkèlāméntuō) by Mainland Chinese and as "沙加緬度" (pinyin: Shājiāmiǎnduó) by Taiwanese.

Sacramento's Chinatown was on "I" Street from Second to Sixth Streets. At the time, this area of "I" Street was considered a health hazard because, lying within a levee zone, it was lower than other parts of the city, which were situated on higher land. Throughout Sacramento's Chinatown history, there were fires, acts of discrimination, and prejudicial legislation such as the Chinese Exclusion Act that was not repealed until 1943. The mysterious fires were thought to be set off by those who did not take a liking to the Chinese working class.[85] Ordinances on what was viable building material were set into place to try to get the Chinese to move out. Newspapers such as The Sacramento Union wrote stories at the time that portrayed the Chinese in an unfavorable light to inspire ethnic discrimination and drive the Chinese away. As the years passed, a railroad was created over parts of the Chinatown, and further policies and laws would make it even harder for Chinese workers to sustain a living in Sacramento.

While most of Sacramento's Chinatown has now been razed, a small Chinatown mall remains as well as a museum dedicated to the history of Sacramento's Chinatown and the contributions Chinese Americans have made to the city. Amtrak sits along what was part of Sacramento's Chinatown "I" Street.[86][87]


Main article: Sports in Sacramento, California
The Golden 1 Center is home of the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

Sacramento is home to one major league sports team – the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association. The Kings came to Sacramento from Kansas City in 1985. On January 21, 2013, a controlling interest of the Sacramento Kings was sold to hedge fund manager Chris Hansen, who intended to move the franchise to Seattle for the 2013–2014 NBA season and rename the team the Seattle SuperSonics.[88] Sacramento Mayor Kevin Johnson fought the move, forming an ownership group led by Vivek Ranadive to keep the Kings in Sacramento. On May 16, 2013, the NBA Board of Governors voted 22–8 to keep the Kings in Sacramento.[89]

Sacramento has two other professional teams. Sacramento Republic FC began play in April 2014 at Hughes Stadium before a sellout crowd of 20,231, setting a USL Pro regular-season single game attendance record.[90][91] They now play in Papa Murphy's Park. Republic FC won the USL championship in their first season. In October 2019, Republic FC's Major League Soccer expansion bid was approved; the team was expected to begin MLS play in the 2022 season,[92] until being delayed by COVID-19 to the 2023 season.[93] However, as of February 26, 2021, the bid is on indefinite hiatus.[94] In 2000, AAA minor league baseball returned to Sacramento with the Sacramento River Cats, an affiliate of the San Francisco Giants and formerly an affiliate of the Oakland Athletics. The River Cats play at Sutter Health Park, in West Sacramento.

Sacramento is the former home of two professional basketball teams. The Sacramento Heatwave of the American Basketball Association previously played in the Sacramento area until 2013. Sacramento was also formerly home to the now defunct Sacramento Monarchs of the WNBA. The Monarchs were one of the eight founding members of the WNBA in 1997 and won the WNBA Championship in 2005, but folded in November 2009.

Sacramento professional teams (ranked by attendance)
Club League Sport Venue Attendance Established Championships
Sacramento Kings NBA Basketball Golden 1 Center 18,500 1923 (1985) 1 NBA, 2 NBL (as Rochester Royals)
Sacramento Republic FC USL Championship Soccer Papa Murphy's Park 11,800 2012 1 USL Pro
Sacramento River Cats Triple-A West Baseball Sutter Health Park 14,200 1978 (2000) 3 Triple-A titles, 5 League titles

Sacramento has frequently hosted the NCAA Men's Outdoor Track and Field Championship as well as the 1st and 2nd rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. The California International Marathon (est. 1983) attracts a field of international elite runners who vie for a share of the ,000 prize purse. The fast course is popular for runners seeking to achieve a Boston Marathon qualifying time and fitness runners.

Parks and recreation

The Capitol Mall is a major monumental parkway leading from Tower Bridge to the California Capitol.

Sacramento boasts an extensive park system consisting of over 5,000 acres (2,023 ha) of parkland and recreation centers.[95] The city features a collection of smaller parks in the downtown districts, including Crocker Park, Pioneer Landing and Southside Park. Popular parks outside the central core include American River Parkway which spans 23 miles along the American River, and William Land Park.

In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land reported Sacramento was tied with San Francisco and Boston for having the 3rd best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities.[96] ParkScore ranks city park systems by a formula that analyzes the city's median park size, park acres as percent of city area, the percent of residents within a half-mile of a park, spending of park services per resident, and the number of playgrounds per 10,000 residents.

Sacramento is a hotbed for high school rugby. Jesuit High is the recent defending national champion (winning five times in total). Their arch-rival school Christian Brothers came in second nationwide. Burbank, Del Campo, and Vacaville have also placed well in the national competition over the years. The Sacramento Valley High School Rugby Conference hosts the largest and arguably deepest preseason youth and high school rugby tournament in America.

The California State Fair is held at the California Exposition.

Sacramento hosts some recreational facilities and events. The Jedediah Smith Memorial Trail that runs between Old Sacramento and Folsom Lake grants access to the American River Parkway, a natural area that includes more than 5,000 acres (20 km2) of undeveloped land. It attracts cyclists and equestrians from across the state. The California State Fair is held in Sacramento each year at the end of the summer, ending on Labor Day. In 2010, the State Fair moved to July. More than one million people attended this fair in 2001.

Among other recreational options in Sacramento is Discovery Park, a 275-acre (1.1 km2) park studded with stands of mature trees and grasslands. This park is situated where the American River flows into the Sacramento River.

In amateur sports, Sacramento claims many prominent Olympians such as Mark Spitz, Debbie Meyer (6 time gold medalist in for US swimming), Mike Burton, Summer Sanders (Gold medalist in swimming, and trained in childhood by Debbie Meyer at Rio Del Oro Racquet Club), Jeff Float (all swimming), and Billy Mills (track). Coach Sherm Chavoor founded his world-famous Arden Hills Swim Club just east of the city and trained Burton, Spitz and others.


Main article: Government of Sacramento, California
The California Governor's Mansion is the official residence of the Governor of California.
Sacramento City Hall holds the Mayor of Sacramento and Sacramento City Council.

The Government of Sacramento operates as a charter city (as opposed to a general law city) under the Charter of the City of Sacramento. The elected government is composed of the Sacramento City Council with 8 city council districts and the Mayor of Sacramento, which operate under a mayor-council government. In addition, there are numerous departments and appointed officers such as the City Manager, Sacramento Police Department (SPD), the Sacramento Fire Department (SFD), City Clerk, City Attorney, and City Treasurer. As of 2016, the mayor is Darrell Steinberg and the council members are Angelique Ashby, Allen Warren, Jeff Harris, Steve Hansen, Jay Schenirer, Rich Jennings, and Larry Carr.[4] The City of Sacramento is part of Sacramento County, for which the government of Sacramento County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of Sacramento.[97]

As the capital city of California, Sacramento is home to the Government of California. The California State Capitol is the seat of the Governor of California and the California State Legislature, and the city is home to numerous California state agencies. The Supreme Court of California is headquartered in San Francisco, but maintains one of its two branch offices in Sacramento, where it shares a courtroom with the Court of Appeal for the Third Appellate District.

State and Federal representation

In the California State Senate, Sacramento is the heart of the 6th district, represented by Democrat Richard Pan.[98] In the California State Assembly, it is split between the 7th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Kevin McCarty, and the 9th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Cooper.[99]

In the United States House of Representatives, Sacramento forms the majority of the California's 6th congressional district, represented by Democrat Doris Matsui.[100]

Political history

Sacramento has been carried by the Democrats in each of the last six presidential elections, with the last four Democratic campaigns each exceeding 70% of the vote.

Sacramento city vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican Third parties
2020[101] 75.10% 168,776 22.44% 50,430 2.45% 5,511
2016[102] 73.82% 127,245 20.01% 34,486 6.18% 10,645
2012[103] 72.95% 115,979 24.55% 39,029 2.50% 3,966
2008[104] 74.09% 120,961 26.47% 43,214 2.01% 3,281
2004[105] 64.38% 90,952 34.61% 48,892 1.01% 1,433


Higher education

See also: California State University, Sacramento; University of California, Davis; and University of the Pacific (United States)
The main campus of the University of California, Davis is in Davis, California (top) and the UC Davis Medical Center in Sacramento (bottom).
Sacramento State University is one of the best ranked universities on the West Coast.
The McGeorge School of Law of the University of the Pacific is a law school in the Oak Park neighborhood.

The Sacramento area hosts a wide variety of higher educational opportunities. There are two major public universities, many private institutions, community colleges, vocational schools, and McGeorge School of Law.

Sacramento is home to Sacramento State (California State University, Sacramento), founded as Sacramento State College in 1947. In 2004, enrollment was 22,555 undergraduates and 5,417 graduate students in the university's eight colleges. The university's mascot is the hornet, and the school colors are green and gold. The 300 acres (1.2 km2) campus is along the American River Parkway a few miles east of downtown.

The University of California has a campus, UC Davis, in nearby Davis and has a graduate center in downtown Sacramento. The UC Davis Graduate School of Management (GSM) is near the UC Davis Medical Center off of Stockton Boulevard near Highway 50. Many students, about 400 out of 517, at the UC Davis GSM are working professionals and are completing their MBA part-time.[106] The part-time program is ranked in the top-20 and is well known for its small class size, world class faculty, and involvement in the business community. UC also maintains the University of California Sacramento Center (UCCS)[107] for undergraduate and graduate studies. Similar to the UC's Washington, D.C., program, "Scholar Interns" engage in both academic studies and as well as internships, often with the state government. The UC Davis School of Medicine is at the UC Davis Medical Center between the neighborhoods of Elmhurst, Tahoe Park, and Oak Park.

The Los Rios Community College District consists of several two-year colleges in the Sacramento area—American River College, Cosumnes River College, Sacramento City College, Folsom Lake College, plus a large number of outreach centers for those colleges. Sierra College is on the outskirts of Sacramento in Rocklin.

University of the Pacific has its Sacramento Campus in the Oak Park neighborhood of Sacramento. The campus has long included McGeorge School of Law and in 2015 was expanded to become a comprehensive graduate and professional campus, including programs in analytics, business, education, health sciences, and public policy.[108]

The National University Sacramento regional campus offers bachelor's and master's degrees in business, education, health-care and teaching credential programs.

The University of San Francisco has one of its four regional campuses in Sacramento. At the undergraduate level they offer degrees in Applied Economics, Information Systems, Organizational Behavior and Leadership, and Public Administration. At the graduate level, Master's programs are offered in: Information Security and Assurance, Information Systems, Organization Development, Project Management, Public Administration, Nonprofit Administration, and Counseling.[109]

The private University of Southern California has an extension in downtown Sacramento, called the State Capital Center. The campus, taught by main campus professors, Sacramento-based professors, and practitioners in the State Capitol and state agencies, offers Master of Public Administration, Masters of Public Policy, and Master of Public Health degrees.[110]

Epic Bible College and the Professional School of Psychology are also based in Sacramento. Western Seminary has one of its four campuses in Sacramento, which opened on the campus of Arcade Church in 1991. Western is an evangelical, Christian graduate school that provides theological training for students who hope to serve in a variety of ministry roles including pastors, marriage and family therapists, educators, missionaries and lay leadership. The Sacramento campus offers four master's degrees, and a variety of other graduate-level programs.[111]

A satellite campus of Alliant International University offers graduate and undergraduate programs of study.

The Art Institute of California – Sacramento was established in 2007, and is a branch of The Art Institute of California – Los Angeles. The school is focused on educating students in the field of commercial arts. The school offers both a Bachelor of Science and an Associate of Science degree, as well as diplomas in some areas of study. Some majors the school offers are Digital Film-making & Video Production, Culinary Management, Graphic Design, and Game Art & Design. The school has since been closed.

On J Street, there is the Lincoln Law School of Sacramento, a private, evening-only law school program with a strong legal presence in the region.

The Universal Technical Institute (UTI) is in Sacramento; it offers automotive programs in auto mechanical, auto body, and diesel.

Primary and secondary education

The historic C.K. McClatchy High School

The Sacramento Public Library system has 28 branches in the greater area. The Sacramento area is served by various public school districts, including the Sacramento City Unified School District, Natomas Unified School District, San Juan Unified School District, Twin Rivers Unified School District, and Elk Grove Unified School District. As of 2009, the area's schools employed 9,600 elementary school teachers (not including special education teachers),[112] and 7,410 middle school teachers (not including special education or vocational teachers).[113]

Almost all areas south of the American River are served by the Sacramento City Unified School District. The only exceptions are the Valley Hi/North Laguna and Florin areas served by the Elk Grove Unified School District.

Areas north of the American River are served by the remaining school districts. This area was not originally part of the City of Sacramento and as such is not served by Sacramento City Unified School District. North Sacramento outside of Natomas and Robla (for K-8) is served by the Twin Rivers Unified School District. The Robla area is served by the Robla School District for K-8 and by Twin Rivers for 9–12. The Natomas region is served by the Natomas Unified School District. The Campus Commons area and the small portions of the Sierra Oaks neighborhood that fall into the city of Sacramento are served by the San Juan Unified School District.

While Roman Catholic institutions still dominate the independent school scene in the Sacramento area, in 1964, Sacramento Country Day School opened and offered Sacramento citizens an independent school affiliated with the California Association of Independent Schools. SCDS has grown to its present-day status as a learning community for students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Additionally, the suburb of Fair Oaks hosts the expansive riverside campus of the Sacramento Waldorf School, a Steiner school adjacent to the Rudolf Steiner College, and the largest Waldorf school in North America. Sacramento Waldorf School educates students from pre-K through 12th grade on a secluded, pastoral site that incorporates a large, functioning biodynamic farm.

Shalom School is the only Jewish day school in Sacramento; however, Brookefield School on property owned by Congregation B'nai Israel provides extracurricular Jewish education.

Capital Christian School is a pre-school–12th grade private Christian school.[114] There is a small Bible college on campus offering associate degrees in Bible studies or theology. Sacramento Adventist Academy is another Christian school in Greater Sacramento. This is a pre-school–12 institution, as well.

There is one Islamic school in Sacramento, Masjid Annur, founded in 1988.


Renaissance Tower is Sacramento's fifth tallest building.
Sacramento is one of the three homes of the Supreme Court of California.
The historic Citizen Hotel in Downtown Sacramento


  • Comstock's Magazine
  • Government Technology Magazine
  • Sacramento Magazine
  • Sactown Magazine


Top two newspapers
  • The Sacramento Bee, the primary newspaper, was founded in 1857 by James McClatchy. The Sacramento Bee is the flagship paper of The McClatchy Company, the second-largest newspaper publisher in the United States. The Sacramento Bee has won five Pulitzer Prizes in its history and numerous other awards, including many for its progressive public service campaigns promoting free speech (the Bee often criticized government policy, and uncovered many scandals hurting Californians), anti-racism (the Bee supported the Union during the American Civil War and later publicly denounced the Ku Klux Klan), worker's rights (the Bee has a strong history of supporting unionization), and environmental protection (leading numerous tree-planting campaigns and fighting against environmental destruction in the Sierra Nevada).
  • The Sacramento Union, the Sacramento Bee's rival, started publishing six years earlier in 1851; it closed its doors in 1994, with a revival attempt lasting from 2005 to 2009. Writer and journalist Mark Twain wrote for the Union in 1866.
Other newspapers
  • Sacramento Business Journal
  • Sacramento News & Review
  • The Sacramento Observer


Radio stations serving Sacramento include:

Station Frequency Format City of license Owner
KBEB 92.5 FM Soft Adult Contemporary Sacramento iHeartMedia
KCCL 101.5 FM Classic hits Woodland Results Radio
KDEE 97.5 FM Community Radio Sacramento California Black Chamber of Commerce
KFBK 1530 AM News/Talk Sacramento iHeartMedia
KHHM 103.5 FM Spanish Sacramento Entravision Communications
KHTK 1140 AM Sports Sacramento Bonneville International
KHYL 101.1 FM Classic hip hop Auburn iHeartMedia
KIFM 1320 AM Sports Sacramento Audacy, Inc.
KKDO 94.7 FM Alternative rock Fair Oaks Audacy, Inc.
KNCI 105.1 FM Country Sacramento Bonneville International
KRXQ 98.5 FM Mainstream Rock Sacramento Audacy, Inc.
KSEG 96.9 FM Classic Rock Sacramento Audacy, Inc.
KSFM 102.5 FM Rhythmic contemporary Woodland Audacy, Inc.
KSTE 650 AM Talk Rancho Cordova iHeartMedia
KUDL 106.5 FM Contemporary hits Sacramento Audacy, Inc.
KXJZ 90.9 FM Public radio Sacramento CSUS
KYMX 96.1 FM Adult Contemporary Sacramento Bonneville International
KYRV 93.7 FM Classic rock Roseville iHeartMedia
KZZO 100.5 FM Hot adult contemporary Sacramento Bonneville International

Television stations

Channel Call sign Network Subchannels
3 KCRA-TV NBC MeTV on 3.2
6 KVIE PBS KVIE 2 on 6.2, World on 6.3, PBS Kids on 6.4
8 KBTV-CD Independent Ethnic Infomercials on 8.2, SBN on 8.3, Independent on 8.4, Retro TV on 8.5, HOT TV on 8.6, Rev'n on 8.7
10 KXTV ABC True Crime Network on 10.2, Bounce TV on 10.3, Quest on 10.4
13 KOVR CBS Start TV on 13.2, Dabl on 13.3, Fave TV on 13.4
19 KUVS-DT Univision Bounce TV on 19.3, Court TV Mystery on 19.4
27 K20JX-D 3ABN
29 KSPX-TV Ion Court TV on 29.2, Laff on 29.3, Bounce TV on 29.4, Defy TV on 29.5, True Real on 29.6
31 KMAX-TV The CW Laff on 31.2, Comet on 31.3, Stadium on 31.4, Circle on 31.5
32 KSTV-LD Azteca
33 KCSO-LD Telemundo
40 KTXL Fox Antenna TV on 40.2, Court TV on 40.3, TBD on 40.4
58 KQCA MyNetworkTV Movies! on 58.2, Estrella TV on 58.3
64 KTFK Unimás


Main article: Transportation in the Sacramento metropolitan area

A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Sacramento 24th most walkable of fifty largest U.S. cities.[115]

Roads and highways

Tower Bridge over the Sacramento River

Sacramento is a control city and the region is served by several highways and freeways. Interstate 80 (I-80) is the major east–west route, connecting Sacramento with San Francisco in the west, and Reno in the east. Business 80 (the Capital City Freeway) splits from I-80 in West Sacramento, runs through Sacramento, and then rejoins its parent in the northwest portion of the city. U.S. Highway 50 also begins its eastern journey in West Sacramento, co-signed with Business 80, but then splits off and heads toward South Lake Tahoe as the El Dorado Freeway. A sign at the eastern terminus of US 50 in Ocean City, Maryland gives the distance to Sacramento as 3,073 miles (4,946 km).[116]

Interstate 5 (I-5) runs through Sacramento, heads north up to Redding, and then heads south near the western edge of the California Central Valley towards Los Angeles. California State Highway 99 runs through Sacramento, heading closer to the eastern edge of the Central Valley, connecting to Marysville and Yuba City in the north, and Fresno and Bakersfield in the south. California State Highway 160 approaches the city after running along the Sacramento River from Contra Costa County in the south, and then becomes a major city street in Downtown Sacramento before turning into the North Sacramento Freeway, going over the American River to Business 80.

Some Sacramento neighborhoods, such as Downtown Sacramento and Midtown Sacramento are very bicycle friendly as are many other communities in the region. As a result of litigation, Sacramento has undertaken to make all city facilities and sidewalks wheelchair accessible. In an effort to preserve its urban neighborhoods, Sacramento has constructed traffic-calming measures in many areas.

Rail service

Amtrak's Sacramento Valley Rail Station is a gateway for the Sacramento Valley.

Amtrak provides passenger rail service to the city of Sacramento. The Sacramento Valley Rail Station is on the corner of 5th and I streets near the historic Old Town Sacramento and underwent extensive renovations in 2007. The station serves as a Sacramento Regional Transit District Light Rail terminus.

Amtrak California operates the Capitol Corridor, a multiple-frequency service providing service from the capital city to its northeastern suburbs and the San Francisco Bay Area.[117]

Sacramento is the northern terminus of the Amtrak California San Joaquins route which provide direct multiple-frequency passenger rail service to California's Central Valley as far as Bakersfield; Thruway Motorcoach connections are available from the trains at Bakersfield to Southern California and Southern Nevada. An additional service under this banner is expected to be routed through Midtown in 2020.[118]

Sacramento is a stop along Amtrak's Coast Starlight route which provides scenic service to Seattle via Klamath Falls and Portland to the north and to Los Angeles via San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara to the south.

Amtrak's California Zephyr serves Sacramento daily and provides service to the east serving Reno, Salt Lake, Denver, Omaha, Chicago and intermediate cities.

The Sacramento Valley Rail Station provides numerous Thruway Motorcoach routes. One route serves the cities of Marysville, Oroville, Chico, Corning, Red Bluff and Redding with additional service to Yreka and even Medford, Oregon. A second serves the cities of Roseville, Rocklin, Auburn, Colfax, Truckee, Reno and Sparks. The third and final thruway motorcoach route serves Placerville, Lake Tahoe, Stateline Casinos, and Carson City, Nevada. Each of these routes provides multiple frequencies each day.

Sacramento has the second busiest Amtrak station in California and the seventh busiest in the country.[119]

Altamont Corridor Express commuter rail service is expected to be routed through Sacramento in 2020.[118] This service will utilize the Union Pacific's Sacramento Subdivision, the route of the original California Zephyr, where additional passenger capacity is available.[120]

Sacramento is expected to serve as the northern terminus of the California High-Speed Rail system.


Sacramento International Airport is a regional hub.

Sacramento International Airport (IATA: SMF, ICAO: KSMF, FAA LID: SMF) is a public airport 10 miles (16 kilometers) northwest of downtown Sacramento, in Sacramento County, California. It is run by Sacramento County. Southwest Airlines currently accounts for half the airline passengers. Other airlines include Delta, United, Spirit Airlines, American Airlines and Alaska Airlines. Sacramento International Airport handles flights to and from various US destinations (including Hawaii) as well as Mexico, Canada and connecting flights to Europe, Asia, and South America, and served more than 10 million passengers in 2016.[121]

The airport is best known for its red rabbit installation by Lawrence Argent entitled "Leap".[122]

Other transportation options

The Sacramento RT Light Rail on K Street

The city and its suburbs are served by Sacramento Regional Transit District, which ranks as the eleventh busiest in the United States. Sac RT is a bus and light-rail system, with 274 buses and 76 light-rail vehicles providing service for 58,200 daily passengers. The three light-rail lines (Blue, Gold, & Green) is a 42.9 mi (69.0 km) system with 54 stations. The Gold Line was extended east as far as the city of Folsom, and more recently the Blue Line was extended south from Meadowview Rd to Cosumnes River College. Sacramento's light rail system goes to the Sacramento Valley Rail Station, Cosumnes River College Station in south Sacramento, and north to Watt/I-80 where I-80 and Business 80 meet. The light-rail Blue & Gold Lines have 15-minute weekday headways and 30-minute weekday evening and weekend/holiday headways; the Green Line has 30-minute weekday headways and no weekend service. Route 142 is an express bus line to/from downtown to Sacramento International Airport.[123] There are expansion plans to extend the Green Line to the airport and the Blue Line to the City of Roseville through the City of Citrus Heights. Yolobus provides bus service to West Sacramento and Yolo County.

Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service to Portland, Reno, Los Angeles, and San Francisco from its new station along Richards Boulevard. Intercity bus service to San Francisco and Sparks, Nevada is offered by Megabus.[124]

Bicycling is an increasingly popular transportation mode in Sacramento, which enjoys a mild climate and flat terrain. Bicycling is especially common in the older neighborhoods of Sacramento's center, such as Alkali Flat, Midtown, McKinley Park, Land Park, and East Sacramento. Many employees who work downtown commute by bicycle from suburban communities on a dedicated bicycle path on the American River Parkway. Sacramento was designated as a Silver Level Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists in September 2006. The advocacy organization Sacramento Area Bicycle Advocates co-sponsors the Sacramento Area Council of Governments' May is Bike Month campaign.

There is a commuter bus service from Yolo County on Yolobus, from Solano County on FAST, on two bus lines from Yuba County's Yuba Sutter Transit,[125] from Amador Transit's Sacramento Line,[126] on Placer County Transit's Auburn to Light Rail Line,[127] and from San Joaquin County on several SMART bus lines.

Notable people

See also: List of people from Sacramento

International relations

As of 2015, the City of Sacramento has 13 sister cities. They are:[128]

Country City Date of partnership
 Israel Ashkelon August 15, 2012
 Palestine Bethlehem December 15, 2009
 Moldova Chişinău[129] December 12, 1989
 New Zealand Hamilton December 6, 1988
 China Jinan, Shandong October 16, 1984
  Switzerland Liestal March 21, 1989
 Philippines Manila June 8, 1961
 Japan Matsuyama, Ehime March 17, 1981
 Mexico Mexicali September 26, 2013
 Philippines Pasay February 28, 2006
 Nicaragua San Juan de Oriente February 28, 2006
 South Korea Yongsan-gu, Seoul July 22, 1997
 Spain Valencia July 12, 1990

See also

  • List of cities and towns in California
  • List of mayors of Sacramento, California
  • List of people from Sacramento, California
  • Northern California Megaregion
  • Sacramento Metropolitan Fire District
  • University Arboretum at California State University, Sacramento
  • Tower Theatre (Sacramento, California)


  1. ^ Official records for Sacramento were kept exclusively at the airport since 10 November 1941.[39]


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External links

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Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sacramento,_California&oldid=1060639028"

the capital to the town of Vallejo which, passing both houses, was approved by. Francisco . Monterey . San Jose . Vallejo . Benicia . Sacr . the Governor on February 4, 1851. 5 . California’s first State Capitol site is now marked with a plaque across from the Plaza de Cesar Chavez on South Market . Street in downtown San Jose. San Francisco Monterey San Jose


The state capital location was usually chosen for the city’s population size, a city of historical importance like what town in that state was settled first, or even a central location. The list below is all 50 state capitals and their respective state in alphabetical order. You can even get more fun and interesting facts about that state by ...

The state capitals are in cities of each of the 50 states. It’s where the seat of the government is located. Some of the state capitals are the largest city in that state, but that’s not always the case. The state capital location was usually chosen for the city’s population size, a city of historical importance like what town in that state was settled first, or even a central location. 

The list below is all 50 state capitals and their respective state in alphabetical order. You can even get more fun and interesting facts about that state by clicking the state below.

Click to Download or Print List

Use the map below to see where each state capital is located 

404 image
US map with state capitals

Next: Test your state capitals knowledge with our state capitals quiz!

Printing, photocopy and distribution of this list is allowed. Include © information. http://www.50states.com/ © Digital Properties, LLC, — All Rights Reserved.


“The immigration of thousands of “Forty-niners” in search of gold prompted California's admission as the 31st state into the Union in 1850, thus creating the need for a state capital. California did not have a permanent seat of government until 1860.


The capital city of California is Sacramento. It is in the northern half of the state. It evolved naturally and is not a pre-planned city. The discovery of gold in nearby Sutter’s Mill in the mid 1800’s was part of the reason Sacramento developed as it did.

Little-Known Facts About the California State Capitol

Though Senator Capitol Kitty passed away in 2004, her memory lives in. You can even visit her resting place near the south entrance of the State Capitol. 9. Within the California State Capitol building is a museum containing a collection of artworks such as paintings, sculptures, and murals.

11 Ways to Successfully Cultivate Social Wellness

Dr. Natalie Zaragoza is a licensed marriage and family therapist and part of the Frame Therapy community.

The Best Music Venues in California

Home to intimate nightclubs, amphitheaters under the stars, and indie concert halls, here are the best California music venues to check out!

The Best Destinations for Outdoor Yoga

From yoga classes on the beach to SUP yoga in the harbor, here are some of the best outdoor yoga experiences in California.

The 11 Best Walking Tours in California

Explore the diverse landscapes of the state on foot with the best walking tours in California.


The city of Sacramento is the capital of the state of California, and it is called in English Sacramento . The city of Sacramento is located in central California, and the geographical area in which it is located is called the Sacramento Valley, or in English the Sacramento Valley .


23-10-2021 · 52.8: 285,068: 3,348,659: 2: 67: Mississippi: MS: 1817: Jackson: 1821: 104.9: 173,514: 567,122: 1: 134: Missouri: MO: 1821: Jefferson City: 1826: 27.3: 43,079: 149,807: 15: Montana: MT: 1889: Helena: 1875: 14.0: 28,190: 74,801: 6: Nebraska: NE: 1867: Lincoln: 1867: 74.6: 258,379: 302,157: 2: 72: Nevada: NV: 1864: Carson City: 1861: 143.4: 55,274: 6: New Hampshire: NH: 1788: Concord: 1808: 64.3: 42,695: …


This is a list of United States state capital cities. Each city is the center of government for a state in the United States, in the capitol building. The capital city with the fewest people is Montpelier, Vermont,[1] while the capital city with the most people is Phoenix, Arizona.

States (purple) whose capital is also that state's largest city by population (2016 estimate).

The dates listed in the following table indicate the years it has continuously served as the state's sole capital. Most states have changed their capital city at least once. In the case of the thirteen original states, "statehood" in the table refers to its date of ratification of the United States Constitution.

State capitals of the United States
State Abr. State-hood Capital Capital since Area (mi²) Population (2018) Notes
City Metropolitan Rank in state Rank in US
Alabama AL 1819 Montgomery 1846 159.8 198,218 373,903 2 119
Alaska AK 1959 Juneau 1906 2716.7 31,275 2 Largest capital by municipal land area.
Arizona AZ 1912 Phoenix 1889 517.6 1,660,272 4,857,962 1 5 Largest capital by population.
Arkansas AR 1836 Little Rock 1821 116.2 193,524 699,757 1 117
California CA 1850 Sacramento 1854 97.9 508,529 2,345,210 6 35 Largest capital by population to not be the most populated city in its state.
Colorado CO 1876 Denver 1867 153.3 716,492 2,932,415 1 19
Connecticut CT 1788 Hartford 1875 17.3 124,775 1,212,381 3 199
Delaware DE 1787 Dover 1777 22.4 36,047 162,310 2 Longest-serving capital in terms of statehood.
Florida FL 1845 Tallahassee 1824 95.7 181,376 367,413 7 125
Georgia GA 1788 Atlanta 1868 133.5 498,044 5,949,951 1 37 Largest capital by metropolitan area population.
Hawaii HI 1959 Honolulu 1845 68.4 359,870 953,207 1 56
Idaho ID 1890 Boise 1865 63.8 205,671 616,561 1 103
Illinois IL 1818 Springfield 1837 54.0 116,250 210,170 6 221
Indiana IN 1816 Indianapolis 1825 361.5 867,125 2,004,230 1 16
Iowa IA 1846 Des Moines 1857 75.8 203,433 569,633 1 105
Kansas KS 1861 Topeka 1856 56.0 127,473 230,870 4 193
Kentucky KY 1792 Frankfort 1792 14.7 25,527 70,758 14
Louisiana LA 1812 Baton Rouge 1880 76.8 225,374 830,480 2 99
Maine ME 1820 Augusta 1832 55.4 19,136 117,114 8
Maryland MD 1788 Annapolis 1694 6.73 38,394 7 Smallest capital by land area.
Massachusetts MA 1788 Boston 1630 89.6 694,583 4,628,910 1 21 Longest continuously serving capital.
Michigan MI 1837 Lansing 1847 35.0 114,297 464,036 5 226
Minnesota MN 1858 Saint Paul 1849 52.8 285,068 3,348,659 2 67
Mississippi MS 1817 Jackson 1821 104.9 173,514 567,122 1 134
Missouri MO 1821 Jefferson City 1826 27.3 43,079 149,807 15
Montana MT 1889 Helena 1875 14.0 28,190 74,801 6
Nebraska NE 1867 Lincoln 1867 74.6 258,379 302,157 2 72
Nevada NV 1864 Carson City 1861 143.4 55,274 6
New Hampshire NH 1788 Concord 1808 64.3 42,695 146,445 3
New Jersey NJ 1787 Trenton 1784 7.66 84,913 366,513 10
New Mexico NM 1912 Santa Fe 1610 37.3 75,764 183,732 4 Longest-serving capital.
New York NY 1788 Albany 1797 21.4 97,856 857,592 6
North Carolina NC 1789 Raleigh 1792 114.6 403,892 1,130,490 2 43
North Dakota ND 1889 Bismarck 1883 26.9 61,272 108,779 2
Ohio OH 1803 Columbus 1816 210.3 892,553 2,078,725 1 14
Oklahoma OK 1907 Oklahoma City 1910 620.3 649,021 1,396,445 1 27 Shortest-serving current state capital.
Oregon OR 1859 Salem 1855 45.7 154,637 390,738 3 149
Pennsylvania PA 1787 Harrisburg 1812 8.11 49,528 647,390 9
Rhode Island RI 1790 Providence 1900 18.5 178,042 1,600,852 1 130
South Carolina SC 1788 Columbia 1786 125.2 129,272 767,598 2 191
South Dakota SD 1889 Pierre 1889 13.0 13,646 8
Tennessee TN 1796 Nashville 1826 525.9 691,243 1,903,045 1 24
Texas TX 1845 Austin 1839 305.1 964,254 2,168,316 4 11
Utah UT 1896 Salt Lake City 1858 109.1 186,440 1,087,873 1 124
Vermont VT 1791 Montpelier 1805 10.2 7,855 6 Smallest capital by population.
Virginia VA 1788 Richmond 1780 60.1 204,214 1,208,101 4 104
Washington WA 1889 Olympia 1853 16.7 46,478 234,670 24
West Virginia WV 1863 Charleston 1885 31.6 51,400 304,214 1 Smallest capital by population to also be the most populated city in its state.
Wisconsin WI 1848 Madison 1838 68.7 233,209 605,435 2 82
Wyoming WY 1890 Cheyenne 1869 21.1 59,466 91,738 1


  1. https://web.archive.org/web/20160307174802/http://www.vtliving.com/towns/montpelier/
Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_U.S._state_capitals&oldid=7837958"

The California State Capitol is the seat of the Government of California, located in Sacramento, the state capital of California.n...nCalifornia State CapitolLocationCapitol Mall Sacramento, CaliforniaCoordinates38 4′36″N 121 9′37″WCoordinates: 38 4′36″N 121 9′37″WConstruction started1860Completed1874

The State Capitals: California

15-07-2019 · The State Capitals: California. Sacramento is the state capital of California. With a history of human habitation going back thousands of years with Native Americans, its European habitation is relatively recent. Here is the story of how Sacramento became a city, and then the capital of the state of California.


Sacramento is the state capital of California. With a history of human habitation going back thousands of years with Native Americans, its European habitation is relatively recent. Here is the story of how Sacramento became a city, and then the capital of the state of California.

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As the state capital of California, Sacramento is also the county seat of Sacramento County. With a population of just over a half-million, it is the sixth largest city in California, as well as the ninth largest state capital in the country. It is also the fastest-growing city in California, with a huge cultural and economic influence on the metropolitan area, and is also a major hub of education, being the home of both the University of California at Davis and Sacramento State University.

With attractions like the California Museum, the California Hall of Fame, the Crocker Art Museum, the Old Sacramento State Historic Park, and the California State Capital Museum, Sacramento is a big draw for tourists. It is also a center for the so-called “hipster” movement, being called the most “hipster” city in California. In addition, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project dubbed Sacramento as America’s Most Diverse City in 2002.

The city has a long history, going back thousands of years with human habitation. The Nisenan Native American people lived in the area for probably thousands of years before European explorers first arrived there. The Plains Miwok people also called Sacramento home. These were hunter-gatherer people who only left the barest archaeological trace of their existence, subsisting on what food they could find in the area, rather than cultivating it. However, unlike other hunter-gatherer tribes, who were nomadic, these tribes were fairly settled, having learned to store bulbs and root vegetables during the winter. This allowed them to have villages, so today’s scientists do know they were there.

Europeans are first known to have come to the area in 1808 when a Spanish explorer named Gabriel Moraga came to the area and named it. A member of Moraga’s expedition wrote a description of Sacramento at the time they came to it:

“Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. “¡Es como el sagrado sacramento! (It’s like the Blessed Sacrament.)” The valley and the river were then christened after the “Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ.”

The first American to come to Sacramento came in 1839, arriving at the juncture of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a land grant from Mexico for fifty thousand acres in hand. The following year, he and his friends built and established Sutter’s Fort, which was a huge building made of adobe with eighteen-foot high walls that were three feet thick. The fort was virtually impenetrable.

Sutter officially represented Mexico when he went there, rather than America, and he called his settlement New Helvetia, which was a name inspired by a place in Switzerland. He was the only political authority in the area at the time and the sole dispenser of justice. Eventually, though, new settlers came as the American frontier opened and settlers came west. By the time the area began to open up to new settlers, Sutter owned an orchard of ten acres and had thirteen thousand cattle, making him a huge financial success. His Fort Sutter was a common stop for those who were migrating west. Sutter went on to start the agriculture industry in Sacramento in 1847 when he brought in two thousand fruit trees. The same year he brought in the trees, he also built a sawmill, looking to increase his economic empire.

Gold was discovered near Sutter’s mill in 1848, about fifty miles north of the fort. At this discovery, the Gold Rush was on and large numbers of fortune hunters came to Sacramento, significantly boosting the population, making the village a healthy town. The same year gold was discovered, Sutter’s son, John Sutter, Jr., came to town. The son wanted to help his father resolve the debt he had acquired in building his agricultural empire. The arrival of the gold seekers did not help Sutter’s situation, as they happily squatted on un-watched portions of his land, and made off with his property if they could manage it. The Gold Rush was not a good thing for Sutter.

To accommodate the new settlers, Sutter’s son began laying out the City of Sacramento the same year he arrived, doing so with his business partner, Sam Brannan. The senior Sutter was against this but was in no financial position to object. The new city was two miles south of the elder Sutter’s settlement of New Helvetia. The new city included twenty-six lettered and thirty-one numbered streets. The city was an overnight huge commercial success, while the senior Sutter’s fort, mill, and town of Sutterville all failed. This caused some bitterness between father and son.

Contemporaneous illustration of Sutter's Fort in the 1840s

Contemporaneous illustration of Sutter’s Fort in the 1840s. (Wikipedia)

The City of Sacramento adopted a charter the year after Sutter, Jr. laid out the plan for it, and the year after that, the state of California recognized it as an official city. This makes Sacramento the oldest incorporated city in the state. Despite floods, fires, and an epidemic of cholera in its early years, Sacramento’s close proximity to the Mother Lode in the Sierra Nevada mountains allowed it to continue to grow and prosper, and it soon attained a population of more than ten thousand.

The legislature of California moved to Sacramento in 1854 (the previous capital had been in Monterey). When the state’s first Constitutional Convention was held five years previously, the capital was elected to be San Jose, and that is where California officially became a state. The capital then moved to Vallejo and Benicia, before finally settling on Sacramento. It was named as the permanent state capital in 1879 and has been so ever since.

Today, Sacramento offers something for everyone, which is what makes it such a popular tourist destination. With a rich history and vibrant contemporary culture, Sacramento is the place to be in California.


at this point, there was much discussion over the location of the state capital the state supreme court actually ruled the capital was still san jose, but later reversed itself. other prominent cities, including san francisco, oakland and san jose made proposals to be a capitol site, but in 1860, sacramento once again won out with the area …


The state capital of California is Sacramento, whose name was derived from the Spanish word “sakramento,” meaning “sacrament.” The decision to make Sacramento the capital was made in the state’s early history, when it was known as the center of the infamous Gold Rush period.

List of cities and towns in California

23-07-2021 · 484 rowsCalifornia is split into 58 counties and has 482 municipalities. One county, San Francisco, is …

Map of the United States with California highlighted in red
Location of California in the United States
Skyline of Los Angeles
Balboa Park in San Diego
Skyline of San Jose
Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco
Skyline of Fresno
California State Capitol in Sacramento
Aerial view of the Port of Long Beach
Lake Merritt in Oakland
Truxton Tower in Bakersfield
Disneyland in Anaheim

California is a state in the Western United States. It is the state with the most people, as 37,253,956 people lived there in 2010.[1]

California is split into 58 counties and has 482 municipalities.[2] One county, San Francisco, is a city-county, which means it is both a municipality and county. In California law, there is no difference between a city and town. This means municipalites can use either name.[3] At the 2010 census 30,908,614 people in California lived in an urban area. This is 82.97% of people in the state.[4]

The largest municipality by population is Los Angeles, which had 3,792,621 people living there in 2010. The smallest is Vernon, with 112 people living there in 2010.[1]

Cities and towns

dagger County seat
double-dagger State capital and county seat
Name Type County Population (2010)[1][5][6] Land area[1] Incorporated[4]
sq mi km2
Adelanto City San Bernardino 31,765 56.01 145.1 December 22, 1970
Agoura Hills City Los Angeles 20,330 7.79 20.2 December 8, 1982
Alameda City Alameda 73,812 10.61 27.5 April 19, 1854
Albany City Alameda 18,539 1.79 4.6 September 22, 1908
Alhambra City Los Angeles 83,089 7.63 19.8 July 11, 1903
Aliso Viejo City Orange 47,823 7.47 19.3 July 1, 2001
AlturasCounty seat City Modoc 2,827 2.43 6.3 September 16, 1901
Amador City City Amador 185 0.31 0.80 June 2, 1915
American Canyon City Napa 19,454 4.84 12.5 January 1, 1992
Anaheim City Orange 336,265 49.84 129.1 March 18, 1876
Anderson City Shasta 9,932 6.37 16.5 January 16, 1956
Angels Camp City Calaveras 3,836 3.63 9.4 January 16, 1912
Antioch City Contra Costa 102,372 28.35 73.4 February 6, 1872
Apple Valley Town San Bernardino 69,135 73.19 189.6 November 28, 1988
Arcadia City Los Angeles 56,364 10.93 28.3 August 5, 1903
Arcata City Humboldt 17,231 9.10 23.6 February 2, 1858
Arroyo Grande City San Luis Obispo 17,252 5.84 15.1 July 10, 1911
Artesia City Los Angeles 16,522 1.62 4.2 May 29, 1959
Arvin City Kern 19,304 4.82 12.5 December 21, 1960
Atascadero City San Luis Obispo 28,310 25.64 66.4 July 2, 1979
Atherton Town San Mateo 6,914 5.02 13.0 September 12, 1923
Atwater City Merced 28,168 6.09 15.8 August 16, 1922
AuburnCounty seat City Placer 13,330 7.14 18.5 May 2, 1888
Avalon City Los Angeles 3,728 2.94 7.6 June 26, 1913
Avenal City Kings 15,505 19.42 50.3 September 11, 1979
Azusa City Los Angeles 46,361 9.66 25.0 December 29, 1898
BakersfieldCounty seat City Kern 347,483 142.16 368.2 January 11, 1898
Baldwin Park City Los Angeles 75,390 6.63 17.2 January 25, 1956
Banning City Riverside 29,603 23.10 59.8 February 6, 1913
Barstow City San Bernardino 22,639 41.38 107.2 September 30, 1947
Beaumont City Riverside 36,877 30.91 80.1 November 18, 1912
Bell City Los Angeles 35,477 2.50 6.5 November 7, 1927
Bell Gardens City Los Angeles 42,072 2.46 6.4 August 1, 1961
Bellflower City Los Angeles 76,616 6.12 15.9 September 3, 1957
Belmont City San Mateo 25,835 4.62 12.0 October 29, 1926
Belvedere City Marin 2,068 0.52 1.3 December 24, 1896
Benicia City Solano 26,997 12.93 33.5 March 27, 1850
Berkeley City Alameda 112,580 10.47 27.1 April 4, 1878
Beverly Hills City Los Angeles 34,109 5.71 14.8 January 28, 1914
Big Bear Lake City San Bernardino 5,019 6.35 16.4 November 28, 1980
Biggs City Butte 1,707 0.64 1.7 June 26, 1903
Bishop City Inyo 3,879 1.86 4.8 May 6, 1903
Blue Lake City Humboldt 1,253 0.59 1.5 April 23, 1910
Blythe City Riverside 20,817 26.19 67.8 July 21, 1916
Bradbury City Los Angeles 1,048 1.96 5.1 July 26, 1957
Brawley City Imperial 24,953 7.68 19.9 April 6, 1908
Brea City Orange 39,282 12.08 31.3 February 23, 1917
Brentwood City Contra Costa 51,481 14.79 38.3 January 21, 1948
Brisbane City San Mateo 4,282 3.10 8.0 November 27, 1961
Buellton City Santa Barbara 4,828 1.58 4.1 February 1, 1992
Buena Park City Orange 80,530 10.52 27.2 January 27, 1953
Burbank City Los Angeles 103,340 17.34 44.9 July 8, 1911
Burlingame City San Mateo 28,806 4.41 11.4 June 6, 1908
Calabasas City Los Angeles 23,058 12.90 33.4 April 5, 1991
Calexico City Imperial 38,572 8.39 21.7 April 16, 1908
California City City Kern 14,120 203.52 527.1 December 10, 1965
Calimesa City Riverside 7,879 14.85 38.5 December 1, 1990
Calipatria City Imperial 7,705 3.72 9.6 February 28, 1919
Calistoga City Napa 5,155 2.60 6.7 January 6, 1886
Camarillo City Ventura 65,201 19.53 50.6 March 28, 1964
Campbell City Santa Clara 39,349 5.80 15.0 March 28, 1952
Canyon Lake City Riverside 10,561 3.93 10.2 December 1, 1990
Capitola City Santa Cruz 9,918 1.59 4.1 January 11, 1949
Carlsbad City San Diego 105,328 37.72 97.7 July 16, 1952
Carmel-by-the-Sea City Monterey 3,722 1.08 2.8 October 31, 1916
Carpinteria City Santa Barbara 13,040 2.59 6.7 September 28, 1965
Carson City Los Angeles 91,714 18.72 48.5 February 20, 1968
Cathedral City City Riverside 51,200 21.50 55.7 November 16, 1981
Ceres City Stanislaus 45,417 8.01 20.7 February 25, 1918
Cerritos City Los Angeles 49,041 8.73 22.6 April 24, 1956
Chico City Butte 86,187 32.92 85.3 January 8, 1872
Chino City San Bernardino 77,983 29.64 76.8 February 28, 1910
Chino Hills City San Bernardino 74,799 44.68 115.7 December 1, 1991
Chowchilla City Madera 18,720 7.66 19.8 February 7, 1923
Chula Vista City San Diego 243,916 49.63 128.5 November 28, 1911
Citrus Heights City Sacramento 83,301 14.23 36.9 January 1, 1997
Claremont City Los Angeles 34,926 13.35 34.6 October 3, 1907
Clayton City Contra Costa 10,897 3.84 9.9 March 18, 1964
Clearlake City Lake 15,250 10.13 26.2 November 14, 1980
Cloverdale City Sonoma 8,618 2.65 6.9 February 28, 1872
Clovis City Fresno 95,631 23.28 60.3 February 27, 1912
Coachella City Riverside 40,704 28.95 75.0 December 13, 1946
Coalinga City Fresno 13,380 6.12 15.9 April 3, 1906
Colfax City Placer 1,963 1.41 3.7 February 23, 1910
Colma Town San Mateo 1,792 1.91 4.9 August 5, 1924
Colton City San Bernardino 52,154 15.32 39.7 July 11, 1887
ColusaCounty seat City Colusa 5,971 1.83 4.7 June 16, 1868
Commerce City Los Angeles 12,823 6.54 16.9 January 28, 1960
Compton City Los Angeles 96,455 10.01 25.9 May 11, 1888
Concord City Contra Costa 122,067 30.55 79.1 February 9, 1905
Corcoran City Kings 24,813 7.47 19.3 August 11, 1914
Corning City Tehama 7,663 3.55 9.2 August 6, 1907
Corona City Riverside 152,374 38.83 100.6 July 13, 1896
Coronado City San Diego 24,697 7.93 20.5 December 11, 1890
Corte Madera Town Marin 9,253 3.16 8.2 June 10, 1916
Costa Mesa City Orange 109,960 15.65 40.5 June 29, 1953
Cotati City Sonoma 7,265 1.88 4.9 July 16, 1963
Covina City Los Angeles 47,796 7.03 18.2 August 14, 1901
Crescent CityCounty seat City Del Norte 7,643 1.96 5.1 April 13, 1854
Cudahy City Los Angeles 23,805 1.18 3.1 November 10, 1960
Culver City City Los Angeles 38,883 5.11 13.2 September 7, 1917
Cupertino City Santa Clara 58,302 11.26 29.2 October 10, 1955
Cypress City Orange 47,802 6.58 17.0 July 24, 1956
Daly City City San Mateo 101,123 7.66 19.8 March 22, 1911
Dana Point City Orange 33,351 6.50 16.8 January 1, 1989
Danville Town Contra Costa 42,039 18.03 46.7 July 1, 1982
Davis City Yolo 65,622 9.89 25.6 March 28, 1917
Del Mar City San Diego 4,161 1.71 4.4 July 15, 1959
Del Rey Oaks City Monterey 1,624 0.48 1.2 September 3, 1953
Delano City Kern 53,041 14.30 37.0 April 13, 1915
Desert Hot Springs City Riverside 25,938 23.62 61.2 September 25, 1963
Diamond Bar City Los Angeles 55,544 14.88 38.5 April 18, 1989
Dinuba City Tulare 21,453 6.47 16.8 January 6, 1906
Dixon City Solano 18,351 7.00 18.1 March 30, 1878
Dorris City Siskiyou 939 0.70 1.8 December 23, 1908
Dos Palos City Merced 4,950 1.35 3.5 May 24, 1935
Downey City Los Angeles 111,772 12.41 32.1 December 17, 1956
Duarte City Los Angeles 21,321 6.69 17.3 August 22, 1957
Dublin City Alameda 46,036 14.91 38.6 February 1, 1982
Dunsmuir City Siskiyou 1,650 1.70 4.4 August 7, 1909
East Palo Alto City San Mateo 28,155 2.51 6.5 July 1, 1983
Eastvale City Riverside 53,670[7] 13.1 34[7] October 1, 2010
El Cajon City San Diego 99,478 14.43 37.4 November 12, 1912
El CentroCounty seat City Imperial 42,598 11.08 28.7 April 16, 1908
El Cerrito City Contra Costa 23,549 3.69 9.6 August 23, 1917
El Monte City Los Angeles 113,475 9.56 24.8 November 18, 1912
El Segundo City Los Angeles 16,654 5.46 14.1 January 18, 1917
Elk Grove City Sacramento 153,015 42.19 109.3 July 1, 2000
Emeryville City Alameda 10,080 1.25 3.2 December 8, 1896
Encinitas City San Diego 59,518 18.81 48.7 October 1, 1986
Escalon City San Joaquin 7,132 2.30 6.0 March 12, 1957
Escondido City San Diego 143,911 36.81 95.3 October 8, 1888
Etna City Siskiyou 737 0.76 2.0 March 13, 1878
EurekaCounty seat City Humboldt 27,191 9.38 24.3 April 18, 1856
Exeter City Tulare 10,334 2.46 6.4 March 2, 1911
Fairfax Town Marin 7,441 2.20 5.7 March 2, 1931
FairfieldCounty seat City Solano 105,321 37.39 96.8 December 12, 1903
Farmersville City Tulare 10,588 2.26 5.9 October 5, 1960
Ferndale City Humboldt 1,371 1.03 2.7 August 28, 1893
Fillmore City Ventura 15,002 3.36 8.7 July 10, 1914
Firebaugh City Fresno 7,549 3.46 9.0 September 17, 1914
Folsom City Sacramento 72,203 21.95 56.9 April 20, 1946
Fontana City San Bernardino 196,069 42.43 109.9 June 25, 1952
Fort Bragg City Mendocino 7,273 2.75 7.1 August 5, 1889
Fort Jones City Siskiyou 839 0.60 1.6 March 16, 1872
Fortuna City Humboldt 11,926 4.85 12.6 January 20, 1906
Foster City City San Mateo 30,567 3.76 9.7 April 27, 1971
Fountain Valley City Orange 55,313 9.02 23.4 June 13, 1957
Fowler City Fresno 5,570 2.53 6.6 June 15, 1908
Fremont City Alameda 214,089 77.46 200.6 January 23, 1956
FresnoCounty seat City Fresno 494,665 111.96 290.0 October 12, 1885
Fullerton City Orange 135,161 22.35 57.9 February 15, 1904
Galt City Sacramento 23,647 5.93 15.4 August 16, 1946
Garden Grove City Orange 170,883 17.94 46.5 June 18, 1956
Gardena City Los Angeles 58,829 5.83 15.1 September 11, 1930
Gilroy City Santa Clara 48,821 16.15 41.8 March 12, 1870
Glendale City Los Angeles 191,719 30.45 78.9 February 15, 1906
Glendora City Los Angeles 50,073 19.39 50.2 November 13, 1911
Goleta City Santa Barbara 29,888 7.90 20.5 February 1, 2002
Gonzales City Monterey 8,187 1.92 5.0 January 14, 1947
Grand Terrace City San Bernardino 12,040 3.50 9.1 November 30, 1978
Grass Valley City Nevada 12,860 4.74 12.3 March 13, 1893
Greenfield City Monterey 16,330 2.14 5.5 January 7, 1947
Gridley City Butte 6,584 2.07 5.4 November 23, 1905
Grover Beach City San Luis Obispo 13,156 2.31 6.0 December 21, 1959
Guadalupe City Santa Barbara 7,080 1.31 3.4 August 3, 1946
Gustine City Merced 5,520 1.55 4.0 November 11, 1915
Half Moon Bay City San Mateo 11,324 6.42 16.6 July 15, 1959
HanfordCounty seat City Kings 53,967 16.59 43.0 August 12, 1891
Hawaiian Gardens City Los Angeles 14,254 0.95 2.5 April 9, 1964
Hawthorne City Los Angeles 84,293 6.08 15.7 July 12, 1922
Hayward City Alameda 144,186 45.32 117.4 March 11, 1876
Healdsburg City Sonoma 11,254 4.46 11.6 February 20, 1867
Hemet City Riverside 78,657 27.85 72.1 January 20, 1910
Hercules City Contra Costa 24,060 6.21 16.1 December 15, 1900
Hermosa Beach City Los Angeles 19,506 1.43 3.7 January 14, 1907
Hesperia City San Bernardino 90,173 73.10 189.3 July 1, 1988
Hidden Hills City Los Angeles 1,856 1.69 4.4 January 19, 1961
Highland City San Bernardino 53,104 18.76 48.6 November 24, 1987
Hillsborough Town San Mateo 10,825 6.19 16.0 May 5, 1910
HollisterCounty seat City San Benito 34,928 7.29 18.9 March 26, 1872
Holtville City Imperial 5,939 1.15 3.0 July 1, 1908
Hughson City Stanislaus 6,640 1.82 4.7 December 9, 1972
Huntington Beach City Orange 189,992 26.75 69.3 February 17, 1909
Huntington Park City Los Angeles 58,114 3.01 7.8 September 1, 1906
Huron City Fresno 6,754 1.59 4.1 May 3, 1951
Imperial City Imperial 14,758 5.86 15.2 July 12, 1904
Imperial Beach City San Diego 26,324 4.16 10.8 July 18, 1956
Indian Wells City Riverside 4,958 14.32 37.1 July 14, 1967
Indio City Riverside 76,036 29.18 75.6 May 16, 1930
Industry City Los Angeles 219 11.78 30.5 June 18, 1957
Inglewood City Los Angeles 109,673 9.07 23.5 February 7, 1908
Ione City Amador 7,918 4.76 12.3 March 23, 1953
Irvine City Orange 212,375 66.11 171.2 December 28, 1971
Irwindale City Los Angeles 1,422 8.83 22.9 August 6, 1957
Isleton City Sacramento 804 0.44 1.1 May 14, 1923
JacksonCounty seat City Amador 4,651 3.73 9.7 December 5, 1905
Jurupa Valley City Riverside 95,004[8] 43.7 113[8] July 1, 2011
Kerman City Fresno 13,544 3.23 8.4 July 2, 1946
King City City Monterey 12,874 3.84 9.9 February 9, 1911
Kingsburg City Fresno 11,382 2.83 7.3 May 29, 1908
La Cañada Flintridge City Los Angeles 20,246 8.63 22.4 November 30, 1976
La Habra City Orange 60,239 7.37 19.1 January 20, 1925
La Habra Heights City Los Angeles 5,325 6.16 16.0 December 4, 1978
La Mesa City San Diego 57,065 9.08 23.5 February 16, 1912
La Mirada City Los Angeles 48,527 7.84 20.3 March 23, 1960
La Palma City Orange 15,568 1.81 4.7 October 26, 1955
La Puente City Los Angeles 39,816 3.48 9.0 August 1, 1956
La Quinta City Riverside 37,467 35.12 91.0 May 1, 1982
La Verne City Los Angeles 31,063 8.43 21.8 August 20, 1906
Lafayette City Contra Costa 23,893 15.22 39.4 July 29, 1968
Laguna Beach City Orange 22,723 8.85 22.9 June 29, 1927
Laguna Hills City Orange 30,344 6.67 17.3 December 20, 1991
Laguna Niguel City Orange 62,979 14.83 38.4 December 1, 1989
Laguna Woods City Orange 16,192 3.12 8.1 March 24, 1999
Lake Elsinore City Riverside 51,821 36.21 93.8 April 9, 1888
Lake Forest City Orange 77,264 17.82 46.2 December 20, 1991
LakeportCounty seat City Lake 4,753 3.06 7.9 April 30, 1888
Lakewood City Los Angeles 80,048 9.41 24.4 April 16, 1954
Lancaster City Los Angeles 156,633 94.28 244.2 November 22, 1977
Larkspur City Marin 11,926 3.03 7.8 March 1, 1908
Lathrop City San Joaquin 18,023 21.93 56.8 July 1, 1989
Lawndale City Los Angeles 32,769 1.97 5.1 December 28, 1959
Lemon Grove City San Diego 25,320 3.88 10.0 July 1, 1977
Lemoore City Kings 24,531 8.52 22.1 July 4, 1900
Lincoln City Placer 42,819 20.11 52.1 August 7, 1890
Lindsay City Tulare 11,768 2.61 6.8 February 28, 1910
Live Oak City Sutter 8,392 1.87 4.8 January 22, 1947
Livermore City Alameda 80,968 25.17 65.2 April 1, 1876
Livingston City Merced 13,058 3.72 9.6 September 11, 1922
Lodi City San Joaquin 62,134 13.61 35.2 December 6, 1906
Loma Linda City San Bernardino 23,261 7.52 19.5 September 29, 1970
Lomita City Los Angeles 20,256 1.91 4.9 June 30, 1964
Lompoc City Santa Barbara 42,434 11.60 30.0 August 13, 1888
Long Beach City Los Angeles 462,257 50.29 130.3 December 13, 1897
Loomis Town Placer 6,430 7.27 18.8 December 17, 1984
Los Alamitos City Orange 11,449 4.05 10.5 March 1, 1960
Los Altos City Santa Clara 28,976 6.49 16.8 December 1, 1952
Los Altos Hills Town Santa Clara 7,922 8.80 22.8 January 27, 1956
Los AngelesCounty seat City Los Angeles 3,792,621 468.67 1,213.8 April 4, 1850
Los Banos City Merced 35,972 9.99 25.9 May 8, 1907
Los Gatos Town Santa Clara 29,413 11.08 28.7 August 10, 1887
Loyalton City Sierra 769 0.36 0.93 July 21, 1901
Lynwood City Los Angeles 69,772 4.84 12.5 July 21, 1921
MaderaCounty seat City Madera 61,416 15.79 40.9 March 27, 1907
Malibu City Los Angeles 12,645 19.78 51.2 March 28, 1991
Mammoth Lakes Town Mono 8,234 24.87 64.4 August 20, 1984
Manhattan Beach City Los Angeles 35,135 3.94 10.2 December 12, 1912
Manteca City San Joaquin 67,096 17.73 45.9 June 5, 1918
Maricopa City Kern 1,154 1.50 3.9 July 25, 1911
Marina City Monterey 19,718 8.88 23.0 November 13, 1975
MartinezCounty seat City Contra Costa 35,824 12.13 31.4 April 1, 1876
MarysvilleCounty seat City Yuba 12,072 3.46 9.0 February 5, 1851
Maywood City Los Angeles 27,395 1.18 3.1 September 2, 1924
McFarland City Kern 12,707 2.67 6.9 July 18, 1957
Mendota City Fresno 11,014 3.28 8.5 June 17, 1942
Menifee City Riverside 77,519 46.47 120.4 October 1, 2008
Menlo Park City San Mateo 32,026 9.79 25.4 November 23, 1927
MercedCounty seat City Merced 78,958 23.32 60.4 April 1, 1889
Mill Valley City Marin 13,903 4.76 12.3 September 1, 1900
Millbrae City San Mateo 21,532 3.25 8.4 January 14, 1948
Milpitas City Santa Clara 66,790 13.59 35.2 January 26, 1954
Mission Viejo City Orange 93,305 17.74 45.9 March 31, 1988
ModestoCounty seat City Stanislaus 201,165 36.87 95.5 August 6, 1884
Monrovia City Los Angeles 36,590 13.60 35.2 December 15, 1887
Montague City Siskiyou 1,443 1.78 4.6 January 28, 1909
Montclair City San Bernardino 36,664 5.52 14.3 April 25, 1956
Monte Sereno City Santa Clara 3,341 1.62 4.2 May 14, 1957
Montebello City Los Angeles 62,500 8.33 21.6 October 16, 1920
Monterey City Monterey 27,810 8.47 21.9 June 14, 1890
Monterey Park City Los Angeles 60,269 7.67 19.9 May 29, 1916
Moorpark City Ventura 34,421 12.58 32.6 July 1, 1983
Moraga Town Contra Costa 16,016 9.43 24.4 November 13, 1974
Moreno Valley City Riverside 193,365 51.27 132.8 December 3, 1984
Morgan Hill City Santa Clara 37,882 12.88 33.4 November 10, 1906
Morro Bay City San Luis Obispo 10,234 5.30 13.7 July 17, 1964
Mount Shasta City Siskiyou 3,394 3.77 9.8 May 31, 1905
Mountain View City Santa Clara 74,066 12.00 31.1 November 7, 1902
Murrieta City Riverside 103,466 33.58 87.0 July 1, 1991
NapaCounty seat City Napa 76,915 17.84 46.2 March 23, 1872
National City City San Diego 58,582 7.28 18.9 September 17, 1887
Needles City San Bernardino 4,844 30.81 79.8 October 30, 1913
Nevada CityCounty seat City Nevada 3,068 2.19 5.7 April 19, 1856
Newark City Alameda 42,573 13.87 35.9 September 22, 1955
Newman City Stanislaus 10,224 2.10 5.4 June 10, 1908
Newport Beach City Orange 85,186 23.80 61.6 September 1, 1906
Norco City Riverside 27,063 13.96 36.2 December 28, 1964
Norwalk City Los Angeles 105,549 9.71 25.1 August 26, 1957
Novato City Marin 51,904 27.44 71.1 January 20, 1960
Oakdale City Stanislaus 20,675 6.04 15.6 November 24, 1906
OaklandCounty seat City Alameda 390,724 55.79 144.5 May 4, 1852
Oakley City Contra Costa 35,432 15.85 41.1 July 1, 1999
Oceanside City San Diego 167,086 41.23 106.8 July 3, 1888
Ojai City Ventura 7,461 4.39 11.4 August 5, 1921
Ontario City San Bernardino 163,924 49.94 129.3 December 10, 1891
Orange City Orange 134,616 24.80 64.2 April 6, 1888
Orange Cove City Fresno 9,078 1.91 4.9 January 20, 1948
Orinda City Contra Costa 17,643 12.68 32.8 July 1, 1985
Orland City Glenn 7,291 2.97 7.7 November 11, 1909
OrovilleCounty seat City Butte 15,546 12.99 33.6 January 3, 1906
Oxnard City Ventura 197,899 26.89 69.6 June 30, 1903
Pacific Grove City Monterey 15,041 2.86 7.4 July 5, 1889
Pacifica City San Mateo 37,234 12.66 32.8 November 22, 1957
Palm Desert City Riverside 48,445 26.81 69.4 November 26, 1973
Palm Springs City Riverside 44,552 94.12 243.8 April 20, 1938
Palmdale City Los Angeles 152,750 105.96 274.4 August 24, 1962
Palo Alto City Santa Clara 64,403 23.88 61.8 April 23, 1894
Palos Verdes Estates City Los Angeles 13,438 4.77 12.4 December 20, 1939
Paradise Town Butte 26,218 18.31 47.4 November 27, 1979
Paramount City Los Angeles 54,098 4.73 12.3 January 30, 1957
Parlier City Fresno 14,494 2.19 5.7 November 15, 1921
Pasadena City Los Angeles 137,122 22.97 59.5 June 19, 1886
Paso Robles City San Luis Obispo 29,793 19.12 49.5 March 11, 1889
Patterson City Stanislaus 20,413 5.95 15.4 December 22, 1919
Perris City Riverside 68,386 31.39 81.3 May 26, 1911
Petaluma City Sonoma 57,941 14.38 37.2 April 12, 1858
Pico Rivera City Los Angeles 62,942 8.30 21.5 January 29, 1958
Piedmont City Alameda 10,667 1.68 4.4 January 31, 1907
Pinole City Contra Costa 18,390 5.32 13.8 June 25, 1903
Pismo Beach City San Luis Obispo 7,655 3.60 9.3 April 25, 1946
Pittsburg City Contra Costa 63,264 17.22 44.6 June 25, 1903
Placentia City Orange 50,533 6.57 17.0 December 2, 1926
PlacervilleCounty seat City El Dorado 10,389 5.81 15.0 May 13, 1854
Pleasant Hill City Contra Costa 33,152 7.07 18.3 November 14, 1961
Pleasanton City Alameda 70,285 24.11 62.4 June 18, 1894
Plymouth City Amador 1,005 0.93 2.4 February 8, 1917
Point Arena City Mendocino 449 1.35 3.5 July 11, 1908
Pomona City Los Angeles 149,058 22.95 59.4 January 6, 1888
Port Hueneme City Ventura 21,723 4.45 11.5 March 24, 1948
Porterville City Tulare 54,165 17.61 45.6 May 7, 1902
Portola City Plumas 2,104 5.41 14.0 May 16, 1946
Portola Valley Town San Mateo 4,353 9.09 23.5 July 14, 1964
Poway City San Diego 47,811 39.08 101.2 December 1, 1980
Rancho Cordova City Sacramento 64,776 33.51 86.8 July 1, 2003
Rancho Cucamonga City San Bernardino 165,269 39.85 103.2 November 30, 1977
Rancho Mirage City Riverside 17,218 24.45 63.3 August 3, 1973
Rancho Palos Verdes City Los Angeles 41,643 13.46 34.9 September 7, 1973
Rancho Santa Margarita City Orange 47,853 12.96 33.6 January 1, 2000
Red BluffCounty seat City Tehama 14,076 7.56 19.6 March 31, 1876
ReddingCounty seat City Shasta 89,861 59.65 154.5 October 4, 1887
Redlands City San Bernardino 68,747 36.13 93.6 December 3, 1888
Redondo Beach City Los Angeles 66,747 6.20 16.1 April 29, 1892
Redwood CityCounty seat City San Mateo 76,815 19.42 50.3 May 11, 1867
Reedley City Fresno 24,194 5.08 13.2 February 18, 1913
Rialto City San Bernardino 99,171 22.35 57.9 November 17, 1911
Richmond City Contra Costa 103,701 30.07 77.9 August 7, 1905
Ridgecrest City Kern 27,616 20.77 53.8 November 29, 1963
Rio Dell City Humboldt 3,368 2.28 5.9 February 23, 1965
Rio Vista City Solano 7,360 6.69 17.3 January 6, 1894
Ripon City San Joaquin 14,297 5.30 13.7 November 27, 1945
Riverbank City Stanislaus 22,678 4.09 10.6 August 23, 1922
RiversideCounty seat City Riverside 303,871 81.14 210.2 October 11, 1883
Rocklin City Placer 56,974 19.54 50.6 February 24, 1893
Rohnert Park City Sonoma 40,971 7.00 18.1 August 28, 1962
Rolling Hills City Los Angeles 1,860 2.99 7.7 January 24, 1957
Rolling Hills Estates City Los Angeles 8,067 3.57 9.2 September 18, 1957
Rosemead City Los Angeles 53,764 5.16 13.4 August 4, 1959
Roseville City Placer 118,788 36.22 93.8 April 10, 1909
Ross Town Marin 2,415 1.56 4.0 August 21, 1908
SacramentoCapital city City Sacramento 466,488 97.92 253.6 February 27, 1850
St. Helena City Napa 5,814 4.99 12.9 March 24, 1876
SalinasCounty seat City Monterey 150,441 23.18 60.0 March 4, 1874
San Anselmo Town Marin 12,336 2.68 6.9 April 9, 1907
San BernardinoCounty seat City San Bernardino 209,924 59.20 153.3 August 10, 1869
San Bruno City San Mateo 41,114 5.48 14.2 December 23, 1914
San Carlos City San Mateo 28,406 5.54 14.3 July 8, 1925
San Clemente City Orange 63,522 18.71 48.5 February 28, 1928
San DiegoCounty seat City San Diego 1,301,617 325.19 842.2 March 27, 1850
San Dimas City Los Angeles 33,371 15.04 39.0 August 4, 1960
San Fernando City Los Angeles 23,645 2.37 6.1 August 31, 1911
San FranciscoCounty seat City and county San Francisco 805,235 46.87 121.4 April 15, 1850[9]
San Gabriel City Los Angeles 39,718 4.14 10.7 April 24, 1913
San Jacinto City Riverside 44,199 25.72 66.6 April 20, 1888
San Joaquin City Fresno 4,001 1.15 3.0 February 14, 1920
San JoseCounty seat City Santa Clara 945,942 176.53 457.2 March 27, 1850
San Juan Bautista City San Benito 1,862 0.71 1.8 May 4, 1896
San Juan Capistrano City Orange 34,593 14.12 36.6 April 19, 1961
San Leandro City Alameda 84,950 13.34 34.6 March 21, 1872
San Luis ObispoCounty seat City San Luis Obispo 45,119 12.78 33.1 February 16, 1856
San Marcos City San Diego 83,781 24.37 63.1 January 28, 1963
San Marino City Los Angeles 13,147 3.77 9.8 April 25, 1913
San Mateo City San Mateo 97,207 12.13 31.4 September 4, 1894
San Pablo City Contra Costa 29,139 2.63 6.8 April 27, 1948
San RafaelCounty seat City Marin 57,713 16.47 42.7 February 18, 1874
San Ramon City Contra Costa 72,148 18.06 46.8 July 1, 1983
Sand City City Monterey 334 0.56 1.5 May 31, 1960
Sanger City Fresno 24,270 5.52 14.3 May 9, 1911
Santa AnaCounty seat City Orange 324,528 27.27 70.6 June 1, 1886
Santa BarbaraCounty seat City Santa Barbara 88,410 19.47 50.4 April 9, 1850
Santa Clara City Santa Clara 116,468 18.41 47.7 July 5, 1852
Santa Clarita City Los Angeles 176,320 52.72 136.5 December 15, 1987
Santa CruzCounty seat City Santa Cruz 59,946 12.74 33.0 March 31, 1866
Santa Fe Springs City Los Angeles 16,223 8.87 23.0 May 15, 1957
Santa Maria City Santa Barbara 99,553 22.76 58.9 September 12, 1905
Santa Monica City Los Angeles 89,736 8.41 21.8 November 30, 1886
Santa Paula City Ventura 29,321 4.59 11.9 April 22, 1902
Santa RosaCounty seat City Sonoma 167,815 41.29 106.9 March 26, 1868
Santee City San Diego 53,413 16.24 42.1 December 1, 1980
Saratoga City Santa Clara 29,926 12.38 32.1 October 22, 1956
Sausalito City Marin 7,061 1.77 4.6 September 4, 1893
Scotts Valley City Santa Cruz 11,580 4.59 11.9 August 2, 1966
Seal Beach City Orange 24,168 11.29 29.2 October 27, 1915
Seaside City Monterey 33,025 9.24 23.9 October 13, 1954
Sebastopol City Sonoma 7,379 1.85 4.8 June 13, 1902
Selma City Fresno 23,219 5.14 13.3 March 15, 1893
Shafter City Kern 16,988 27.94 72.4 January 20, 1938
Shasta Lake City Shasta 10,164 10.92 28.3 July 2, 1993
Sierra Madre City Los Angeles 10,917 2.95 7.6 February 2, 1907
Signal Hill City Los Angeles 11,016 2.19 5.7 April 22, 1924
Simi Valley City Ventura 124,237 41.48 107.4 October 10, 1969
Solana Beach City San Diego 12,867 3.52 9.1 July 1, 1986
Soledad City Monterey 25,738 4.41 11.4 March 9, 1921
Solvang City Santa Barbara 5,245 2.43 6.3 May 1, 1985
Sonoma City Sonoma 10,648 2.74 7.1 September 3, 1883
SonoraCounty seat City Tuolumne 4,903 3.06 7.9 May 1, 1851
South El Monte City Los Angeles 20,116 2.84 7.4 July 30, 1958
South Gate City Los Angeles 94,396 7.24 18.8 January 20, 1923
South Lake Tahoe City El Dorado 21,403 10.16 26.3 November 30, 1965
South Pasadena City Los Angeles 25,619 3.41 8.8 March 2, 1888
South San Francisco City San Mateo 63,632 9.14 23.7 September 19, 1908
Stanton City Orange 38,186 3.15 8.2 June 4, 1956
StocktonCounty seat City San Joaquin 291,707 61.67 159.7 July 23, 1850
Suisun City City Solano 28,111 4.11 10.6 October 9, 1868
Sunnyvale City Santa Clara 140,081 21.99 57.0 December 24, 1912
SusanvilleCounty seat City Lassen 17,947 7.93 20.5 August 24, 1900
Sutter Creek City Amador 2,501 2.56 6.6 February 11, 1913
Taft City Kern 9,327 15.11 39.1 November 7, 1910
Tehachapi City Kern 14,414 9.87 25.6 August 13, 1909
Tehama City Tehama 418 0.79 2.0 July 5, 1906
Temecula City Riverside 100,097 30.15 78.1 December 1, 1989
Temple City City Los Angeles 35,558 4.01 10.4 May 25, 1960
Thousand Oaks City Ventura 126,683 55.03 142.5 October 7, 1964
Tiburon Town Marin 8,962 4.43 11.5 June 23, 1964
Torrance City Los Angeles 145,538 20.48 53.0 May 21, 1921
Tracy City San Joaquin 82,922 22.00 57.0 July 22, 1910
Trinidad City Humboldt 367 0.48 1.2 November 7, 1870
Truckee Town Nevada 16,180 32.32 83.7 March 23, 1993
Tulare City Tulare 59,278 20.93 54.2 April 5, 1888
Tulelake City Siskiyou 1,010 0.41 1.1 March 1, 1937
Turlock City Stanislaus 68,549 16.93 43.8 February 15, 1908
Tustin City Orange 75,540 11.08 28.7 September 21, 1927
Twentynine Palms City San Bernardino 25,048 59.14 153.2 November 23, 1987
UkiahCounty seat City Mendocino 16,075 4.67 12.1 March 8, 1876
Union City City Alameda 69,516 19.47 50.4 January 26, 1959
Upland City San Bernardino 73,732 15.62 40.5 May 15, 1906
Vacaville City Solano 92,428 28.37 73.5 August 9, 1892
Vallejo City Solano 115,942 30.67 79.4 March 30, 1868
VenturaCounty seat City Ventura 106,433 21.65 56.1 April 2, 1866
Vernon City Los Angeles 112 4.97 12.9 September 22, 1905
Victorville City San Bernardino 115,903 73.18 189.5 September 21, 1962
Villa Park City Orange 5,812 2.08 5.4 January 11, 1962
VisaliaCounty seat City Tulare 124,442 36.25 93.9 February 27, 1874
Vista City San Diego 93,834 18.68 48.4 January 28, 1963
Walnut City Los Angeles 29,172 8.99 23.3 January 19, 1959
Walnut Creek City Contra Costa 64,173 19.76 51.2 October 21, 1914
Wasco City Kern 25,545 9.43 24.4 December 22, 1945
Waterford City Stanislaus 8,456 2.33 6.0 November 7, 1969
Watsonville City Santa Cruz 51,199 6.69 17.3 March 30, 1868
Weed City Siskiyou 2,967 4.79 12.4 January 25, 1961
West Covina City Los Angeles 106,098 16.04 41.5 February 17, 1923
West Hollywood City Los Angeles 34,399 1.89 4.9 November 29, 1984
West Sacramento City Yolo 48,744 21.43 55.5 January 1, 1987
Westlake Village City Los Angeles 8,270 5.19 13.4 December 11, 1981
Westminster City Orange 89,701 10.05 26.0 March 27, 1957
Westmorland City Imperial 2,225 0.59 1.5 June 30, 1934
Wheatland City Yuba 3,456 1.48 3.8 April 23, 1874
Whittier City Los Angeles 85,331 14.65 37.9 February 25, 1898
Wildomar City Riverside 32,176 23.69 61.4 July 1, 2008
Williams City Colusa 5,123 5.44 14.1 May 17, 1920
Willits City Mendocino 4,888 2.80 7.3 November 19, 1888
WillowsCounty seat City Glenn 6,166 2.85 7.4 January 16, 1886
Windsor Town Sonoma 26,801 7.27 18.8 July 1, 1992
Winters City Yolo 6,624 2.91 7.5 February 9, 1898
Woodlake City Tulare 7,279 2.25 5.8 September 23, 1941
WoodlandCounty seat City Yolo 55,468 15.30 39.6 February 22, 1871
Woodside Town San Mateo 5,287 11.73 30.4 November 16, 1956
Yorba Linda City Orange 64,234 19.48 50.5 November 2, 1967
Yountville Town Napa 2,933 1.53 4.0 February 4, 1965
YrekaCounty seat City Siskiyou 7,765 9.98 25.8 April 21, 1857
Yuba CityCounty seat City Sutter 64,925 14.58 37.8 January 23, 1908
Yucaipa City San Bernardino 51,367 27.89 72.2 November 27, 1989
Yucca Valley Town San Bernardino 20,700 40.02 103.7 November 27, 1991


  1. "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  2. "Learn About Cities". League of California Cities. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  3. California Government Code Sections 34502 and 56722.
  4. 4.04.1 "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  5. "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010". California Department of Finance. Archived from the original (Excel) on November 24, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  6. "Corrections to 2010 Census Population and Housing Units Counts in the State of California" (PDF). California Department of Finance. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  7. 7.07.1 "City of Eastvale" (PDF). Riverside County Transportation and Land Management Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  8. 8.08.1 "City of Jurupa Valley" (PDF). Riverside County Transportation and Land Management Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  9. Long, Percy V. (1911). "Consolidated City and County Government of San Francisco". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association. 8 (Eighth Annual Meeting): 109–121. doi:10.2307/3038399. JSTOR 3038399.
Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_cities_and_towns_in_California&oldid=7675077"

Sacramento, One of Many California Capitols. California did not have a permanent seat of government until 1854. Cities vied for the opportunity to house the state capital for the power, prestige, and economic benefit that accompanied it. Four capitol buildings existed in other cities before Sacramento became the permanent site.


(Show more) Population: (2020) 39,538,223...(Show more) Governor: Gavin Newsom (Democrat)...(Show more) Date Of Admission: September 9, 1850...(Show more) U.S. Senators: Dianne Feinstein (Democrat) Kamala D. Harris (Democrat)...(Show more)

California, constituent state of the United States of America. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, 1850, and by the early 1960s it was the most populous U.S. state. No version of the origin of California’s name has been fully accepted, but there is wide support for the contention that it derived from an early 16th-century Spanish novel, Las sergas de Esplandián (“The Adventures of Esplandián”), that described a paradisiacal island full of gold and precious stones called California. The influence of the Spanish settlers of the 18th and 19th centuries is evident in California’s architecture and place-names. The capital is Sacramento.

Discover the contrasting landscapes of California from Mount Whitney to Death Valley
Discover the contrasting landscapes of California from Mount Whitney to Death Valley
The diverse landscapes of California from Mount Whitney to Death Valley.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.See all videos for this article

California is bounded by the U.S. state of Oregon to the north, by the states of Nevada and Arizona to the east, by the Mexican state of Baja California to the south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. From the rainy northern coast to the parched Colorado Desert in the south, and from the Mediterranean-like central and southern littoral to the volcanic plateau of the far northeast, California is a land of stunning physical contrasts. Both the highest and lowest points in the 48 conterminous states are in the state of California—Mount Whitney and Death Valley, respectively. The former is the culminating summit of the Sierra Nevada, one of the major mountain ranges of North America.

Death Valley
Death Valley
Sand dunes at Death Valley National Monument, California.
© Corbis
Waving American flag. Flag of the United States of America, United States flag, patriotic, patriotism, stars and stripes.
States of America: Fact or Fiction?
You may be familiar with New York and Nebraska, but are there 11 U.S. states with names that begin with the letter "N?" See if your knowledge of names is nimble—or numb—in this quiz of states and cities.

The fluid nature of the state’s social, economic, and political life—shaped so largely by the influx of people from other states and countries—has for centuries made California a laboratory for testing new modes of living. California’s population, concentrated mostly along the coast, is the most urban in the United States, with more than three-fourths of the state’s people living in the Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Diego metropolitan areas. Despite its urbanization and the loss of land to industry, California still leads the country in agricultural production. About one-half of the state’s land is federally owned. National parks located throughout the state are devoted to the preservation of nature and natural resources. Area 163,695 square miles (423,967 square km). Population (2020) 39,538,223.

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles cityscape.
© Digital Vision/Getty Images

The heartland of California is the Central Valley, which runs for 450 miles (725 km) through the centre of the state, forming a trough between the Coast Ranges to the west and the Sierra Nevada to the east. The valley is the state’s agricultural centre. Its single opening is the delta through which the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers drain into San Francisco Bay. The valley is sealed off by the Cascade Range to the northeast and by the Klamath Mountains to the northwest. In the far north the terrain is rugged and heavily forested, becoming wetter on the coastal side and drier and barren in the higher northeast. In the south the Central Valley is closed off by the transverse ranges, most notably the Tehachapi Mountains, which are regarded as a dividing wall between southern and central California.

CaliforniaEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Most of eastern California is desert. The sparsely settled northeastern corner of the state is a jumble of barren plains and mountains, as well as a volcanic plateau. In the east-central region is the Trans-Sierra desert, which extends along the sheer east escarpment of the Sierra Nevada range and comprises part of the vast interstate Great Basin of the Basin and Range Province. The Trans-Sierra desert ranges from 2,000 to 7,400 feet (600 to 2,300 metres) above sea level. Its largest towns are in the Owens Valley, which was a fertile farmland until its groundwater flow was diverted to Los Angeles through a mammoth series of conduits built in 1908–13.

The Sierra Nevada rises just to the west of the Trans-Sierra desert. The eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada is sheer, dropping some 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) within a 10-mile (16-km) stretch near Owens Lake. On the west the range slopes in gradually declining foothills toward the Central Valley, comprising the San Joaquin and Sacramento river valleys. From the wall that rises near Lassen Peak in the north, the Sierra Nevada extends south for 430 miles (700 km) to the fringes of Los Angeles. Aside from Mount Whitney (14,494 feet [4,418 metres] above sea level), 10 other peaks in the Sierra Nevada exceed 14,000 feet (4,200 metres) in elevation. East-west passes are few but high; some are found at more than 9,000 feet (2,700 metres) in elevation. There are three national parks in the Sierra Nevada: Kings Canyon, Sequoia, and Yosemite. The last, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978, rises from the purplish foothills of the Mother Lode Country and extends through the ice-carved valleys of the Merced and Tuolumne rivers. Its valleys feature waterfalls and granite domes.

In the southeast lies the Mojave Desert, which, at more than 25,000 square miles (65,000 square km), occupies one-sixth of the land area of California. Its landmarks are broad basins and eroded mountains, fault blocks, and alluvial surfaces, most of which are more than 2,000 feet (600 metres) above sea level. Vegetation includes the evergreen creosote bush, yucca, saltbush, burroweed, encelia, cottonwood, and mesquite. Higher up are juniper and piñon pine.

Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa).
Copyright Louisa Preston/Photo Researchers

Just south of the Mojave Desert is the lower Colorado Desert, an extension of the Sonoran Desert, which begins in the Coachella Valley. The Colorado Desert descends to the Imperial Valley adjacent to the Mexican border. The valley is a heavily irrigated agricultural area known for its winter crops. More than 4,000 square miles (10,500 square km) of the desert lie below sea level, including the 300-square-mile (800-square-km) Salton Sea, a lake with no outlet that was created in 1905–07 when the nearby Colorado River broke out of its channel.

The roughly 1,100-mile- (1,800-km-) long coastline of California is mountainous, most dramatically so in the Santa Lucia Range south of San Francisco, where towering cliffs rise about 800 feet (240 metres) above the ocean. Hills of lesser elevation flank entrances to the coast’s three major natural harbours, at San Diego, San Francisco, and Eureka. Coastal mountains, made up of many indistinct chains, are from about 20 to 40 miles (30 to 65 km) in width and from 2,000 to 8,000 feet (600 to 2,400 metres) in elevation.

Southern California’s dense settlement lies along a coastal plateau and in valleys ranging from about 10 to 60 miles (16 to 100 km) inland. Along the coast north of the Tehachapi Mountains, the population becomes sparser, though the central coastal region has grown rapidly since the 1990s. The populous coastal area around San Francisco Bay gives way to the less-developed northern coast, where lumbering and fishing villages lie beside creeks and rivers flowing from the Coast Ranges. This is the area of coastal redwood forests and Redwood National Park, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.

redwood trees
redwood trees
Redwood trees in Redwood National Park, northwestern California.

The 800-mile (1,300-km) San Andreas Fault is a major fault line running through most of California. Tectonic movement along the fault has caused massive earthquakes, including the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. The Hayward Fault in the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Gabriel fault zone in metropolitan Los Angeles have produced several major earthquakes, though the destructive quake centred in the Los Angeles suburb of Northridge in 1994 occurred along one of the San Andreas’s larger secondary faults. Separate fault systems in the Sierra Nevada and the Klamath Mountains are tectonically active as well.

Water is chronically scarce in southern California and the desert regions, but excesses of rain and snowmelt cause winter flooding along the rivers of the northern coast. Complex systems of dams and aqueducts transport water from north to south, but not without the protests of those who regard the export of water from their regions as a bar to future growth or as a threat to environmental balance. The Colorado River Aqueduct at the Arizona border carries water from that river across the southern California desert and mountains to serve the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The California State Water Project, launched in 1960, is the largest water-transfer system ever undertaken. It is designed to deliver water daily from the Feather River (a tributary of the Sacramento River) in north-central California to communities as far south as the Mexican border.

The largest lake of the Sierra Nevada is Lake Tahoe, astride the California-Nevada border at an elevation of 6,229 feet (1,899 metres). A mountain-ringed alpine lake about 193 square miles (500 square km) in area, it has among the world’s greatest average depth and a maximum depth of about 1,640 feet (500 metres). Elsewhere in the Sierra lie hundreds of smaller lakes, some above the timberline in regions of tumbled granite and smooth-walled canyons. West of the Sierra Nevada is Clear Lake; at 67 square miles (174 square km), it is the largest natural lake wholly within the state. On the eastern flank of the Sierra are Mono Lake and Owens Lake, both long endangered by agricultural development.


Unlike other states, California taxes capital gains as normal income. They can range between 1% and 13.3% based on your income tax bracket. Learn more and how they can impact you.


The California State constitution was drafted in Monterey and later accepted by the U.S. Congress. The state capital was in Pueblo de San Jose from December 15, 1849 to May 1, 1851. Historical marker indicating the site of the former state capital in Pueblo de San Jose. Then the capital moved to Vallejo from January 5, 1852 to January 12 1852.


State Capitol Catch a glimpse of government in action With its noble columns and snappy cupola, all painted wedding-cake white, California’s State Capitol building looks like a mini replica of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. Take a free docent-led tour to learn about the 1869 building’s architecture and history.


California es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos de América.Su capital es Sacramento, y su ciudad más poblada, Los Ángeles.Está ubicado en la región oeste del país, división Pacífico, limitando al norte con Oregón, al este con Nevada, al sureste con el río Colorado que lo separa de Arizona, al sur con Baja California y al oeste con ...

California es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos de América. Su capital es Sacramento, y su ciudad más poblada, Los Ángeles. Está ubicado en la región oeste del país, división Pacífico, limitando al norte con Oregón, al este con Nevada, al sureste con el río Colorado que lo separa de Arizona, al sur con Baja California (México) y al oeste con el océano Pacífico. Con 39.538.223 habitantes, según el Censo de los Estados Unidos de 2020, es el estado más poblado y con 423 970 km², el tercero más extenso, por detrás de Alaska y Texas. Fue admitido en la Unión el 9 de septiembre de 1850 como el estado número 31.

Además, cuenta con las segunda y quinta áreas más pobladas de la nación, el Gran Los Ángeles y el Área de la Bahía de San Francisco y ocho de las ciudades más pobladas del país: Los Ángeles, San Diego, San José, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach y Oakland.

La zona estuvo poblada desde hace milenios por los nativos americanos antes de las primeras expediciones europeas en el siglo XVI. Estos pobladores se repartían en 105 pueblos indígenas americanos que hablaban los idiomas de seis familias lingüísticas diferentes.[3]​ La Corona española colonizó las áreas de la costa del territorio en 1769 antes de que este pasara a formar parte de México tras la Guerra de la Independencia de México (1810-1821). California fue parte del territorio mexicano hasta la guerra entre México y los Estados Unidos de 1846-1848. Al término de la guerra y como condición para la paz, la República Mexicana fue obligada a ceder el territorio a los Estados Unidos en el Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo. La Fiebre del Oro en el período 1848-1849 provocó una inmigración de 90 000 estadounidenses procedentes del resto del país. Finalmente, California se convirtió en el trigésimo primer Estado de Estados Unidos en 1850.

Si California fuera una nación independiente, sería la quinta economía del mundo, con un producto interior bruto (PIB) de alrededor de 3.20 billones de dólares (datos de 2021) lo que representa el 12.0% del PIB de Estados Unidos, que asciende a un total de 20.5 billones de dólares. Las principales actividades económicas del estado son la agricultura, el ocio, la tecnología, la energía eléctrica y el turismo. En California se localizan algunas de las ciudades económicas más importantes del mundo, tales como Los Ángeles (entretenimiento, ocio), el Valle Central (agricultura), Silicon Valley (informática y alta tecnología) y el Valle de Napa (vino).


Artículo principal: Toponimia de California

La teoría más respaldada es que la palabra California deriva del nombre de un paraíso ficticio, la isla de California, habitado por amazonas negras bajo el mando de la reina Calafia. Este mito aparece en una novela de caballerías de 1510, Las sergas de Esplandián,[4]​ escrita por el escritor de aventuras castellano Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo.[5][6][7]​ El reino de Calafia o Califia es descrito por Montalvo como una tierra remota habitada por grifos y otras extrañas bestias y rico en oro:

Es conocido que a mano derecha de las Indias hay una isla llamada California, muy cerca de esa parte del paraíso terrenal, que está habitada por mujeres negras, sin un solo hombre entre ellas, que viven al estilo de las amazonas. Tenían el cuerpo robusto, con corazones fuertes y apasionados y grandes virtudes. La isla misma es una de las más salvajes del mundo por sus escarpadas y llamativas rocas. Sus armas están todas hechas de oro. La isla está repleta de oro y piedras preciosas por todas partes, hasta el punto que no hay otros metales.[8]

Capítulo CLVII

California es el quinto nombre de origen europeo más antiguo en Estados Unidos. Fue impuesto en la expedición española dirigida por Diego de Becerra y Fortún Jiménez, que denominaron isla de California al extremo inferior de la península de California cuando desembarcaron allí en 1533 por mandato de Hernán Cortés.[9]

Posteriormente la palabra California llegó a referirse a una región más amplia, compuesta por la península de California, en México, y un vasto territorio en Estados Unidos que abarcó el del actual estado de California más la totalidad o parte de los de Nevada, Utah, Arizona y Wyoming.



Mapa topográfico de California

California es el tercer estado más grande de Estados Unidos por área, después de Alaska y Texas. California a menudo se divide geográficamente en dos regiones, el sur de California, que comprende los 10 condados más al sur, y el norte de California, que comprende los 48 condados más al norte. Limita con Oregón al norte, Nevada al este y noreste, Arizona al sureste, el Océano Pacífico al oeste y comparte una frontera internacional con el estado mexicano de Baja California al sur (con el que forma parte de la región californiana de América del Norte, junto con Baja California Sur).

En el centro del estado se encuentra el Valle Central de California, rodeado por la Sierra Nevada en el este, las cordilleras costeras en el oeste, la Cordillera de las Cascadas al norte y por las montañas de Tehachapi en el sur. El Valle Central es el corazón agrícola productivo de California.

La Sierra Nevada abarca el Valle de Yosemite, famoso por sus rocas talladas por la erosión glaciar, y el parque nacional Sequoia, hogar de las gigantescas secuoyas, los organismos vivos más grandes de la Tierra, y el Lago Tahoe, el lago más grande del estado por volumen.

El estado de California es un territorio muy diverso dividido a grandes rasgos por la cordillera de Sierra Nevada, la costa y un gran valle central. En California se encuentra el punto más alto (monte Whitney) y el más bajo (Valle de la Muerte) de los 48 estados contiguos.

El estado está dividido entre el Norte de California y el Sur de California, aunque la frontera entre ambas regiones no está muy bien definida. San Francisco es considerada como una ciudad del Norte de California y Los Ángeles como una ciudad del Sur de California, pero algunas zonas entre ambas no comparten esa misma identidad. El servicio Geológico de los Estados Unidos define al centro geográfico del estado en el punto cerca de North Fork.

Los geógrafos suelen dividir el estado en once provincias geomorfológicas con límites claramente definidos. Son, de norte a sur, las montañas Klamath, la cordillera de las Cascadas, la Placa Modoc, las cuencas y cordilleras, la cadena costera del Pacífico, el Valle Central, Sierra Nevada, las cordilleras Transversales, el desierto de Mojave, las cordilleras Peninsulares, y el desierto de Colorado. Para propósitos de explicación, también es útil reconocer a la cuenca Los Ángeles, el archipiélago del Norte, y el océano Pacífico.


Artículo principal: Clima de California

Las dunas de arena del Valle de la Muerte

Aunque la mayor parte del estado tiene un clima mediterráneo, debido al gran tamaño del estado, el clima varía desde árido a subártico, dependiendo de la latitud, elevación, y proximidad a la costa. La fresca corriente de California en alta mar a menudo crea una niebla de verano cerca de la costa. Más al interior, hay inviernos más fríos y veranos más calurosos. La moderación marítima hace que las temperaturas de verano en la costa de Los Ángeles y San Francisco sean las más suaves de todas las principales áreas metropolitanas de los Estados Unidos y que sean especialmente frescas en comparación con las áreas en la misma latitud en el interior.

Las partes del norte del estado reciben más lluvia que el sur. Las cadenas montañosas de California también influyen en el clima: algunas de las partes más lluviosas del estado son las laderas montañosas orientadas al oeste. El noroeste de California tiene un clima templado, y el Valle Central tiene un clima mediterráneo pero con temperaturas más altas que la costa. Las montañas altas, incluida la Sierra Nevada, tienen un clima alpino con notables nevadas en invierno y un calor leve a moderado en verano.

El Estado Dorado[editar]

El apodo del estado es The Golden State (El Estado Dorado), nombre que algunos suponen quizás provenga de los numerosos días en los que brilla el sol durante el año, o quizás del color dorado que pueden tomar los montes a ciertas horas del día (tal como ocurre en muchas otras partes del mundo), aunque la probabilidad más cierta de tal apodo (del mismo modo que la del apodo dado a la boca de la bahía de San Francisco: Golden Gate = Puerta Dorada) remite al periodo de la fiebre del oro.



185092 597—    
1860379 994 310.4%
1870560 247 47.4%
1880864 694 54.3%
18901 213 398 40.3%
19001 485 053 22.4%
19102 377 549 60.1%
19203 426 861 44.1%
19305 677 251 65.7%
19406 907 387 21.7%
195010 586 223 53.3%
196015 717 204 48.5%
197019 953 134 27.0%
198023 667 902 18.6%
199029 760 021 25.7%
200033 871 648 13.8%
201037 253 956 10.0%
202039 368 078 5.7%
Gráfica de evolución demográfica de California entre 1850 y


La Oficina del Censo de los Estados Unidos estima que la población de California fue de 38 041 430 habitantes al 1 de julio de 2012, un 2,1 % de incremento desde el censo de 2010.[10]​ Entre 2000 y 2009, hubo un incremento natural de 3 090 016 (5 058 440 nacimientos menos 2 179 958 muertes).[11]​ Durante este período, la migración internacional produjo un aumento de 1 816 633 personas, mientras que la migración interna produjo una disminución de 1 509 708, lo que resulta en una inmigración neta de 306 925 personas.[11]​ Las estadísticas del Estado de California muestran una población de 38 292 687 al 1 de enero de 2009. Sin embargo, de acuerdo con el Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, desde 1990 casi 3,4 millones de californianos se han mudado a otros estados.[12]

California es la segunda entidad subnacional más poblada del hemisferio occidental y del continente americano, tras el estado de São Paulo, en Brasil.[13]​ Además, el condado de Los Ángeles ha celebrado el título de condado más poblado de Estados Unidos durante décadas, es más populoso que 42 de los estados estadounidenses.[14][15]​ California es el hogar de ocho de las 50 ciudades más pobladas en los Estados Unidos: Los Ángeles, San Diego, San José, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach, y Oakland. El centro de población del estado está localizado en el pueblo de Buttonwillow, condado de Kern.[16]

Etnia 1980 1990 2000 2010 2015
Total Pct. Total Pct. Total Pct. Total Pct. Total Pct.
Blanco &&&&&&&015650775.&&&&&015 650 775 &&&&&&&&&&&&&066.13000066,13 % &&&&&&&017029126.&&&&&017 029 126 &&&&&&&&&&&&&057.22000057,22 % &&&&&&&015816790.&&&&&015 816 790 &&&&&&&&&&&&&046.70000046,70 % &&&&&&&014956253.&&&&&014 956 253 &&&&&&&&&&&&&040.15000040,15 % &&&&&&&014879258.&&&&&014 879 258 &&&&&&&&&&&&&038.73000038,73 %
Hispano o latino &&&&&&&&04541300.&&&&&04 541 300 &&&&&&&&&&&&&019.19000019,19 % &&&&&&&&07687938.&&&&&07 687 938 &&&&&&&&&&&&&025.83000025,83 % &&&&&&&010966556.&&&&&010 966 556 &&&&&&&&&&&&&032.38000032,38 % &&&&&&&014013719.&&&&&014 013 719 &&&&&&&&&&&&&037.62000037,62 % &&&&&&&014750686.&&&&&014 750 686 &&&&&&&&&&&&&038.39000038,39 %
Asiático &&&&&&&&01242157.&&&&&01 242 157 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.2500005,25 % &&&&&&&&02710353.&&&&&02 710 353 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.1100009,11 % &&&&&&&&03648860.&&&&&03 648 860 &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.77000010,77 % &&&&&&&&04775070.&&&&&04 775 070 &&&&&&&&&&&&&012.82000012,82 % &&&&&&&&05192548.&&&&&05 192 548 &&&&&&&&&&&&&013.51000013,51 %
Negro o afroamericano &&&&&&&&01784086.&&&&&01 784 086 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.5400007,54 % &&&&&&&&02092446.&&&&&02 092 446 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&300007,03 % &&&&&&&&02181926.&&&&&02 181 926 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.4400006,44 % &&&&&&&&02163804.&&&&&02 163 804 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.8100005,81 % &&&&&&&&02160795.&&&&&02 160 795 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.6200005,62 %
Indio americano y nativo de Alaska &&&&&&&&&0189700.&&&&&0189 700 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.8000000,80 % &&&&&&&&&0184065.&&&&&0184 065 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.6200000,62 % &&&&&&&&&0178984.&&&&&0178 984 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.5300000,53 % &&&&&&&&&0162250.&&&&&0162 250 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.4400000,44 % &&&&&&&&&0142191.&&&&&0142 191 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3700000,37 %
Hawaiano y otro isleño del Pacífico &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&0 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&&&&&0 &&&&&&&&&0103736.&&&&&0103 736 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3100000,31 % &&&&&&&&&0128577.&&&&&0128 577 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3500000,35 % &&&&&&&&&0139009.&&&&&0139 009 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3600000,36 %
Otra etnia &&&&&&&&&&059884.&&&&&059 884 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.2500000,25 % &&&&&&&&&&056093.&&&&&056 093 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.1900000,19 % &&&&&&&&&&071681.&&&&&071 681 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.2100000,21 % &&&&&&&&&&085587.&&&&&085 587 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.2300000,23 % &&&&&&&&&&084477.&&&&&084 477 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.2200000,22 %
Dos o más etnias &&&&&&&&&0903115.&&&&&0903 115 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.6700002,67 % &&&&&&&&&0968696.&&&&&0968 696 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.6000002,60 % &&&&&&&&01072500.&&&&&01 072 500 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.7900002,79 %
Total &&&&&&&023667902.&&&&&023 667 902 100,00% &&&&&&&029760021.&&&&&029 760 021 100,00% &&&&&&&033871648.&&&&&033 871 648 100,00% &&&&&&&037253956.&&&&&037 253 956 100,00% &&&&&&&038421464.&&&&&038 421 464 100,00%


La lengua oficial es el inglés, hablado en el hogar por 60,5 % de la población californiana. El español es la segunda lengua en número de hablantes, con un 35,8 % de la población. La sección 1632 del Código Civil de California reconoce el idioma español, de ahí que la ley Dymally-Alatorre sobre servicios bilingües, instituya un bilingüismo inglés-español, sin la exclusión necesaria de otras lenguas. El resto de idiomas, como chino, tagalo, vietnamita, llegan hasta el 6,08 % del total.

Los idiomas indígenas del estado, que apenas suponen unas decenas de miles de hablantes, pertenecientes sobre todo a los grupos hokano y penutio, son lenguas amenazadas: muchas de ellas son habladas solo por las generaciones más ancianas que son bilingües, mientras que muchos niños amerindios son monolingües en inglés.


Religión Porcentaje total de población
Protestantes 33,5% 13.677,718
Católicos 30% 12,248,703
Sin religión 29% 11,840,412
Cristianos ortodoxos 0,5% 204,145
Otras Religiones 7% 2,858,030

Ciudades importantes[editar]

Principales ciudades de California (año 2000)
Los Ángeles
Puesto Población (habitantes)
CAL USA Ciudad Metropolitana
01 02 Los Ángeles 7.713.391 18.889.192
02 08 San Diego 1.450.594 3.344.493
03 10 San Francisco 2.311.192 4.673.392
04 13 San José 1.560.695 San Francisco
05 35 Fresno 780.897 1.230.495
06 36 Long Beach 1.001.194 Los Ángeles
07 37 Sacramento 1.120.596 1.400.000
08 44 Oakland 1.250.000 San Francisco
09 53 Santa Ana 560.695 Los Ángeles
10 55 Anaheim 788.899 Los Ángeles
Los datos de población corresponden al Censo de 2000.

Artículo principal: Anexo:Ciudades de California

La mayor parte de población de California se concentra en tres grandes áreas metropolitanas:

  • Gran Los Ángeles: Los Ángeles, Long Beach, Santa Ana, Anaheim, Irvine...
  • Área de la Bahía de San Francisco: San Francisco, San José, Oakland, Fremont, Santa Rosa...
  • Área metropolitana de San Diego-Tijuana: San Diego, Chula Vista, Oceanside...
  • Otras ciudades de importancia son Sacramento (capital del Estado), Fresno, Bakersfield, Riverside, Stockton, Modesto...

Otras ciudades importantes[editar]

Artículo principal: Economía de California

California es tradicionalmente una gran potencia económica, pionera y líder en numerosos segmentos de la industria como la aeronáutica, la técnica espacial, la informática, la electrónica, la industria médica, etc. Por ello, California sería por sí misma una de las siete potencias mundiales. También tiene una agricultura muy desarrollada, favorecida por su clima benigno.

California dispone de extensos cultivos de cítricos. En los últimos decenios ha desarrollado también la producción de vino (particularmente en el Valle Napa). Posee importantes actividades mineras como la dedicada al oro.

Silicon Valley, sede de muchas de las empresas tecnológicas más importantes del mundo.


Artículo principal: Deporte de California

California fue sede de los Juegos Olímpicos de Los Ángeles 1932, de los Juegos Olímpicos de Squaw Valley 1960 y Los Ángeles 1984, así como de la Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1994. Actualmente se prepara para los Juegos Olímpicos de Los Ángeles 2028.

California tiene veintiún franquicias en las Grandes Ligas de deportes profesionales, muchas más que cualquier otro estado. El Área de la Bahía de San Francisco tiene siete equipos en las grandes ligas en tres ciudades, San Francisco, Oakland y San José. Mientras el Área Metropolitana de Los Ángeles es sede de once franquicias en las Grandes Ligas profesionales. San Diego tiene dos equipos de liga principales, y Sacramento también tiene dos.

Sede de algunas de las más prominentes universidades de los Estados Unidos, California tiene desde hace mucho tiempo respetados programas de deportes universitarios. En particular, los programas atléticos de UC Berkeley, USC, UCLA, Stanford y Fresno State a menudo se clasifican a nivel nacional en varios deportes universitarios. California también es sede del más antiguo de los títulos universitarios denominados "bowl", el anual Rose Bowl, y el Holiday Bowl, entre otros.

Numerosos circuitos de carreras de Estados Unidos se hallan en California. Los principales son el óvalo de Fontana, el callejero de Long Beach y los autódromos de Laguna Seca y Sears Point, así como los desaparecidos Riverside y Ontario. Además de albergar los principales certámenes estadounidenses de automovilismo y motociclismo, el Gran Premio de Long Beach fue una prueba válida para el Campeonato Mundial de Fórmula 1 y actualmente recibe a la IndyCar Series y el United SportsCar Championship, en tanto que Laguna Seca ha albergado pruebas del Campeonato Mundial de Motociclismo y el Campeonato Mundial de Superbikes.

En California se realizan numerosos torneos de golf, entre ellos el Abierto de Los Ángeles y Abierto de San Diego. Los campos de golf de Pebble Beach y Olympic han sido sede de varias ediciones del Abierto de los Estados Unidos.

En tenis, el Masters de Indian Wells pertenece al ATP World Tour Masters 1000 y WTA Premier, y el Torneo de Stanford al WTA Premier. Anteriormente se realizaron el Torneo de Los Ángeles y el Torneo de San José.

En polo se efectuó el Campeonato Mundial de Polo de 1998 en Santa Bárbara y en 2022 se efectuará la XII versión del mundial en Indio.

A continuación se muestra una lista de los principales equipos de las grandes ligas de deporte profesional de California:

En la cultura popular[editar]

Véase también[editar]


  1. United States Census Bureau. «Resultados de distribución poblacional del censo de 2020». census.gov. Archivado desde el original el 26 de abril de 2021. Consultado el 28 de abril de 2021. 
  2. «GDP by State». GDP by State | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Bureau of Economic Analysis. Consultado el 26 March 2021. 
    https://www.bea.gov/sites/default/files/2021-06/qgdpstate0621.pdf Bureau of Economic Analysis - Full release and tables - Gross Domestic Product by State, 1st Quarter 2021. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  3. Artículo California de la extinta Enciclopedia Encarta en línea
  4. «Serga» vieje a significar lo mismo que «hazaña» o «proeza» (véase el apartado Etimología en el artículo dedicado a la novela).
  5. Gudde, Erwin G. and William Bright. 2004. California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names, pp.59-60
  6. Lavender, David (1987). California: Land of New Beginnings. University of Nebraska Press. p. 27. ISBN 0803279248. OCLC 15315566. 
  7. «Online Etymology Dictionary». Etymonline.com. 24 de junio de 1957. Consultado el 2 de julio de 2010. 
  8. Person-Lynn, 2004.
  9. Stewart, George (1945). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. New York: Random House. pp. 11–17.
  10. «Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012» (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. diciembre de 2012. Archivado desde el original el 29 de diciembre de 2012. Consultado el 22 de diciembre de 2012. 
  11. a b «Table 4. Cumulative Estimates of the Components of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009» (CSV). US Census Bureau. 22 de diciembre de 2009. Archivado desde el original el 9 de junio de 2010. Consultado el 26 de.diciembre de 2009. 
  12. Gray, Tom; Scardamalia, Robert (septiembre de 2012). «The Great California Exodus: A Closer Look». Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Inc. Consultado el 30 de abril de 2013. 
  13. «Censo 2010: população do Brasil é de 190 732 694 pessoas». Consultado el 19 de septiembre de 2011. 
  14. «About Los Angeles County Department of Public Social Services». Los Angeles County Department of Public Social Services. diciembre de 2005. Archivado desde el original el 17 de abril de 2010. Consultado el 26 de diciembre de 2009. 
  15. Barrett, Beth (19 de septiembre de 2003). «Baby Slump In L.A. County». Los Angeles Daily News (Los Angeles Newspaper Group). pp. N4. Consultado el 26 de diciembre de 2009. 
  16. «Population and Population Centers by State: 2000» (TXT). United States Census 2000. US Census Bureau Geography Division. 20 de mayo de 2002. Archivado desde el original el 23 de febrero de 2010. Consultado el 26 de diciembre de 2009. 
  17. Natalie Portman y Serena Williams crean Angel City, Infobae
  18. Carrillo, Adolfo (2000). Cuentos californianos. Alicante: Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes. Consultado el 1 de octubre de 2018. 
  19. «California's Sister State Relationships | Senate Office of International Relations». soir.senate.ca.gov. Consultado el 26 de mayo de 2021. 
  20. «Wayback Machine». web.archive.org. 29 de septiembre de 2018. Consultado el 26 de mayo de 2021. 
  • León-Portilla, Miguel. (1989) Cartografía y crónicas de la antigua California.
  • Portillo y Díaz de Solano, Álvaro del. (1982) Descubrimientos y exploraciones en las costas de California (1532-1650).

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Sacramento, city, capital of California, U.S., and seat of Sacramento county, in the north-central part of the state. It is situated in the Sacramento Valley along the Sacramento River at its confluence with the American River, about 90 miles northeast of San Francisco and 45 miles north of Stockton.


The capitol actually was in San Jose for a short while, then a few other bay/delta cities, and moved to Sacramento when the state was incorporated. Classic case of “location, location, location.”. The third largest city in CA in the 1860s was Bodie, north of Mono Lake at 8300′ on the Eastern side of the Sierras.


08-12-2021 · What are California’s nicknames? “Golden State” has long been a popular name in California and was officially nicknamed in 1968. This is especially relevant because modern California can be traced back to the discovery of gold in 1848 and the golden poppy fields. can be seen every spring across the state.



10 city nicknames and their interesting stories of origin

  • Boise, & quot; City of Trees & quot; Give GorinGetty pictures. …
  • New Orleans, & quot; The Big Easy & quot; …
  • Las Vegas, & quot; Sin City & quot; …
  • Seattle, & quot; Emerald City & quot; …
  • Miami, the & quot; Magic City & quot; …
  • Denver, & quot; The Mile High City & quot; …
  • New York City, & quot; Big Apple & quot; …
  • Philadelphia, “City of Brotherly Love”;

What kind of city is known as dirty? “Dirty Durham is now a well-established brand and it’s a cool thing to call Durham. Additional variations of the name include “Dirty D” and “The Dirty.” For the locals, it has been a commendable recognition of the city.â €

What is a nickname for London?

London nicknames In addition to official names, the capital has won several specialties over the years. Probably the most famous is The Big Smoke, The Old Smoke or just The Smoke. These names refer to the dense fog and smog that permeated the city from ancient times.

What is Leeds city nickname?

10 city nicknames from the UK City nicknames often come out formally or unofficially as part of urban relocations aimed at improving a city’s perceived identity, but sometimes they haunt the city decades later – Leeds as a “Motorway City” in the 1970s.

What are cities nicknames?

The top nickname in the poll was New York’s “Big Apple,” followed by “Sin City” (Las Vegas), “The Big Easy” (New Orleans), “Motor City” (Detroit), and “The Windy City” (Chicago). .

Do all cities have nicknames?

Every major American city has a stable of nicknames, but some have certainly entered the national lexicon in a way that others simply do not. (You keep trying, the capital of the world’s fire hydrant.)

Is Leeds the 3rd largest city in England?

Find out more about Leeds, the UK’s third largest city. Leeds is the third largest city in the United Kingdom after London and Birmingham. It is a city in the north of Yorkshire and the largest city in West Yorkshire.

What is Los Angeles nickname?

What is the city of Los Angeles nickname?

One is just the city initials L.A. It is also called the City of Angels because Los Angeles means “angels” in Spanish. Los Angeles often has warm, sunny weather. So another nickname is the City of Flowers and Sunshine.

What are California’s nicknames?

“Golden State” has long been a popular name in California and was officially nicknamed in 1968. This is especially relevant because modern California can be traced back to the discovery of gold in 1848 and the golden poppy fields. can be seen every spring across the state.

Is River City filming again?

Following a break from the coronavirus pandemic, plans are underway to resume shooting in Scotland’s award-winning sequel to River City in August.

Is Caitlin leaving River City? WATERLOO Road bosses contacted River City and asked if they would release Christina, a teenager from the contract. Actress Caitlin Gillespie kidnapped the producers of the rival Scottish series Waterloo Road from River City.

Is David Paisley leaving River City?

NotesShort film

Who plays Rory Murdoch?

Has River City stopped filming?

River City monitors the lives of people living and working in the fictional Shieldinch district. … Production of River City was halted in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and filming resumed in August 2020. Instead of new parts, a number of “classic” parts were broadcast.

What was the last episode of River City?

What happened to Charlotte in River City 2021?

This is bad news for young Charlotte if her condition starts to get worse after the amputation surgery. The Murdochs contract after the terrible and unexpected news that he has developed sepsis.

Who was Charlotte in River City?

River City (TV series 2002–2002) – Daisy Veldhoven as Charlotte Crozier, Charlotte Murdoch – IMDb.

Why is Jacksonville called the First Coast?

The name refers to both the geographical status of the area and the “first coast”; which many visitors reach when entering Florida, as well as the history of the region as the first place in the continental United States to see European contacts and settlements.

What is River City in the Navy?

For those who do not know the term navy, “River City” means a communication loss on the ship. Maybe you talk to your sailor, you won’t hear from him for days, weeks, or a month for us.

What does River City mean? This means that they interrupt all non-critical information. No phones, no internet, etc. Only official traffic is allowed. “River City” comes from the acronym “RC”, meaning “reduced communication.” The term was invented to distinguish it from EMCON conditions.

Why is it called River City in the Navy?

When a servant dies in a battle zone, the entire area of ​​operation goes to the so-called “River City”. River City is a military term for “Reduced Communications,” a complete disruption of any and all non-operational communications assets.

Is River City a real place?

In the heart of Willson’s “hailstone and sarsaparilla zone” is the real River City. Its real name is Mason City, Iowa, and it’s really a place with a marching band, a hairdressing quartet and gorgeous ice cream parlors. … Local tradition says he gave his first name “l” to Willson.

What does River City mean?

A river city is a common name used to describe any city along a river.

What is rivercity one Navy?

For those unfamiliar with the Navy’s term, “River City” means the ship is in communication. Maybe you talk to your sailor, you won’t hear from him for days, weeks, or a month for us.

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Check out our california state capital selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops.


Best Answer for State Capital Of California Crossword Clue. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 10 letters long and begins with S


Subsequently, question is, why is the California State Capitol important? History. “The immigration of thousands of “Forty-niners” in search of gold prompted California's admission as the 31st state into the Union in 1850, thus creating the need for a state capital. California did not have a permanent seat of government until 1860 ...


The flag was designed by William Todd on a piece of new unbleached cotton. The star imitated the lone star of Texas. A grizzly bear represented the many bears seen in the state. The word, “California Republic” was placed beneath the star and bear. It was adopted by the 1911 State Legislature as the State Flag.

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Capital City: Sacramento

Abbreviation: CA 

Population (2019): 38,332,521; Rank: 1 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region: West

Admission to Statehood: September 9, 1850 (31st State)

State Motto: Eureka (Greek) translates to I found it!

State Nickname: Golden State

Origin of State Name: Named by the Spanish after Califia, a mythical paradise in a Spanish romance, written by Montalvo in 1510.

Area Codes: 209, 213, 310, 323, 408, 415, 424, 442, 510, 530, 559, 562, 619, 626, 650, 657, 661, 707, 714, 747, 760, 805, 818, 831, 858, 909, 916, 925, 949, 951 

Zip Codes: California Zip Codes

Bird: California Valley Quail 

Flag: Historic Bear flag raised at Sonomaon June 14, 1846, by a group of American settlers in revolt against Mexican rule. The flag was designed by William Todd on a piece of new unbleached cotton. The star imitated the lone star of Texas. A grizzly bear represented the many bears seen in the state. The word, “California Republic” was placed beneath the star and bear. It was adopted by the 1911 State Legislature as the State Flag. Learn more details about the California flag.

Flower: California Poppy (Eschscholtzia californica)

Soil: San Joaquin

Song: “I Love You, California” | Words by: F.B. Silverwood | Music by: A.F. Frankenstein

Tree: California Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens & Sequoia gigantea)

Quarter: Reverse -Depicts naturalist John Muir, the Yosemite Valley, and a soaring California condor. Obverse features an image of George Washington.

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Area: 163,707 sq.mi (423,999 sq.km.), 3rd Land: 155,973 sq.mi. (403,969 sq.km.), 3rd Water: 7,734 sq.mi. (20,031 sq.km.), 6th Coastline: 840 mi. (1,352 km.), 3rd

Shoreline: 3,427 mi. (5,515 km.), 5th


Interesting, before differentiating capitals between Alta and Baja Californias Loreto served as the capital of Las Californias from 1697 to 1777. So while Monterey was the first capital of Alta California which we know as California today, Loreto served both Californias for the earliest Spanish settlers.